Yamaha Arius YDP-C71 Piano MIDI Reference Guide PDF

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Summary of Content for Yamaha Arius YDP-C71 Piano MIDI Reference Guide PDF

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YDP-C71

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MIDI Reference MIDI-Referenz Reference MIDI Referencia MIDI

YDP-C71 MIDI Reference / MIDI-Referenz / Reference MIDI / Referencia MIDIs2

MIDI Data Format / MIDI-Datenformat / Format des donnes MIDI / Formato de datos MIDI 1. NOTE ON/OFF

Data format: [9nH] [kkH] [vvH] 9nH = Note ON/OFF event (n = channel number) kkH = Note number (Transmit: 09H ~ 78H = A-2 ~ C8 /

Receive: 00H ~ 7FH = C-2 ~ G8) vvH = Velocity (Key ON = 01H ~ 7FH, Key OFF = 00H)

Data format: [8nH] [kkH] [vvH] (reception only) 8nH = Note OFF event (n = channel number) kkH = Note number: 00H ~ 7FH = C-2 ~ G8) vvH = Velocity

2. CONTROL CHANGE Data format: [BnH] [ccH] [vvH]

BnH = Control change (n = channel number) ccH = Control number vvH = Data Range

(1) Bank Select ccH Parameter Data Range(vvH) 00H Bank Select MSB 00H:Normal 20H Bank Select LSB 00H...7FH Bank selection processing does not occur until receipt of next Program Change message.

(2) Modulation (reception only) ccH Parameter Data Range (vvH) 01H Modulation 00H...7FH

(3) Main Volume ccH Parameter Data Range (vvH) 07H Volume MSB 00H...7FH

(4) Panpot (reception only) ccH Parameter Data Range (vvH) 0AH Panpot 00H...7FH

(5) Expression ccH Parameter Data Range (vvH) 0BH Expression MSB 00H...7FH

(6) Damper ccH Parameter Data Range (vvH) 40H Damper MSB 00H...7FH

(7) Sostenuto ccH Parameter Data Range (vvH) 42H Sostenuto 00H-3FH:off, 40H-7FH:on

(8) Soft Pedal ccH Parameter Data Range (vvH) 43H Soft Pedal 00H-3FH:off, 40H-7FH:on

(9) Harmonic Content (reception only) ccH Parameter Data Range (vvH) 47H Harmonic Content 00H...7FH

(10) Release Time (reception only) ccH arameter ata Range (vvH) 48H elease Time 00H...7FH

(11) Attack Time (reception only) ccH Parameter Data Range (vvH) 49H Attack Time 00H...7FH

(12) Brightness (reception only) ccH Parameter Data Range (vvH) 4AH Brightness 00H...7FH

(13) Portamento Control ccH Parameter Data Range (vvH) 54H Portamento 00H...7FH

(14) Effect1 Depth (Reverb Send Level) ccH Parameter Data Range (vvH) 5BH Effect1 Depth 00H...7FH Adjusts the reverb send level.

(15) Effect3 Depth (Chorus Send Level) ccH Parameter Data Range (vvH) 5DH Chorus Depth 00H...7FH

(16) RPN 65H RPN MSB 64H RPN LSB 06H Data Entry MSB 26H Data Entry LSB 60H Data Increment 61H Data Decrement * Parameters that are controllable with RPN Coarse Tune Fine Tune Pitch Bend Range

3. MODE MESSAGES Data format: [BnH] [ccH] [vvH]

BnH = Control event (n = channel number) ccH = Control number vvH = Data Range

(1) All Sound Off ccH Parameter Data Range (vvH) 78H All Sound Off 00H

(2) Reset All Controllers ccH Parameter Data Range (vvH) 79H Reset All Controllers 00H Resets controllers as follows. Controller Value Expression 127 (max) Damper Pedal 0 (off) Sostenuto 0 (off) Soft Pedal 0 (off)

(3) Local Control (reception only) ccH Parameter Data Range (vvH) 7AH Local Control 00H (off), 7FH (on)

(4) All Notes Off ccH Parameter Data Range (vvH) 7BH All Notes Off 00H Switches OFF all the notes that are currently ON on the spec- ified channel. Any notes being held by the damper or soste- nuto pedal will continue to sound until the pedal is released.

(5) Omni Off (reception only) ccH Parameter Data Range (vvH) 7CH Omni Off 00H Same processing as for All Notes Off.

(6) Omni On (reception only) ccH Parameter Data Range (vvH) 7DH Omni On 00H Same processing as for All Notes Off.

(7) Mono (reception only) ccH Parameter Data Range (vvH) 7EH Mono 00H Same processing as for All Sound Off.

(8) Poly (reception only) ccH Parameter Data Range (vvH) 7FH Poly 00H Same processing as for All Sound Off.

When Control Change is turned OFF, Control Change mes- sages will not be transmitted or received.

Local on/off, OMNI on/off are not transmitted. (The appropriate note off number is supplied with All Note Off transmission).

When a voice bank MSB/LSB is received, the number is stored in the internal buffer regardless of the received order, then the stored value is used to select the appropriate voice when a program change message is received.

