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Yamaha Arius YDP-103 Piano MIDI Reference Guide PDF

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Summary of Content for Yamaha Arius YDP-103 Piano MIDI Reference Guide PDF

MIDI Reference

YDP-103

EN

Table of Contents

MIDI Data Format ................................................................................2

MIDI Implementation Chart................................................................6

YDP-103 MIDI Reference2

MIDI Data Format 1. NOTE ON/OFF

Data format: [9nH] -> [kk] -> [vv] 9nH = Note ON/OFF event (n = channel number) kk = Note number (Transmit: 09H78H = A-2C8 /

Receive: 00H7FH = C-2G8) vv = Velocity (Key ON = 01H7FH, Key OFF = 00H)

Data format: [8nH] -> [kk] -> [vv] (reception only) 8nH = Note OFF event (n = channel number) kk = Note number: 00H7FH = C-2G8 vv = Velocity

2. CONTROL CHANGE Data format: [BnH] -> [cc] -> [vv]

BnH = Control change (n = channel number) cc = Control number vv = Data Range

(1) Bank Select ccH Parameter Data Range (vvH) 00H Bank Select MSB 00H:Normal 20H Bank Select LSB 00H...7FH Bank selection processing does not occur until receipt of next Program Change message.

(2) Modulation (reception only) ccH Parameter Data Range (vvH) 01H Modulation 00H...7FH

(3) Main Volume ccH Parameter Data Range (vvH) 07H Volume MSB 00H...7FH

(4) Panpot ccH Parameter Data Range (vvH) 0AH Panpot 00H...7FH

(5) Expression ccH Parameter Data Range (vvH) 0BH Expression MSB 00H...7FH

(6) Damper Pedal/Sustain ccH Parameter Data Range (vvH) 40H Sustain MSB 00H...7FH

(7) Sostenuto ccH Parameter Data Range (vvH) 42H Sostenuto 00H...3FH:off, 40H...7FH:on

(8) Soft Pedal ccH Parameter Data Range (vvH) 43H Soft Pedal 00H...3FH:off, 40H...7FH:on

(9) Effect1 Depth (Reverb Send Level) ccH Parameter Data Range (vvH) 5BH Effect1 Depth 00H...7FH Adjusts the reverb send level.

(10) Effect3 Depth (Chorus Send Level) ccH Parameter Data Range (vvH) 5DH Effect3 Depth 00H...7FH

(11) RPN 65H RPN MSB 64H RPN LSB 06H Data Entry MSB 26H Data Entry LSB 60H Data Increment 61H Data Decrement * Parameters that are controllable with RPN: Coarse Tune Fine Tune Pitch Bend Range

3. MODE MESSAGES Data format: [BnH] -> [cc] -> [vv]

BnH = Control event (n = channel number) cc = Control number vv = Data Range

(1) All Sound Off ccH Parameter Data Range (vvH) 78H All Sound Off 00H

(2) Reset All Controllers ccH Parameter Data Range (vvH) 79H Reset All Controllers 00H Resets controllers as follows. Controller Value Pitch bend 0 Modulation 0 (OFF) Expression 127 (Max) Sustain 0 (OFF) Portamento Control Cancels the Portamento Source

Key Number that was received. RPN Number not specified; internal data

will not change.

(3) Local Control (reception only) ccH Parameter Data Range (vvH) 7AH Local Control 00H (off), 7FH (on)

(4) All Notes Off ccH Parameter Data Range (vvH) 7BH All Notes Off 00H Switches OFF all the notes that are currently ON on the specified channel. Any notes being held by the sustain or sostenuto pedal will continue to sound until the pedal is released.

(5) Omni Off (reception only) ccH Parameter Data Range (vvH) 7CH Omni Off 00H Same processing as for All Notes Off.

(6) Omni On (reception only) ccH Parameter Data Range (vvH) 7DH Omni On 00H Same processing as for All Notes Off.

(7) Mono (reception only) ccH Parameter Data Range (vvH) 7EH Mono 00H Same processing as for All Sound Off.

(8) Poly (reception only) ccH Parameter Data Range (vvH) 7FH Poly 00H Same processing as for All Sound Off.

Local on/off, OMNI on/off are not transmitted. (The appropriate note off number is supplied with All Note Off transmission).

When a voice bank MSB/LSB is received, the number is stored in the internal buffer regardless of the received order, then the stored value is used to select the appropriate voice when a program change message is received.

Poly mode is always active. This mode will not change when the instrument receives a MONO/POLY mode message.

MIDI Data Format

YDP-103 MIDI Reference 3

4. PROGRAM CHANGE Data format: [CnH] -> [ppH]

CnH = Program event (n = channel number) ppH = Program change number

P.C.#=Program Change number

When program change reception is turned OFF, no program change data is transmitted or received.

