Contents

Yamaha XC50A Vino 2011 Owner's Manual PDF

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Summary of Content for Yamaha XC50A Vino 2011 Owner's Manual PDF

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XC50A

OWNERS MANUAL

Read this manual carefully before operating this vehicle.

LIT-11626-24-56

EAU10042

Q Read this manual carefully before operating this vehicle. This manual should stay with this vehicle if it is sold.

INTRODUCTION EAU10092

Congratulations on your purchase of the Yamaha XC50A. This model is the result of Yamahas vast experience in the production of ne sporting, touring, and pacesetting racing machines. It represents the high degree of craftsmanship and reliability that have made Yamaha a leader in these elds.

This manual will give you an understanding of the operation, inspection, and basic maintenance of this scooter. If you have any questions concerning the operation or maintenance of your scooter, please consult a Yamaha dealer.

The design and manufacture of this Yamaha scooter fully comply with the emissions standards for clean air applicable at the date of manufacture. Yamaha has met these standards without reducing the performance or economy of operation of the scooter. To maintain these high standards, it is important that you and your Yamaha dealer pay close attention to the recommended maintenance schedules and operating instructions contained within this manual.

Yamaha continually seeks advancements in product design and quality. Therefore, while this manual contains the most current product information available at the time of printing, there may be minor discrepancies between your scooter and this manual. If there is any question concerning this manual, please consult a Yamaha dealer.

EWA12581

WARNING Please read this manual and the YOU AND YOUR MOTORCYCLE: RIDING TIPS booklet carefully and com- pletely before operating this scooter. Do not attempt to operate this scooter until you have attained adequate knowledge of its controls and operating features and until you have been trained in safe and proper riding tech- niques. Regular inspections and careful maintenance, along with good riding skills, will ensure that you safely enjoy the capabilities and reliability of this scooter.

IMPORTANT MANUAL INFORMATION EAU10132

Particularly important information is distinguished in this manual by the following notations:

Q This is the safety alert symbol. It is used to alert you to potential personal injury hazards. Obey all safety messages that follow this symbol to avoid possible injury or death.

WARNING A WARNING indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in death or serious injury.

NOTICE A NOTICE indicates special precautions that must be taken to avoid damage to the vehicle or other property.

TIP A TIP provides key information to make procedures easier or clearer.

IMPORTANT MANUAL INFORMATION

EAUT2191

XC50A OWNERS MANUAL

2010 by Yamaha Motor Corporation, U.S.A. 1st edition, July 2010 All rights reserved.

Any reprinting or unauthorized use with- out the written permission of Yamaha Motor Corporation, U.S.A. is expressly

prohibited. Printed in Taiwan.

P/N LIT-11626-24-56

TABLE OF CONTENTS LOCATION OF IMPORTANT LABELS .............................................. 1-1 SAFETY INFORMATION.................... 1-3

Further safe-riding points ................. 1-7

DESCRIPTION.................................... 2-1 Left view........................................... 2-1 Right view......................................... 2-2 Controls and instruments ................. 2-3

INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS........................................ 3-1

Main switch/steering lock ................. 3-1 Indicator and warning lights ............. 3-2 Speedometer unit............................. 3-3 Fuel gauge ....................................... 3-3 Handlebar switches.......................... 3-3 Front brake lever .............................. 3-4 Rear brake lever............................... 3-5 Rear wheel lock................................ 3-5 Fuel tank cap.................................... 3-6 Fuel .................................................. 3-6 Catalytic converter ........................... 3-8 Kickstarter ........................................ 3-8 Seat.................................................. 3-9 Helmet holder................................... 3-9 Storage compartments................... 3-10 Carrier ............................................ 3-11 Luggage hook ................................ 3-11

FOR YOUR SAFETY - PRE-OPERATION CHECKS ............................................. 4-1

OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS ............................................... 5-1

Starting a cold engine ...................... 5-1 Starting off........................................ 5-1 Acceleration and deceleration.......... 5-2 Braking............................................. 5-2 Tips for reducing fuel consumption .. 5-2 Engine break-in ................................ 5-3 Parking............................................. 5-3

PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT.................................... 6-1

Periodic maintenance chart for the emission control system ............... 6-2 General maintenance and lubrication

chart.............................................. 6-4 Removing and installing the panel ... 6-7 Checking the spark plug................... 6-7 Engine oil and oil strainer................. 6-9 Final transmission oil...................... 6-11 Coolant........................................... 6-12 Replacing the air lter element and

cleaning the check hose ............. 6-13 Carburetor ...................................... 6-14 Checking the engine idling speed .. 6-14 Checking the throttle grip free play ............................................. 6-14 Valve clearance.............................. 6-15

Tires ............................................... 6-15 Cast wheels.................................... 6-16 Adjusting the brake lever free play ............................................. 6-16 Adjusting the rear brake lever free play ............................................. 6-17 Checking the front and rear brake

shoes .......................................... 6-18 Checking and lubricating the cables ......................................... 6-18 Checking and lubricating the throttle grip and cable ............................. 6-19 Lubricating the front and rear brake levers .......................................... 6-19 Checking and lubricating the center-

stand........................................... 6-19 Checking the front fork ................... 6-20 Checking the steering .................... 6-20 Checking the wheel bearings ......... 6-21 Battery............................................ 6-21 Replacing the fuse ......................... 6-23 Replacing the headlight bulb.......... 6-23 Replacing the tail/brake light bulb .. 6-24 Replacing a turn signal light bulb ... 6-25 Troubleshooting ............................. 6-25 Troubleshooting charts................... 6-27

SCOOTER CARE AND STORAGE.... 7-1 Matte color caution........................... 7-1 Care ................................................. 7-1 Storage............................................. 7-3

TABLE OF CONTENTS SPECIFICATIONS .............................. 8-1

CONSUMER INFORMATION ............. 9-1 Identi cation numbers ...................... 9-1 Vehicle Emission Control Information

label .............................................. 9-2 Reporting safety defects .................. 9-3 Scooter noise regulation .................. 9-4 Maintenance record ......................... 9-5 YAMAHA MOTOR CORPORATION,

U.S.A. RIVA LIMITED WARRANTY ................................. 9-7 YAMAHA EXTENDED SERVICE

(Y.E.S.) ......................................... 9-9

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Q SAFETY INFORMATION EAU10384

Read and understand all of the labels on your vehicle. They contain important information for safe and proper operation of your vehicle. Never remove any labels from your vehicle. If a label becomes dif cult to read or comes off, a replace- ment label is available from your Yamaha dealer.

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EAU45762

LOCATION O IMPORTA T LABELS

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Q SAFETY INFORMATION

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LOCATION OF IMPORTANT LABELS

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Q SAFETY INFORMATION EAU10246

Be a Responsible Owner As the vehicles owner, you are re- sponsible for the safe and proper op- eration of your scooter. Scooters are single-track vehicles. Their safe use and operation are de- pendent upon the use of proper riding techniques as well as the expertise of the operator. Every operator should know the following requirements be- fore riding this scooter. He or she should:

Obtain thorough instructions from a competent source on all as- pects of scooter operation.

Observe the warnings and main- tenance requirements in this Owners Manual.

Obtain quali ed training in safe and proper riding techniques.

Obtain professional technical ser- vice as indicated in this Owners Manual and/or when made nec- essary by mechanical conditions.

Safe Riding Perform the pre-operation checks

each time you use the vehicle to make sure it is in safe operating condition. Failure to inspect or maintain the ve- hicle properly increases the possibility of an accident or equipment damage. See page 4-2 for a list of pre-opera- tion checks.

This scooter is designed to carry the operator only. No passen- gers.

The failure of motorists to detect and recognize scooters in traf- c is the predominating cause of automobile/scooter accidents. Many acc iden ts have been caused by an automobile driver who did not see the scooter. Mak- ing yourself conspicuous appears to be very effective in reducing the chance of this type of acci- dent.

Therefore: Wear a brightly colored jacket. Use extra caution when you

are approaching and passing through intersections, since in- tersections are the most likely

places for scooter accidents to occur.

Ride where other motorists can see you. Avoid riding in another motorists blind spot.

Many accidents involve inexpe- rienced operators. In fact, many operators who have been in- volved in accidents do not even have a current drivers license. Make sure that you are quali-

ed and that you only lend your scooter to other quali ed op- erators.

Know your skills and limits. Staying within your limits may help you to avoid an accident.

We recommend that you prac- tice riding your scooter where there is no traf c until you have become thoroughly familiar with the scooter and all of its controls.

Many acc iden ts have been caused by error of the scooter operator. A typical error made by the operator is veering wide on a turn due to excessive speed or

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Q SAFETY INFORMATION

undercornering (insuf cient lean angle for the speed). Always obey the speed limit

and never travel faster than warranted by road and traf c conditions.

Always signal before turning or changing lanes. Make sure that other motorists can see you.

The posture of the operator is important for proper control. The operator should keep both hands on the handlebar and both feet on the operator footrests during operation to maintain control of the scooter.

Never ride under the in uence of alcohol or other drugs.

This scooter is designed for on- road use only. It is not suitable for off-road use.

Protective Apparel The majority of fatalities from scooter accidents are the result of head inju- ries. The use of a safety helmet is the single most critical factor in the pre- vention or reduction of head injuries.

Always wear an approved helmet. Wear a face shield or goggles.

Wind in your unprotected eyes could contribute to an impairment of vision that could delay seeing a hazard.

The use of a jacket, substantial shoes, trousers, gloves, etc., is effective in preventing or reducing abrasions or lacerations.

Never wear loose- tting clothes, otherwise they could catch on the control levers or wheels and cause injury or an accident.

Always wear protective clothing that covers your legs, ankles, and feet. The engine or exhaust system become very hot during or after operation and can cause burns.

Avoid Carbon Monoxide Poisoning All engine exhaust contains carbon monoxide, a deadly gas. Breathing carbon monoxide can cause head- aches, dizziness, drowsiness, nausea, confusion, and eventually death. Carbon Monoxide is a colorless,

odorless, tasteless gas which may be present even if you do not see or smell any engine exhaust. Deadly levels of carbon monoxide can collect rapidly and you can quickly be over- come and unable to save yourself. Also, deadly levels of carbon mon- oxide can linger for hours or days in enclosed or poorly ventilated areas. If you experience any symptoms of carbon monoxide poisoning, leave the area immediately, get fresh air, and SEEK MEDICAL TREATMENT.

Do not run engine indoors. Even if you try to ventilate engine ex- haust with fans or open windows and doors, carbon monoxide can rapidly reach dangerous levels.

Do not run engine in poorly ven- tilated or partially enclosed areas such as barns, garages, or car- ports.

Do not run engine outdoors where engine exhaust can be drawn into a building through openings such as windows and doors.

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Q SAFETY INFORMATION

Loading Adding accessories or cargo to your scooter can adversely affect stability and handling if the weight distribution of the scooter is changed. To avoid the possibility of an accident, use ex- treme caution when adding cargo or accessories to your scooter. Use extra care when riding a scooter that has added cargo or accessories. Here, along with the information about ac- cessories below, are some general guidelines to follow if loading cargo to your scooter: The total weight of the operator, accessories and cargo must not exceed the maximum load limit. Operation of an overloaded vehicle could cause an accident.

