Contents

Synology NAS DS1513+ v3 Administrator's Guide PDF

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Summary of Content for Synology NAS DS1513+ v3 Administrator's Guide PDF

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Administrator's Guide for Synology MailPlus Server

Based on Synology MailPlus Server 2.3

Table of Contents

Introduction 01

Chapter 1: Deployment Guidelines 02

Select a Synology NAS

Estimate RAM and Storage Requirements

Running Multiple I/O Intensive Packages on the Same NAS

Chapter 2: Getting Started with MailPlus Server 06

Connect Synology NAS to the Internet

Set up DNS

Set up MailPlus Server

Set up MailPlus Client

Run MailPlus

Third-Party Email Clients

Troubleshoot

Chapter 3: Mail Migration 19

Create a Mail Migration Task in MailPlus Server

Import System Configurations from Microsoft Exchange to MailPlus

Server

Chapter 4: User Licenses 27

Purchase Licenses

Install Licenses

User Licenses

Chapter 5: Account Settings 31

Account System

Activate Accounts

Manage Privileges

Chapter 6: Protocol Settings 47

SMTP

IMAP/POP3

Network Interface

Chapter 7: SMTP Settings 51

Service Settings

SMTP Secure Connection

Mail Relay

Chapter 8: Domain Settings 67

Domain

Domain Management

Chapter 9: Security Settings 84

Antispam

Antivirus Scan

Authentication

Data Protection

Content scan

Chapter 10: Monitor Settings 108

Monitor Server Status

Monitor Mail Queue

Monitor Mail Log

Chapter 11: Disaster Recovery 128

High-Availability Cluster

Back up and Restore Email

Chapter 12: MailPlus Navigation 141

Basic Operations

Advanced Settings

01

Introduction

The Synology MailPlus suite provides advanced and secure mail service with high usability.

This suite consists of two packages: MailPlus Server and MailPlus. MailPlus Server is an

administration console that offers diverse settings, while MailPlus is an email platform for

client users.

This administrator's guide will guide you through the MailPlus Server setup and give detailed

configuration instructions including DNS settings, mail service migration, and other security

adjustments. In addition, the following key features are also contained in this guide to help you

achieve the best practices: MailPlus high-availability for stable and continuous mail service,

the mail queue for deferred message management, and the monitoring console displaying an

overview of the MailPlus health status.

Introduction

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Chapter 1: Deployment Guidelines

This chapter is a guide on best practices to follow when deploying MailPlus to ensure the

stability and performance of mail services. The following is discussed below: how to select a

Synology NAS suitable for MailPlus, how to estimate RAM and storage requirements, what

to consider when utilizing SSD cache, and advice on the running of multiple I/O intensive

packages alongside MailPlus on the same NAS.

Select a Synology NAS

Synology offers a variety of NAS in different form factors, functions, and capabilities. Not all

of them are suitable for MailPlus Server. To help you choose a Synology NAS that meets your

requirements, please see below:

1. View a list of supported devices on the MailPlus licensing page sorted by the maximum

number of concurrent users and maximum server performance.

Maximum number of concurrent users refers to the recommended maximum number

of MailPlus users.

Maximum server performance refers to the maximum number of emails that MailPlus

Server can process per day.

2. Visit Synology product page to find a list of every model that supports MailPlus. By clicking

on the desired model, you can view more details about its specifications.

Note:

Figures are based on laboratory testing done internally by Synology. The test environment is listed as follows:

The CPU and RAM usage were both under 80% when testing the maximum number of concurrent users.

For models tested with expandable memory, the maximum amount of RAM was installed.

Models with 2 bays and dual M.2 drive slots were installed with two SSDs for SSD cache.

Models with more than 4 bays were installed with two SSDs for SSD cache.

FS series were installed with 12 SSDs in RAID F1 configuration.

The performance of the mail system will slightly decrease in high-availability mode due to data synchronization between the two servers.

Functions that were enabled in all of the tests above: antispam, antivirus, DNSBL, greylist, content scan, full-text search (English only).

Actual limitations may differ according to your system configuration. To achieve the same performance, please consider installing SSDs and expanding RAM.

Chapter 1: Deployment Guidelines

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Chapter 1: Deployment Guidelines

Estimate RAM and Storage Requirements

Based on the multiple factors that will affect a NAS's memory usage, the recommended

memory sizes based on the number of users are:

for < 250 users: minimum of 8 GB RAM

for 250 - 500 users: minimum of 16 GB RAM

for 500 - 1000 users: minimum of 32 GB RAM

for > 1,000 users: minimum of 64 GB RAM

Estimating RAM usage

The amount of memory used is mainly dependent on the number of mail service users.

However, please take into consideration that the following services may also use high amounts

of memory:

Antispam: The default MailPlus antispam engine, Rspamd, can be memory intensive.

Antivirus: Antivirus services such as ClamAV and McAfee can be memory intensive,

especially when updating their offline virus database to the latest versions.

MailPlus web client: MailPlus Server may simultaneously receive multiple requests from

web clients when they are reading emails and saving email drafts. If the number of users

exceeds the Maximum Number of Concurrent Users as specified by the specifications of

the model of Synology NAS, sudden spikes in memory usage may occur as MailPlus Server

tries to handle all client requests.

Estimating volume size requirements

Use the following formula to estimate the storage size requirements for MailPlus:

Estimated storage size = [(the average number of incoming and outgoing emails per

day)*(the average size of emails)*(the number of users)*(days)]

The average email size of an email is 300 KB, the average number of emails sent and received

by a single person is 100 per day, and a mail service usually lasts for three to five years.

For example, if your MailPlus supports 200 users, the required storage size is:

100 (the average number of incoming and outgoing emails per day)*300 KB (the average size

of an email)*200 (the number of users)*1095 (the number of days in three years) = 6.12 TB

If you have a problem estimating the required storage size, please contact us for custom

suggestions.

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Chapter 1: Deployment Guidelines

Utilizing SSD Cache

SSD cache is a way of improving system performance by temporarily storing frequently

accessed data (also known as hot data) on part of, or the entirety of, an SSD.

MailPlus involves frequently reading and writing messages, which would require small files

being randomly read and written to the drive. Since the average email size is relatively small,

the increase in read/write speed can be considerable when they are (or even partially) stored

on an SSD cache. Installing an additional SSD and utilizing Synology SSD cache will enhance the

overall performance of the mail service.

Note:

It is essential that enterprise users utilize SSD cache for best performance.

For optimal performance, it is strongly suggested to use an FS series NAS and create the volume with all SSDs.

Recommended size of SSD cache

SSDs are designed for different purposes, and you should take into consideration the following

when selecting a suitable SSD to use in your system: endurance, consistent performance, and

power loss protection.

Synology SSDs are enterprise-class SSDs that are built for 24/7 NAS environments and are

verified through rigorous validation to be interoperable with Synology systems. Intensive tests,

which include I/O stress, power cycling, and temperature trials, ensure that Synology SSDs can

provide both reliability and consistent performance suitable for enterprise environments -

especially for something as crucial as your mail server.

In addition to Synology SSDs, Synology has tested and verified several other third-party SSDs.

Depending on the manufacturer, an SSDs performance may vary widely.

To learn more about choosing an appropriate SSD for your SSD cache, please see this article.

Recommended size of SSD cache

The actual size of the SSD cache depends on the amount of hot data of the volume. At least

two SSDs are required to form a RAID 1/5/6/10 redundant drive to make use of a read-write

cache. For example, if you want to create a 480 GB read-write cache, at least two identical 480

GB SSDs are required.

Hot data will be cached within the SSD; for MailPlus Server, hot data will consist mainly of

recently-accessed emails that have a high probability of being frequently accessed. Hot data

usually accounts for three to six percent of the total storage space used for mail services.

For example, the hot data size on a 1 TB mail storage space is likely to be: 1,024 GB*6% =

61.4 GB

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Chapter 1: Deployment Guidelines

However, SSD cache should have a larger capacity than the actual hot data size in order to

ensure performance. We recommend that the actual size of the SSD cache be double the size

of estimated hot data.

Continuing with the above example, the ideal cache size is: 61.4 GB*2 = 122.8 GB.

In this case, a 480 GB SSD cache will more than meets the minimal requirements.

The following guide provides a quick SSD cache size estimation based on the number of users:

For < 500 users: 480 GB*2

For 500 - 1,000 users: 1 TB*2

For > 1,000 users: 2 TB*2

If you already have a Synology NAS, the hot data size and the appropriate cache size can be

determined by using SSD Cache Advisor at Storage Manager.

Note:

For more information on SSD cache, please refer to the following articles and documents:

SSD Cache help article

Frequently asked questions about using Synology SSD cache

White paper: Using Synology SSD Technology to Enhance System Performance

SSD cache is recommended as a way to speed up email processing even if the number of MailPlus users does not reach the Maximum Number of Concurrent Users as specified in the model's specifications.

Running Multiple I/O Intensive Packages on the Same NAS

To ensure performance and data security, as a best practice, I/O intensive packages such as

MailPlus Server, Synology Drive Server, and Synology Chat Server should not be installed on

the same Synology NAS. As all of the above consume high I/O resources, system errors can

easily result owing to resource competition between the different services. However, if the

packages are not all I/O intensive services, a Synology NAS is capable of running multiple

services at the same time. For example, MailPlus Server and Synology Drive should not be

installed on the same NAS, but Synology Calendar can be run together with MailPlus as they

are not I/O intensive services.

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Chapter 2: Getting Started with MailPlus Server

With MailPlus Server, a Synology NAS can serve as a mail system that supports SMTP, POP3,

and IMAP. User accounts and email messages can be centrally managed and archived on a

Synology NAS. MailPlus, as a client package, provides mail service users with an easy-to-use

and browser-based email platform for viewing, managing, and sending messages.

This chapter will help you get started with MailPlus Server and MailPlus.

Connect Synology NAS to the Internet

There are three ways to connect a Synology NAS to the Internet: direct connection, PPPoE

connection, or connection through a router. For detailed instructions on how to access a

Synology NAS via the Internet, you can refer to this tutorial.

Having an external static IP address is crucial for a mail system. Although it is possible

to run a mail system with a dynamic IP address, it is not as reliable as using a static one.

We recommend registering an external static IP address for the mail system. For more

information, please contact your Internet service provider (ISP).

Configuring static IP/PPPoE

There are two ways to set up external static IP addresses on Synology NAS:

PPPoE: Some Internet service providers (ISP) provide free static IP addresses; however, users

must connect via PPPoE to retrieve a static IP address.

1. Sign in to DSM.

2. Go to Control Panel > Network.

3. At the Network Interface tab, select PPPoE and click the Edit button.

4. Set up the modem and network port.

5. Enter the username and password provided by your Internet service provider (ISP).

Static IP address: If you already have a static IP address, you can enter it in Synology NAS.

1. Sign in to DSM.

2. Go to Control Panel > Network.

3. At the Network Interface tab, select a network port and click the Edit button.

4. Enter your static IP address.

Chapter 2: Getting Started with MailPlus Server

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Chapter 2: Getting Started with MailPlus Server

Set up DNS

A valid and registered domain name is required to allow clients to deliver emails to MailPlus

Server over the Internet. An email address has two parts. The part before @ is a username, and

the one after @ indicates a domain name. For example, Alex's email address is "alex@example.

com". His domain name is "example.com". To make sure an email address like "alex@example.

com" works, you'll need to set up the MX record and A record to help emails reach MailPlus

Server. You can configure these records on the DNS server of your domain providers.

MX record

MX record, or Mail Exchanger record specifies how the Internet should route your emails using

Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP). Each MX record contains a hostname and a preference.

A hostname guides emails to arrive at the right mail server. A preference points out the priority

of multiple servers. The lower the preference number is, the higher the priority will be.

You can set up multiple MX records for a domain with multiple mail servers and assign each

record a preference number. The primary server should have the lowest number, like zero,

to ensure that this mail server responds to requests at first. When there is no response from

the primary server, the Internet will try the other mail servers used for failover sequentially

according to their preference numbers until one of them gives a response.

For example: if the email address is alex@example.com, you have to set up the MX record

pointing to the mail server, which should receive emails on behalf of the domain example.com.

Therefore, you should enter the domain you are editing in the Host field and the hostname

of your MailPlus Server in the Points to field. The preference record that you assign to the

primary server should be zero or closer to zero.

Host Points to Preference

example.com mail.example.com 0

In this way, the MX lookup for example.com would return mail.example.com.

After the MX lookup finds the mail server, the Internet needs its IP address to locate the

destination for mail delivery. That's why you need to set up A record for your mail server.

A record

A record, or Address record, points a domain or subdomain to the IP address of the host

server. It allows the Internet to identify IP addresses when people use easy-to-remember

domain names.

In the case of alex@example.com, mail.example.com is the subdomain of example.com, and the

host server is the Synology NAS on which MailPlus Server is running.

From Hostname To IP Address

mail.example.com 111.116.172.181

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Chapter 2: Getting Started with MailPlus Server

The examples and the image are for demonstration purposes only. The DNS record interface

that each provider offers may vary. If you have problems configuring DNS records, please

contact your domain providers.

Reverse DNS setup

The process of assigning specific DNS records to a domain name is known as forward DNS.

This is what leads a domain name to the exact server. There is also a reverse process, known

as reverse DNS.

What is reverse DNS?

Reverse DNS refers to translating numeric addresses of a website (i.e., the IP address) to the

domain/hostname, as opposed to the forward DNS process which translates a domain or

hostname to an IP address. Reverse DNS also refers to locating which domain name/host

belongs to a given IP address; that is why this process is often referred to as reverse DNS lookup. When a domain name has a valid reverse DNS, it can be accessed via an IP address.

What does reverse DNS do?

Reverse DNS is one of the basic requirements for a mail system. It is often used as a spam

filter to determine whether the IP address of an incoming message matches an authenticated

domain name, and to block the message if it doesn't. If you don't set up reverse DNS for

your mail server, messages sent from your mail server will be blocked by most major email

providers. If you cannot set up reverse DNS by yourself and keep experiencing mail delivery

problems, please add another SMTP server for mail delivery. We recommend that you use a

well-known SMTP server to avoid being taken as a spammer when sending emails.

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Chapter 2: Getting Started with MailPlus Server

How to set up reverse DNS?

Set up reverse DNS on your own host: Some ISPs may delegate a portion of the zone

to users so that users can host their own reverse DNS. You can configure reverse DNS

by determining PTR records in a DNS server. PTR records are managed by the entity that

controls the IP address. It may be either your host or yourself if the host has delegated the

reverse DNS for the IP space (containing one or multiple IP addresses) to you. A PTR record

usually represents the IP entered backward, followed by an in-addr.arpa entry.

Set up reverse DNS with your ISP: The ISP or entity that owns your IP address is the only

one who can add appropriate PTR records. You may have to contact them for reverse DNS

configurations.

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Chapter 2: Getting Started with MailPlus Server

Set up MailPlus Server

Once the installation is complete, you can start setting up MailPlus Server. In the section below,

we will demonstrate how to configure basic SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol) settings.

Please remember that the screenshots below are for reference only. Your settings may differ.

1. Go to Package Center to install MailPlus Server.

2. Launch MailPlus Server and select Create a new mail system if you want to set up a

whole new mail system, and click Next to continue the setup. Otherwise, you can select

Create a new mail system by migrating the data from previously installed Mail Server.

Check this tutorial to see how to migrate Mail Server to MailPlus Server.

3. Enter your domain name and hostname (FQDN):

Domain name: A domain name is a location or an address where email messages are

received. Please check if the domain name matches the MX record in DNS settings.

Hostname (FQDN): A hostname is the address of your MailPlus Server. Please check if

the hostname matches the A record in DNS settings.

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Chapter 2: Getting Started with MailPlus Server

4. Modify the following settings according to your needs:

Account type: Select a user account type (local, LDAP, or domain users) that will be

allowed to use MailPlus services.

Network interface: Select a LAN port used for MailPlus Server.

Volume: Select a volume on which MailPlus Server and its data will be stored.

5. Click Next to check the setup summary and click Apply to finish the settings.

6. After setting up MailPlus Server, you can Activate Accounts to allow specific users to use

mail service. Please note that activating more than five user accounts requires additional

purchased licenses. For more information on the MailPlus license mechanism, please refer

to the MailPlus licensing page.