Poly mode is always active. This mode will not change when the instrument receives MONO/POLY mode message.

YDP-C71 MIDI Reference / MIDI-Referenz / Reference MIDI / Referencia MIDI 3

4. PROGRAM CHANGE Data format: [CnH] [ppH]

CnH = Program event (n = channel number) ppH = Program change number

P.C.#=Program Change number

When program change reception is turned OFF, no program change data is transmitted or received.

When you specify a program change as a number in the range of 0-127, specify a number that is one less than the pro- gram change number listed above. For example, to specify program change number 1, you would specify program change 0.

5. Pitch Bend Change [EnH] [ccH] [ddH] ccH = LSB ddH = MSB

6. SYSTEM REALTIME MESSAGES [rrH] F8H: Timing clock FAH: Start FCH: Stop FEH: Active sensing

If an error occurs during MIDI reception, the Damper, Soste- nuto, and Soft effects for all channels are turned off and an All Note Off occurs.

7. SYSTEM EXCLUSIVE MESSAGES (Universal System Exclusive) (1) Universal Realtime Message

Data format: [F0H] [7FH] [XnH] [04H] [01H] [llH] [mmH] [F7H]

MIDI Master Volume

Simultaneously changes the volume of all channels. When a MIDI master volume message is received, the volume

only has affect on the MIDI receive channel, not the panel master volume. F0H = Exclusive status 7FH = Universal Realtime 7FH = ID of target device 04H = Sub-ID #1=Device Control Message 01H = Sub-ID #2=Master Volume llH = Volume LSB mmH = Volume MSB F7H = End of Exclusive or F0H = Exclusive status 7FH = Universal Realtime XnH = When n is received n=0~F, whichever is received.

X = dont care 04H = Sub-ID #1=Device Control Message 01H = Sub-ID #2=Master Volume llH = Volume LSB mmH = Volume MSB F7H = End of Exclusive

(2) Universal Non-Realtime Message (GM On)

General MIDI Mode On

Data format: [F0H] [7EH] [XnH] [09H] [01H] [F7H]

F0H = Exclusive status 7EH = Universal Non-Realtime 7FH = ID of target device 09H = Sub-ID #1=General MIDI Message 01H = Sub-ID #2=General MIDI On F7H = End of Exclusive or F0H = Exclusive status 7EH = Universal Non-Realtime XnH = When received, n=0~F.

X = dont care 09H = Sub-ID #1=General MIDI Message 01H = Sub-ID #2=General MIDI On F7H = End of Exclusive When the General MIDI mode ON message is received, the MIDI system will be reset to its default settings. This message requires approximately 50ms to execute, so sufficient time should be allowed before the next message is sent.

Voice Name MSB LSB P.C.#

Grand Piano 1 0 122 1

Grand Piano 2 0 112 1

E.Piano 1 0 122 6

E.Piano 2 0 122 5

Harpsichord 1 0 122 7

Harpsichord 2 0 123 7

Vibraphone 0 122 12

Pipe Organ 1 0 123 20

Pipe Organ 2 0 122 20

Strings 0 122 49

Data Transmission Reception

F8H Transmitted every 96 clocks

Received as 96-clock tempo timing when MIDI clock is set to External.

FAH Song start Song start Not received when the MIDI clock is set to Internal.

FCH Song stop Song stop Not received when the MIDI clock is set to Internal.

FEH Transmitted every 200 milliseconds

If a signal is not received via MIDI for more than 400 milliseconds, the same processing will take place for All Sound Off, All Notes Off and Reset All Controllers as when those signals are received.

YDP-C71 MIDI Reference / MIDI-Referenz / Reference MIDI / Referencia MIDIs4

8. SYSTEM EXCLUSIVE MESSAGES (XG Standard) (1) XG Native Parameter Change

Data format: [F0H] [43H] [1nH] [4CH] [hhH] [mmH] [llH] [ddH] [F7H]

F0H = Exclusive status 43H = YAMAHA ID 1nH = When received, n=0~F.

When transmitted, n=0. 4CH = Model ID of XG hhH = Address High mmH = Address Mid llH = Address Low ddH = Data | F7H = End of Exclusive Data size must match parameter size (2 or 4 bytes). When the XG System On message is received, the MIDI sys- tem will be reset to its default settings. The message requires approximately 50ms to execute, so sufficient time should be allowed before the next message is sent.

(2) XG Native Bulk Data (reception only)

Data format: [F0H] [43H] [0nH] [4CH] [aaH] [bbH] [hhH] [mmH] [llH] [ddH] ... [ccH] [F7H]

F0H = Exclusive status 43H = YAMAHA ID 0nH = When received, n=0~F.

When transmitted, n=0. 4CH = Model ID of XG aaH = ByteCount bbH = ByteCount hhH = Address High mmH = Address Mid llH = Address Low ddH = Data | | | | ccH = Check sum F7H = End of Exclusive

Receipt of the XG SYSTEM ON message causes reinitializa- tion of relevant parameters and Control Change values. Allow sufficient time for processing to execute (about 50 msec) before sending this instrument another message.