Maximum load: 77 kg (170 lb)

When loading within this weight limit, keep the following in mind:

Cargo and accessory weight should be kept as low and close to the scooter as possible. Se- curely pack your heaviest items

as close to the center of the ve- hicle as possible and make sure to distribute the weight as evenly as possible on both sides of the scooter to minimize imbalance or instability.

Shifting weights can create a sudden imbalance. Make sure that accessories and cargo are securely attached to the scooter before riding. Check accessory mounts and cargo restraints fre- quently. Properly adjust the suspen-

sion for your load (suspension- adjustable models only), and check the condition and pres- sure of your tires.

Never a t tach any large or heavy items to the handlebar, front fork, or front fender. Such i tems can create unstable handling or a slow steering re- sponse.

This vehicle is not designed to pull a trailer or to be attached to a sidecar.

Genuine Yamaha Accessories Choosing accessories for your vehicle is an important decision. Genuine Yamaha accessories, which are avail- able only from a Yamaha dealer, have been designed, tested, and approved by Yamaha for use on your vehicle. Many companies with no connection to Yamaha manufacture parts and ac- cessories or offer other modi cations for Yamaha vehicles. Yamaha is not in a position to test the products that these aftermarket companies pro- duce. Therefore, Yamaha can neither endorse nor recommend the use of accessories not sold by Yamaha or modi cations not speci cally recom- mended by Yamaha, even if sold and installed by a Yamaha dealer.

Aftermarket Parts, Accessories, and Modi cations While you may nd aftermarket prod- ucts similar in design and quality to genuine Yamaha accessories, recog- nize that some aftermarket accesso- ries or modi cations are not suitable because of potential safety hazards

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Q SAFETY INFORMATION

to you or others. Installing aftermarket products or having other modi cations performed to your vehicle that change any of the vehicles design or opera- tion characteristics can put you and others at greater risk of serious injury or death. You are responsible for inju- ries related to changes in the vehicle. Keep the following guidelines in mind, as wel l as those provided under Loading when mounting accesso- ries.

Never install accessories or carry cargo that would impair the per- formance of your scooter. Care- fully inspect the accessory before using it to make sure that it does not in any way reduce ground clearance or cornering clearance, limit suspension travel, steering travel or control operation, or ob- scure lights or re ectors. Accessories tted to the han-

dlebar or the front fork area can create instability due to improp- er weight distribution or aerody- namic changes. If accessories are added to the handlebar or

front fork area, they must be as lightweight as possible and should be kept to a minimum.

Bulky or large accessories may seriously affect the stability of the scooter due to aerodynamic effects. Wind may attempt to lift the scooter, or the scooter may become unstable in cross winds. These accessories may also cause instabil i ty when passing or being passed by large vehicles.

Certain accessories can dis- place the operator from his or her normal riding position. This improper position limits the freedom of movement of the operator and may limit control ability, therefore, such acces- sories are not recommended.

Use caution when adding electri- cal accessories. If electrical ac- cessories exceed the capacity of the scooters electrical system, an electric failure could result, which could cause a dangerous loss of lights or engine power.

Aftermarket Tires and Rims The tires and rims that came with your scooter were designed to match the performance capabilities and to pro- vide the best combination of handling, braking, and comfort. Other tires, rims, sizes, and combinations may not be appropriate. Refer to page 6-14 for tire speci cations and more informa- tion on replacing your tires.

Transporting the Scooter Be sure to observe following instruc- tions before transporting the scooter in another vehicle.

Remove all loose items from the scooter.

Point the front wheel straight ahead on the trailer or in the truck bed, and choke it in a rail to pre- vent movement.

Secure the scooter with tie-downs or suitable straps that are at- tached to solid parts of the scoot- er, such as the frame or upper front fork triple clamp (and not, for example, to rubber-mounted han- dlebars or turn signals, or parts

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Q SAFETY INFORMATION

Always wear a helmet, gloves, trousers (tapered around the cuff and ankle so they do not ap), and a bright colored jacket.

Do not carry too much luggage on the scooter. An overloaded scooter is unstable. Use a strong cord to secure any luggage to the carriers. A loose load will affect the stability of the scooter and could divert your attention from the road. (See page 1-3.)

EAU10350

Further safe-riding points Make sure to signal clearly when

making turns. Braking can be extremely dif cult

on a wet road. Avoid hard brak- ing, because the scooter could slide. Apply the brakes slowly when stopping on a wet surface.

Slow down as you approach a corner or turn. Once you have completed a turn, accelerate slowly.

Be careful when passing parked cars. A driver might not see you and open a door in your path.

Railroad crossings, streetcar rails, iron plates on road construction sites, and manhole covers be- come extremely slippery when wet. Slow down and cross them with caution. Keep the scooter upright, otherwise it could slide out from under you.

The brake lining could get wet when you wash the scooter. After washing the scooter, check the brakes before riding.

that could break). Choose the location for the straps carefully so the straps will not rub against painted surfaces during transport.

The suspension should be com- pressed somewhat by the tie- downs, if possible, so that the scooter will not bounce exces- sively during transport.

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EAU10401

DESCRIPTION

1. Front turn signal light (page 6-25) 2. Luggage hook (page 3-11) 3. Helmet holder (page 3-9) 4. Storage compartment (page 3-10) 5. Fuel tank cap (page 3-6) 6. Rear turn signal light (page 6-25) 7. Kickstarter (page 3-8)

EAU10410

Left view

8. Air lter (page 6-13) 9. Battery (page 6-21) 10. Front storage compartment (page 3-10)

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EAU10401

DESCRIPTION EAU10420

Right view

1. Tail/brake light (page 6-24) 2. Carrier (page 3-11) 3. Seat (page 3-9) 4. Coolant reservoir (page 6-12) 5. Headlight (page 6-23) 6. Spark plug (page 6-7) 7. Centerstand (page 6-19)

8. Muf er (page 3-8)

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EAU10401

DESCRIPTION EAU10430

Controls and instruments

1. Rear brake lever (page 3-5) 2. Left handlebar switches (page 3-3) 3. Speedometer unit (page 3-3) 4. Right handlebar switches (page 3-3) 5. Front brake lever (page 3-4) 6. Throttle grip (page 5-2) 7. Rear wheel lock lever (page 3-5)

8. Main switch/steering lock (page 3-1) 9. Fuel gauge (page 3-3)

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EAU1044E

INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS EAU10460

Main switch/steering lock

ZAUM00**

The main switch/steering lock controls the ignition and lighting systems, and is used to lock the steering. The vari- ous positions are described below.

EAU10530

ON All electrical circuits are supplied with power, the taillight comes on, and the engine can be started. The key cannot be removed.

TIP

The headlight and meter lighting come on automatically when the engine is started.

EAU10661

OFF All electrical systems are off. The key can be removed.

EWA10061

WARNING Never turn the key to OFF or LOCK while the vehicle is mov- ing. Otherwise the electrical sys- tems will be switched off, which may result in loss of control or an accident.

EAU10683

LOCK The steering is locked, and all electri- cal systems are off. The key can be removed.

To lock the steering

ZAUM00**

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1. Turn the handlebars all the way to the left.

2. Push the key in from the OFF pos i t ion, and then turn i t to LOCK while still pushing it.

3. Remove the key.

To unlock the steering

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1. Turn. 2. Release.

Push the key in, and then turn it to OFF while still pushing it.

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EAU1044E

INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS EAU11004

Indicator and warning lights

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1. High beam indicator light & 2. Turn signal indicator lights4and6

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1. Coolant temperature warning light

EAU11030

Turn signal indicator lights 4 and 6 The corresponding indicator l ight ashes when the turn signal switch is pushed to the left or right.

EAU11080

High beam indicator light & This indicator light comes on when the high beam of the headlight is switched on.

EAU11444

Coolant temperature warning light This warning light comes on if the engine overheats. If this occurs, stop the engine immediately and allow the engine to cool. The electrical circuit of the warning light can be checked by turning the key to ON. The warning light should come on for a few seconds, and then go off. If the warning light does not come on initially when the key is turned to ON, or if the warning light remains on, have a Yamaha dealer check the

electrical circuit.

ECA10021

NOTICE Do not continue to operate the en- gine if it is overheating.

TIP

For radiator-fan-equipped vehi- cles, the radiator fan(s) automati- cally switch on or off according to the coolant temperature in the radiator.

If the engine overheats, see page 6-28 for further instructions.

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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS EAUT1821

Speedometer unit

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1. Speedometer 2. Odometer

The speedometer unit is equipped with a speedometer and an odometer. The speedometer shows the riding speed. The odometer shows the total distance traveled.

EAU12150

Fuel gauge

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ZAUM00**

1. Fuel gauge

The fuel gauge indicates the amount of fuel in the fuel tank. The needle moves towards E (Empty) as the fuel level decreases. When the needle reaches the red line, refuel as soon as possible.

TIP

Do not allow the fuel tank to empty it- self completely.

EAU12348

Handlebar switches Left

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1. Dimmer switch %/& 2. Turn signal switch 4/6 3. Horn switch *

Right

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1. Engine stop switch #/$ 2. Start switch ,

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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS EAU12400

Dimmer switch &/% Set this switch to & for the high beam and to % for the low beam.

EAU12460

Turn signal switch 4/6 To signal a right-hand turn, push this switch to 6. To signal a left-hand turn, push this switch to 4. When released, the switch returns to the center position. To cancel the turn signal lights, push the switch in after it has returned to the center position.

EAU12500

Horn switch * Press this switch to sound the horn.

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Engine stop switch #/$ Set this switch to # before starting the engine. Set this switch to $ to stop the engine in case of an emer- gency, such as when the vehicle overturns or when the throttle cable is stuck.

EAU12900

Front brake lever

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ZAUM00**

1. Front brake lever

The front brake lever is located on the right handlebar grip. To apply the front brake, pull this lever toward the handlebar grip.

EAUM1132

Start switch , Push this switch while applying the front or rear brake to crank the en- gine with the starter. See page 5-1 for starting instructions prior to starting the engine.

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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS EAU12950

Rear brake lever

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1. Rear brake lever

The rear brake lever is located on the left handlebar grip. To apply the rear brake, pull this lever toward the han- dlebar grip.

EAUT1551

Rear wheel lock When the rear wheel lock lever is pulled down to lock the rear wheel, a cover will close over the main switch keyhole to help prevent theft.

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ZAUM00**

1. Rear wheel lock lever 2. Rear wheel lock release

To lock 1. Place the vehicle on the center-

stand. 2. Lock the steering. (See page 3-1.) 3. Remove the key from the main

switch. 4. Pull the rear wheel lock lever

downward, and then release it. The rear wheel will lock and the main switch keyhole will be cov-

ered.

TIP

If the rear wheel lock lever is not easy to pull downward, rotate the rear wheel slightly, and then try pulling the lever again.

To unlock Insert the key into the rear wheel lock release, push it in, and then turn it clockwise. The rear wheel will unlock and the main switch keyhole cover will open.

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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS EAU13212

Fuel

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1. Fuel tank ller tube 2. Maximum fuel level

Make sure there is suf cient gasoline in the tank.

EWA10881

WARNING Gasoline and gasoline vapors are extremely ammable. To avoid res and explosions and to reduce the risk of injury when refueling, follow these instructions.

1. Before refueling, turn off the en- gine and be sure that no one is sitting on the vehicle. Never refuel while smoking, or while in the vi- cinity of sparks, open ames, or

EAU32484

Fuel tank cap

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1. Fuel tank cap lock cover 2. Match marks

To remove the fuel tank cap Slide the lock cover open, insert the key into the lock, and then turn it 1/4 turn clockwise. The lock will be re- leased and the fuel tank cap can be removed.