Note:

The application privileges of MailPlus Server are granted to all users by default. Editing privilege settings at Control Panel can affect the functionality of MailPlus Server and therefore should be avoided. For more details, please refer to Activate Accounts.

After you set up MailPlus Server, a MailPlus shared folder will be automatically added to the Synology NAS. To ensure client users can access MailPlus, the permission settings of the shared folder should remain as default. We do not recommend that you edit the permissions on your own.

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Chapter 2: Getting Started with MailPlus Server

Set up MailPlus Client

Access emails on Synology NAS with MailPlus

MailPlus is an add-on package that provides a web-based interface for client users to access

and manage emails hosted on a Synology NAS.

Multiple POP3 accounts can be created in MailPlus, allowing users to fetch messages via other

mail service providers (e.g., Mozilla Thunderbird, Gmail, and Office 365).

Install MailPlus

1. Go to Package Center to install MailPlus.

2. Go to Control Panel > Privileges to allow target users or groups to access MailPlus.

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Chapter 2: Getting Started with MailPlus Server

Run MailPlus

1. There are two ways to launch the MailPlus login page:

Go to Main Menu > MailPlus.

Access MailPlus via Application Portal. Enter the name of the Synology NAS followed by

"/mail" in the address bar of your web browser. For example, if the Synology NAS is called

mydiskstation, enter mydiskstation/mail. Please refer to this help article to see how to

enable Application Portal.

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Chapter 2: Getting Started with MailPlus Server

2. Enter your DSM username and password to sign in.

3. If the settings of MailPlus Server have been configured before the installation of MailPlus,

the SMTP settings of MailPlus Server will automatically appear at Settings > SMTP.

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Chapter 2: Getting Started with MailPlus Server

Third-Party Email Clients

Access emails on Synology NAS with other email clients

Email accounts on a Synology NAS can be linked with various mail clients, such as Microsoft

Outlook or Mozilla Thunderbird. In the example below, we'll show you how to use

Thunderbird to access an email account hosted on a Synology NAS.

1. Launch MailPlus Server and go to the Service page to enable IMAP and POP3.

2. Launch Thunderbird on your computer and click Email to launch the Set up an Existing Email Account window.

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Chapter 2: Getting Started with MailPlus Server

3. Enter the name, MailPlus address, and password for your DSM user account. Click

Continue.

4. Thunderbird will search for your MailPlus account. If the settings are correct, click Done to

finish the settings.

5. Once the setup is complete, your MailPlus account will appear on the left panel. You can

double-click the account to expand all mailboxes.

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Chapter 2: Getting Started with MailPlus Server

Troubleshoot

Why can't I send or receive emails via webmail from MailPlus?

1. Check if settings on your MailPlus such as SMTP, DNS, and MX are correct.

2. Check if the Internet settings of the Synology NAS are correct. Go to Control Panel >

Regional Options. At the Time tab, tick Synchronize with NTP server and click the

Update Now button to examine if the Internet settings are correct. If a result comes back

successfully, the settings are correct.

3. Check if the port number on your router is correct.

4. Please visit Spamhaus to check if your IP is listed as a spammer. If so, remove your IP from

the block list on the same website.

Why can't I send or receive emails via email clients?

1. Check if you have enabled IMAP and POP3.

2. Check if your username and password are correct.

3. Check if settings on your MailPlus such as SMTP, DNS, and MX are correct.

4. Check if the Internet settings of the Synology NAS are correct. Go to Control Panel >

Regional Options. At the Time tab, tick Synchronize with NTP server and click on the

Update Now button to examine if the Internet settings are correct. If the result comes back

successfully, the settings are correct.

5. Check if the port number on your router is correct.

6. Please visit Spamhaus to check if your IP is listed as a spammer. If so, remove your IP from

the block list on the same website.

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Chapter 2: Getting Started with MailPlus Server

Why can't I receive emails sent from another mail server (e.g., Gmail)?

1. Make sure DNS settings are correctly configured. You will need to point the MX and A

records to the Synology NAS so that other mail servers can find the Synology NAS.

2. Make sure the Synology NAS has a static IP address and is connected to the Internet, or

your domain name points correctly to your dynamic IP.

3. If the Synology NAS is set behind the NAT firewall/router, please make sure the port

forwarding works properly. You can check whether the port forwarding works by going to

the CanYouSeeMe website and inputting the port 25.

4. If any, check the message in a returned mail to find the detailed reason for an error.

Why do I get rejected when I send emails to certain webmail accounts, like those of Gmail or Hotmail?

Many free email providers do a reverse DNS lookup to check the validity of a sender. If your

reverse DNS lookup doesn't correspond to the sending domain name, your emails will be

rejected. Please check with your ISP. Another possibility is that your IP address is listed on a

spam block list. You can check this by visiting Spamhaus.

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Chapter 3: Mail Migration

With a built-in mail migrator, MailPlus Server helps you migrate emails from non-MailPlus mail

servers (e.g., Microsoft Exchange and IMAP mail servers) and third-party services (e.g., Gmail

and Yahoo Mail) without complicated setup.

This chapter will guide you through how to migrate emails from Microsoft Exchange to

MailPlus Server. Before you start, please make sure you have done the following:

Check if the Synology NAS is running DSM 6.0 or later and supports MailPlus Server (see

compatible models here).

Set up MailPlus Server on the Synology NAS to make it the destination mail server.

Collect usernames and passwords of source accounts and the corresponding MailPlus

account names.

Create a Mail Migration Task in MailPlus Server

Sign in to MailPlus Server, go to Server Management > Mail Migration, and click the Create button to create a mail migration task. In this section, Microsoft Exchange will be used as an

example for demonstration purposes.

Note:

To know how to migrate emails from other sources (e.g., Gmail or Yahoo Mail), please see this help article.

Configure general task settings

1. Go to Server Management > Mail Migration and click the Create button.

Chapter 3: Mail Migration

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Chapter 3: Mail Migration

2. Go to the General tab in the Migration Settings window, set Select the server type to

Microsoft Exchange, and fill in the required information of the Microsoft Exchange server.

3. The IMAP path prefix can be found within the settings of your Microsoft Exchange server.

4. If you have a delegate account on the source server that has full access permissions to

all the other source accounts, select Migrate mail with the delegate account and fill in

account credentials. This account allows you to migrate emails without asking for the access

permissions to each source account.

5. You can specify Accounts to migrate per time period according to the source server's

capability.

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Chapter 3: Mail Migration

Import a user list

1. Prepare a user list following the requirements below:

Generate a user list in CSV format using a text editor.

List one user account information in one row.

List each user's following information from left to right: the source account, the source

account password, and the corresponding MailPlus Server account.

Separate each type of information with a comma (,).

When the source server type is set to Microsoft Exchange and Migrate mail with the delegate account is enabled, you can omit the source account password (e.g., source_

account_X,,MailPlus_Server_account_X).

Note:

Google Workspace accounts should be specified using FQDA (i.e., username@domain name).

2. A valid user list should look like the one below:

source_account_1,source_account_1_password,MailPlus_Server_account_1

source_account_2,source_account_2_password,MailPlus_Server_account_2

source_account_3,source_account_3_password,MailPlus_Server_account_3

...

source_account_N,source_account_N_password,MailPlus_Server_account_N

3. Go to User List, where you can import the list. Check if all account data are correct.

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Chapter 3: Mail Migration

Set up email and mailbox filters

1. At the Filter tab, specify criteria to migrate or skip certain emails and mailboxes.

2. To filter mailboxes with keywords, tick the Enable mailbox filter checkbox and select a

filter policy (Skip mailboxes by keyword or Migrate mailboxes by keyword).

3. Click Set Keyword and enter text in the two areas:

Keyword: Enter text to process matching mailboxes according to the selected filter policy.

Exceptions: Enter text so that matching mailboxes will not be processed.

4. You can enter regular expressions in the two areas and they should be surrounded by a

slash on each side (e.g., /REGULAR_EXPRESSION/).

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Chapter 3: Mail Migration

Set up migration notifications

1. Make sure Enable SMTP (at Service) is ticked in MailPlus Server to allow notification

delivery.

2. At the Notification tab, determine whether MailPlus Server should send notifications about

each account's migration results and where the administrator should receive them.

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Chapter 3: Mail Migration

Run a mail migration task

1. At Server Management > Mail Migration, you can select a migration task and click Start to run it. To avoid migration errors, do not change IMAP/POP3 settings in MailPlus Server or

move/delete emails on the source mail server.

2. Click Information (the document icon) to see migration statistics and logs.

Note:

When you migrate emails from Google Workspace, filters will be applied according to your Google labels.

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Chapter 3: Mail Migration

Import System Configurations from Microsoft Exchange to MailPlus Server

You can export system configurations and aliases from a Microsoft Exchange server and have

them imported to MailPlus Server for continuous use.

Export system configurations and aliases from Microsoft Exchange

1. Download the script file (ExchangeConfigExport.ps1) from here.

2. Log in as the system administrator to a Windows computer running the Microsoft Exchange

server.

3. Move the script file to the Windows computer.

4. Execute the script file on the Microsoft Exchange server using Windows PowerShell.

5. When prompted to change the execution policy, choose Yes to allow script execution.

6. When execution completes, the Microsoft Exchange server will export the system

configurations into a SynologyExportedExchangeConf.xml file and the aliases into a

SynologyExportedAlias.txt file.

7. Move the generated .xml file and .txt file to your local computer.

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Chapter 3: Mail Migration

Import system configurations to MailPlus Server

1. Begin the import process in either way below:

When MailPlus Server is to be initialized: Launch MailPlus Server and select Create a new mail system by importing configurations from Microsoft Exchange.

When MailPlus Server has already been initialized: Launch MailPlus Server and go to

Server Management > Configuration Import > Import Configurations.

2. Click Browse to import the SynologyExportedExchangeConf.xml file from your local

computer.

3. Click Next to check configuration details at General Settings (e.g., SMTP and security

settings) and Criteria (e.g., blacklist and whitelist). Click Import.

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Chapter 4: User Licenses

Sufficient licenses are required to run MailPlus Server. The number of required licenses is

determined by the number of accounts that are to be activated. By default, MailPlus Server

comes with five free email accounts and allows you to add more accounts with additional

purchased licenses.

The number of license users will not be affected by the following:

Deactivated accounts: For example, the license of a former employee can be applied to a

new employee.

Email alias: Each user can add aliases at no extra cost because alias email addresses are

bound to existing user accounts.

Multiple domains (including other domains): MailPlus Server can handle multiple

domains, so using multiple domains does not require additional licenses.

DSM users that do not belong to the specified account type: For example, when the

account type is set to LDAP users, local users will not be counted as license users.

Purchase Licenses

MailPlus license packs include five or 20 units of email accounts and can be purchased through

Synology authorized resellers. For details on MailPlus license packs, please refer to the

MailPlus licensing page.

Install Licenses

Purchased licenses must be installed to activate email accounts. Please refer to the following

steps:

1. Go to License and click the Add button to add licenses.

Chapter 4: User Licenses

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Chapter 4: User Licenses

2. In the Add License window, please carefully read the license agreement for MailPlus Server.

After checking and confirming the content, click Agree.

3. Sign in to the Synology Account and click Next.

Note:

Should there be situations where licenses are unable to be retrieved after being activated, sign in to the Synology Account to submit a technical support ticket.

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Chapter 4: User Licenses

4. Enter the license number in the License Key field as shown in the image below. If you need

to add more than one license, click on the plus icon (+) to add more fields.

5. Check and confirm if the number of licenses to be installed and their respective license keys

are correct. After confirming the information is correct, click Next to finish adding licenses.

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Chapter 4: User Licenses

6. After adding licenses, you can go to the License page to check the details and statuses of

each license:

License key

The number of email accounts provided by each license

License activation date

License expiration date

License validity status

7. In addition, at the bottom of the License page, you can view the total number of licenses

installed on the MailPlus Server, as well as the number of used and unused licenses.

User Licenses

After adding licenses, you can go Account > User to choose which accounts to activate. For

detailed instructions, please refer to Activate Accounts.

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Chapter 5: Account Settings

Account System

MailPlus Server uses the same account system as DSM; therefore, you can activate user

accounts in MailPlus Server from existing user accounts on DSM.

In addition to activating user accounts from local users, you can activate user accounts from

LDAP/domain users (go to DSM > Control Panel > Domain/LDAP to bind LDAP and domain

accounts). However, DSM cannot synchronize more than one directory service at a time;

therefore, MailPlus Server cannot simultaneously synchronize more than one directory service

and account system either.

Note:

MailPlus Server can only use one of the following account types at a time: Local, LDAP, or Domain.

Modify account type

Please follow the steps below to modify account type:

1. Sign in to your DSM.

2. Go to Control Panel > Domain/LDAP to bind with a specific directory service. If you are

using Local users as the account type, please skip this step.

3. Launch MailPlus Server.

4. Go to Service to select an account type from the Account type drop-down menu. (Only the

directory service configured on DSM will be shown here.)

Chapter 5: Account Settings

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Chapter 5: Account Settings

5. Click Apply to import user accounts from the directory service. As shown in the following

image, if you switch from Local users to LDAP Users or Domain Users and click Apply, an

alert window will appear.

Note:

Different account types have different email addresses, so emails under different account types cannot be shared. If you want to migrate emails from Local Users to LDAP Users or Domain Users, please click Yes. The system will only migrate emails to directory service accounts with the same usernames as local users. Accounts with different usernames will be automatically ignored.

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Chapter 5: Account Settings

Activate Accounts

You must activate user accounts in MailPlus Server to start using mail services, such as sending

and receiving emails. Therefore, you need sufficient licenses to activate the accounts that will

use mail services. For more information, please refer to the User Licenses section.

If you have already activated some user accounts, and these users cannot sign in to DSM or

launch MailPlus/MailPlus Server, please check if you have disabled any user accounts and

whether these user accounts have privileges to the MailPlus or MailPlus Server. For more

information on client login issues, please refer to this article.

Activate user accounts

Activating user accounts requires a sufficient number of licenses. For more instructions, please

refer to User Licenses section. Please follow the steps below to activate user accounts:

1. Go to Account > User.

2. Select the users you want to activate. If the checkboxes under the Activate and Deactivate

columns are not ticked for a certain user, the status of this user will be set as the default

status. For details, please refer to Default status. Ticking the Activate checkbox will reduce

the number of available licenses.

3. The Activation Info column displays if a license has been applied to the user.

4. The Status column displays the following DSM user statuses: Normal, Deactivated, and

Username unsupported.

Note:

Users can use mail services properly only when an account is Activated under Activation Info and Normal under Status. Account setting can be left as the sole entry in MailPlus privilege without modifying the settings in Control Panel.

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Chapter 5: Account Settings

5. Customize mailbox storage by selecting the target user and click Set Quota to configure the

following settings:

MailPlus quota: Specify the mailbox size limit.

Remaining capacity notification: Specify the warning threshold to remind users that

their mailboxes are approaching the storage limit

5. Click OK to apply the user's quota.

6. The Info column displays the user's quota information and used capacity.

7. Click Apply to activate users.

Note:

For users with deactivated licenses (e.g. former employees), you can select them and click Clear Data to remove all their emails and personal setttings..

Activate groups

You can easily activate and deactivate user groups here. Settings will be applied to all members

within the same group. Please refer to the following steps:

1. Go to Account > Group to activate or deactivate a group.

Note:

The descending order of the priority for determining the last activated user account is as follows: User settings, Group settings, and Default settings.

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Chapter 5: Account Settings

2. Customize mailbox storage quota for groups. Select the target group and click Set Quota to

configure the following settings:

MailPlus quota: Specify the mailbox size limit.

Remaining capacity notification: Specify the warning threshold to remind users that

their mailboxes are approaching the storage limit

3. Click OK to apply the group's quota

4. Click Apply to activate users within the group.

Default status

You can adjust the default status at the Settings tab in the Account page. The default status

settings will be applied to user accounts in the Normal status that have not been activated or

deactivated. Please refer to the following steps:

1. Go to Account > Settings and choose whether to tick the Activate all users by default or

the Enable default user quota checkbox.

Note:

Activating by default may use a large number of licenses. Please make sure you have sufficient licenses.