When you specify a program change as a number in the range of 0127, specify a number that is one less than the program change number listed above. For example, to specify program change num- ber 1, you would specify a value of 0.

5. Pitch Bend Change (reception only) [EnH] -> [ccH] -> [ddH] ccH = LSB ddH = MSB

6. SYSTEM REALTIME MESSAGES [rrH] F8H: Timing clock FAH: Start FCH: Stop FEH: Active sensing

If an error occurs during MIDI reception, the Sustain, Sostenuto, and Soft effects for all channels are turned off and an All Note Off occurs.

7. SYSTEM EXCLUSIVE MESSAGES (Universal System Exclusive)

(1) Universal Realtime Message Data format: [F0H] -> [7FH] -> [XnH] -> [04H] -> [01H] -> [llH] ->

[mmH] -> [F7H]

MIDI Master Volume Simultaneously changes the volume of all channels. When a MIDI master volume message is received, the volume only

has affect on the MIDI receive channel, not the panel master vol- ume. F0H = Exclusive status 7FH = Universal Realtime 7FH = ID of target device 04H = Sub-ID #1=Device Control Message 01H = Sub-ID #2=Master Volume llH = Volume LSB mmH = Volume MSB F7H = End of Exclusive or F0H = Exclusive status 7FH = Universal Realtime XnH = When received, n=0F.

X = irrelevant 04H = Sub-ID #1=Device Control Message 01H = Sub-ID #2=Master Volume llH = Volume LSB mmH = Volume MSB F7H = End of Exclusive

(2) Universal Non-Realtime Message (GM On) General MIDI Mode On (reception only) Data format: [F0H] -> [7EH] -> [XnH] -> [09H] -> [01H] -> [F7H]

F0H = Exclusive status 7EH = Universal Non-Realtime 7FH = ID of target device 09H = Sub-ID #1=General MIDI Message 01H = Sub-ID #2=General MIDI On F7H = End of Exclusive or F0H = Exclusive status 7EH = Universal Non-Realtime XnH = When received, n=0F.

X = irrelevant 09H = Sub-ID #1=General MIDI Message 01H = Sub-ID #2=General MIDI On F7H = End of Exclusive When the General MIDI mode ON message is received, the MIDI system will be reset to its default settings. This message requires approximately 50ms to execute, so suffi- cient time should be allowed before the next message is sent.

Voice Name MSB LSB P.C.# GRAND PIANO 1 108 0 1 GRAND PIANO 2 108 2 2 E. PIANO 1 108 1 5 E. PIANO 2 108 0 6 PIPE ORGAN 1 108 1 20 PIPE ORGAN 2 108 0 20 STRINGS 108 0 49 HARPSICHORD 1 108 0 7 HARPSICHORD 2 108 1 7 VIBRAPHONE 108 0 12

Data Transmission Reception F8H Transmitted every

96 clocks Received as 96-clock tempo tim- ing when MIDI clock is set to External.

FAH Song start (transmission only)

Song start Not received when the MIDI clock is set to Internal.

FCH Song stop (transmission only)

Song stop Not received when the MIDI clock is set to Internal.

FEH Transmitted every 200 milliseconds

If a signal is not received via MIDI for more than 400 milliseconds, the same processing will take place for All Sound Off, All Notes Off and Reset All Controllers as when those signals are received.

MIDI Data Format

YDP-103 MIDI Reference4

8. SYSTEM EXCLUSIVE MESSAGES (XG Standard) (1) XG Native Parameter Change Data format: [F0H] -> [43H] -> [1nH] -> [4CH] -> [hhH] -> [mmH] ->

[llH] -> [ddH] -> [F7H] F0H = Exclusive status 43H = YAMAHA ID 1nH = When received, n=0F.

When transmitted, n=0. 4CH = Model ID of XG hhH = Address High mmH = Address Mid llH = Address Low ddH = Data | F7H = End of Exclusive Data size must match parameter size (2 or 4 bytes). When the XG System On message is received, the MIDI system will be reset to its default settings. The message requires approximately 50ms to execute, so suffi- cient time should be allowed before the next message is sent.

(2) XG Native Bulk Data (reception only) Data format: [F0H] -> [43H] -> [0nH] -> [4CH] -> [aaH] -> [bbH] ->

[hhH] -> [mmH] -> [llH] ->[ddH] ->...-> [ccH] -> [F7H] F0H = Exclusive status 43H = YAMAHA ID 0nH = When received, n=0F.

When transmitted, n=0. 4CH = Model ID of XG aaH = Byte Count bbH = Byte Count hhH = Address High mmH = Address Mid llH = Address Low ddH = Data | | | | ccH = Check sum F7H = End of Exclusive

Receipt of the XG SYSTEM ON message causes reinitialization of relevant parameters and Control Change values. Allow sufficient time for processing to execute (about 50 msec) before sending the instrument another message.