To install the fuel tank cap 1. Insert the fuel tank cap into the

tank opening with the key inserted in the lock and with the marks on the cap and tank aligned.

2. Turn the key counterclockwise to the original position, remove it, and then close the lock cover.

TIP

The fuel tank cap cannot be installed unless the key is in the lock. In ad- dition, the key cannot be removed if the cap is not properly installed and locked.

EWA10131

WARNING Make sure that the fuel tank cap is properly installed before riding. Leaking fuel is a re hazard.

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EAU1044E

INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS

and water. If gasoline spills on your clothing, change your clothes.

EAU36081

Recommended fuel UNLEADED GASOLINE ONLY

Fuel tank capacity: 4.5 L (1.19 US gal, 0.98 Imp.gal)

ECA11400

NOTICE Use only unleaded gasoline. The use of leaded gasoline will cause severe damage to internal engine parts, such as the valves and pis- ton rings, as well as to the exhaust system.

Your Yamaha eng ine has been designed to use regular unleaded gasoline with a pump octane number [(R+M)/2] of 86 or higher, or a re- search octane number of 91 or higher. If knocking (or pinging) occurs, use a gasoline of a different brand or premi- um unleaded fuel. Use of unleaded fuel will extend spark plug life and reduce maintenance costs.

other sources of ignition such as the pilot lights of water heaters and clothes dryers.

2. Do not over ll the fuel tank. Stop lling when the fuel reaches the bottom of the ller tube. Because fuel expands when it heats up, heat from the engine or the sun can cause fuel to spill out of the fuel tank.

3. Wipe up any spi l led fuel im- mediately. NOTICE: Immedi- ately wipe off spilled fuel with a clean, dry, soft cloth, since fuel may deteriorate painted sur- faces or plastic parts.[ECA10071]

4. Be sure to securely close the fuel tank cap.

EWA15151

WARNING Gasoline is poisonous and can cause injury or death. Handle gasoline with care. Never siphon gasoline by mouth. If you should swallow some gasoline or inhale a lot of gasoline vapor, or get some gasoline in your eyes, see your doctor immediately. If gasoline spills on your skin, wash with soap

Gasohol There are two types of gasohol: gaso- hol containing ethanol and that con- taining methanol. Gasohol containing ethanol can be used if the ethanol content does not exceed 10% (E10). Gasohol containing methanol is not recommended by Yamaha because it can cause damage to the fuel system or vehicle performance problems.

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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS ECA10701

NOTICE Use only unleaded gasoline. The use of leaded gasoline will cause unrepairable damage to the cata- lytic converter.

EAU13433

Catalytic converter This model is equipped with a catalytic converter in the exhaust system.

EWA10862

WARNING The exhaust system is hot after op- eration. To prevent a re hazard or burns:

Do not park the vehicle near possible re hazards such as grass or other materials that easily burn.

Park the vehicle in a place where pedestrians or children are not likely to touch the hot exhaust system.

Make sure that the exhaust system has cooled down be- fore doing any maintenance work.

Do not allow the engine to idle more than a few minutes. Long idling can cause a build-up of heat.

EAU13680

Kickstarter

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ZAUM00**

1. Kickstarter

To start the engine, fold out the kick- starter lever, move it down lightly with your foot until the gears engage, and then push it down smoothly but force- fully.

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3-9

EAU1044E

INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS EAUT1503

Seat

ZAUM00**

To open the seat 1. Place the scooter on the center-

stand. 2. Inser t the key in to the main

switch, and then turn it coun- terclockwise to the rst OPEN position. If the main switch is in the LOCK position, turn the key counterclockwise to the second OPEN position.

TIP

Do not push inward when turning the key from OFF to OPEN or from LOCK to OPEN.

3. Fold the seat up.

To close the seat 1. Fold the seat down, and then

push it down to lock it in place. 2. Remove the key from the main

switch if the scooter will be left unattended.

TIP

Make sure that the seat is properly se- cured before riding.

EAU14301

Helmet holder

1

ZAUM00**

1. Helmet holder

The helmet holder is located under the seat.

To secure a helmet to the helmet holder

1. Open the seat. (See page 3-9.) 2. Attach the helmet to the helmet

holder, and then securely close the seat. WARNING! Never ride with a helmet attached to the helmet holder, since the hel- met may hit objects, causing loss of control and possibly an accident.[EWA10161]

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3-10

EAU1044E

INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS

To release the helmet from the hel- met holder Open the seat, remove the helmet from the helmet holder, and then close the seat.

EAUT1712

Storage compartments

1

ZAUM00**

1. Front storage compartment

Front storage compartment EWA11191

WARNING Do not exceed the load limit of

1.5 kg (3 lb) for the front stor- age compartment.

Do not exceed the maximum load of 77 kg (170 lb) for the ve- hicle.

1

ZAUM00**

1. Storage compartment

Rear storage compartment The rear storage compartment is lo- cated under the seat. (See page 3-9.)

ECAT1030

NOTICE Keep the following points in mind when using the rear storage com- partment.

Since the rear storage compart- ment accumulates heat when exposed to the sun, do not store anything susceptible to heat inside it.

To avoid humidity from spread- ing through the rear storage compartment, wrap wet articles

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3-11

EAU1044E

INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS

in a plastic bag before storing them in the compartment.

Since the rear storage com- partment may get wet while the scooter is being washed, wrap any articles stored in the rear compartment in a plastic bag.

Do not keep anything valuable or breakable in the rear storage compartment.

EWAT1051

WARNING Do not exceed the load limit of

5 kg (11 lb) for the rear storage compartment.

Do not exceed the maximum load of 77 kg (170 lb) for the ve- hicle.

EAU15112

Carrier

1

ZAUM00**

1. Rear carrier

EWA10171

WARNING Do not exceed the load limit of

3 kg (7 lb) for the carrier. Do not exceed the maximum

load of 77 kg (170 lb) for the ve- hicle.

EAUT1072

Luggage hook

1 ZAUM00**

1. Luggage hook EWAT1031

WARNING Do not exceed the load limit of

1 kg (2 lb) for the luggage hook. Do not exceed the maximum

load of 77 kg (170 lb) for the ve- hicle.

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4-1

EAU15582

FOR YOUR SAFETY - PRE-OPERATION CHECKS EAU15596

Inspect your vehicle each time you use it to make sure the vehicle is in safe operating condition. Always follow the in- spection and maintenance procedures and schedules described in the Owners Manual.

EWA11151

WARNING Failure to inspect or maintain the vehicle properly increases the possibility of an accident or equipment dam- age. Do not operate the vehicle if you nd any problem. If a problem cannot be corrected by the procedures pro- vided in this manual, have the vehicle inspected by a Yamaha dealer.

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4-2

EAU15582

FOR YOUR SAFETY - PRE-OPERATION CHECKS

Before using this vehicle, check the following points: ITEM CHECKS PAGE

Fuel Check fuel level in fuel tank. Refuel if necessary. Check fuel line for leakage.

3-6

Engine oil Check oil level in engine. If necessary, add recommended oil to speci ed level. Check vehicle for oil leakage.

6-9

Final transmission oil Check vehicle for oil leakage. 6-11

Coolant Check coolant level in reservoir If necessary, add recommended coolant to speci ed level. Check cooling system for leakage.

6-12

Front brake

Check operation. Lubricate cable if necessary. Check lever free play. Adjust if necessary.

6-16, 6-18

Rear brake

Check operation. Lubricate cable if necessary. Check lever free play. Adjust if necessary.

6-17~6-18

Throttle grip

Make sure that operation is smooth. Check throttle grip free play. If necessary, have Yamaha dealer adjust throttle grip free play and lubricate

cable and grip housing.

6-14, 6-19

Wheels and tires

Check for damage. Check tire condition and tread depth. Check air pressure. Correct if necessary.

6-15~6-16

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4-3

EAU15582

FOR YOUR SAFETY - PRE-OPERATION CHECKS

ITEM CHECKS PAGE

Brake levers Make sure that operation is smooth. Lubricate lever pivoting points if necessary. 6-19

Centerstand Make sure that operation is smooth. Lubricate pivots if necessary. 6-19

Chassis fasteners Make sure that all nuts, bolts and screws are properly tightened. Tighten if necessary. -

Instruments, lights, signals and switches

Check operation. Correct if necessary. 3-2, 3-3

Engine stop switch Check operation. 3-4

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5-1

EAU15943

OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS EAU15951

Read the Owners Manual carefully to become familiar with all controls. If there is a control or function you do not understand, ask your Yamaha dealer.

EWA10271

WARNING Failure to familiarize yourself with the controls can lead to loss of con- trol, which could cause an accident or injury.

EAUT1512

Starting a cold engine ECA10250

NOTICE See page 5-3 for engine break-in instructions prior to operating the vehicle for the rst time.

1. Turn the key to ON and make sure that the engine stop switch is set to #.

2. Close the throttle completely. 3. Start the engine by pushing the

start switch while applying the front or rear brake. NOTICE: For maximum engine life, never ac- celerate hard when the engine is cold![ECA11041]

If the engine does not start, re- lease the start switch, wait a few seconds, and then try again. Each starting attempt should be as short as possible to preserve the battery. Do not crank the engine more than 10 seconds on any one attempt. If the engine does not start, try with the throttle open 1/8 turn.

EAU16770

Starting off

TIP

Before starting off, allow the engine to warm up.

1. While pulling the rear brake lever with your left hand and holding the carrier with your right hand, push the scooter off the center- stand.

ZAUM00**

2. Sit astride the seat, and then ad- just the rear view mirrors.

3. Switch the turn signal on. 4. Check for oncoming traf c, and

then slowly turn the throttle grip (on the right) in order to take off.

5. Switch the turn signal off.

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5-2

EAU15943

OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS EAU16780

Acceleration and decelera- tion

(b)

(a)

(a)

(b)

ZAUM00**

The speed can be adjusted by open- ing and closing the throttle. To in- crease the speed, turn the throttle grip in direction (a). To reduce the speed, turn the throttle grip in direction (b).

EAU16793

Braking EWA10300

WARNING Avoid braking hard or sud-

denly (especially when leaning over to one side), otherwise the scooter may skid or overturn.

Railroad crossings, streetcar rails, iron plates on road con- struction sites, and manhole covers become extremely slip- pery when wet. Therefore, slow down when approaching such areas and cross them with cau- tion.

Keep in mind that braking on a wet road is much more dif - cult.

Ride slowly down a hill , as braking downhill can be very dif cult.

1. Close the throttle completely. 2. Apply both front and rear brakes

simultaneously while gradually increasing the pressure.

EAU16820

Tips for reducing fuel con- sumption Fuel consumption depends largely on your riding style. Consider the follow- ing tips to reduce fuel consumption:

Avoid high engine speeds during acceleration.

Avoid high engine speeds with no load on the engine.

Turn the engine off instead of let- ting it idle for an extended length of time (e.g., in traf c jams, at traf c lights or at railroad cross- ings).

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EAU15943

OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS EAU16830

Engine break-in There is never a more important pe- riod in the life of your engine than the period between 0 and 1000 km (600 mi). For this reason, you should read the following material carefully. Since the engine is brand new, do not put an excessive load on it for the rst 1000 km (600 mi). The various parts in the engine wear and polish them- selves to the correct operating clear- ances. During this period, prolonged full-throttle operation or any condition that might result in engine overheating must be avoided.