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Chapter 5: Account Settings

2. Click Apply to save the settings.

Create user policies

After activating users or groups, you can create dedicated mail service policies for certain

users or groups to meet an organization's requirements. Please refer to the following steps to

create user policies:

1. Go to Account > User Policy.

2. Click the plus icon (+) to create a new policy.

3. In the Create window, go to User Policy and enter a policy name in the Name field.

4. Select a color for the policy from the Color drop-down menu for easy identification.

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Chapter 5: Account Settings

Note:

For details on policy information, please refer to Policy information and restrictions.

5. Switch to the Target User tab and select a user or group to apply the policy to. You can also

use the search bar at the top of the window to find the target.

6. Click OK to finish the settings.

7. After a policy has been created, it will be listed in the User Policy page. Select a policy to

preview policy details and settings on the right panel of the page.

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Chapter 5: Account Settings

Change user policy priority

Multiple user policies may be applied to one user; however, only one policy will take effect.

Which policy will take effect depends on the priority settings of user policies. Please refer to

the following steps to change the priority of a user policy:

1. Go to Account > User Policy and click the double triangle icon to show or hide target users/

groups.

2. Higher policies have greater priority over lower policies. (For example, in the image below,

the priority in descending order will be as follows: Old policy, New policy, Default policy.

Therefore, Old policy instead of New policy will be applied to the admin.)

3. Click the two-way arrow icon to change the policy priority.

Note:

If you wish to apply a specific policy to a user, please make sure this policy has a higher priority over other policies.

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Chapter 5: Account Settings

4. Hover to the left of the policy and drag and drop it to a suitable position according to your

desired order.

5. Click the two-way arrow icon to close the drag and drop function and make the new priority

order take effect.

Note:

Default policy will always have the lowest priority. For more information, please refer to Default policies.

Edit and delete user policies

You can edit policy settings, add or delete users to a policy, or change policy color. Please refer

to the following steps to edit or delete a user policy:

1. Go to Account > User Policy.

2. Hover to the policy you want to edit and two icons will appear. Click the pencil icon to edit

the policy, or click the trash-can icon to delete the policy.

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Chapter 5: Account Settings

Default policies

The system default policy will be applied to users that are not regulated by any custom policy.

The default policy is a pre-existing policy that cannot be edited, deleted, or re-prioritized.

Please refer to the following setting details of the default policy:

Disable auto forwarding The default is By Domain.

Daily sending quota (number) The default is By Domain.

Daily outbound traffic (MB) The default is By Domain.

Single attachment size (MB) The default is By Domain.

Send mail to internal users only The default is No.

Enable IMAP The default is Yes.

Allow login only from LAN via IMAP The default is No.

Enable POP3 The default is Yes.

Allow login only from LAN via POP3 The default is No.

Enable full-text search The default is Yes.

Since the default policy will apply to all users, it may not meet your expectations regarding

certain restrictions. If you do not want specific restrictions to take effect, you will need to

disable these restrictions.

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Chapter 5: Account Settings

Policy information and restrictions

No. Policy Results of Enabling Policy

Results of Disabling Policy By Domain

01 Disable auto forwarding

Users cannot auto-forward emails.

Users can auto- forward emails.

Policies will follow domain settings.

Note:

This policy does not affect manual forwarding.

No. Policy Results of Enabling Policy

Results of Disabling Policy By Domain

02 Daily sending quota (number)

Users will be restricted by a quota.

Users will not be restricted by a quota.

Policies will follow domain settings.

Note:

If an email message has been rejected before being delivered, it will not be counted against the quota.

If an email message has been returned after being delivered, it will be counted against the quota.

The value set for the default policy is equal to the Daily quota value under the Daily Quota section of the Usage Limit tab in the Domain page.

When the value is 0, users will not have any restrictions.

You must go to Mail Delivery > General and tick the Enable SMTP authentication checkbox.

No. Policy Results of Enabling Policy

Results of Disabling Policy By Domain

03 Daily outbound traffic (MB)

Users will be restricted by outbound traffic.

Users will not be restricted by outbound traffic.

Policies will follow domain settings.

Note:

If an email message has been rejected before being delivered, it will not be counted against the quota.

If an email message has been returned after being delivered, it will be counted against the quota.

The value set for the default policy is equal to the Daily traffic limit (MB) value under the Daily Quota section of the Usage Limit tab in the Domain page.

When the value is 0, users will not have any restrictions.

You must go to Mail Delivery > General and tick the Enable SMTP authentication checkbox.

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Chapter 5: Account Settings

No. Policy Results of Enabling Policy

Results of Disabling Policy By Domain

04 Single attachment size (MB)

Users will be restricted by attachment sizes.

Users will not be restricted by attachment sizes.

Policies will follow domain settings.

Note:

The value set for the default policy is equal to the Maximum size per mail (MB) value at the General tab in the Mail Delivery page.

The value set for the default policy will be applied to external emails.

No. Policy Results of Enabling Policy

Results of Disabling Policy

05 Send mail to internal users only

Users will be restricted to sending emails to internal users only.

Users will not be restricted to sending emails to internal users only.

No. Policy Results of Enabling Policy

Results of Disabling Policy

06 Enable IMAP Users will be allowed to use IMAP.

Users will be restricted from using IMAP.

Note:

If the Enable IMAP checkbox under the IMAP/POP3 section in the Service page is not ticked, IMAP services will not be available and the user policy will not take effect. Users will not be able to use IMAP even when IMAP is enabled in the user policy.

No. Policy Results of Enabling Policy

Results of Disabling Policy

07 Allow login only from LAN via IMAP

Users will be restricted to only signing in from a subdomain via IMAP.

Users will have no restrictions when signing in to MailPlus.

Note:

If the Enable IMAP checkbox under the IMAP/POP3 section in the Service page is not ticked, IMAP services will not be available and the user policy will not take effect. Users will not be able to sign in via IMAP even when Allow login only from LAN via IMAP is enabled in the user policy.

MailPlus web clients will not be restricted by this setting.

No. Policy Results of Enabling Policy

Results of Disabling Policy

08 Enable POP3 Users will be allowed to use POP3.

Users will be restricted from using POP3.

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Chapter 5: Account Settings

Note:

If the Enable POP3 checkbox under the IMAP/POP3 section on the Service page is not ticked, POP3 services will not be available and the user policy will not take effect. Users will not be able to use POP3 even when POP3 is enabled in the user policy.

No. Policy Results of Enabling Policy

Results of Disabling Policy

09 Allow login only from LAN via POP3

Users will be restricted to only signing in from a subdomain via POP3.

Users will have no restrictions when signing in to MailPlus.

Note:

If the Enable POP3 checkbox under the IMAP/POP3 section in the Service page is not ticked, POP3 services will not be available and the user policy will not take effect. Users will not be able to sign in via POP3 even when Allow login only from LAN via POP3 is enabled in the user policy.

You can still sign in with MailPlus using an external network. (MailPlus connects to the mail server using the internal network.)

No. Policy Results of Enabling Policy

Results of Disabling Policy

010 Enable full-text search The server will index email content of users.

The server will not index email content of users.

Note:

If the Enable full-text search checkbox under the Full-Text Search section in the Service page is not ticked, the user policy will not take effect, and the email content of users will not be indexed.

Create delegation policies

At the Delegation tab, you can delegate other users to manage settings related to server

management, domain, security, auditing, and account (except for license) of MailPlus Server

according to the delegation profile you assign them. In this chapter, Domain Admin will be

used as an example for demonstration purposes.

1. Go to Account > Delegation and click the plus icon on the top bar.

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Chapter 5: Account Settings

2. In the pop-up window, go to the Delegation tab and enter the required information. The

system will automatically tick the options below based on the selected delegation profile.

The profile will switch to Custom when you tick or untick any options below. Please refer to

this article to know more about the delegated permissions.

For example, if you select Domain Manager for Domain Admin, users regulated by this

delegation policy can manage all settings of existing domains. However, if you select Domain Assistant for Domain Admin, users under this delegation policy can only manage the alias and

auto BCC of domains.

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Chapter 5: Account Settings

3. Go to the Target User tab to select the users/groups to be regulated under the defined

delegation policy.

4. Click OK to save the settings.

Manage delegation policies

1. Go to Account > Delegation.

2. Select Domain Admin to view, edit, and delete a policy.

3. You can use the buttons on the top toolbar and the preview panel on the right to manage

delegation policies:

Set policy priority:

Click the two-way arrow icon to set the priority.

Click Domain Admin and drag and drop the policy to a suitable position. If a user/group

is governed by more than one delegation policy, the system will apply the highest

policy on the list to the user/group.

Expand/Collapse a delegation policy: Click the double triangle icon to expand or

collapse its target users/groups.

Search a delegation policy: Enter the policy name or its users in the top search bar.

Preview a delegation policy: Preview the name, profile, and other details of the

delegation policy.

Edit a delegation policy: Click the pen icon to edit the policy.

Delete a delegation policy: Click the trash bin icon to delete the policy.

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Chapter 5: Account Settings

Manage Privileges

MailPlus Server privilege settings are synchronized with DSM settings. Users who are from the

administration group on DSM can access all the MailPlus Server settings, while general users

can only see the Personal page (as shown in the image below).

Note:

The privilege settings of MailPlus Server should remain as default at Control Panel. All users should have privileges on MailPlus Server; otherwise, the package functionality would be limited.

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Chapter 6: Protocol Settings

Chapter 6: Protocol Settings

MailPlus Server provides a centralized configuration interface for mail service protocols. You

can open/close ports for certain protocols or rebind the network interface of your server.

Since protocol settings affect the external operations of the entire server, please make sure

the settings are configured according to your needs.

SMTP

The SMTP uses three ports. In MailPlus Server, they are displayed as SMTP (port number: 25),

SMTP-SSL (port number: 465), and SMTP-TLS (port number: 587). The three protocols and their

respective roles are listed below:

SMTP: SMTP is a standard protocol used to receive external emails and deliver internal

emails. MailPlus Server uses Postfix and will deliver email messages using hamming

code when STARTTLS is not specified. Currently, our SMTP is not encrypted. If you need

encryption, please refer to here.

SMTP-SSL: SMTPS is a supported protocol for SMTP-SSL. Since DSM no longer supports SSL

encryption, MailPlus Server can only connect to SMTP-SSL through TLS.

Note:

This is different from encrypting SMTP through STARTTLS. SMTP must send encrypted packets out after a handshake. If you need to relay using this protocol, please refer to here for more information.

SMTP-STARTTLS: SMTPS is a supported protocol for SMTP-STARTTLS and performs

encryption through STARTTLS. SMTP-STARTTLS requires authentication; therefore, it is often

used for the internal protocol between client and MSA.

Set up SMTP

Please refer to the following instructions on the configuration of SMTP and respective ports:

1. Go to Service > Protocol > SMTP and tick the Enable SMTP checkbox.

Note:

SMTP is the main protocol for a mail server.

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Chapter 6: Protocol Settings

2. You can change the port number in the Port field.

Note:

Unless there are special circumstances, we recommend that you use the default port 25.

3. You can adjust the following settings:

Enable SMTP-SSL/TLS: Tick to encrypt the SMTP connection between your MailPlus

Server and other email servers or clients with TLS.

Enable SMTP-STARTTLS: Tick to encrypt the SMTP connection between your MailPlus

Server and other email servers or clients with STARTTLS.

4. Click Apply to save the settings.

IMAP/POP3

IMAP/POP3 provides both encrypted and non-encrypted options, thereby using four ports. In

MailPlus Server, these ports are IMAP (port number: 143), IMAPS (port number: 993), POP3 (port

number: 110), and POP3S (port number: 995). Through these protocols, you can retrieve email

information from MailPlus Server using different email clients.

Note:

Both protocols encrypt through STARTTLS. Since DSM no longer supports SSL encrypted connection, please do not set up SSL for an encrypted connection.

IMAP: IMAP is a standard protocol that allows users to access data stored on a mail server.

IMAP clients modify emails on the mail server, which will be mirrored to all IMAP client

mailboxes; therefore, all the changes made to an email will be synchronized across multiple

devices.

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Chapter 6: Protocol Settings

POP3: POP3 is a standard protocol that allows users to access data stored on a mail server.

POP3 clients download emails from the server and save them locally, so changes made to an

email will not be synchronized back to the mail server.

Set up IMAP/POP3

You can refer to the following steps to configure IMAP, POP3, and their respective ports:

1. Go to Service > IMAP/POP3.

2. You can adjust the following settings under the IMAP/POP3 section:

Enable POP3: Tick to allow email client software to receive messages using POP3.

Enable POP3 SSL/TLS: Tick to allow POP3 client connection to be protected with SSL/TLS.

Enable IMAP: Tick to allow email client software to receive messages using IMAP.

Enable IMAP SSL/TLS: Tick to allow IMAP client connection to be protected with SSL/TLS.

3. Click Apply to save the settings.

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Chapter 6: Protocol Settings

Network Interface

After you install MailPlus Server or configure high-availability, MailPlus Server will bind with a

network interface to support High-availability cluster. The mail service hosted on the server

will run on this network interface.

Bind network interface

When your MailPlus Server is running on a single server, you can bind MailPlus Server with

LAN, PPPoE, or a bonded network interface. When your MailPlus Server is running under a

high-availability architecture, you can bind MailPlus Server with LAN or a bonded network

interface. You can use manual configuration to retrieve the IP address of the network

interface.

Note:

When your MailPlus Server binds with a bonded network interface, you cannot unbind the bonded network interface. If you want to unbind the bonded network interface, you must first modify the network interface or uninstall MailPlus Server.

Modify network interface

1. Sign in to DSM.

2. Launch MailPlus Server.

3. Go to Service > Network Interface and switch network interfaces from the Network Interface drop-down menu.

4. Click Apply to save the settings.

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Chapter 7: SMTP Settings

After completing the basic MailPlus Server configuration during the installation stage, you may

need to set up SMTP-related limits on users' login or inbound/outbound mail delivery.

Service Settings

You can go to the Mail Delivery page to set up rules for sending and receiving emails.

MailPlus Server provides quick and convenient service setting options including the following:

SMTP profile: You can specify a hostname for MailPlus Server and an SMTP banner on a

client's Telnet terminal. In addition, you can set up rules for sending and receiving emails

such as specifying the maximum size per email and maximum recipients per message to

avoid consuming excessive resources.

Full-text search: You can enable the full-text search feature to improve the performance

of mail search. This feature allows MailPlus web clients to index emails, including those with

Chinese, Japanese, and Korean characters. Since the full-text search feature indexes all email

content, it may require additional computing resources. You can decide whether or not to

enable the full-text search feature, and further disable full-text search for specific users. For

more information, please refer to Create user policies.

Set up an SMTP profile

SMTP profile contains rules about how MailPlus Server sends emails to other mail servers.

1. Go to Mail Delivery > General.

Hostname (FQDN): Specify the hostname of MailPlus Server in FQDN format. Make sure

that the hostname matches the IP address in a DNS server.

SMTP banner: Specify the text that will show up on an SMTP client's Telnet terminal.

Max recipients per message: Set the maximum number of recipients in an inbound/

outbound message. A message exceeding the limit will be rejected.

Max message hops: Set the maximum number of hops (i.e., mail relays) made by an

inbound/outbound message. A message exceeding the limit will be rejected.

Maximum size per email (MB): Set the maximum size of an inbound/outbound

message. A message exceeding the limit will be rejected.

Chapter 7: SMTP Settings

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Chapter 7: SMTP Settings

2. Click Apply to save the settings.

External postmaster

External postmaster is set to receive system emails sent to Mailer-daemon and Postmaster

aliases from other mail servers.

1. Go to Mail Delivery > General.

2. Click the External Postmaster button.

3. Tick the Enable external postmaster checkbox.

4. Click the plus icon/Add button to add email addresses for external postmasters.

5. Click OK to save the settings.

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Chapter 7: SMTP Settings

Full-text search

With full-text search enabled, the server will index email subject lines, senders, recipients, and

message content, allowing you and client users to conveniently search keywords on clients

supporting this feature (e.g., MailPlus).

Note:

Enabling this feature may increase system loading when there is a large number of outbound and inbound messages.

1. Go to Service.

2. Under the Full-Text Search section, you can adjust the following settings:

Enable full-text search: When you tick this option, you can refer to Create user policies

for detailed information. You can disable full-text search for specific users to avoid server

load.

Allow character search for Chinese, Japanese, and Korean mail: When you tick this

option, a character segmenter will be enabled to help you find specific characters in

Chinese, Japanese, and Korean email content.