XG Native Parameter Change message may contain two or four bytes of parameter data (depending on the parameter size).

For information about the Address and Byte Count values, refer to Table 1 below. Note that the tables Total Size value gives the size of a bulk block. Only the top address of the block (00H, 00H, 00H) is valid as a bulk data address.

9. SYSTEM EXCLUSIVE MESSAGES (Digital Piano MIDI Format) Data format: [F0H] [43H] [73H] [xxH] [nnH]

[F7H] F0H = Exclusive status 43H = Yamaha ID 73H = Digital Piano ID 01H = Product ID (digital piano common) xxH = Substatus

nn Control 02H Internal MIDI clock 03H External MIDI clock 06H Bulk Data (the bulk data follows 06H)

F7H = End of Exclusive

10. SYSTEM EXCLUSIVE MESSAGES (Others) Data format: [F0H] [43H] [1nH] [27H] [30H]

[00H] [00H] [mmH] [llH] [ccH] [F7H]

Master Tuning (XG and last message priority) simultaneously changes the pitch of all channels. F0H = Exclusive Status 43H = Yamaha ID 1nH = When received, n=0~F.

When transmitted, n=0. 27H = Model ID of TG100 30H = Sub ID 00H = 00H = mmH = Master Tune MSB llH = Master Tune LSB ccH = dont care (under 7FH) F7H = End of Exclusive

YDP-C71 MIDI Reference / MIDI-Referenz / Reference MIDI / Referencia MIDI 5

MIDI Parameter Change table (SYSTEM)

Address (H) Size (H) Data (H) Parameter Description Default value (H) 00 00 00 4 020C - 05F4(*1) MASTER TUNE -50 - +50[cent] 00 04 00 00 01 1st bit 3 - 0 bit 15 - 12 400 02 2nd bit 3 - 0 bit 11 - 8 03 3rd bit 3 - 0 bit 7 - 4

4th bit 3 - 0 bit 3 - 0 04 1 00 - 7F MASTER VOLUME 0 - 127 7F 7E 00 XG SYSTEM ON 00=XG sytem ON 7F 00 RESET ALL PARAMETERS 00=ON (receive only) TOTAL SIZE 07

*1: Values lower than 020CH select -50 cents. Values higher than 05F4H select +50 cents.

MIDI Parameter Change table (EFFECT 1)

Refer to the Effect MIDI Map for a complete list of Reverb, Chorus and Variation type numbers.

Address (H) Size (H) Data (H) Parameter Description Default value (H) 02 01 00 2 00 - 7F REVERB TYPE MSB Refer to Effect MIDI Map 01(=HALL1)

00 - 7F REVERB TYPE LSB 00 : basic type 00

02 01 20 2 00 - 7F CHORUS TYPE MSB Refer to Effect MIDI Map 00(=Effect off) 00 - 7F CHORUS TYPE LSB 00 : basic type 00

VARIATION refers to the EFFECT on the panel.

MIDI Parameter Change table (MULTI PART)

Address (H) Size (H) Data (H) Parameter Description Default value (H) 08 nn 11 1 00 - 7F DRY LEVEL 0 - 127 7F 08 nn 0C 1 00 - 7F VELOCITY SENSE DEPTH 0 - 127 40 08 nn 0D 1 00 - 7F VELOCITY SENSE OFFSET 0 - 127 40 nn = Part Number

Effect MIDI Map REVERB

MSB LSB ROOM 02H 10H HALL 1 01H 10H HALL 2 01H 11H STAGE 03H 10H OFF 00H 00H

EFFECT MSB LSB

CHORUS 41H 08H PHASER 48H 11H TREMOLO 77H 00H ROTARY SP 42H 12H OFF 00H 00H

Function... Transmitted Recognized Remarks

Basic Default

Default

Channel Changed

Mode Messages Altered

Note Number : True voice

Velocity Note ON Note OFF

After Touch

Key's Ch's

Pitch Bend

Control Change

0,32 1 7 10 11 6, 38 64,66,67 71-74 84 91,93 96-97 100-101

Prog Change : True #

System Exclusive

Common : Song Pos. : Song Sel. : Tune

System Real Time

: Clock : Commands

Aux Messages

: Local ON/OFF : Reset All Cntrls : All Sound Off

: All Notes OFF : Active Sense : Reset

Notes:

1-16 1-16 1-16

3 x

1-16

**************

0-127

**************

o 9nH,v=1-127 x

x *1 x

x *1

o x *1 o x *1 o x *1 o x *1 x *1 o x *1 x *1

o 0 - 127 o 0 - 127 **************

o

x x x

o o

x o

o o

o x

o o

o o

o x

3 x x

0-127 0-127

o 9nH,v=1-127 x

x x

o 0-24 semi

o o o o o o o o o o o o

o

x x x

o o

(123-125) (122) (121) (120,126,127)

Bank Select Modulation Main Volume Panpot Expression Data Entry

Portament Control Effect Depth RPN Inc, Dec RPN LSB, MSB

These Control Change messages are not transmitted via panel operation, but may

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