EAU16951

0 ~ 150 km (0 ~ 90 mi) Avoid prolonged operation above 1/3 throttle. After every hour of operation, stop the engine, and then let it cool for ve to ten minutes. Vary the engine speed from time to time. Do not operate the engine at one set throttle position.

150 ~ 500 km (90 ~ 300 mi) Avoid prolonged operation above 1/2 throttle. Rev the engine freely through the gears, but do not use full throttle at any time.

500 ~ 1000 km (300 ~ 600 mi) Avoid prolonged operation above 3/4 throttle. NOTICE: After 1000 km (600 mi) of operation, the engine oil must be changed and the oil strain- er cleaned.[ECA10351]

1000 km (600 mi) and beyond Avoid prolonged full-throttle operation. Vary the speed occasionally.

ECA10270

NOTICE If any engine trouble should occur during the engine break-in period, immediately have a Yamaha dealer check the vehicle.

EAU17213

Parking When parking, stop the engine, and then remove the key from the main switch.

ZAUM00**

EWA10311

WARNING Since the engine and exhaust

system can become very hot, park in a place where pedestri-

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5-4

EAU15943

OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS

ans or children are not likely to touch them and be burned.

Do not park on a slope or on soft ground, otherwise the ve- hicle may overturn, increasing the risk of a fuel leak and re.

Do not park near grass or other ammable materials which might catch re.

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6-1

EAU1722A

PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT EAU17243

Periodic inspection, adjustment, and lubrication will keep your vehicle in the safest and most ef cient condition possible. Safety is an obligation of the vehicle owner/operator. The most important points of vehicle inspection, adjustment, and lubrication are ex- plained on the following pages. The intervals given in the periodic maintenance charts should be simply considered as a general guide under normal riding conditions. However, depending on the weather, terrain, geographical location, and individual use, the maintenance intervals may need to be shortened.

EWA10321

WARNING Failure to properly maintain the vehicle or performing maintenance activities incorrectly may increase your risk of injury or death during service or while using the vehicle. If you are not familiar with vehicle service, have a Yamaha dealer per- form service.

EWA15121

WARNING Turn off the engine when perform- ing maintenance unless otherwise speci ed.

A running engine has moving parts that can catch on body parts or clothing and electrical parts that can cause shocks or res.

Running the engine while ser- vicing can lead to eye injury, burns, re, or carbon monox- ide poisoning - possibly lead- ing to death. See page 1-3 for more information about carbon monoxide.

EWA15460

WARNING Brake discs, calipers, drums, and linings can become very hot dur- ing use. To avoid possible burns, let brake components cool before touching them.

EAU17302

Emission controls not only function to ensure cleaner air, but are also vital to proper engine operation and maximum performance. In the follow- ing periodic maintenance charts, the services related to emissions control are grouped separately. These ser- vices require specialized data, knowl- edge, and equipment. Maintenance, replacement, or repair of the emission control devices and systems may be performed by any repair establishment or individual that is certi ed (if applica- ble). Yamaha dealers are trained and equipped to perform these particular services.

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EAU1722A

PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT EAU48450

TIP

From 12000 mi (19000 km) or 36 months, repeat the maintenance intervals starting from 4000 mi (7000 km) or 12 months.

Items marked with an asterisk require special tools, data and technical skills, have a Yamaha dealer perform the service.

EAU17561

Periodic maintenance chart for the emission control system

NO. ITEM ROUTINE

INITIAL ODOMETER READING

600 mi (1000 km)

or 1 month

2000 mi (4000 km)

or 6 months

4000 mi (7000 km)

or 12 months

6000 mi (10000 km)

or 18 months

8000 mi (13000 km)

or 24 months

10000 mi (16000 km)

or 30 months

1 * Fuel line Check fuel and vacuum hoses for

cracks or damage. Replace if necessary.

2 Spark plug

Check condition. Adjust gap and clean. Replace at 4000 mi (7000 km) or

12 months and thereafter every 4000 mi (6000 km) or 12 months.

Replace. Replace.

3 * Valve clearance Check and adjust valve clearance when engine is cold. Every 6000 mi (10000 km)

4 * Crankcase breather system

Check breather hose for cracks or damage.

Replace if necessary.

5 * Idle speed Check and adjust engine idle speed.

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6-3

EAU1722A

PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT

NO. ITEM ROUTINE

INITIAL ODOMETER READING

600 mi (1000 km)

or 1 month

2000 mi (4000 km)

or 6 months

4000 mi (7000 km)

or 12 months

6000 mi (10000 km)

or 18 months

8000 mi (13000 km)

or 24 months

10000 mi (16000 km)

or 30 months

6 * Exhaust system Check for leakage. Tighten if necessary. Replace gasket(s) if necessary.

7 * Air induction sys- tem

Check the air cut-off valve, reed valve, and hose for damage.

Replace any damaged parts.

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6-4

EAU1722A

PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT EAU32126

General maintenance and lubrication chart

NO. ITEM ROUTINE

INITIAL ODOMETER READING

600 mi (1000 km)

or 1 month

2000 mi (4000 km)

or 6 months

4000 mi (7000 km)

or 12 months

6000 mi (10000 km)

or 18 months

8000 mi (13000 km)

or 24 months

10000 mi (16000 km)

or 30 months

1 Air lter element Replace.

2 * Front brake Check operation. Adjust cable and replace brake

shoes if necessary.

3 * Rear brake Check operation. Adjust cable and replace brake

shoes if necessary.

4 * Wheels Checkrunout and for damage. Replace if necessary.

5 * Tires

Check tread depth and for dam- age.

Replace if necessary. Check air pressure. Correct if necessary.

6 * Wheel bearings Check bearings for smooth op-

eration. Replace if necessary.

7 * Steering bearings

Check bearing assemblies for looseness.

Moderately repack with lithium- soap-based grease every 8000 mi (13000 km) or 24 months.

Repack.

8 * Chassis fasteners Check all chassis tting and fas-

teners. Correct if necessary.

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6-5

EAU1722A

PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT

NO. ITEM ROUTINE

INITIAL ODOMETER READING

600 mi (1000 km)

or 1 month

2000 mi (4000 km)

or 6 months

4000 mi (7000 km)

or 12 months

6000 mi (10000 km)

or 18 months

8000 mi (13000 km)

or 24 months

10000 mi (16000 km)

or 30 months

9 Front brake lever pivot shaft

Apply lithium-soap-based grease lightly.

10 Rear brake lever pivot shaft

Apply lithium-soap-based grease lightly.

11 Centerstand Check operation. Lubricate.

12 * Front fork Check operation and for oil leak-

age. Replace if necessary.

13 * Shock absorber as- sembly

Check operation and for oil leak- age.

Replace if necessary.

14 Engine oil

Change (warm engine before draining).

Check oil level and vehicle for oil leakage

15 Engine oil strainer Clean.

16 * Cooling system Check coolant level and vehicle

for coolant leakage.

Change. Every 3 years

17 Final transmission oil

Check vehicle for oil leakage. Change.

18 * V-belt Replace. Every 6250 mi (10000 km)

19 * F r o n t a n d r e a r brake switches Check operation.

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6-6

EAU1722A

PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT

NO. ITEM ROUTINE

INITIAL ODOMETER READING

600 mi (1000 km)

or 1 month

2000 mi (4000 km)

or 6 months

4000 mi (7000 km)

or 12 months

6000 mi (10000 km)

or 18 months

8000 mi (13000 km)

or 24 months

10000 mi (16000 km)

or 30 months

20 * Control and meter cables

Apply Yamaha chain and cable lube or engine oil thoroughly.

21 * Throttle grip hous- ing and cable

Check operation and free play. Adjust throttle grip free play if

necessary. Lubricate throttle grip housing

and cable.

22 * Lights, signals and switches

Check operation. Adjust headlight beam.

EAUT3370

TIP

Air lter This models air lter is equipped with a disposable oil-coated paper element, which must not be cleaned with com-

pressed air to avoid damaging it. The air lter element needs to be replaced more frequently when riding in unusually wet or dusty areas.

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6-7

EAU1722A

PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT EAU18751

Removing and installing the panel

1

ZAUM00**

1. Panel A

The panel shown needs to be re- moved to perform some of the mainte- nance jobs described in this chapter. Refer to this section each time the panel needs to be removed and in- stalled.

EAU19272

Panel A To remove the panel Remove the screw, and then pull out- ward on the areas shown.

1

ZAUM00**

1. Panel A

To install the panel Place the panel in the original posi- tion, and then install the screw.

EAUT1483

Checking the spark plug

1

ZAUM00**

1. Partition

The spark plug is an important engine component, which is easy to check. Since heat and deposits will cause any spark plug to slowly erode, the spark plug should be removed and checked in accordance with the pe- riodic maintenance and lubrication chart. In addition, the condition of the spark plug can reveal the condition of the engine.

To remove the spark plug 1. Remove panel A. (See page 6-7.) 2. Remove the partition between the

battery and the spark plug by pull-

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6-8

EAU1722A

PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT

ing it up. 3. Remove the spark plug cap.

1

ZAUM00**

1. Spark plug wrench

4. Remove the spark plug as shown, with a spark plug wrench avail- able at a Yamaha dealer.

To check the spark plug 1. Check that the porcelain insula-

tor around the center electrode of the spark plug is a medium-to- light tan (the ideal color when the vehicle is ridden normally).

TIP

If the spark plug shows a distinctly different color, the engine could be operating improperly. Do not attempt

to diagnose such problems yourself. Instead, have a Yamaha dealer check the vehicle.

2. Check the spark plug for elec- trode erosion and excessive carbon or other deposits, and re- place it if necessary.

Speci ed spark plug: CR7E (NGK)

To install the spark plug 1. Measure the spark plug gap with

a wire thickness gauge and, if necessary, adjust the gap to speci cation.

Spark plug gap: 0.7 - 0.8 mm (0.028 - 0.031 in)

2. Clean the surface of the spark plug gasket and its mating sur- face, and then wipe off any grime from the spark plug threads.

3. Install the spark plug with the spark plug wrench, and then tight- en it to the speci ed torque.

Tightening torque: Spark plug:

13 Nm (1.3 mkgf, 9.4 ftlbf)

TIP

If a torque wrench is not available when installing a spark plug, a good estimate of the correct torque is 1/4 - 1/2 turn past nger tight. However, the spark plug should be tightened to the speci ed torque as soon as possible.

4. Install the spark plug cap. 5. Install the partition and the panel.

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6-9

EAU1722A

PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT EAUT1461

Engine oil and oil strainer The eng ine o i l l eve l shou ld be checked before each ride. In addition, the oil must be changed and the oil strainer cleaned at the intervals speci- ed in the periodic maintenance and lubrication chart.

To check the engine oil level 1. Place the vehicle on the center-

stand. A slight tilt to the side can result in a false reading.

2. Start the engine, warm it up for several minutes, and then turn it off.

2

1

3 ZAUM00**

1. Oil ller cap 2. Maximum level mark 3. Minimum level mark

3. Wait a few minutes until the oil settles, remove the oil ller cap, wipe the dipstick clean, insert it back into the oil ller hole (without screwing it in), and then remove it again to check the oil level.