3. Click Apply to save the settings.

SMTP Secure Connection

MailPlus Server can enhance security and stability by analyzing user connection, login info,

and email content. This will not only safeguard your service quality but also prevent MailPlus

Server from becoming an open relay for spammers and being blacklisted consequently.

SMTP authentication: With SMTP authentication enabled, users need to enter their DSM

user accounts and passwords for authentication when relaying emails through the server.

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Chapter 7: SMTP Settings

Note:

Authentication is only required for email relaying. This is to prevent becoming an open relay for spammers. For more information, please refer to this article.

Blacklist and whitelist: If your server continues to receive spam emails, you can set up

blacklist rules to reject services for emails from certain sources. On the other hand, MailPlus

Server may accidentally reject legitimate emails when Antivirus scan, Authentication, or

other scanning features are enabled. In this case, you can use the whitelist to skip security

scanning so that important emails can be received.

Sender policy: You can set up criteria to reject unqualified formats or unauthenticated

sender addresses.

Connection policy: You can limit connections from the client IPs that cannot be identified or

may cause MailPlus Server to overload.

Advanced settings: During the connection phase, accurate commands and other advanced

settings are required. Please refer to Advanced settings for more information.

Enable SMTP authentication

Authentication prevents malicious users from relaying spam through your mail server. We

recommend enabling the user authentication feature. Users who do not pass authentication

will be unable to forward their emails. This will prevent your server from being listed on

blacklists.

Note:

Some features in MailPlus Server such as Daily Quota require authentication.

1. Go to Mail Delivery > General and choose whether to tick the Enable SMTP Authentication checkbox.

2. With the Enable SMTP Authentication checkbox ticked, you can adjust the following

settings:

Skip authentication for local network connections from terminal: Users who use the

local network to access mail services do not require authentication.

Check if the sender's email addresses belong to the login accounts: Users have to

use the email addresses that belong to their login accounts to send emails.

Note:

If you tick the Check if the senders' email addresses belong to the login accounts checkbox at the General tab, emails from the Trusted List might be rejected by MailPlus Server. You can go to the General tab and tick the Skip the check for sender's email address to see if it belongs to the login account for emails sent from trusted networks checkbox to skip the check. If you tick the Skip authentication for local network connections from terminal checkbox at the General tab, emails from local networks will not be blocked by MailPlus Server.

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Chapter 7: SMTP Settings

3. Click Apply to save the settings.

Create blacklist & whitelist

The system will take specific actions on certain messages based on various criteria specified

in Blacklist & Whitelist. You can refer to the following steps to create rules for blacklist and

white list:

Note:

If an email message matches the criteria set in both the blacklist and whitelist, this email will be received since the whitelist takes priority over the blacklist. Please refer to the Whitelist information and restrictions section.

1. Go to Mail Delivery > Security and click Blacklist & Whitelist .

2. In the Blacklist & Whitelist window, you can manage your blacklist and whitelist. In this

section, we will use Blacklist for demonstration purposes:

Blacklist: Set rules to reject/discard matching email messages.

Whitelist: Set rules to allow matching email messages to pass through.

3. At the Blacklist tab, click Create.

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Chapter 7: SMTP Settings

4. Name the blacklist (whitelist) rule in the Name field.

5. Choose a type of rule:

Sender: Takes specific actions when a sender address matches the specified criteria.

Recipient: Takes specific actions when a recipient address matches the specified criteria.

IP: Takes specific actions when a sender IP address matches the specified criteria.

IP/subnet mask: Takes specific actions when a sender IP address and its subnet mask

match the specified criteria.

Domain: Takes specific actions when a sender domain matches the specified criteria. This

option is only available for Whitelist.

Note:

The address in Sender is determined by the information retrieved from MAIL FROM.

The address in Recipient is determined by the information retrieved from RCPT TO.

6. Specify the criteria for the selected rule type. Please refer to the grey text in the input field

for the correct format. You can enter asterisks (*) when specifying the sender or recipient

criteria.

7. Choose an action to take when the criteria are matched from the Do this drop-down menu.

Note:

Whitelist does not include this option since it always allows emails that match its criteria to be received.

Reject it: Senders will be notified when their emails are rejected.

Discard it: Senders will not be notified when their emails are discarded.

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8. Click OK to complete the settings.

Edit and delete blacklist & whitelist

1. You can enter keywords in the search field in the upper-right corner of the Black & White List window to search for the blacklist or whitelist you want to modify.

2. You can tick the Enabled checkbox to enable or disable a rule. (You do not need to delete

the rule from the blacklist or whitelist.)

3. When you need to edit or delete a specific rule, select the rule first and click Edit or Delete.

4. Click OK to save the settings.

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Whitelist information and restrictions

Whitelist settings may skip the tests that are required for blacklists. Moreover, depending on

the type of settings, it may also skip DNSBL, SPF, antivirus scans, DKIM, and DMARC tests. The

following table shows which tests will be skipped based on the different whitelist settings:

DNSBL SPF Antivirus Scans DKIM DMARC

smtpd_*_

restrictions

IP v v v v v v

IP/subnet mask v v v v v

Sender v v v

Recipient v v v

Domain v v v v v

Note:

There are certain tests the whitelist will not skip, emails that do not pass these tests will fail to be delivered. For example, when the sender admin@example.com is on the whitelist, since the sender rule does not support DNSBL, DKIM, and DMARC, it must pass DNSBL, DKIM, or DMARC tests to avoid delivery failure.

If you wish to skip all the tests listed in the table, we recommend that you set up whitelist rules based on IP address.

Sender policy

1. Go to Mail Delivery > Security.

2. Under the Sender Policy section, set up certain criteria to reject emails. The policies include

the following:

Reject senders without fully qualified domain name (FQDN): When a sender's domain

name from MAIL FROM does not match the RFC standard FQDN format, emails will be

rejected.

Reject senders using unknown domains: When MailPlus Server is not the final receiving

terminal and a sender domain from MAIL FROM does not match any DNS A record and

MX record, or when the MX record is incorrect, emails will be rejected.

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Chapter 7: SMTP Settings

Connection policy

1. Go to Mail Delivery > Security.

2. Under the Connection Policy section, set up the criteria to restrict client connections or

block suspicious IP addresses. The policies include the following:

Reject unknown client hostnames: When an IP address or a client hostname is

incorrect or does not exist, the client connection to MailPlus Server will be rejected.

Keeping more concurrent connections than the limit: You can set the maximum

concurrent connections for the server. When the number of concurrent connections with

the same IP address exceeds this number, connections will be blocked until the total

number is lower than the limit.

Sending more messages than the limit in one minute: You can set the maximum

number of email messages that can be sent within one minute. When the number of

emails sent within one minute from the same IP address exceeds this number, emails

from this IP address will be blocked until the next minute starts.

Building more connections than the limit in one minute: You can set the maximum

number of connections within one minute. When the number of connections with the

same IP address exceeds this number within one minute, connections will be blocked

until the next minute starts.

Advanced settings

1. Go to Mail Delivery > Security.

2. Under the Advanced section, you can adjust security settings for mail delivery:

Reject unauthorized pipelining requests: Rejects connections that keep sending SMTP

requests.

Reject HELO hostnames without fully qualified domain name (FQDN): Rejects

connection when hostnames have incomplete domain names during HELO or EHLO.

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Reject unknown HELO hostnames: Rejects connection when hostnames do not have

DNS A record or MX record during HELO or EHLO.

Block any IP emailing more non-existent accounts than the limit: Blocks the IP

address of a user until the next day when the user using the same IP address on the

same day sends emails, exceeding the specified limit, to non-existent accounts in MailPlus

Server.

Max junk commands per session: When the number of connected clients exceeds the

specified number of junk commands (i.e., NOOP, VRFY, ETRN, and RSET) within the same

session, every 10 junk commands will cause a one-second delay on mail delivery.

Mail Relay

If you want to send emails via other servers or send/receive emails for other servers, you can

configure mail relay, SMTP authentication, encryption, and other provided security features.

Set up delivery control

At the Delivery tab, you can configure settings of MailPlus Server to relay emails through a

specific server, allowing all outgoing emails to be sent through the specified server.

1. Go to Mail Delivery > Delivery > Relay Settings.

2. Select a rule type:

Send mails directly from this server: All emails will be sent by MailPlus Server directly.

All mails are sent through a single relay host: All emails will be sent by the relay server

that you specify below. Enter the IP address or hostname of the relay server in the Server

field and its port number in the Port field. After ticking this option, you can adjust the

following security settings:

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Always use a secure connection (TLS): MailPlus Server sends STARTTLS to enable

encrypted connections. If MailPlus Server is the relay server, please refer to here. In

MailPlus Server, the default TLS security level is may.

Authentication required: If your relay server has enabled authentication, please

enter the account and password of the relay server to use it for mail relay.

Note:

STARTTLS and SMTPS differ. If you want to use SMTPS, MailPlus Server does not provide an interface to configure this. Please refer to wrappermode to configure the settings.

Emails matching a certain rule specific email addresses or domains can be sent through a

designated relay server. You can click the Relay Host List button under Relay Exceptions to

adjust recipient and sender rules.

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Recipient Rule: Emails sent to the specified email addresses or domains will be sent

through a designated relay server. The priority of recipient rules will be higher than

that of sender rules.

Sender Rule: Emails sent from the specified addresses or domains will be sent

through a designated relay server.

a. Click the Create, Edit, or Delete button to manage recipient and sender rules.

b. Enter a rule name and specify a relay server and port.

c. Edit the Recipient List by selecting an email address or domain so emails relayed

to the server will be received at the specified email addresses or domains.

d. Click OK to save the settings.

e. Click Apply to finish the settings.

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Set up relay control

At the Relay Control tab, you can adjust MailPlus Server settings, so it can send or receive

emails for multiple mail servers.

Relay outbound emails for other mail servers:

1. Go to Mail Delivery > Relay Control.

2. Click the Trusted List button under the Relay Outbound Mails section.

3. Click Create and enter a rule name. Specify the IP address or subnet mask of other mail

servers.

4. Click OK to save the settings.

Note:

If you tick the Check if the senders' email addresses belong to the login accounts checkbox at the General tab, emails from the Trusted List might be rejected by MailPlus Server. You can go to the General tab and tick the Skip the check for sender's email address to see if it belongs to the login account for emails sent from trusted networks checkbox to skip the check. If you tick the Skip authentication for local network connections from terminal checkbox at the General tab, emails from local networks will not be blocked by MailPlus Server.

Relay inbound emails for other mail servers

To relay inbound emails for other mail servers, please set up a DNS record first. You may refer

to the following steps and go to Domain List to add a mail server. Here we use one external

server and one internal server as an example.

1. Set up an external DNS server for MailPlus Server. Here we use Bluehost as an example.

2. After logging in to Bluehost, adjust the following settings. Enter your domain name in the

MX record on the external DNS server and enter the IP address of MailPlus Server in the A

record. In this way, other mail servers will be able to send emails to MailPlus Server based

on these DNS records.

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3. Set up an internal Synology DNS Server for MailPlus Server to find your primary mail server.

4. Enter your domain name in the MX record on the internal DNS server and enter the IP

address of the domain in the A record. The priority of the DNS records on the internal DNS

server must be higher than that on the external DNS server.

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5. Go to DSM > Control Panel > Network > General and tick the Manually configure DNS server checkbox. Enter the IP address of the internal DNS server in the Preferred DNS Server field and the IP address of the external DNS server in the Alternative DNS Server

field to make sure the internal and external connections of MailPlus Server can work

properly. After MailPlus Server receives emails, it will check the MX records of the two DNS

servers and send emails to the mail server with the higher priority.

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6. Launch MailPlus Server and go to Mail Delivery > Relay Control. Under the Relay Inbound Mails section, click the Domain List button.

7. Click the Create button.

8. Enter the rule name and domain.

9. Click OK to save the settings.

Note:

Although emails are sent internally, you should configure the security settings at the Spam and Antivirus tabs of the Security page to avoid malicious emails.

Since security settings are turned on, you can add emails to the whitelist at Mail Delivery > Security to avoid blocking.

The network segment of all servers should be the same.

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Domain

You can host multiple email domains in a single MailPlus Server to centralize emails sent to

your domains. You can also customize aliases, auto BCC, usage limits, and disclaimers for each

domain.

Create a domain in MailPlus Server

Sign in to MailPlus Server and go to Domain to create a new domain. In this chapter,

synology.456 will be used for demonstration purposes.

1. Go to Domain and click the Add button.

2. Fill in the domain name synology.456 and its description.

3. When adding members to the domain, MailPlus Server will fetch information from the

account system based on the settings of Default email address format. You may choose

Account name, Display name, Mail nickname, Email, or Custom according to the

account type you set at Service > SMTP > Account type.

Note:

Editing account names will not change the existing email addresses..

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The following table shows the default settings MailPlus Server provides for each account type.

Account type Default settings

Local users Account name Mail nickname

LDAP users Account name Mail nickname

Domain users

Account name Display name Mail nickname

Email

4. In addition to the above options, you can select Custom to enter variables in the Custom variables field as the default email address formats. The following table shows the

variables that MailPlus Server supports:

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Variable Value

Account name

Given name

Middle initial

Surname

Display name

Mail nickname

Uses the first x letters of an account name. For example, if x = 2, the first two letters of the account name will be used.

Uses the first x letters of a surname. For example, if x = 2, the first two letters of the surname will be used.

Uses the first x letters of a given name. For example, if x = 2, the first two letters of the given name will be used.

You can also enter a variable supported by your account system to fetch the corresponding value.

The variables supported by MailPlus Server vary according to the selected account system at

Service > SMTP. For more details, please refer to the following table:

Variable Local Users LDAP Users Domain Users

O O O

X X O

X X O

X X O

X X O

O O O

O O O

X X O

X X O

X O O

5. Users can tick the Add new users automatically to this domain checkbox to add new

users automatically to the domain. MailPlus Server will fetch the information to compose

user email addresses based on the default email address format.

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6. After the setup, click Next.

7. Add users to this domain and click Next to check the members in synology.456.

8. Click Apply to save the settings.

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Domain Management

MailPlus Server provides management settings for administrators and users in each domain.

General: You can edit domain name and domain description, change default email address

format, create an additional domain, enable DKIM signing on outbound emails, and activate

Catch-all to receive emails sent to non-existent email addresses or email addresses not

activated in a specific domain.

User Accounts: You can add new members to a domain and select roles such as Domain Administrator and Regular User for users under this domain.

Group Accounts: You can add members as a group to a domain so the users in this group

can have the same role settings.

Alias: You can create an alias for one or multiple recipients. When an email is sent to an

alias, the server will automatically deliver it to all users in the alias. External email addresses

can be included in an alias.

Auto BCC: You can let the system automatically send a BCC (Blind Carbon Copy) to a specific

address based on certain criteria for senders, recipients, or all messages.

Sending Limit and Daily Quota: You can restrict the number of outbound messages and

set up traffic limits.

Disclaimer: You can configure conditions to apply disclaimers and customize the content

to meet different requirements. A disclaimer will be automatically appended to the end of

outbound email content based on the settings you set.

Edit general settings for a domain

At the General tab, you can edit domain information, adjust default email address format, and

add new users automatically to synology.456.

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Create and edit additional domains

In the Additional Domain window, you can create additional domain names for the host to

receive emails. The settings of additional domains will follow the settings of synology.456.

1. Go to Domain > synology.456 > General and click the Additional Domain button.

2. Click the Create button to create an additional domain. If you want to edit or delete, please

select your target domain and click the corresponding action buttons.

3. In the Additional Domain page, you can view all the additional domains you have created.

Using the example above, in addition to receiving emails from domain synology.456, you

can receive emails of an additional domain if it is included as a recipient.

4. Click Finish to save the settings.

Note:

MX records on DNS Server may require relevant adjustments.

Adjust advanced settings

1. Go to Domain > synology.456 > Edit > General and click the Advanced button.

2. In the pop-up Advanced window, you can adjust the settings of DKIM and Catch-all for

synology.456.

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DKIM: You can enable DKIM signing to prevent messages from being modified and also

avoid identity theft.

a. Under the DKIM section, tick the Enable DKIM signing on outbound emails

checkbox if you want to prevent identity theft and make recipients trust your

delivered messages. You can adjust the DKIM signature as below:

DKIM selector prefix: The prefix added to a DKIM signature. You can enter a

DKIM selector prefix as you like.