XG Native Parameter Change message may contain two or four bytes of parameter data (depending on the parameter size).

For information about the Address and Byte Count values, refer to Table 1 below. Note that the tables Total Size value gives the size of a bulk block. Only the top address of the block (00H, 00H, 00H) is valid as a bulk data address.

9. SYSTEM EXCLUSIVE MESSAGES (reception only) (Digital Piano MIDI Format) Data format: [F0H] -> [43H] -> [73H] -> [01H] -> [nnH] -> [F7H]

F0H = Exclusive status 43H = Yamaha ID 73H = Digital Piano ID 01H = Product ID (digital piano common) nnH = nn=02 (Internal MIDI clock), nn=03 (External MIDI clock) F7H = End of Exclusive

10. SYSTEM EXCLUSIVE MESSAGES (Others) Data format: [F0H] -> [43H] -> [1nH] -> [27H] -> [30H] -> [00H] ->

[00H] -> [mmH] -> [llH] -> [ccH] -> [F7H] Master Tuning (XG and last message priority) simultaneously changes the pitch of all channels. F0H = Exclusive Status 43H = Yamaha ID 1nH = When received, n=0F.

When transmitted, n=0. 27H = 30H = Sub ID 00H = 00H = mmH = Master Tune MSB llH = Master Tune LSB ccH = irrelevant (under 7FH) F7H = End of Exclusive

MIDI Data Format

YDP-103 MIDI Reference 5

MIDI Parameter Change table (SYSTEM)

Address (H) Size (H) Data (H) Parameter Description Default value (H) 00 00 00 4 020C05F4(*1) MASTER TUNE -102.4+102.3[cent] 00 04 00 00

(reception only) 01 1st bit 30 bit 1512 400

(reception only) 02 2nd bit 30 bit 118

(reception only) 03 3rd bit 30 bit 74

4th bit 30 bit 30 (reception only)

04 1 007F MASTER VOLUME 0127 (reception only) 7F 7E 00 XG SYSTEM ON 00=XG system ON

(reception only) 7F 00 RESET ALL PARAMETERS 00=ON (reception only) TOTAL SIZE 07 *1: Values lower than 020CH select -102.4 cents. Values higher than 05F4H select +102.3 cents.

MIDI Parameter Change table (EFFECT 1)

Refer to the Effect MIDI Map for a complete list of Reverb and Chorus type numbers.

Address (H) Size (H) Data (H) Parameter Description Default value (H) 02 01 00 2 007F REVERB TYPE MSB Refer to Effect MIDI Map 01 (=HALL1)

007F REVERB TYPE LSB 00: basic type 00 20 2 007F CHORUS TYPE MSB Refer to Effect MIDI Map 41 (=CHORUS1)

007F CHORUS TYPE LSB 00: basic type 00

MIDI Parameter Change table (MULTI PART)

Address (H) Size (H) Data (H) Parameter Description Default value (H) 08 nn 0C 1 007F VELOCITY SENSE DEPTH 0127 (reception only) 40 0D 1 007F VELOCITY SENSE OFFSET 0127 (reception only) 40 nn = Part Number

Effect MIDI Map REVERB

MSB LSB ROOM 02H 10H HALL 1 01H 10H HALL 2 01H 11H STAGE 03H 10H OFF 00H 00H

EFFECT MSB LSB

CHORUS 41H 08H PHASER 48H 11H TREMOLO 77H 00H ROTARY SP 42H 12H OFF 00H 00H

YDP-103 MIDI Reference6

MIDI Implementation Chart

Manual Development Department 2016 Yamaha Corporation

Published 01/2016 MWA0

Transmitted Function...

Recognized Remarks

Basic Channel

Note Number : True voice

Velocity

After Touch

Pitch Bend

Prog Change : True #

System Exclusive

Common : Song Pos. : Song Sel. : Tune

System : Clock Real Time : Commands

: All Sound Off Aux : Reset All Cntrls : Local ON/OFF Mes- : All Notes OFF sages: Active Sense : Reset

Notes:

Mode

Default Changed

Note ON Note OFF

Key's Ch's

0,32 1 7 10 11

6,38 64

66,67 84

91,93 96-97

100-101

1 1 - 16

o 9nH,v=1-127 x

x x

o x o o o x o o x o x x

o o o o o o o o x o o o

o 0 - 127 **************

x x x

o o

o o x o o x

3 x **************

0 - 127 **************

o

Mode 1 : OMNI ON , POLY Mode 2 : OMNI ON ,MONO Mode 3 : OMNI OFF, POLY Mode 4 : OMNI OFF,MONO

x o

1 - 16 1 - 16

o 9nH,v=1-127 x

x x

x x x

o x

o (120,126,127) o (121) o (122) o (123-125) o x

3 x x

0 - 127 0 - 127

o

o : Yes x : No

Default

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