TIP

The engine oil should be between the minimum and maximum level marks.

4. If the engine oil is below the mini- mum level mark, add suf cient oil of the recommended type to raise it to the correct level.

5. Insert the dipstick into the oil ller hole, and then tighten the oil ller cap.

To change the engine oil and clean the oil strainer

1. Start the engine, warm it up for several minutes, and then turn it off.

2. Place an oil pan under the engine to collect the used oil.

1

ZAUM00**

1. Engine oil drain bolt A

3. Remove the engine oil ller cap and the engine oil drain bolts A and B to drain the oil from the crankcase. NOTICE: When re- moving the engine oil drain bolt B, the O-ring, compression spring, and oil strainer will fall out. Take care not to lose these parts.[ECAT1021]

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6-10

EAU1722A

PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT

1234

1

ZAUM00**

1. Engine oil drain bolt B 2. O-ring 3. Compression spring 4. Strainer

4. Clean the oil strainer with solvent, and then check it for damage and replace it if necessary.

5. Check the O-ring for damage and replace it if necessary.

6. Install the oil strainer, compres- sion spring, O-ring and engine oil drain bolt B.

TIP

Make sure that the O-ring is properly seated.

7. Install engine oil drain bolt A, and

then tighten both drain bolts to their speci ed torques.

Tightening torque: Engine oil drain bolt A:

23 Nm (2.3 mkgf, 16.6 ftlbf) Engine oil drain bolt B:

32 Nm (3.2 mkgf, 23.1 ftlbf)

1

ZAUM00**

1. Oil ller hole

8. Re ll with the speci ed amount of the recommended engine oil, and then install and tighten the oil ller cap.

Recommended engine oil: See page 8-1.

Oil change quantity: 0.78 L (0.82 US qt, 0.69 Imp.qt)

ECA11670

NOTICE Do not use oils with a diesel

speci cation of CD or oils of a higher quality than speci ed. In addition, do not use oils la- beled ENERGY CONSERVING II or higher.

Be sure no foreign material en- ters the crankcase.

9. Start the engine, and then let it idle for several minutes while checking it for oil leakage. If oil is leaking, immediately turn the en- gine off and check for the cause.

10. Turn the engine off, and then check the oil level and correct it if necessary.

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6-11

EAU1722A

PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT EAUT1561

Final transmission oil The nal transmission case must be checked for oil leakage before each ride. If any leakage is found, have a Yamaha dealer check and repair the scooter. In addition, the nal transmis- sion oil must be changed as follows at the intervals speci ed in the periodic maintenance and lubrication chart.

1. Start the engine, warm it up by riding the scooter for several min- utes, and then stop the engine.

2. Place the scooter on the center- stand.

3. Place an oil pan under the nal transmission case to collect the used oil.

2 1

ZAUM00**

1. Final transmission oil ller bolt 2. Final transmission oil drain bolt

4. Remove the oil ller bolt and drain bolt to drain the oil from the nal transmission case.

5. Install the nal transmission oil drain bolt, and then tighten it to the speci ed torque.

Tightening torque: Final transmission oil drain bolt:

13 Nm (1.3 mkgf, 9.4 ftlbf)

6. Re ll with the speci ed amount of the recommended nal trans- mission oil, and then install the oil ller bolt and tighten it to the speci ed torque. WARNING!

Make sure that no foreign ma- terial enters the nal transmis- sion case. Make sure that no oil gets on the tire or wheel.[EWA11311]

Tightening torque: Final transmission oil ller bolt:

23 Nm (2.3 mkgf, 16.6 ftlbf)

Recommended nal transmission oil:

See page 8-1. Oil quantity:

0.1 L (0.11 US qt, 0.08 Imp.qt)

7. Check the nal transmission case for oil leakage. If oil is leaking, check for the cause.

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6-12

EAU1722A

PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT EAU20070

Coolant The coolant level should be checked before each ride. In addition, the cool- ant must be changed at the intervals speci ed in the periodic maintenance and lubrication chart.

EAUT1523

To check the coolant level The coolant level should be checked as follows before each ride. In addi- tion, the coolant must be changed at the intervals speci ed in the periodic maintenance and lubrication chart.

1. Place the vehicle on the center- stand.

TIP

T h e c o o l a n t l e v e l m u s t b e checked on a cold engine since the level varies with engine tem- perature.

Make sure that the vehicle is po- sitioned straight up when check- ing the coolant level. A slight tilt to the side can result in a false

reading.

2. Check the coolant level in the coolant reservoir.

TIP

The coolant should be between the minimum and maximum level marks.

1

2

ZAUM00**

1. Maximum level mark 2. Minimum level mark

1

ZAUM00**

1. Coolant reservoir cap

3. If the coolant is at or below the minimum level mark, remove panel A and the reservoir cap. (See page 6-7. ) WARNING! Remove only the coolant res- ervoir cap. Never attempt to re- move the radiator cap when the engine is hot.[EWA15161]

4. Add coolant or distilled water to raise the coolant to the maximum level mark, and install the cool- ant reservoir cap and the panel. NOTICE: If coolant is not avail- able, use distilled water or soft tap water instead. Do not use hard water or salt water since it is harmful to the engine. If

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6-13

EAU1722A

PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT

water has been used instead of coolant, replace it with coolant as soon as possible, otherwise the cooling system will not be protected against frost and cor- rosion. If water has been added to the coolant, have a Yamaha dealer check the antifreeze content of the coolant as soon as possible, otherwise the ef- fectiveness of the coolant will be reduced.[ECA10472]

Coolant reservoir capacity: 0.26 L (0.27 US qt, 0.23 Imp.qt)

EAU33031

Changing the coolant The coolant must be changed at the intervals speci ed in the periodic maintenance and lubrication chart. Have a Yamaha dealer change the coolant. WARNING! Never attempt to remove the radiator cap when the engine is hot.[EWA10381]

EAUT1491

Replacing the air lter ele- ment and cleaning the check hose

1

2

3ZAUM00**

1. Air lter case cover 2. Air lter element 3. Air lter check hose

The air lter element should be re- placed at the intervals speci ed in the periodic maintenance and lubrication chart. Replace the air lter element more frequently if you are riding in unusually wet or dusty areas. In ad- dition, the air lter check hose must be frequently checked and cleaned if necessary.

To replace the air lter element 1. Remove the air lter case cover

by removing the screws. 2. Pull the air lter element out. 3. Insert a new air lter element

into the air lter case as shown. NOTICE: Make sure that the air lter element is properly seated in the air lter case. The en- gine should never be operated without the air lter element in- stalled, otherwise the piston(s) and/or cylinder(s) may become excessively worn.[ECA10481]

4. Install the air lter case cover by installing the screws.

To clean the air lter check hose 1. Check the hose on the side of the

air lter case for accumulated dirt or water.

2. If dirt or water is visible, remove the hose, clean it, and then install it.

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EAU1722A

PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT EAU21251

Carburetor The carburetor is an important part of the engine and its emission control system, which requires very sophis- ticated adjustment. Therefore, car- buretor adjustments should be left to Yamaha dealer, who has the neces- sary professional knowledge and ex- perience.

EAU44734

Checking the engine idling speed Check the engine idling speed and, if necessary, have it corrected by a Yamaha dealer.

Engine idling speed: 2000 - 2200 r/min

EAU21384

Checking the throttle grip free play The throttle grip free play should measure 1.5 - 3.5 mm (0.06 - 0.14 in) at the inner edge of the throttle grip. Periodically check the throttle grip free play and, if necessary, have a Yama- ha dealer adjust it.

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EAU1722A

PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT EAU21401

Valve clearance The valve clearance changes with use, resulting in improper air-fuel mix- ture and/or engine noise. To prevent this from occurring, the valve clear- ance must be adjusted by a Yamaha dealer at the intervals speci ed in the periodic maintenance and lubrication chart.

EAU21912

Tires To maximize the performance, durabil- ity, and safe operation of your scooter, note the following points regarding the speci ed tires.

Tire air pressure The t i re a i r pressure should be checked and, if necessary, adjusted before each ride.

EWA10511

WARNING Never overload your vehicle. Opera- tion of an overloaded vehicle could cause an accident.

Tire air pressure* (measured on cold tires):

Front: 150 kPa (1.50 kgf/cm2, 22 psi)

Rear: 175 kPa (1.75 kgf/cm2, 25 psi)

Tire inspection Always check the tires before operat- ing the scooter. If a tire tread shows crosswise l ines (minimum tread

depth), if the tire has a nail or glass fragments in it, or if the sidewall is cracked, contact a Yamaha dealer im- mediately and have the tire replaced.

Minimum tire tread depth (front and rear):

1.0 mm (0.04 in)

Tire information This scooter is equipped with panel wheels and tubeless tires. After extensive tests, only the tires listed below have been approved for this model by Yamaha Motor Co., Ltd.

Front tire: Size:

90/90-10 41J Manufacturer/model:

MAXXIS/C922 Rear tire:

Size: 90/90-10 41J

Manufacturer/model: MAXXIS/C922

EWA10580

WARNING It is dangerous to ride with a

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EAU1722A

PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT

worn-out tire. When a tire tread begins to show crosswise lines, have a Yamaha dealer re- place the tire immediately.

The replacement of all wheel- and brake-related parts, includ- ing the tires, should be left to a Yamaha dealer, who has the necessary professional knowl- edge and experience.

EAU21961

Cast wheels To maximize the performance, dura- bility, and safe operation of your ve- hicle, note the following points regard- ing the speci ed wheels.

T h e w h e e l r i m s s h o u l d b e checked for cracks, bends or warpage before each ride. If any damage is found, have a Yamaha dealer replace the wheel. Do not attempt even the smallest re- pair to the wheel. A deformed or cracked wheel must be replaced.

The wheel should be balanced whenever either the tire or wheel has been changed or replaced. An unbalanced wheel can result in poor performance, adverse handling characteristics, and a shortened tire life.

EAU22130

Adjusting the brake lever free play

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ZAUM00**

1. Front brake lever free play

The brake lever free play should measure 10 - 20 mm (0.4 - 0.8 in) as shown. Periodically check the brake lever free play and, if necessary, ad- just it as follows. To increase the brake lever free play, turn the adjusting nut at the brake shoe plate in direction (a). To de- crease the brake lever free play, turn the adjusting nut in direction (b).

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EAU1722A

PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT EAU22170

Adjusting the rear brake lever free play

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ZAUM00**

1. Rear brake lever free play

The brake lever free play should mea- sure 10 ~ 20 mm (0.4 ~ 0.8 in) as shown. Periodically check the brake lever free play and, if necessary, ad- just it as follows. To increase the brake lever free play, turn the adjusting nut at the brake shoe plate in direction (a). To de- crease the brake lever free play, turn the adjusting nut in direction (b).

1(a)

(b)

ZAUM00**

1. Adjusting nut

EWA10650

WARNING If proper adjustment cannot be ob- tained as described, have a Yamaha dealer make this adjustment.

1(b)

(a) ZAUM00**

1. Adjusting nut

EWA10650

WARNING If proper adjustment cannot be ob- tained as described, have a Yama- ha dealer make this adjustment.