Public key: The content of a public key. If the system does not have a public

key and private key when you enable DKIM signing, keys will be automatically

generated.

b. Click the Generate Public Key button to generate a new set of the public key and

private key. By default, the system generates 2048-bit keys. (If the DKIM key gets

rejected, please change the key length to 1024 or 512 bits.)

Note:

Existing keys will be deleted after you click the Generate Public Key button.

c. Click OK to save the settings. In addition, to ensure that DKIM signatures can be

authenticated by other receiving servers, you need to create a DNS TXT record to

allow DKIM authentication:

The format of a TXT record value: v=DKIM1; k=rsa; p=DKIM public key

For example, if the domain of MailPlus Server is example.com, the DKIM selector

prefix is abc, and the public key generated by the system is MIGfMA0GCSqGSIb3DQE,

your TXT record should be as follows:

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TXT record name: abc._domainkey.example.com

TXT record value: v=DKIM1; k=rsa; p=MIGfMA0GCSqGSIb3DQE

Catch-all: Enable Catch-all to make a user account serve as the catch-all mailbox to

receive emails that are sent to email addresses that do not exist or are not enabled in the

domain.

Add user accounts to a domain

1. Go to Domain, select synology.456, and click Edit.

2. Go to the User tab and click Add.

3. Select user accounts.

4. Confirm the email addresses of the selected users.

Edit and remove user accounts

1. Go to Domain, select synology.456, and click Edit.

2. At the User tab, select an account and click Edit.

3. In the Edit User window, adjust the following settings:

Role: Select a role from the drop-down menu:

Domain Administrator: Domain administrators can manage all domain settings

except for creating and deleting domains.

Regular User: Regular users do not have the privilege to manage domains.

Follow group settings: The privileges will be determined by the user's group settings

in the domain.

Email address: You can enter multiple email addresses. Messages sent to these

addresses will be delivered to the mailbox of this account.

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4. If you want to remove a user account, select the target user account and click the Delete

button.

Add groups to a domain

1. Go to Domain, select synology.456, and click Edit.

2. Go to the Group tab and click Add.

3. Select user groups and click Next.

4. Confirm the email addresses of the members. Click Apply.

Edit and remove groups

1. Go to Domain, select synology.456, and click Edit.

2. At the Group tab, select a group you want to edit and click Edit.

3. In the Edit Group window, you can select Domain Administrator from the Role drop-

down menu, so all the users in the group will have the Domain Administrator permission.

4. You can select the group you want to remove and click the Delete button.

5. You can click the View members button to check if certain users belonging to the group are

not in this domain.

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Create aliases

You can create aliases to allow users to send emails to multiple recipients using one alias.

1. Go to Domain, select synology.456, and click Edit.

2. Go to Alias and click the Create button.

3. Enter the name of the alias in the Alias name field.

4. Select from the drop-down menu to view aliases, users, groups, or external mailboxes.

5. Add users to the alias by ticking the checkboxes.

6. You can choose users from more than one source, including user accounts, group accounts,

and other aliases.

7. Click OK to save the settings.

Edit and delete aliases

Please refer to the following steps to edit or delete an alias:

1. Go to Domain, select synology.456, and click Edit.

2. Go to Alias and select the alias you want to modify. (You can also search for aliases in the

search bar in the upper-right corner of the page.)

3. Click the Edit or Delete button.

Import/export aliases

If you want to import existing alias lists or alias lists that you previously created, please refer to

the following steps:

1. Go to Domain, select synology.456, and click Edit.

2. Go to Alias and click the Tools button.

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3. Choose to import or export aliases:

Import aliases: If an imported alias name already exists, this alias will not be imported or

updated.

Export aliases: Alias files will be exported and downloaded in the Postfix format.

Create Auto BCC rules

The Auto BCC settings allow you to send a BCC (Blind Carbon Copy) to a specific address based

on certain criteria for senders, recipients, or all messages. Please refer to the following steps

to create an Auto BCC rule:

1. Go to Domain, select synology.456, and click Edit.

2. Go to Auto BCC and click the Create button.

3. Specify the Auto BCC criteria:

From: address contains: BCC will be automatically sent if the MAIL FROM information

in the original email content matches the information entered here.

To: address contains: BCC will be automatically sent if the RCPT TO information in the

original email content matches the information entered here.

All messages: BCC will be automatically sent for all emails except for notification emails

from the internal system.

4. Enter the address where the BCC will be automatically sent to in the Send BCC to this address* field.

5. You can enter email addresses, user accounts, or aliases.

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6. Click OK to save the settings.

Edit and delete Auto BCC rules

Please refer to the following steps to edit or delete Auto BCC rules:

1. Go to Domain, select synology.456, and click Edit.

2. Go to Auto BCC and select the Auto BCC rule you want to modify.

3. Click the Edit or Delete button.

Import/export Auto BCC rules

Please refer to the following steps to import or export Auto BCC rules:

1. Go to Domain, select synology.456, and click Edit.

2. Go to Auto BCC and click the Tools button.

3. Choose to import or export sender or recipient rules.

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Note:

Importing and exporting all message rules is not available here since this feature is already written in the main configuration documentation of Postfix. Please refer to always bcc.

Please make sure the imported files are in the Postfix format.

Set up sending limit and daily quota

1. Go to Domain, select synology.456, and click Edit.

2. Go to the Usage Limit tab.

3. Under the Sending Limit section, adjust the following settings:

Maximum size per email (MB): Specify the size limit for an outbound email.

Enable size limit on single attachments: Specify the size limit for a single attachment.

Enter a value in the Size limit (MB) field below.

Disable auto forwarding

4. Under the Daily Quota section, adjust the following settings:

Enable daily sending quota: Limit the number of outbound messages a user can send

every day.

Enable daily traffic limit on outbound email: Limit the total size of outbound messages

a user can send every day.

Outbound Usage: View the outbound email usage of an individual user.

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Outbound usage

You can view the total number of recorded outbound messages here. If a user has reached the

daily quota, you can clear records to allow the user to continue sending emails.

1. Go to Domain, select synology.456, and click Edit.

2. Go to the Usage Limit tab and click the Outbound Usage button.

3. Select a specific user from the list. You can also search for users in the search field in the

upper-right corner of the page.

4. Click the Clear button to clear user outbound usage records and reset usage records. Click

the Clear All button to clear usage records of all the users on the list.

5. Click Finish to complete the settings.

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Create disclaimers

This disclaimer function allows users to automatically add custom text to the bottom or end of

outbound emails. Please refer to the following steps to create disclaimers:

Note:

You can have multiple disclaimers and rules; however, only one disclaimer can be applied to one email.

1. Go to Domain, select synology.456, and click Edit.

2. Go to the Disclaimer tab and click the Create button.

3. Go to the Rules tab in the Create Disclaimer window.

4. Enter the disclaimer name in the Name field.

5. Choose whether to tick the Do not append this disclaimer when all recipients are from this domain checkbox:

Note:

When an email is detected as an internal email (emails sent to internal users) by the server, the disclaimer will not be appended.

If one of the recipients is not an internal user, the disclaimer will still be appended.

6. Set the criteria using the following options:

Matching rule: Choose the definition for matching: All or any. When you select All, the

disclaimer will be appended only if all rules are met. When you select any, the disclaimer

will be appended if at least one rule is met.

match the following rule: Choose to append the disclaimer based on Recipient or

Sender. The settings support wildcard characters (*).

Exception rule takes priority over Matching rules. When an Exception rule is created,

disclaimers will not be appended even when the criteria for Matching rules are matched.

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7. Click the plus icon (+) to create more than one Matching rule or Exception rule and click

the minus icon (-) button to remove a rule.

8. After setting up the rules, go to the Content tab to edit the content of HTML text and Plain text to make sure the content displays correctly on the client end.

9. If you want your Plain text content to be the same as the HTML text content, click Copy from HTML text to copy the content from the HTML text editor into the Plain text editor

to remove all HTML tags.

10. Click OK to finish the settings.

Edit and delete disclaimers

In addition to editing and deleting disclaimers, since disclaimers are applied based on their

priority, you can adjust the priority settings here. Please refer to the following steps to manage

disclaimers:

Note:

The system checks which disclaimer to append from top to bottom. When the criteria for a disclaimer have been met, the disclaimer will be applied, thereby ending the check.

1. Go to Domain, select synology.456, and click Edit.

2. Go to the Disclaimer tab. Higher disclaimers have priority over lower ones. To change their

priority, select a desired one and drag and drop it to a suitable position.

3. Choose the disclaimer rule to enable.

4. Select a disclaimer rule you want to modify and click the Edit or Delete button.

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5. Click Save to apply the settings.

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MailPlus Server security features cover the following four areas: Antispam, Antivirus scans,

Authentication, and Content protection. You can adjust settings to enhance protection for a

specific area.

Antispam

MailPlus Server provides spam detection standards based on the delivery nature of spam

messages. The following antispam techniques are available in MailPlus Server:

Antispam: Uses Rspamd and SpamAssassin as the antispam engines. In addition, through

the auto learning and spam reporting mechanisms, MailPlus Server can block spam

messages according to your needs.

Postscreen: Reduces the probability of receiving spam by rejecting services for spam servers

according to open blacklists and the characteristics of senders from spam servers.

Greylist: Takes actions based on the characteristics of senders from spam servers. Since

the greylist will affect the delivery speed of messages, please fully understand the greylist

mechanism before enabling this feature.

Enable antispam

MailPlus Server uses the antispam engine, Rspamd, along with rules from the SpamAssassin

database to detect spam and then filters out spam based on the spam score threshold. When

an email matches a pre-set detection rule, a point will be added to the score. Emails exceeding

the threshold will be marked as spam. Please refer to the following steps to enable antispam:

1. Go to Security > Antispam to adjust the following settings:

Tick the Enable antispam engine: For more information on the antispam functionality,

please refer to Update antispam rules, Custom spam filter, and Auto learning and spam reporting settings.

Tick the DNSBL (DNS-based Blackhole List) to filter out spam published through the

Internet DNS.

Note:

Even if the antispam engine is not enabled, spam will still be regularly deleted.

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Update antispam rules

A regular update of antispam rules is required to ensure mail protection features are up-to-

date. Please refer to the following steps:

1. Go to Security > Antispam and click the Update Settings button to adjust the following

settings:

Automatically update antispam rules: Tick this option to set up an update schedule,

and the system will download the latest antispam rules from the official SpamAssassin

website on schedule.

Manual Update: Click the button to update antispam rules immediately. The Engine Information section above the button displays the last updated time and the version of

spam detection rules.

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Spam control settings

The antispam feature provides various customizable settings. You can adjust the antispam

engine according to your needs. Please refer to the following steps to edit spam control

settings:

1. Go to Security > AntiSpam to adjust the following settings:

Add the following to spam subjects: When a message exceeds the spam score

threshold and is marked as spam, you can add specific content to the subject of spam

to notify users. Tick the Add the following to spam subjects checkbox and modify the

default content.

Autowhite list: When any MailPlus users have ever replied to an external email address,

the spam scores of emails from that address will go down by four points.

Encapsulate spam as attachment: Emails marked as spam will be reported as an

attachment encapsulated in a new message. Tick As plain text only to avoid web bugs

and malicious scripts.

Custom spam filter

There are two types of spam filters that you can set up to filter out suspicious emails: Address Filter and Attachement Filter. You can customize filters according to your needs. Please refer

to the following steps to create a spam filter:

1. Go to Security > Antispam and click the Custom Spam Filter button.

2. Go to the Address Filter tab in the Custom Spam Filter window and click the Create

button.

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3. Messages will be marked as spam or non-spam based on the sender and recipient criteria.

Wildcard characters (*) can be used in the entered addresses.

4. From the Do this drop-down menu, select Mark as spam or Mark as non-spam.

Note:

The spam score will be ignored regarding the configuration of these actions.

5. Click OK to complete the settings.

6. Go to the Attachment Filter tab and click the Create button.

7. Enter a file type to filter attachment files.

8. Click Save to complete the settings.

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Advanced antispam rules

SpamAssassin rules

1. Go to Security > Antispam and click the Advanced button.

2. Go to the General tab in the Advanced window and click the SpamAssassin Rules button.

3. Click the Import button to add SpamAssassin rules.

Note:

Imported files must have the file extension ".cf". Rules will be enabled once being imported. You can refer to the rules provided by SpamAssassin, or add rules based on the rules' guideline.

4. Select the rule you want to edit and choose an action to take, such as Enable, Export, and

Delete.

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5. Click Finish to complete the settings.

Keyword Filter

1. Go to Security > Antispam and click the Advanced button.

2. Go to the General tab in the Advanced window and click the Keyword Filter button.

3. Click the Group setting button to create a group. You can set up multiple groups to

categorize keyword filters and then manage the filters by group:

Tick the checkbox in the Enable field to enable or disable an entire group.

To create, edit, or delete a group, select a group and click the action buttons in the upper

toolbar.

4. Before creating a keyword filter, select the group the filter belongs to from the drop-down

menu.

5. Click the Create button to customize the rule:

Target: From the Target drop-down menu, you can select the following options to be

filtered:

Options Description

Title Email title

Contents (including Subject) Email content and title

Keyword: Enter the keywords to be filtered. A regular expression can be used here. For

more information on regular expression, please refer to Wikipedia.

Score: Specify the number of points that will be added to the total spam score of an email

when the keyword is detected.

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Note:

An email will be marked as spam if the total spam score exceeds the spam score threshold.

Note:

When making these modifications, you may want to re-adjust the spam score threshold. Please go back to the General tab in the Edit AntiSpam Setting window to adjust the spam score threshold. The higher the spam score threshold, the looser the criteria for spam, so emails will be less likely to be marked as spam. The lower the spam score threshold, the stricter the criteria for spam, so emails will be more likely to be marked as spam.

Auto learning and spam reporting settings

After the antispam engine starts running, you can train MailPlus Server to better detect spam

with specialized algorithms. Auto learning and spam reporting help improve the accuracy of

spam detection to meet individual needs.

Auto learning: During spam detection by the antispam engine, the system will automatically

select an email that matches the criteria based on its score so that the email can be further

analyzed.

Spam reporting: Users can report spam when the antispam engine has failed to detect

spam, or when a message has been mistreated as spam. Reporting incorrect categorization

to the antispam engine helps the engine relearn to improve the accuracy.

Please refer to the following steps to set up auto learning and spam reporting:

1. Go to Security > Antispam and click the Advanced button.

2. Go to the Auto learning tab in the Advanced window.

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3. Tick the Auto learning checkbox to adjust the following settings:

Mark as spam if score is higher than: You will see the spam score threshold set up at

the General tab.

Learn as spam if score is higher than: During spam detection, if the spam score is

higher than this value, the antispam engine will further analyze the keywords in message

content to expand the antispam engine database and improve its learning capability.

When the same keywords are detected in the future, messages will be more likely to be

determined as spam.

Learn as non-spam if score is lower than: During spam detection, if the spam score is

lower than this value, the antispam will further analyze the keywords in message content

to expand the antispam engine database and improve its learning capability. When the

same keywords are detected in the future, messages will be more likely to be determined

as non-spam.

Note:

MailPlus Server needs at least 200 reported spam and non-spam respectively to apply the results of auto learning to spam detection.

4. Tick the Enable spam reporting checkbox to adjust the following settings:

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Note:

The reporting process involves collecting spam to a specific mailbox to undergo the learning process. Therefore, after enabling spam reporting, users can report spam and non-spam based on the following two methods:

If users receive messages using MailPlus, the forward mailbox has already been configured for these users. Users only need to mark messages as spam in MailPlus or go to the spam mailbox of MailPlus to mark messages as non-spam.

If users receive messages using third-party email clients, they must use the forward as attachment feature on email clients to forward emails as attachments to the reporting mailbox.

Forward spam to: Enter an email address that reported spam will be forwarded to when

users use third-party mail clients to receive and report emails. The original email will be

forwarded as an attachment to this email address.

Forward false spam to: Enter an email address that reported non-spam will be

forwarded to when users use third-party mail clients to receive and report emails. The

original email will be forwarded as an attachment to this email address.

Reported Spam: Click the Reported Spam button to view all reported spam and false

spam. On the email list, select an email and click the Learn button to allow the antispam

engine to improve spam detection for the selected email type. Emails that have been

learned will be removed. You can allow the system to learn from emails in the spam and

non-spam mailboxes. Please refer to the following spam management:

Function Description

View View message content.

Learn Allow the antispam engine to quickly learn from the selected email. After an email has been learned, it will be removed from the list.

Learn All Allow the antispam engine to learn from all email messages. Learn All can be found from the drop-down menu next to the Learn button.

Delete Remove selected emails to prevent them from being learned by the antispam engine.

Original Mail Open the original mail in a new browser tab.

Search Enter keywords (senders, recipients, and subjects) in the search field in the upper-right corner to search for certain email messages.

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Set daily schedule for learning reported spam: Tick this option to specify the time for

the system to auto-learn all reported spam and non-spam messages.

Note:

The email address entered in Forward spam to cannot share the same username as existing users. The email address will not be counted as a licensed user and will only be used to receive email samples.

The email address entered in Forward false spam to cannot share the same username as existing users.

5. Click OK to complete the settings.

DNSBL settings

Postscreen allows the setup of multiple DNSBL servers. Matching criteria during the server

check results in spam points, and spam points generated from different servers will be

accumulated. When the total score exceeds the value specified in the DNSBL Score Threshold,

services will be rejected. Please refer to the steps below to adjust DNSBL settings:

1. Go to Security > Antispam and click the Enable postscreen protection against spam

checkbox.

2. Click the DNSBL Settings button to edit the servers that should be checked.

3. Click the Settings button to specify the DNSBL score threshold for rejecting services.

4. Click the Create button to add servers to be checked.

Note:

You can add DNSWL (DNS-Based Whitelist) servers here and enter negative numbers in the corresponding Score fields.

5. You can Edit or Delete a selected DNSBL server.

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6. Click OK to complete the settings.

Enable greylist

When there is a new inbound message, the system will check if there are records of the same

IP address, sender, or recipient as that of this inbound message. If no records are found, the

message will be considered suspicious, and an error message will be sent back to its sender,

requesting the sender to send the message again later. According to SMTP standards, senders

receiving error messages will try to send messages again at a later time. However, most spam

senders will give up sending messages. When ordinary senders send messages again after a

while, the system will receive them. The greylist mechanism uses this method to block spam.

With the greylist enabled, the greylist will take the following default actions on emails from all

sources:

Whitelist: Passes the test directly, and temporary error messages will not be sent back.

Greylist: Sends error messages to senders without communication history.

Blacklist: Rejects messages directly.

Note:

The greylist mechanism may delay the delivery of legitimate messages. Please make sure you fully understand the greylist mechanism before enabling the greylist.

Please refer to the following steps to enable greylist:

1. Go to Security > Antispam and tick the Enable greylist to enhance spam detection by temporarily rejecting suspicious incoming mails checkbox.

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2. Click the Greylist Settings button to set up default actions for all sources or actions for a

specific IP address or domain name.

3. In the Greylist Settings window, click the Settings button to set up the default action for all

sources.

4. From the Action drop-down menu, select a default action. In the Greylist time period field,

enter a greylist delay time, which will be applied to all greylist actions.

5. Click Create to set up different actions for specific sender sources. You can set up different

greylist commands other than the default action for specific users.

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6. In the pop-up window, select a sender source and select an action from the Action drop-

down menu.

Note:

The domain source here is fetched from the IP address searched via DNS, not from MAIL FROM of a message.

7. Click OK to complete the settings.

Antivirus Scan

MailPlus Server provides ClamAV, a free antivirus engine, and McAfee, a paid and subscription-

based antivirus engine, to defend against malware threats. You can set up actions to take

upon the detection of viruses.

Through antivirus detection, you can check if your emails contain malicious software or

malware.

ClamAV: ClamAV is the default antivirus system in MailPlus Server, which provides complete

protection for your server at no cost.

McAfee: MailPlus Server integrates with a paid antivirus package, Antivirus by McAfee.

Subscribe to the Antivirus by McAfee and select McAfee as your antivirus engine for

convenient management, antivirus scheduling, log, and more advanced settings. Please note

that MailPlus Server will not scan emails larger than 20 MB to avoid prolonged scanning

times.

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Note:

To ensure smooth running of security engines, we recommend using Synology NAS models with at least 2 GB RAM.

Enable antivirus engine

1. Go to Security > Antivirus and tick the Enable antivirus engine checkbox.

2. Select either of the following from the Engine drop-down menu:

ClamAV: ClamAV is a free antivirus engine supported by MailPlus Server.

McAfee: McAfee is a subscription-based antivirus engine that requires additional

installation. (Please go to Package Center to install Antivirus by McAfee.)

3. Please refer to the following sections to complete the settings.

ClamAV

If you choose ClamAV as the antivirus engine, please refer to the following steps to configure

the settings:

1. Click Update Settings to view the antivirus engine information. Please update the antivirus

engine regularly.

2. You can choose to automatically or manually update virus definitions:

Auto-update virus definitions: Tick the checkbox to allow the system to download the

latest virus definition files on a daily schedule.

Manual Update: Click the button to immediately update virus definitions

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3. ClamAV uses the following external databases to enhance detection accuracy:

Use Google Safe Browsing database to detect malicious links in emails: Uses the

integrated Google Safe Browsing database to detect if a message contains malicious links.

Use other third-party databases to download virus definitions: Uses Sanesecurity

and other third-party databases to enhance virus detection.

4. Click Apply to save the settings.

McAfee

Selecting McAfee as your antivirus engine will require you to go to Package Center to

purchase the package.

1. If you have not installed McAfee or if the license has expired, an alert window will appear

to inform you to go to Package Center to install Antivirus by McAfee and purchase the

license using Synology Account.

2. Click Update Settings to view McAfee's information.

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Note:

McAfee settings must be configured in the Antivirus by McAfee package.

If the status is abnormal (possibly due to license issues or corrupted virus definition files, etc.), Antivirus by McAfee will not scan messages. Please resolve the problem or switch back to ClamAV. If a user manually disables Antivirus by McAfee, MailPlus Server will automatically switch to ClamAV.

3. Click Apply to save the settings.

Antivirus action settings

1. Go to Security > Antivirus.

2. Select an action to take on emails containing viruses from the Antivirus action drop-down

menu:

Delete mail: Deletes emails.

Save to quarantine: Blocks emails and saves them to the quarantine section.

Deliver anyway: Delivers emails.

3. Tick Add subject prefix to infected mail for infected messages and specify the text that

will appear on the message subject.

4. Tick the Send notifications to recipients after deleting or quarantining viruses

checkbox to inform the situation. A notification message will be sent to the recipient of

the original email. You can click on the Template Settings button below to adjust the

notification message templates for quarantined and deleted emails respectively.

5. If you have selected Deliver anyway, you can tick the Add subject prefix to infected mail

checkbox to label suspicious emails.

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6. Click Apply to save the settings.

Quarantine list

If you have saved emails to the quarantine section, you can view and manage the quarantined

emails. Please refer to the following instructions to adjust the settings of quarantine list:

1. Go to Security > Antivirus and click the Quarantine List button.

2. You can search for senders, recipients, titles, and virus definitions in the search bar in the

upper-right corner of the Quarantine List window.

3. Select a quarantined email and click the View or Original Mail button to check the content.

4. Choose one of the following actions based on the email content:

Release: Releases the email to its recipient.

Delete: Deletes the email.

5. Click Close to complete the settings.

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Authentication

The purpose of authentication is to verify a sender's identity to block fraudulent messages and

protect against identity theft.

SPF (Sender Policy Framework): SPF mechanism verifies the legitimacy of a sender's host.

SPF records for many domains are currently published in DNS and they provide the location

of the hosts that are authorized to send emails using a domain. Therefore, when a host from

a network delivers messages to MailPlus Server, the system will verify the SPF records of the

sender's domain in DNS and determine if the host is authorized to send emails using this

domain. If the SPF authentication fails, it will be categorized as fail or softfail depending on

the SPF records, and the system will treat the two results differently.

DKIM (DomainKeys Identified Mail): DKIM mechanism verifies a sender's identity using

encryption methods to check if email content has been modified. With the DKIM mechanism,

a sender's host will generate a set of the public key and private key and will publish the

public key in DNS, while using the private key to create a digital signature to be affixed

to emails. When the receiving host receives a message, it will check the public key for the

sender's domain in DNS and use the public key to verify the signature, the sender identity,

and whether the message has been modified or not.

DMARC (Domain-based Message Authentication, Reporting & Conformance): DMARC

mechanism is based on SPF and DKIM verification methods. When the system receives

a message, it will check if the sender passes the SPF and DKIM verification, thereby

determining if the sender is fraudulent.

SPF

Enabling SPF verification allows the system to check the SPF records of a sender's domain in

DNS to prevent email fraud. When SPF verification fails, the result will be identified as fail or

softfail. Please refer to the following steps to adjust SPF verification settings:

Note:

If your MailPlus Server is set up to receive messages forwarded from other mail servers, the SPF mechanism may block relayed messages since a relay server location is not included in a sender's SPF records. (For more information, please refer to this article.) Please add the relay server to the whitelist or disable SPF verification.

1. Go to Security > Authentication.

2. Under the SPF section, tick the Enable SPF verification checkbox.

If the verification result is fail, the message will be rejected.

If the verification result is softfail, you can tick the Reject SPF softfail checkbox to reject

softfail messages; otherwise, all messages with the softfail result will be received.

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3. Click Apply to save the settings.

DKIM

You can enable DKIM verification to prevent messages from being modified and to protect

against identity theft. Please refer to the following steps to adjust DKIM verification settings:

1. Go to Security > Authentication.

2. Under the DKIM section, tick the Enable DKIM verification on inbound emails checkbox

if you want to verify a sender's identity for inbound messages and reduce messages from

unknown sources.

3. Select a value for Minimum key length for DKIM verification. DKIM will reject an email if

the key length for DKIM signing is shorter than the selected value. Increasing the minimum

key length can prevent emails from less secure domains passing the DKIM verification.

4. Click the Whitelist button to add specific IP address ranges to the whitelist which will allow

specific senders to pass authentication and attach DKIM signatures to messages. When a

host within the range connects to MailPlus Server to send outbound messages, the system

will attach DKIM signatures to the messages.

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5. Click Apply to save the settings.

Note:

Emails rejected by DKIM will be moved into the Spam mailbox in MailPlus 2.1 and above versions. A warning will appear when these emails are viewed on MailPlus clients.

DMARC

Since DMARC is based on SPF and DKIM verification, please set up SPF for your domain and

generate a public key to enable DKIM signing on outbound emails before proceeding with the

DMARC settings. Please refer to the following steps to enable DMARC verification:

1. Go to Security > Authentication.

2. Tick the Enable DMARC checkbox to enable DMARC.

Note:

Emails quarantined by DMARC will be moved into the Spam mailbox in MailPlus 2.1 and above versions. A warning will appear when these emails are viewed on MailPlus clients.

Data Protection

The content protection feature can filter out suspicious emails based on your settings.

MCP Rules: Searches based on the content of the original email. If too much suspicious

content has been identified, the email will be placed in the quarantine section, or other

specified actions will be performed.

Content Scan: Enhances email content scanning. Rejects or rewrites emails containing

phishing links or HTML tags to ensure security.

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MCP rules

Set up MCP (Message Content Protection) rules and specify an MCP threshold score. When

an email matches a rule's criteria, the rule score will be summed up to the total MCP score. If

the total score exceeds the MCP threshold score, the system will filter out or block the email.

Please refer to the following steps to enable and manage MCP.

1. Go to Security > Data Protection and tick the Enable MCP checkbox in the Data Protection section.

2. In the MCP threshold score field, enter a score.

3. Click the Manage MCP Rules button to add new rules.

4. In the Manage MCP Rules window, click the Create button.

5. The Add MCP Rules window includes the following items:

Name: Enter a rule name.

Target: Choose a section of emails from the Target drop-down menu as the target to be

matched:

Section Description

Title Email message title

Contents (including Subject) Email message content and subject

Sender The sender of an email message

Receiver The recipient of an email message

Custom header The specific header of an original email message

Custom header: When the Custom header is selected from the Target drop-down

menu, the Custom header field will appear. Enter a specific header here.

Relation: Choose a matching criterion from the Relation drop-down menu:

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Criteria Description

Contain If the target section of an email contains the matching content, the email matches the rule.

Equal to If the target section of an email is identical to the matching content, the email matches the rule.

Fit regular expression If the target section of an email contains the matching content, the email matches the rule. A regular expression can be used for the matching content.

Pattern: Enter matching content for the rule.

Case sensitive: Choose Yes or No to determine if the matching is case sensitive.

Score: Specify the number of points that will be generated when the criteria of this rule

are matched.

6. Click OK to finish creating rules.

7. In the Manage MCP Rules window, you can create, enable, edit, or delete a rule. You can

also search for a rule in the search bar in the upper-right corner.

8. Click Finish to complete the settings.

Actions

When the total score of matching rules exceeds the MCP threshold score, specific actions will

be taken. Please refer to the following steps to set up actions:

1. Go to Security > Data Protection and enter a value in the MCP threshold score field

under the Data Protection section.

2. Under the Actions section, you can set up actions that will be taken when the MCP threshold score has been exceeded:

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Save to quarantine: Blocks email messages and saves them to the quarantine section.

You can click the MCP Quarantine button to view the content of quarantine messages.

Please refer to Quarantine list for more information on managing quarantined

messages.

Deliver anyway: Delivers email messages.

Delete mail: Deletes email messages.

More options: Notifies senders or forwards email messages to a specific mailbox.

Function Description

Notify sender Sends a notification email to notify senders that their emails have been blocked. You can click the Template Settings button to set up notification content.

Forward to Forwards original emails to a specific mailbox.

3. Click Apply to save the settings.

Content scan

The content scan feature blocks suspicious messages or modifies their content. Please refer to

the following steps to adjust content scan settings:

Note:

Modified content may not meet expectations. Please make sure you enable functions according to your needs.

1. Go to Security > Content Scan.

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2. Under the Content Scan section, tick the Enable dangerous content scan checkbox and

adjust the following settings:

Reject partial messages: Rejects emails that are split across multiple incomplete

messages (specifically email messages with Content-Type value of header message/

partial).

Reject external message bodies: Rejects emails that point to external resources

(specifically email messages with Content-Type value of message/external-body).

Highlight phishing fraud: Highlights detected phishing links in an email to alert

recipients.

Convert HTML into plain text: Converts messages in HTML format to plain text.

You can set up one of the following actions for each tag:

Action Description

Allow Delivers messages.

Reject Rejects messages.

Make tags ineffective Delivers messages after making tags ineffective.

Note:

Please specify the settings for each tag.

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Monitor Server Status

You can quickly oversee the server operation status via a graphical interface:

Mail Traffic Monitor: Monitors the server's mail traffic by specific time intervals.

Threat Monitor: Shows the number of email threats blocked by each security setting of your

server. You can quickly identify all threat sources and adjust security settings accordingly.

Server List: Displays a list of server clusters and their operation statuses.

Mail traffic monitor

The Mail Monitor tab in Server Management displays mail activity statistics over a past

period of time. Under the Top List of User Activities section is a list of the most active email

addresses from each traffic type. For more information on email traffic types, please refer to

View mail logs.

Note:

If you have already set up a High-availability cluster, please view logs on the primary server.

Monitor traffic by different time interval lengths

You can monitor email traffic in MailPlus Server by hour, day, week, or month. Every data

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point on the Number of Mails chart represents the total number of emails (of a specific email

traffic type) during the time interval. Please refer to the steps below to adjust the time interval:

1. Go to Server Management > Mail Monitor.

2. You can select date and time intervals from the Date field and the drop-down menu in the

upper-right corner of the Number of Mails section.

Monitor traffic from a specific time interval

You can use the following two methods to monitor a specific time point:

1. Hover the cursor to the left or right end of the chart and click the arrow icons to move

forward or backward to a different point of time.

2. Select a desired date from the Date field in the upper-right corner of the Number of Mails

section.

Note:

MailPlus Server reserves different numbers of mail data for different time lengths. You can only switch to time intervals with available data.

Fix display of detailed data from a specific time

Data displayed in the detailed information panel on the chart change as you hover over

different time points. To view detailed information of a selected time interval, move the cursor

to the desired time interval and left-click to fix the detailed information panel.

Show or hide data from certain traffic types

1. Go to Server Management > Mail Monitor.

2. Click the Filter button under the Number of Mails section and tick the checkboxes to show

or hide data of certain traffic types.