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EAU1722A

PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT EAU22361

Checking the front and rear brake shoes Front

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ZAUM00**

1. Wear indicator 2. Wear limit line

Rear

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ZAUM00**

1. Wear indicator 2. Wear limit line

The front and rear brake shoes must be checked for wear at the intervals speci ed in the periodic maintenance and lubrication chart. Each brake is provided with a wear indicator, which allows you to check the brake shoe wear without having to disassemble the brake. To check the brake shoe wear, check the position of the wear indicator while applying the brake. If a brake shoe has worn to the point that the wear indicator reaches the wear limit line, have a Yamaha dealer re- place the brake shoes as a set.

EAU23093

Checking and lubricating the cables The operation of all control cables and the condition of the cables should be checked before each ride, and the cables and cable ends should be lubricated if necessary. If a cable is damaged or does not move smoothly, have a Yamaha dealer check or re- place it. WARNING! Damage to the outer housing of cables may result in internal rusting and cause in- terference with cable movement. Replace damaged cables as soon as possible to prevent unsafe conditions.[EWA10711]

Recommended lubricant: Yamaha Chain and Cable Lube or engine oil

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EAU1722A

PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT EAU43631

Lubricating the front and rear brake levers The pivoting points of the front and rear brake levers must be lubricated at the intervals speci ed in the periodic maintenance and lubrication chart.

Recommended lubricant: Lithium-soap-based grease

EAU23192

Checking and lubricating the centerstand The operation of the centerstand should be checked before each ride, and the pivots and metal-to-metal contact surfaces should be lubricated if necessary.

EWA11301

WARNING If the centerstand does not move up and down smoothly, have a Yamaha dealer check or repair it. Otherwise, the centerstand could contact the ground and distract the operator, resulting in a possible loss of control.

Recommended lubricant: Lithium-soap-based grease

EAU23113

Checking and lubricating the throttle grip and cable The operation of the throttle grip should be checked before each ride. In addition, the cable should be lubri- cated by a Yamaha dealer at the inter- vals speci ed in the periodic mainte- nance chart. The throttle cable is equipped with a rubber boot. Make sure that the boot is securely installed. Even though the boot is installed correctly, it does not completely protect the cable from water entry. Therefore, use care not to pour water directly onto the boot or cable when washing the vehicle. If the cable or boot becomes dirty, wipe clean with a moist cloth.

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EAU1722A

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ZAUM00**

ECA10590

NOTICE If any damage is found or the front fork does not operate smoothly, have a Yamaha dealer check or re- pair it.

EAU45511

Checking the steering Worn or loose steering bearings may cause danger. Therefore, the opera- tion of the steering must be checked as follows at the intervals speci ed in the periodic maintenance and lubrica- tion chart.

1. Place the vehicle on the cen- terstand. WARNING! To avoid injury, securely support the ve- hicle so there is no danger of it falling over.[EWA10751]

2. Hold the lower ends of the front fork legs and try to move them forward and backward. If any free play can be felt, have a Yamaha dealer check or repair the steer- ing.

EAU23272

Checking the front fork The condition and operation of the front fork must be checked as follows at the intervals speci ed in the period- ic maintenance and lubrication chart.

To check the condition Check the inner tubes for scratches, damage and excessive oil leakage.

To check the operation 1. Place the vehicle on a level sur-

face and hold it in an upright position. WARNING! To avoid injury, securely support the ve- hicle so there is no danger of it falling over.[EWA10751]

2. While applying the front brake, push down hard on the handle- bars several times to check if the front fork compresses and re- bounds smoothly.

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EAU1722A

PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT EAUT1233

Battery

1 ZAUM00**

1. Battery

This model is equipped with a VRLA (Valve Regulated Lead Acid) battery. There is no need to check the electro- lyte or to add distilled water. However, the battery lead connections need to be checked and, if necessary, tight- ened.

ECA10620

NOTICE Never attempt to remove the bat- tery cell seals, as this would perma- nently damage the battery.

EWA10760

WARNING Electrolyte is poisonous and

EAU23291

Checking the wheel bearings The front and rear wheel bearings must be checked at the intervals speci ed in the periodic maintenance and lubrication chart. If there is play in the wheel hub or if the wheel does not turn smoothly, have a Yamaha dealer check the wheel bearings.ZAUM00**

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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT

The battery is located under the foot- board. Remove panel A to access the battery. (See page 6-7.)

To charge the battery Have a Yamaha dealer charge the battery as soon as possible if it seems to have discharged. Keep in mind that the battery tends to discharge more quickly if the vehicle is equipped with optional electrical accessories.

ECA16520

NOTICE To charge a VRLA (Valve Regulated Lead Acid) battery, a special (con- stant-voltage) battery charger is required. Using a conventional bat- tery charger will damage the bat- tery. If you do not have access to a constant-voltage battery charger, have a Yamaha dealer charge your battery.

To store the battery 1. If the vehicle will not be used for

more than one month, remove the battery, fully charge it, and then place it in a cool, dry place. NO-

TICE: When removing the bat- tery, be sure the key is turned to OFF, then disconnect the negative lead before discon- necting the positive lead.[ECA16302]

2. If the battery will be stored for more than two months, check it at least once a month and fully charge it if necessary.

3. Fully charge the battery before installation.

4. After installation, make sure that the battery leads are properly connected to the battery termi- nals.

ECA16530

NOTICE Always keep the battery charged. Storing a discharged battery can cause permanent battery damage.

dangerous since it contains sulfuric acid, which causes se- vere burns. Avoid any contact with skin, eyes or clothing and always shield your eyes when working near batteries. In case of contact, administer the fol- lowing FIRST AID. EXTERNAL: Flush with plen-

ty of water. INTERNAL: Drink large quan-

tities of water or milk and im- mediately call a physician.

EYES: Flush with water for 15 minutes and seek prompt medical attention.

Batteries produce explosive hydrogen gas. Therefore, keep sparks, ames, cigarettes, etc., away from the battery and pro- vide suf cient ventilation when charging i t in an enclosed space.

KEEP THIS AND ALL BATTER- IES OUT OF THE REACH OF CHILDREN.

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EAU1722A

PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT

Speci ed fuse: 7.5 A

3. Turn the key to ON and turn on the electrical circuits to check if the devices operate.

4. If the fuse immediately blows again, have a Yamaha dealer check the electrical system.

EAU23783

Replacing the headlight bulb This model is equipped with a quartz bulb headlight. If the headlight bulb burns out, replace it as follows.

ECA10650

NOTICE Take care not to damage the follow- ing parts:

Headlight bulb Do not touch the glass part of the headlight bulb to keep it free from oil, otherwise the transparency of the glass, the luminosity of the bulb, and the bulb life will be ad- versely affected. Thoroughly clean off any dirt and ngerprints on the headlight bulb using a cloth moist- ened with alcohol or thinner.

Headlight lens Do not af x any type of tinted

lm or stickers to the head- light lens.

Do not use a headlight bulb of a wattage higher than speci ed.

EAUT1241

Replacing the fuse

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ZAUM00**

1. Fuse

The fuse holder is located beside the battery. Remove panel A to access the fuse. (See page 6-7.) If the fuse is blown, replace it as fol- lows.

1. Turn the key to OFF and turn off all electrical circuits.

2. Remove the blown fuse, and then install a new fuse of the speci ed amperage. WARNING! Do not use a fuse of a higher amper- age rating than recommended to avoid causing extensive damage to the electrical system and possibly a re.[EWA15131]

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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT

and then remove the burnt-out bulb.

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ZAUM00**

1. Headlight bulb holder

4. Place a new headlight bulb into position, and then secure it with the bulb holder.

5. Install the headlight bulb cover, and then connect the coupler.

6. Install the headlight unit by install- ing the screws.

7. Have a Yamaha dealer adjust the headlight beam if necessary.

EAU24133

Replacing the tail/brake light bulb

1. Remove the tail/brake light lens by removing the screws.

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1

ZAUM00**

1. Tail/brake light lens 2. Bulb

2. Remove the burnt-out bulb by pushing it in and turning it coun- terclockwise.

3. Insert a new bulb into the socket, push it in, and then turn it clock- wise until it stops.

4. Install the lens by installing the screws. NOTICE: Do not over- tighten the screws, otherwise the lens may break.[ECA10681]

1. Remove the headlight unit by re- moving the screws.

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ZAUM00**

1. Headlight unit

2. Disconnect the headlight coupler, and then remove the bulb cover.

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ZAUM00**

1. Headlight coupler 2. Bulb cover

3. Remove the headlight bulb holder by turning it counterclockwise,

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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT

2. Remove the burnt-out bulb by pushing it in and turning it coun- terclockwise.

3. Insert a new bulb into the socket, push it in, and then turn it clock- wise until it stops.

4. Install the lens by installing the screw. NOTICE: Do not over- tighten the screw, otherwise the lens may break.[ECA11191]

EAU25881

Troubleshooting Although Yamaha scooters receive a thorough inspection before shipment from the factory, trouble may occur during operation. Any problem in the fuel, compression, or ignition systems, for example, can cause poor starting and loss of power. The following troubleshooting charts represent quick and easy procedures for checking these vital systems your- self. However, should your scooter require any repair, take it to a Yamaha dealer, whose skilled technicians have the necessary tools, experience, and know-how to service the scooter prop- erly. Use only genuine Yamaha replace- ment parts. Imitation parts may look like Yamaha parts, but they are often inferior, have a shorter service life and can lead to expensive repair bills.

EWA15141

WARNING When checking the fuel system, do not smoke, and make sure there are no open ames or sparks in

EAU24204

Replacing a turn signal light bulb

1. Remove the turn signal light lens by removing the screw.

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ZAUM00** 2 1. Turn signal light lens 2. Bulb

2 1

ZAUM00**

1. Turn signal light lens 2. Bulb

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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT

the area, including pilot lights from water heaters or furnaces. Gasoline or gasoline vapors can ignite or explode, causing severe injury or property damage.

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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT EAUT1581

Troubleshooting charts Starting problems or poor engine performance

Check the fuel level in the fuel tank.

1. Fuel There is enough fuel.

There is no fuel.

Check the compression.

Supply fuel. The engine does not start. Check the compression.

Operate the electric starter.

2. Compression There is compression.

There is no compression.

Check the ignition.

Have a Yamaha dealer check the vehicle.

Remove the spark plug and check the electrodes.

3. Ignition Wipe off with a dry cloth and correct the spark plug gap, or replace the spark plug.

Have a Yamaha dealer check the vehicle.

The engine does not start. Have a Yamaha dealer check the vehicle.

The engine does not start. Check the battery.

Operate the electric starter.

4. Battery The engine turns over quickly.

The engine turns over slowly.

The battery is good.

Check the battery lead connections, and charge the battery if necessary.

Dry

Wet Open the throttle halfway and operate the electric starter.

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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT

Engine overheating EWAT1040

WARNING Do not remove the radiator cap when the engine and radiator are hot. Scalding hot uid and steam may be

blown out under pressure, which could cause serious injury. Be sure to wait until the engine has cooled. Place a thick rag, like a towel, over the radiator cap, and then slowly rotate the cap counterclockwise to the

detent to allow any residual pressure to escape. When the hissing sound has stopped, press down on the cap while turning it counterclockwise, and then remove the cap.

Wait until the engine has cooled.

Check the coolant level in the reservoir and radiator.

The coolant level is OK.

The coolant level is low. Check the cooling system for leakage.

Have a Yamaha dealer check and repair the cooling system.

Add coolant. (See TIP.)

Start the engine. If the engine overheats again, have a Yamaha dealer check and repair the cooling system.