Export data from a specific time interval

1. Go to Server Management > Mail Monitor.

2. Under the Number of Mails section, click the time interval you want to further investigate

on the chart.

3. Click the Export button on the top.

4. MailPlus Server will export the data into an .html file.

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Threat monitor

Detailed information on email threats and their sources are displayed in Threat Monitor. You

can adjust settings according to threat analysis to secure MailPlus Server.

Note:

If you have already set up a High-availability cluster, please view logs on the primary server.

View general threat analysis

General Threat Analysis displays threat data and statistics for outbound and inbound emails

with a graphical display. Please refer to the following steps to adjust General Threat Analysis

settings.

1. Go to Threat Monitor > Overview.

2. Threat data and statistics along with their corresponding settings will be displayed in the

General Threat Analysis section:

Time range: Select to show threat statistics over a specific time range.

Threat list: See percentage statistics of each threat type. To see count statistics, hover

the mouse to a specific type.

Threat doughnut chart: See percentage statistics of each threat type. Select or deselect

threat types on the right list to suit your needs.

Antispam function: See the antispam engine status. To modify its relevant settings, click

to jump to the page.

Antivirus function: See the antivirus engine status. To modify its relevant settings, click

to jump to the page.

DNSBL Self-check: See if the Synology NAS is on a DNSBL blacklist. Click to see more

details.

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View external threat analysis

The external threat analysis displays sources of blocked inbound emails and the corresponding

count statistics.

1. Go to Threat Monitor > Overview.

2. Under the External Threat Analysis section, you can find a threat map and count statistics

of each source:

Threat map: Each circle represents a threat source area. A circle expands when more

blocked emails come from the area. To see count statistics, hover the mouse to the circle.

Threat Source: This list shows the top six sources of blocked emails with their

corresponding counts.

View blocked inbound and outbound mail

At Inbound and Outbound, you can find statistics of blocked inbound and outbound emails

respectively, along with top senders/recipients of such emails.

1. Go to Threat Monitor.

2. Click the Inbound or Outbound tabs.

Time range: Select the time range to see statistics of blocked outbound or inbound

emails over a specific period.

Blocked Mail Statistics: The chart shows the trends of each threat type of inbound

emails (at Inbound) or outbound emails (at Outbound) over the selected time range.

Note:

To change threat types on the display, select or deselect legends under the chart.

To see count statistics of each threat type, hover the mouse to the chart.

Top Senders of Blocked Mail: The table shows the top 10 senders of blocked inbound

emails (at Inbound) or outbound emails (at Outbound) with count statistics. For a

complete list, click Show All.

Top Recipients of Blocked Mail: The table shows the top 10 recipients of blocked

inbound emails (at Inbound) or outbound emails (at Outbound) with count statistics. For

a complete list, click Show All.

Server list

Get a quick overview of MailPlus Server at the Server List tab of the Server Management

page, including information on CPU, RAM, and network usage. Please refer to the following list

of possible statuses for each MailPlus Server function:

Running: The function is running properly.

Stopped: The function has not been enabled.

Abnormal: The function is abnormal.

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Not Installed: Only applies to MailPlus. This status means you have not installed MailPlus.

Getting ready: This status means you have just enabled or disabled this function, and it is

ready to switch the status.

Syncing mails: When you are setting up or removing a MailPlus high-availability cluster, the

system will sync emails. This status means the system is syncing emails.

Note:

If Antivirus or MCP are enabled, Spam Filter will also be enabled even if AntiSpam is not enabled; however, the spam scanning will not be conducted.

Check settings

You can check if your MailPlus Server settings are the same as Synology's suggested settings

in Check Settings. You can also see the effects of different settings here. Please refer to the

following steps:

1. Go to Server Management > Server List.

2. Click the Check Settings button.

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Monitor Mail Queue

You can view pending emails in the mail queue and determine which action to take.

Monitor messages in mail queue

In the Queue page, you can check all emails that are pending to be sent to other servers or are

to be resent to other servers after the emails have been rejected.

The information regarding emails in the queue will be displayed as follows:

Date and time when an email entered the queue

Email sender and recipient

Why a message is waiting in the mail queue (The Description column shows why an email

failed to be delivered.)

Mail queue statuses are categorized into the following three types:

Hold: Messages are to be processed.

Active: Messages are now being processed.

Deferred: Messages failed to be delivered and will be resent later.

Note:

Deferred emails will be returned to senders if all redelivery attempts fail during the following five days.

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Manage messages in mail queue

You can choose to immediately redeliver or cancel the delivery for messages in the queue.

Please refer to the following steps to manage messages in the mail queue:

1. Go to Queue to do the following:

To redeliver a message, select the message in the mail queue and click the Resend

button. The status of the message will switch from Hold to Active.

To remove a message, select the message in the mail queue and click the Clear button.

The message will be removed from the queue.

To resend all messages, click the Resend All button.

To remove all messages, click the Clear All button.

2. You can also search for messages in the search bar in the upper-right corner of the page to

view the statuses of the messages.

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Monitor Mail Log

Mail logs record all activities of the server. You can view log content to find the root problems

and the solutions to problems. Please note that log files may account for a large capacity of

storage space.

The following log settings can be configured in the Auditing page.

View Logs: View, search, and analyze the messages recorded in logs.

Archive and Manage Logs: Configure various management settings such as archive

intervals, backup, rotation rules, and sending logs to the secondary server.

Log Report: Allow logs to be sent through email notification regularly.

View mail logs

Please refer to the following steps to view mail logs:

1. Go to Auditing > Log.

2. From the drop-down menus at the top, select Mail log and Internal database.

3. Mail logs display the message ID, the date and time generated, the sender, recipient, title,

size, and status of each message. The statuses are categorized as follows:

Received: This status means a MailPlus user has received a message. If a MailPlus user

has sent a message to another MailPlus user, then the status on the log records will be

shown as Received. If multiple MailPlus users receive the same message, multiple log

records will be generated. However, if the message is sent to an alias email address in

MailPlus Server, the log record will be generated for the alias email address even if the

alias includes multiple recipient addresses, and that some of the users in the alias are

from other servers. If auto-forwarding is enabled, log records with Received status will be

generated whether the Keep mail copy in the Inbox checkbox is ticked or not.

Sent: When messages are sent to email addresses from other servers, multiple log

records will be generated if the recipient includes multiple email addresses from other

servers.

Resent: This status means there have been several attempts to resend messages to

email addresses from other servers. This status will no longer be used in MailPlus Server

1.3.0-0370 and above.

Failed: This status means messages sent to other servers failed to be delivered.

Note:

If you have set up Auto BCC rules, Auto-Forwarding, or Auto Reply, additional log content may be generated.

If you have set up a High-availability cluster, please view logs on the primary server.

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View security logs

Security logs display the time and date an event is generated, along with the source, sender,

recipient, title, type, and event description. Security logs are categorized as follows: Rejected,

Spam, Virus, DNSBL, Malicious Content, Attachment Filter, Blacklist, SPF, DKIM, DMARC,

and Data Protection, all of which are related to security settings in MailPlus Server. The

Rejected type means that MailPlus Server has rejected a message after running full analysis.

Please refer to the following steps to view security logs:

Note:

If you have already set up a High-availability cluster, please view logs on the primary server.

1. Go to Auditing > Log.

2. From the drop-down menus at the top, select Security log and Internal database.

View administration logs

Administration logs record changes made to MailPlus Server settings. Each log shows a brief

description of the event, along with the type, user, time and date, user's IP address, and server

name. Please refer to the following steps to view administration logs:

1. Go to Auditing > Log.

2. From the drop-down menus at the top, select Admin log and Internal database.

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View external database

If you have archived logs, generated a log database, or downloaded log files, you can view log

content stored in External database.

Please refer to the following steps to view the external database:

1. Go to Auditing > Log.

2. From the drop-down menus at the top, select Mail log, Security log, or Admin log and

select External database.

3. Find the location of your external database on the Synology NAS.

4. Click the Select button.

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Search logs

At Auditing > Log, you can search for logs using the simple search or the advanced search.

Simple search: You can enter keywords in the search field in the upper-right corner of the

page:

For Mail log, the entered keywords are used to search for content in the Message ID,

Sender, Recipient, and Title columns.

For Security log, the entered keywords are used to search for content in the Source,

Sender, Recipient, Title, and Event columns.

For Admin log, the entered keywords are used to search for content in the Type, Event,

User, User's IP, and Server name columns.

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Advanced search: You can click the magnifying glass icon in the search bar in the upper-

right corner of the page. Set up search criteria for each item to conduct a precise advanced

search. Click OK after you finish the settings. From the Status drop-down menu, you can

select Within domain to search for messages sent within internal users.

Export log content

You can export logs as an .html file at Auditing > Log. If you click the Export button after log

search, the search results will be exported. Please refer to Search logs.

Usage analysis

You can conduct usage analysis at Auditing > Usage Analysis to analyze inbound and

outbound messages sent by each email address or domain.

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Archive logs

You can configure log archiving settings. MailPlus Server will archive mail logs, security logs,

and Postfix logs on a user-defined schedule. Please note that the archive feature will be

automatically disabled once you cannot access the shared folder.

Please refer to the following steps to archive logs:

1. Go to Auditing > Log Management.

2. Under the Log Archiving section, tick the Enable log archiving checkbox.

3. Click the Select button next to the Archive destination field and select the destination for

archive files.

4. Select the time to run archiving tasks.

5. Click Apply to save the settings.

Transfer logs to the secondary server

After a High-availability cluster is set up, logs will be collected to the primary server. You

can send a copy to the secondary server. Sending logs to the secondary server requires a

log database to be generated (please refer to Generate log database). Please refer to the

following steps to send logs to the secondary server:

1. Go to Auditing > Log Management.

2. Under the Log Transfer section, tick the Transfer logs to the secondary server checkbox.

3. Click Apply to save the settings.

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Transfer Postfix logs to other syslog servers

Please refer to the following steps to send Postfix logs to other syslog servers:

1. Go to Auditing > Log Management.

2. Under the Log Transfer section, tick the Transfer logs to a syslog server checkbox.

3. Enter the information of the syslog server.

4. If you tick the Enable secure connection (SSL) checkbox, you might need to click the

Import Certificate button to import the certificate of the syslog server before sending logs.

5. Click Apply to save the settings.

Set up log rotation rules

You can set up the rotation period and the file size for Postfix logs. The 400 million most recent

entries from the mail log database and security log database will be retained.

Please refer to the following steps to set up log rotation rules:

1. Go to Auditing > Log Management.

2. Under the Log Rotation Rules section, enter a value in the Log file size is larger than (MB) field.

3. Under the Log Rotation Rules section, tick the Log rotation period checkbox and select a

rotation period from the drop-down menu.

4. Click Apply to save the settings.

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Download and delete log files

You can save or remove mail logs, security logs, admin logs, or Postfix logs at Auditing > Log List.

Please refer to the following steps to download and delete log files:

1. Go to Auditing > Log List.

2. Select Mail Log, Security Log, Admin Log, or Postfix Logs from the drop-down menu at

the top.

3. If you have set up a MailPlus high-availability cluster and enabled Transfer logs to the secondary server, you can select Received logs from the drop-down menu on the

secondary server; otherwise, select Main log.

4. After selecting a log file, you can click the Download button to download the file or click the

Delete button to delete the file from the server.

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Generate log database

If you have enabled Transfer logs to the secondary server, you can convert received log

content back to database files using the Generate log database feature. You can View external database at Auditing > Log to view files in the log database.

1. Go to Auditing > Log List.

2. Select Mail log, Security log, or Postfix log from the drop-down menu.

3. Select Received log from the drop-down menu.

4. Select a log file and click the Generate Log Database button.

5. Select the Merge with the internal database (may cause the loss of some logs) or Save to selected folder option and choose a destination folder.

6. Click OK to finish the settings.

Note:

You do not need to generate a log database for Admin log. You can view it on both servers after enabling the Transfer logs to the secondary server option.

Only logs that are generated after you enabled the Transfer logs to the secondary server option will be synchronized to the other server.

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Set up daily reports

You can enable the daily report feature to allow Postfix logs from the previous day to be sent

to a specific email address.

Please refer to the following steps to set up daily reports.

1. Go to Auditing > Report.

2. Tick the Enable daily report checkbox.

3. Select a delivery time.

4. In the Send to field, enter the destination address for daily reports. You can specify up to

two email addresses which should be separated by a semicolon (;).

Set up mail searches

You can find all indexed emails in MailPlus Server, as well as view, delete, and export search

results.

Please refer to the following steps to create a mail search task:

1. Go to Auditing > Mail Search.

2. Click the plus icon (+) to create a new task.

3. Enter a Task name.

4. Set Search Conditions:

Pre-defined conditions: You can add multiple search conditions to a search task. Select

from the drop-down menu to find emails that match All or Any of conditions and define

the conditions by Sender, Recipient, Subject, Keyword, Mail Size (MB), or Date that

includes or excludes the entered keywords.

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Custom: You can also customize search conditions using search operators and keywords.

For example, to look for an email about GDPR sent after May 25th, 2018 from the address

admin@synology.com, you can enter after:2018/05/25 AND from:admin@synology.com

AND GDPR as your search condition.

Search Operator Usage Example

from: Messages from the specified sender from:amy

to: Messages sent to the specified recipient to:david

subject: Messages with certain words in the subject line subject:dinner

OR Messages that match multiple specified terms from:amy OR from:david

- or NOT Messages that should be removed from search results

dinner - movie

( ) Messages containing the specified terms grouped together

subject:(dinner movie)

in: Messages in the specified mailbox in:"feature suggestions"

label: Messages that have a certain label label:friends

before: or after: Messages sent during a certain period after:2004/04/16

larger: or smaller: Messages larger or smaller than a certain size in MB

larger:10M

filename: Attachments with a certain name or file type filename:pdf

has:attachment Messages with attachments has:attachment

is:starred Starred messages is:starred

is:unread Unread messages is:unread

5. Set Target User. If no target users are specified, the task will search all users by default.

6. Click OK and the search task will start immediately.

7. You can stop a task in progress by selecting the task and clicking Stop tasks on the right

panel. Click Search if you want to restart a task.

8. You can Edit, Copy, or Delete a task by selecting it and clicking on the corresponding icon.

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View mail search results

1. Go to Auditing > Mail Search and select a complete search task.

2. On the right panel, you can Download task reports or click View Result for further details

and actions. Task reports allow you to view the details of a task, including the number of

searched emails as well as which emails have been deleted.

3. In the View Result window, you can view, delete, or export each email. Details of each

email will appear in the right section when you select it. You can also download the original

mail or its attachments or open the email in a new tab.

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Export mail search results

We recommend that you always export important mail search results and keep them on your

local device as backup files in case of future needs.

1. Go to Auditing > Mail Search and select a complete search task.

2. Select a task and click View Result on the right panel.

3. Select the search results you wish to export and click Export.

4. You can click the arrow icon next to the Export button to further specify whether to export

both the mail list and the original emails or only the mail list.

5. The exported mail list can be found as a file named export_list.csv and can be edited

with editors supporting .csv files. If you wish to distribute an auditing task, you can split

the record into multiple files. Exported original mails can be found as .eml files in the eml folder.

Import mail search results

If you have exported mail search results and saved them to your local device, you can always

import the mail list to check the emails.

1. Go to Auditing > Mail Search.

2. Click the Import tasks icon next to the trash can icon.

3. Upload a mail list in CSV format and enter a task name.

4. Click Import.

5. Once the import is complete, the task will appear at the top of the task list.

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High-Availability Cluster

MailPlus Server provides two solutions: single node configuration and high-availability

configuration. Single node configuration requires one Synology NAS to run mail services

while high-availability configuration requires two Synology NAS to form a high-availability (HA)

cluster, which can ensure uninterrupted mail services during unexpected events.

Note:

For more information about the mechanism of MailPlus High-Availability, refer to the MailPlus High-Availabiltiy White Paper.

High-availability (HA) configuration introduction

The high-availability (HA) cluster is composed of two Synology NAS, one of which takes the

role of the "primary server" and the other acts as the "secondary server". Users and other

mail servers connect to the main IP address of the MailPlus HA cluster. The primary server

runs on the main IP address of the MailPlus HA cluster and receives all service requests. These

requests will then be assigned to either the primary or secondary server to be processed.