There is leakage.

There is no leakage.

TIP

If coolant is not available, tap water can be temporarily used instead, provided that it is changed to the recommended coolant as soon as possible.

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EAU25991

SCOOTER CARE AND STORAGE EAU37833

Matte color caution ECA15192

NOTICE Some models are equipped with matte colored nished parts. Be sure to consult a Yamaha dealer for advice on what products to use be- fore cleaning the vehicle. Using a brush, harsh chemical products or cleaning compounds when cleaning these parts will scratch or damage their surface. Wax also should not be applied to any matte colored nished parts.

EAU26094

Care While the open design of a scooter re- veals the attractiveness of the technol- ogy, it also makes it more vulnerable. Rust and corrosion can develop even if high-quality components are used. A rusty exhaust pipe may go unnoticed on a car, however, it detracts from the overall appearance of a scooter. Fre- quent and proper care does not only comply with the terms of the warranty, but it will also keep your scooter look- ing good, extend its life and optimize its performance.

Before cleaning 1. Cover the muf er outlet with a

plastic bag after the engine has cooled down.

2. Make sure that all caps and cov- ers as well as all electrical cou- plers and connectors, including the spark plug cap, are tightly installed.

3. Remove extremely stubborn dirt, like oil burnt onto the crankcase, with a degreasing agent and

a brush, but never apply such products onto seals, gaskets and wheel axles. Always rinse the dirt and degreaser off with water.

Cleaning ECA10783

NOTICE Avoid using strong acidic

wheel cleaners, especially on spoked wheels. I f such products are used on hard-to- remove dirt, do not leave the cleaner on the affected area any longer than instructed. Also, thoroughly rinse the area off with water, immediately dry it, and then apply a corrosion protection spray.

Improper cleaning can dam- age plast ic parts (such as cowlings, panels, windshields, headlight lenses, meter lenses, etc.) and the muf ers. Use only a soft, clean cloth or sponge with water to clean plastic. However, if the plastic parts cannot be thoroughly cleaned

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EAU25991

SCOOTER CARE AND STORAGE

with water, diluted mild deter- gent with water may be used. Be sure to rinse off any deter- gent residue using plenty of water, as it is harmful to plastic parts.

Do not use any harsh chemical products on plastic parts. Be sure to avoid using cloths or sponges which have been in contact with strong or abrasive cleaning products, solvent or thinner, fuel (gasoline), rust removers or inhibitors, brake uid, antifreeze or electrolyte.

Do not use h igh-pressure washers or steam-jet cleaners since they cause water seep- age and deterioration in the following areas: seals (of wheel and swingarm bearings, fork and brakes), electric compo- nents (couplers, connectors, instruments, switches and lights), breather hoses and vents.

For vehicles equipped with a windshield: Do not use strong

c leaners or hard sponges as they will cause dulling or scratching. Some cleaning compounds for plastic may leave scratches on the wind- shield. Test the product on a small hidden part of the wind- shield to make sure that it does not leave any marks. If the windshield is scratched, use a quality plastic polishing com- pound after washing.

After normal use Remove dirt with warm water, a mild detergent, and a soft, clean sponge, and then rinse thoroughly with clean water. Use a toothbrush or bottlebrush for hard-to-reach areas. Stubborn dirt and insects will come off more easily if the area is covered with a wet cloth for a few minutes before cleaning.

After riding in the rain, near the sea or on salt-sprayed roads Since sea salt or salt sprayed on the roads during winter are extremely cor-

rosive in combination with water, carry out the following steps after each ride in the rain, near the sea or on salt- sprayed roads.

TIP

Salt sprayed on roads in the winter may remain well into spring.

1. Clean the scooter with cold water and a mild detergent after the en- gine has cooled down. NOTICE: Do not use warm water since it increases the corrosive action of the salt.[ECA10791]

2. Apply a corrosion protect ion spray on al l metal, including chrome- and nickel-plated, sur- faces to prevent corrosion.

After cleaning 1. Dry the scooter with a chamois or

an absorbing cloth. 2. Use a chrome polish to shine

chrome, aluminum and stainless- steel parts, including the exhaust system. (Even the thermally in- duced discoloring of stainless-

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SCOOTER CARE AND STORAGE

steel exhaust systems can be removed through polishing.)

3. To prevent corrosion, it is recom- mended to apply a corrosion pro- tection spray on all metal, includ- ing chrome- and nickel-plated, surfaces.

4. Use spray oi l as a universal cleaner to remove any remaining dirt.

5. Touch up minor paint damage caused by stones, etc.

6. Wax all painted surfaces. 7. Let the scooter dry completely

before storing or covering it. EWA10942

WARNING Contaminants on the brakes or tires can cause loss of control.

Make sure that there is no oil or wax on the brakes or tires. If necessary, clean the brake discs and brake linings with a regular brake disc cleaner or acetone, and wash the tires with warm water and a mild de- tergent.

Before operating the vehicle,

test its braking performance and cornering behavior.

ECA10800

NOTICE Apply spray oil and wax spar-

ingly and make sure to wipe off any excess.

Never apply oil or wax to any rubber and plastic parts, but treat them with a suitable care product.

Avoid using abrasive polishing compounds as they will wear away the paint.

TIP

Consult a Yamaha dealer for ad- vice on what products to use.

Washing, rainy weather or humid climates can cause the headlight lens to fog. Turning the headlight on for a short period of time will help remove the moisture from the lens.

EAU26303

Storage Short-term Always store your scooter in a cool, dry place and, if necessary, protect it against dust with a porous cover. Be sure the engine and the exhaust system are cool before covering the scooter.

ECA10820

NOTICE Storing the scooter in a poorly

ventilated room or covering it with a tarp, while it is still wet, will allow water and humidity to seep in and cause rust.

To prevent corrosion, avoid damp cellars, stables (because of the presence of ammonia) and areas where strong chemi- cals are stored.

Long-term Before storing your scooter for several months:

1. Follow all the instructions in the Care section of this chapter.

2. Drain the carburetor oat cham-

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EAU25991

SCOOTER CARE AND STORAGE

ber by loosening the drain bolt; this will prevent fuel deposits from building up. Pour the drained fuel into the fuel tank.

3. Fill up the fuel tank and add fuel stabilizer (if available) to prevent the fuel tank from rusting and the fuel from deteriorating.

4. Perform the following steps to protect the cylinder, piston rings, etc. from corrosion. a. Remove the spark plug cap

and spark plug. b. Pour a teaspoonful of engine

oil into the spark plug bore. c. Install the spark plug cap onto

the spark plug, and then place the spark plug on the cylinder head so that the electrodes are grounded. (This will limit spark- ing during the next step.)

d. Turn the engine over several times with the starter. (This will coat the cylinder wall with oil.) WARNING! To prevent damage or injury from spark- ing, make sure to ground the spark plug electrodes

while turning the engine over.[EWA10951]

e. Remove the spark plug cap from the spark plug, and then install the spark plug and the spark plug cap.

5. Lubricate all control cables and the pivoting points of all levers and pedals as wel l as of the sidestand/centerstand.

6. Check and, if necessary, correct the tire air pressure, and then lift the scooter so that both of its wheels are off the ground. Alter- natively, turn the wheels a little every month in order to prevent the tires from becoming degraded in one spot.

7. Cover the muf er outlet with a plastic bag to prevent moisture from entering it.

8. Remove the battery and fully charge i t . Store i t in a cool , dry place and charge it once a month. Do not store the battery in an excessively cold or warm place [less than 0 C (30 F) or more than 30 C (90 F)]. For

more information on storing the battery, see page 6-21.

TIP

Make any necessary repairs before storing the scooter.

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SPECIFICATIONS EAU2633Z

Dimensions Overall length

1665 mm (65.6 in) Overall width

630 mm (24.8 in) Overall height

1005 mm (39.6 in) Seat height

715 mm (28.1 in) Wheelbase

1160 mm (45.7 in) Ground clearance

85 mm (3.35 in) Minimum turning radius

1800 mm (70.9 in) Weight

Curb weight 81 kg (179 lb)

Engine Engine type

Liquid cooled 4-stroke, SOHC Cylinder arrangement

Single cylinder Displacement

49 cm3

Bore x stroke 38.0 x 43.5 mm (1.50 x 1.71 in)

Compression ratio 12.00 :1

Starting system Electric starter and kickstarter

Lubrication system Wet sump

Engine oil Recommended brand

YAMALUBE Type

SAE 10W-30, 10W-40, 10W-50, 15W-40, 20W-40 or 20W-50

20 10 0 10 20 30 40 50 C

10 30 50 70 90 1100 130 F

SAE 10W-30

SAE 15W-40

SAE 20W-40

SAE 20W-50

SAE 10W-40

SAE 10W-50

Recommended engine oil grade API service SG type or higher, JASO standard MA

Periodic oil change 0.78 L (0.82 US qt, 0.69 Imp.qt)

Final transmission oil Type

SAE 10W-30 type SE motor oil Quantity

0.10 L (0.11 US qt, 0.09 Imp.qt) Cooling system

Coolant reservoir capacity (up to the maxi- mum level mark)

0.26 L (0.27 US qt, 0.23 Imp.qt) Radiator capacity (including all routes)

0.50 L (0.53 US qt, 0.44 Imp.qt)

Air lter Air lter element

Oil-coated paper element Fuel

Recommended fuel Unleaded gasoline only

Fuel tank capacity 4.5 L (1.19 US gal, 0.99 Imp.gal)

Carburetor Manufacturer

KEIHIN Type x quantity

NCV18 x 1 Spark plug(s)

Manufacturer/model NGK/CR7E

Spark plug gap 0.7-0.8 mm (0.028-0.031 in)

Clutch Clutch type

Dry, centrifugal automatic Transmission

Primary reduction ratio 1.000

Secondary reduction ratio 13.231 (48/13 43/12)

Final drive Gear

Transmission type V-belt automatic

Chassis Frame type

Backbone

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8-2

SPECIFICATIONS Caster angle

24.00 degree Trail

70.0 mm (2.76 in) Front tire

Type Tubeless

Size 90/90-10 41J

Manufacturer/model MAXXIS / C-922

Rear tire Type

Tubeless Size

90/90-10 41J Manufacturer/model

MAXXIS / C-922 Loading

Maximum load 77 kg (170 lb)

Tire air pressure (measured on cold tires)

Front 150 kPa (1.50 kgf/cm2, 22 psi, 1.50 bar)

Rear 175 kPa (1.75 kgf/cm2, 25 psi, 1.75 bar)

Front wheel Wheel type

Cast wheel Rim size

J10 x MT2.15

Rear wheel Wheel type

Cast wheel Rim size

J10 xMT 2.15 Front brake

Type Drum brake

Operation Right hand operation

Rear brake Type

Drum brake Operation

Left hand operation Front suspension

Type Telescopic fork

Spring/shock absorber type Coil spring/oil damper

Wheel travel 59.0 mm (2.32 in)

Rear suspension Type

Unit swing Spring/shock absorber type

Coil spring/oil damper Wheel travel

54.0 mm (2.13 in) Electrical system

Ignition system CDI

Charging system AC magneto

Battery Model

GTX5L-BS Voltage, capacity

12 V, 4.0 Ah Headlight

Bulb type Halogen bulb

Bulb voltage, wattage x quantity Headlight

12 V, 35 W/35 W x 1 Tail/brake light

12 V, 5.0 W/21.0 W x 1 Front turn signal light

12 V, 10.0 W x 2 Rear turn signal light

12 V, 10.0 W x 2 License plate light

12 V, 5.0 W x 1 Meter lighting

12 V, 1.7 W x 2 High beam indicator light

12 V, 1.7 W x 1 Turn signal indicator light

12 V, 1.7 W x 2 Coolant temperature warning light

14 V, 3.0 W x 1 Fuse

Fuse 7.5 A

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SPECIFICATIONS

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EAU26343

CONSUMER INFORMATION EAU26352

Identi cation numbers Record the key identi cation num- ber, vehicle identi cation number and model label information in the spaces provided below for assistance when ordering spare parts from a Yamaha dealer or for reference in case the ve- hicle is stolen.

KEY IDENTIFICATION NUMBER:

VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION NUM- BER:

MODEL LABEL INFORMATION:

EAU26390

Key identi cation number

1. Key identi cation number

The key ident i cat ion number is stamped into the key. Record this number in the space pro- vided and use it for reference when ordering a new key.

EAU26410

Vehicle identi cation number

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ZAUM00**

1. Vehicle identi cation number

The vehicle identi cation number is stamped into the frame.

TIP

The vehicle identi cation number is used to identify your motorcycle and may be used to register your motorcy- cle with the licensing authority in your area.

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EAU26343

CONSUMER INFORMATION EAU26460

Model label

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ZAUM00**

1. Model label

The model label is af xed to the loca- tion shown. Record the information on this label in the space provided. This information will be needed when ordering spare parts from a Yamaha dealer.

EAU48270

Vehicle Emission Control In- formation label

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1. Vehicle Emission Control Information label

The Vehicle Emission Control Infor- mation label is af xed at the location in the illustration. This label shows speci cations related to exhaust emis- sions as required by federal law, state law and Environment Canada.

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EAU26343

CONSUMER INFORMATION EAU26551

Reporting safety defects If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which could cause a crash or could cause injury or death, you should im- mediately inform the National Highway Traf c Safety Administration (NHTSA) in addition to notifying Yamaha Motor Corporation, U.S.A. If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an investigation, and if it nds that a safety defect exists in a group of vehicles, it may order a recall and remedy campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved in individual problems between you, your dealer, or Yamaha Motor Corporation, U.S.A.

To contact NHTSA, you may call the Vehicle Safety Hotline toll-free at 1-888-327-4236 (TTY: 1-800-424-9153); go to http://www.safercar.gov; or write to: Administrator, NHTSA, 400 Seventh Street, SW., Washington, DC 20590. You can also obtain other information about motor vehicle safety from http://www.safercar.gov.

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EAU26343

CONSUMER INFORMATION EAU26580

Scooter noise regulation TAMPERING WITH NOISE CONTROL SYSTEM PROHIBITED: Federal law prohibits the following acts or the causing thereof: (1) The removal or rendering inoperative by any person other than for purposes of maintenance, repair, or replacement of any device or element of design incorporated into any new vehicle for the purpose of noise control prior to its sale or delivery to the ultimate purchaser or while it is in use or (2) the use of the vehicle after such device or element of design has been removed or rendered inoperative by any per- son.

AMONG THOSE ACTS PRESUMED TO CONSTITUTE TAMPERING ARE THE ACTS LISTED BELOW.

These acts include tampering with the following systems; i.e., modi cation, removal, etc.

Exhaust system Muf er Exhaust pipe Silencer

Intake system Air cleaner case Air cleaner element Intake duct

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EAU26343

CONSUMER INFORMATION EAU26600

Maintenance record Copies of work orders and/or receipts for parts purchased and installed on your motorcycle will be required to document that maintenance has been completed in accordance with the emissions warranty. The chart below is printed only as a reminder that maintenance work is required. It is not acceptable proof of maintenance work.

Maintenance interval

Date of service Mileage Servicing dealer

name and address Remarks

600 mi (1000 km) or

1 month

2000 mi (4000 km) or

6 months

4000 mi (7000 km) or 12 months

6000 mi (10000 km) or

18 months

8000 mi (13000 km) or

24 months

10000 mi (16000 km) or

30 months

12000 mi (19000 km) or

36 months

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EAU26343

CONSUMER INFORMATION

Maintenance interval

Date of service Mileage Servicing dealer

name and address Remarks

14000 mi (22000 km) or

42 months

16000 mi (25000 km) or

48 months

18000 mi (28000 km) or

54 months

20000 mi (31000 km) or

60 months

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EAU26343

CONSUMER INFORMATION EAU26681

YAMAHA MOTOR CORPORATION, U.S.A. RIVA LIMITED WARRANTY

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EAU26343

CONSUMER INFORMATION

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EAU26343

CONSUMER INFORMATION EAU26750

YAMAHA EXTENDED SERVICE (Y.E.S.) Keep your Yamaha protected even after your warranty expires with genuine Yamaha Extended Service (Y.E.S.).

Y.E.S. is designed and administered by Yamaha Motor Corporation to provide maximum owner satisfaction. You get uninterrupted factory-backed coverage for extra peace of mind.

Y.E.S. is flexible. You choose the plan thats right for you: 12 months, 24 months, 36 months or, on certain models, even 48 months beyond your warranty period.

Y.E.S. is designed and administered by the same Yamaha people who handle your warranty and it shows in the comprehensive coverage benefits. There are no mileage limitations. Coverage isnt limited to moving parts or the drive train like many other plans. And Y.E.S. covers manufacturing defects just like the warranty. See the sample contract at your Yamaha dealer to see how comforting uninterrupted factory- backed protection can be.

You dont have to pay anything for covered repairs. Theres no deductible to pay, and repairs arent pro-rated. You dont have any out-of-pocket expenses for covered repairs.

In addition, Travel and Recreation Interruption Protection (TRIP) is included at no extra cost. TRIP gives you up to $150 reimbursement per occurrence for any reasonable expenses you incur because your Yamaha needs covered service: replacement vehicle rental, emergency towing, phone calls, even food and lodging when you are away from home. This superb coverage goes into effect when you purchase Y.E.S., so it applies to any warranty repairs as well as covered repairs during your entire Y.E.S. plan period.

Y.E.S. coverage is honored at any authorized Yamaha dealer nationwide.

Y.E.S. coverage is transferable to a new owner if you sell or trade-in. That can make your Yamaha much more valuable!

This excellent Y.E.S. plan coverage is only available to Yamaha owners like you, and only while your Yamaha is still within the Yamaha Limited Warranty period. So visit your authorized Yamaha dealer to get all the facts. He can show you how easy it is to protect your investment with Yamaha Extended Service.

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EAU26343

CONSUMER INFORMATION

We urge you to act now. Youll get the excellent benefits of TRIP coverage right away, and youll rest easy knowing youll have strong factory-backed protection even after your Yamaha Limited Warranty expires.

A special note: If visiting your dealer isnt convenient, contact Yamaha with your Primary ID number (your frame number). Well be happy to help you get the Y.E.S. coverage you need.

Yamaha Service Marketing P.O. Box 6555 Cypress, CA 90630 1-(866)-YES-EXTD (1-866-937-3983)

INDEX A

Acceleration and deceleration................... 5-2 Air lter element and check hose, replacing

and cleaning ......................................... 6-13 B

Battery..................................................... 6-21 Brake lever, front....................................... 3-4 Brake lever, rear ....................................... 3-5 Brake levers, lubricating.......................... 6-19 Brake lever free play, adjusting............... 6-16 Brake shoes, checking............................ 6-18 Braking...................................................... 5-2

C Cables, checking and lubricating ............ 6-18 Carburetor............................................... 6-14 Care .......................................................... 7-1 Carrier ..................................................... 3-11 Catalytic converter .................................... 3-8 Centerstand, checking and lubricating.... 6-19 Coolant.................................................... 6-12 Coolant temperature warning light ............ 3-2

D Dimmer switch .......................................... 3-4

E Engine break-in......................................... 5-3 Engine idling speed, checking ................ 6-14 Engine oil .................................................. 6-9 Engine stop switch .................................... 3-4

F Final transmission oil .............................. 6-11 Front fork, checking ................................ 6-20 Fuel ........................................................... 3-6 Fuel consumption, tips for reducing .......... 5-2 Fuel gauge ................................................ 3-3

Fuel tank cap ............................................ 3-6 Fuse, replacing ....................................... 6-23

H Handlebar switches................................... 3-3 Headlight bulb, replacing ........................ 6-23 Helmet holder............................................ 3-9 High beam indicator light .......................... 3-2 Horn switch ............................................... 3-4

I Identi cation numbers............................... 9-1 Indicator and warning lights ...................... 3-2

K Key identi cation number.......................... 9-1 Kickstarter ................................................. 3-8

L Labels, location ......................................... 1-1 Labels, location ......................................... 1-2 Luggage hook ......................................... 3-11

M Maintenance, emission control system..... 6-2 Maintenance and lubrication, periodic ...... 6-4 Maintenance record .................................. 9-5 Main switch/steering lock .......................... 3-1 Matte color, caution................................... 7-1 Model label................................................ 9-2

N Noise regulation ........................................ 9-4

P Panel, removing and installing .................. 6-7 Parking...................................................... 5-3 Part locations ............................................ 2-1

R Rear brake lever free play, adjusting ...... 6-17 Rear wheel lock ........................................ 3-5

S Safe-riding points ...................................... 1-7 Safety defects, reporting ........................... 9-3 Safety information ..................................... 1-3 Seat........................................................... 3-9 Spark plug, checking................................. 6-7 Speci cations............................................ 8-1 Speedometer unit...................................... 3-3 Starting a cold engine ............................... 5-1 Starting off................................................. 5-1 Start switch ............................................... 3-4 Steering, checking .................................. 6-20 Storage ..................................................... 7-3 Storage compartments............................ 3-10

T Tail/brake light bulb, replacing ................ 6-24 Throttle grip and cable, checking and lubricating ............................................. 6-19 Throttle grip free play, checking.............. 6-14 Tires ........................................................ 6-15 Troubleshooting ...................................... 6-25 Troubleshooting charts ........................... 6-27 Turn signal indicator lights ........................ 3-2 Turn signal light bulb, replacing .............. 6-25 Turn signal switch ..................................... 3-4

V Valve clearance ...................................... 6-15 Vehicle Emission Control Information label ........................................................ 9-2 Vehicle identi cation number .................... 9-1

W Warranty, extended................................... 9-9 Warranty, limited ....................................... 9-7 Wheels .................................................... 6-16

INDEX Wheel bearings, checking....................... 6-21

INDEX

Manualsnet FAQs

If you want to find out how the XC50A Yamaha works, you can view and download the Yamaha XC50A Vino 2011 Owner's Manual on the Manualsnet website.

Yes, we have the Owner's Manual for Yamaha XC50A as well as other Yamaha manuals. All you need to do is to use our search bar and find the user manual that you are looking for.

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This Yamaha XC50A Vino 2011 Owner's Manual consists of sections like Table of Contents, to name a few. For easier navigation, use the Table of Contents in the upper left corner.

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To be able to print Yamaha XC50A Vino 2011 Owner's Manual, simply download the document to your computer. Once downloaded, open the PDF file and print the Yamaha XC50A Vino 2011 Owner's Manual as you would any other document. This can usually be achieved by clicking on “File” and then “Print” from the menu bar.