A two-way synchronization will be performed to ensure mail data and server settings remain

consistent and synchronized across primary and secondary servers. When two servers process

different service requests or when you edit settings of MailPlus Server on one of the servers,

the two-way synchronization feature can minimize the probability of data inconsistency.

Unlike mail data and server settings, logs will be collected to the primary server under the

HA configuration. Please view logs on the primary server or Transfer logs to the secondary server to send a copy.

The HA configuration minimizes service disruptions caused by server malfunctions. When

the primary server malfunctions, the secondary server will temporarily take over all mail

service requests. After the primary server recovers, data modifications that have been

processed during the failover period will be synchronized back to the primary server. When

the secondary server malfunctions, the primary server will assume all workload and data

modifications processed during the period will also be synchronized to the secondary server

after it recovers.

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Note:

MailPlus high-availability cluster and Synology High Availability (SHA) are two different cluster systems and cannot run on the same Synology NAS simultaneously.

MailPlus HA and SHA are unavailable on VDSM. For more details, please refer to VDSM Admin Guide.

Synology High Availability is supported for MailPlus 2.2 and above.

If service continuity is required, please consider MailPlus high-availability cluster designed for mail services. After a high-availability cluster recovers, data will remain consistent across both servers, preventing the loss of data updated during the split-brain error.

Under SHA, two MailPlus servers will be considered as one and will share 5 free licenses. In comparison, under MailPlus HA, 10 free licenses will be available for use.

You can check the license status on either server in a high-availability environment. However, it is recommeneded that you manage licenses only on the primary server to keep the consistency of license status.

Before configuring high-availability (HA)

1. Prepare two Synology NAS:

Sign in to the same Synology Account at Control Panel > Info Center > Synology Account on the two Synology NAS.

Synchronize the system time between the two Synology NAS at Control Panel > Regional Options > Time.

Go to Package Center to install and initialize MailPlus Server and MailPlus on both

Synology NAS. For more information on how to set up MailPlus Server, you can refer to

the Set up MailPlus Server section.

After you set up MailPlus Server, a MailPlus shared folder will be automatically added to

the Synology NAS. To ensure client users can access MailPlus, we do not recommend that

you edit permissions on your own. Please set the permission settings of the MailPlus

shared folder as default.

Set the target users' or groups' privileges to MailPlus Server and MailPlus at Control Panel > Privileges. The settings should be identical between the two Synology NAS.

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Note:

The size of the volumes on which MailPlus Server is located should be the same. In addition, since all inbound and outbound emails will be fully synchronized to both volumes, please make sure the volume size can meet the email storage requirement.

If you have mounted SSD caches on both volumes, please note the following:

They should be read-write caches in a RAID 1 configuration.

The cache size should be the same.

The 2-step verification feature must be temporarily disabled on the secondary server during the HA cluster creation.

It is recommended that both DSM volumes are the same size and have sufficient space because all emails will be fully synchronized and stored on both machines.

It is recommended to keep the default permission settings for the MailPlus shared folder. When the MailPlus shared folder is created, it will automatically set the permissions when MailPlus Server is installed.

If SSD cache is installed on both volumes, it is recommended that both configurations are the same when building RAID1 for R/W cache.

2. Assign two sets of static IP addresses for the primary and secondary servers:

The IP addresses for both Synology NAS must be under the same LAN.

The IP addresses must not be retrieved via PPPoE or DHCP.

The network card of the IP address should be set up to perform manual network

configuration.

3. Both Synology NAS must join the same domain:

Both Synology NAS must join a Windows Active Directory or an LDAP server. For

information on how to join a Windows Active Directory, please refer to this tutorial. For

more information on how to join an LDAP server, please refer to this help article.

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If you do not have Windows Active Directory or LDAP server in your environment, you can

go to Package Center and install Synology Directory Server or LDAP Server to set up

a domain or an LDAP server for account management. Please note that using self-hosted

LDAP or domain services has the risk of mail service interruption when the Synology NAS

hosting the directory is abnormal or unresponsive.

4. Prepare an internal IP address and external IP address for the HA cluster:

Reserve an unused static internal IP address which should be in the same LAN as the two

Synology NAS' IP addresses, and an unused external IP address for the HA cluster.

Configure port-forwarding rules on the router to forward traffic between the internal and

external cluster IP addresses.

Register the external cluster IP address on a public DNS (Domain Name System) server.

Configure high-availability (HA)

1. Launch MailPlus Server after it has been set up.

2. Go to Service and check if you have selected Domain Users or LDAP Users from the

Account type drop-down menu under the SMTP section.

3. Go to Server Management > Server List and click the Add button.

4. Enter the main internal IP address for the HA cluster and click Next.

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5. Enter the IP address of the secondary server in the Server Address field or select a

Synology NAS to use as the secondary server from the Server Address drop-down menu.

Synology NAS under the same LAN will be searched and included in this drop-down menu.

Note:

Secondary servers need to bind to a Network Interface. You will need to enter the IP address of the bound network interface.

6. Enter the credentials of an account from the administrator group on the secondary server

in the Username and Password fields. Please note that the 2-step verification must be

temporarily disabled on the secondary server during the HA cluster creation.

7. In the Volume drop-down menu, you will find a list of volumes that have been created

on the secondary server. Please select the volume used for saving mail data and MailPlus

related files on the secondary server.

8. Click Apply after confirming that the settings are correct.

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9. After you complete the settings, emails will be synchronized to the secondary server.

The time required for the synchronization depends on the number of emails stored on

the primary server. During the synchronization, you can still send and receive emails. All

services will be processed by the primary server until the synchronization is complete. After

the synchronization is complete, the primary and secondary server will share the workload.

Note:

During the first synchronization, MailPlus services are available but relatively slow due

to the high server load. Therefore, if you have used MailPlus Server for quite a while and there is a large number of emails, we recommend that you copy most emails to the secondary server using Hyper Backup in advance to shorten the loading time and speed up the synchronization. For detailed instructions on using Hyper Backup to back up emails, please refer to Back up and Restore Email.

Modify high-availability (HA) cluster configuration

1. Launch MailPlus Server after it has been set up.

2. Go to Server Management > Server List.

3. Click the Manage button.

4. Under the Mail System Settings section, you can modify the IP address and subnet mask

settings of the HA cluster.

Note:

The modified IP address and subnet mask must be under the same LAN as the IP address of the primary and secondary servers.

5. Under the Primary Server Settings section, you can select a Synology NAS to act as the

primary server of the HA cluster. The primary server runs on the internal IP address of the

HA cluster and receives all mail service requests. These requests will then be assigned to

either the primary or the secondary server.

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Remove high-availability (HA) configuration

When you remove a HA configuration, mail data will be synchronized across the two Synology

NAS to ensure data consistency. After the configuration removal, the internal IP address of the

HA cluster will no longer be used by any of the Synology NAS. You may need to adjust the port

forwarding and demilitarized zone (DMZ) settings of your firewall device or modify relevant

DNS records. Please refer to the following steps to remove one of the Synology NAS from the

HA cluster:

1. Sign in to DSM of the Synology NAS you wish to keep and launch MailPlus Server.

2. Go to Server Management > Server List.

3. Select the Synology NAS you want to remove.

4. Click the Delete button.

5. Click Yes in the pop-up confirmation box.

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6. After all emails are synchronized, the HA cluster will be dissolved. The server you would like

to keep will continue to receive and process mail service requests. Please check if you need

to adjust port forwarding or demilitarized zone (DMZ) settings of your firewall device or

modify your DNS records.

Server malfunction

When one of the Synology NAS in the HA cluster malfunctions, the other one will continue to

provide mail services. The primary and secondary servers mentioned in the following sections

refer to the original roles of the servers under HA configuration, not the roles after the

switchover.

Note:

If you change a node to a new machine, re-setup your MailPlus High Availability cluster.

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Primary server malfunction

When the original primary server malfunctions, the original secondary server will take over

the internal IP address of the HA cluster. It starts to receive and process service requests

independently. Under the circumstances, when you launch MailPlus Server on the original

secondary server, a mail system alert window will appear, and you will not be able to adjust

settings of the MailPlus Server during the switchover.

The primary server needs to be recovered at the earliest opportunity. If the original primary

server cannot be recovered, please refer to Remove High-availability (HA) configuration to

remove it. After the removal, MailPlus Server will run on a single-node configuration.

Secondary server malfunction

When the original secondary server malfunctions, the original primary server will take over the

internal IP address of the HA cluster and process all service requests independently. Please

recover the original secondary server at the earliest opportunity. If the original secondary

server cannot be recovered, please refer to Remove High-availability (HA) configuration to

remove it. After the removal, MailPlus Server will run on a single-node configuration.

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Back up and Restore Email

You can use backup features on DSM to back up MailPlus Server. MailPlus Server backup

includes the following:

System configuration backup

Mailbox and email backup

Fewer modifications occur in MailPlus Server's system settings; therefore, you can use

Hyper Backup to run scheduled backup tasks. However, mailboxes and email messages in

the mail system are constantly changing and may require real-time backup. Therefore, it is

recommended that you use Shared Folder Sync to back up mailboxes and email messages

and to prevent data loss when only scheduled backup is performed.

System configuration backup

Back up mail system configuration to a MailPlus compatible Synology NAS using Hyper Backup.

1. Launch Hyper Backup on the source Synology NAS.

2. Click the plus icon (+) in the lower-left corner to create a new data backup task.

3. Select a backup destination type:

Local folder & USB: This option backs up data to a local Synology NAS or an external

USB/SD storage device.

Remote NAS device: Hyper Backup Vault needs to be installed and launched on the

remote destination in advance.

4. Specify task settings. For more information on how to create backup tasks, please refer to

this help article.

5. Select MailPlus Server when the system asks you to select an application to back up.

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6. After backup task settings are complete, the system will be ready to back up the following

MailPlus Server settings (on the left panel of the MailPlus Server interface):

Domain

Mail Delivery

Service

Security

Auditing

License

Account

Mailbox and email backup

Please refer to the following sections to back up the entire mailbox and email messages to a

MailPlus compatible Synology NAS through sync tasks:

Enable shared folder sync

You need to enable Shared Folder Sync on the destination Synology NAS.

1. Sign in to DSM.

2. Go to Control Panel > File Services > rsync.

3. Tick the Enable rsync service checkbox to enable Shared Folder Sync.

4. Click Apply.

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Create a sync task

Sign in to the source Synology NAS and refer to the following steps to create a sync task:

1. Go to Control Panel > Shared Folder Sync and click the Task List button.

2. Click the Create button in the Task List window.

3. Enter a task name in the Task Name field.

4. Select a shared folder to sync.

5. Specify destination Synology NAS details and the following sync settings:

Customize SSH encryption port for encrypted shared folder sync: Uses your desired

encryption port for SSH transfer encryption.

Enable SSH transfer encryption: Encrypts data during transfer. This option provides

better security, while non-encrypted transfer has better performance.

Enable transfer compression: Compresses data during transfer. This option reduces

bandwidth usage but increases the CPU workload.

Enable block-level synchronization: Syncs only modified portions instead of an entire

file. This option reduces bandwidth usage but increases the CPU workload.

6. When prompted, you can select any of the following options to decide when to sync from

the source to the destination:

Run sync on modification: Syncs immediately once any changes occur to the source

shared folder.

Run sync manually: Syncs from the source shared folder only when you click the button.

Advanced schedule: Syncs based on the schedule you set. Click the Schedule Plan

button to specify when to run sync tasks.

7. Click Apply. Now you can see the sync task on the task list. The system will automatically

run tasks according to the specified schedule.

Manage sync tasks

Sign in to the source Synology NAS and refer to the following steps to manage sync tasks:

1. Go to Control Panel > Shared Folder Sync and click the Task List button.

2. Select a task in the Task List window and do the following:

Click the Edit button to edit tasks.

Click the Delete button to delete tasks.

If a sync task is not in progress, please click the Sync Now button to perform the task

right away.

If a sync task is in progress, please click the Cancel button to stop the ongoing task.

When running sync tasks for the first time, Shared Folder Sync will run Full Sync. After

this first sync task is complete, only modified parts will be synced. You can click Full Sync

to manually sync all data again.

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Note:

If the schedule for a sync task is set as Run sync on modification, clicking Cancel would stop the ongoing sync task. However, if any changes are made to any shared folders included in the sync task, Shared Folder Sync would resume the task.

Please do not use Synology Drive, Cloud Station Server, and Cloud Sync to run backup since its sync feature may corrupt data.

If the MailPlus shared folder already exists in the destination, the folder will be renamed as MailPlus_1 after the backup is complete.

If you would like to use data from MailPlus_1, please manually move data to the MailPlus shared folder.

To prevent account errors, please connect the destination to the same directory server as the one used for the source (e.g., LDAP server or Windows Active Directory domain).

Restore system configuration, mailbox, and email

The system configuration, mailboxes, and emails are stored in the local shared folder on the

destination Synology NAS. Please refer to the following steps to restore system configuration,

mailboxes, and emails:

1. Before you start, perform the following on the Synology NAS that's going to be restored:

Stop the Synology MailPlus Server and Synology MailPlus at the Package Center.

Rename the "MailPlus" shared folder to avoid errors that could be caused by existing

naming.

2. Launch Hyper Backup.

3. Restore the backed-up configuration from the local shared folder. For more information,

please refer to this help article.

4. After the restoration, the current MailPlus Server configuration will be overwritten.

5. The backed-up mailboxes and emails do not require restoration. They can be used

immediately.

Note:

Currently, the backup and restore feature is compatible with MailPlus Server 1.0-164 (and above) running on DSM 6.0 (and above).

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Chapter 12: MailPlus Navigation

MailPlus provides client users with an easy-to-use webmail service for viewing, managing, and

sending emails. For detailed information on the MailPlus setup, please refer to the Set up MailPlus Client section.

This chapter will guide you through MailPlus configuration and interface navigation. For

detailed instructions, please refer to the help articles.

Basic Operations

By default, you will see your Mailbox after you sign in.

Access and manage emails

You can perform the followings actions in Mailbox:

Compose an email: Click the Compose button in the upper-left corner to start drafting an

email. MailPlus will auto-save email drafts. You can close the Compose window at any time

and open it again from the Draft box to resume writing.

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Reply to an email: There are three ways to reply to an email in MailPlus:

Reply: Click Reply to reply to the sender.

Reply all: Click Reply all to reply to all recipients (including CC recipients) at once.

Forward: Click Forward if you want to send an email to someone other than original

recipients.

Organize emails by mailbox: You can create multiple mailboxes according to your needs.

Hover the cursor over Mailbox in the upper-left corner and you will see a plus icon (+)

appearing next to it. Click the plus icon (+) to add a new mailbox.

Manage emails by label: You can customize labels to categorize your emails. Hover the

cursor over Label on the left panel and you will see a plus icon (+) appearing next to it. Click

the plus icon (+) to add a new label. Choose the parent label, enter a name, and select a label

color for easy identification.

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Advanced Settings

MailPlus allows client users to customize their webmail layout, auto-reply/forward messages,

mailbox settings, and even protocols (e.g., SMTP and OpenPGP) used for mail delivery. General

settings applied to all users can be managed by MailPlus administrators in Synology MailPlus

Server. Contacts and its related settings can be found in the App Launcher.

In this chapter, we will guide you through the configuration of SMTP, OpenPGP, and Blacklist/ Whitelist. If you need detailed instructions on other settings, please refer to this help article.

Click your account name in the upper-right corner and click Settings from the drop-down

menu to start configuring your MailPlus.

Add additional SMTP servers

MailPlus supports multiple SMTP servers used for mail delivery. With no extra SMTP servers

added, MailPlus Server will be automatically set as the default SMTP server to deliver all

emails. No settings can be edited except for the Sender name.

Users may add other SMTP servers to send emails in MailPlus. For example, you can add

Google's SMTP server to send emails via your Google account in MailPlus. Please follow the

steps below to add an SMTP server:

1. Go to Settings > SMTP.

2. Fill in the following information:

SMTP server: Find the SMTP server from the help articles or tutorials of your mail service

provider.

SMTP port: The port number will be automatically updated to the required value for

SMTP connections over SSL/TLS. By default, port 465 is for SMTP connections over

SSL, and port 587 is for SMTP connections over TLS. If you tick none of the SSL and TLS

checkboxes, the standard port used for SMTP connections is 25.

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Authentication required: Tick the checkbox if your SMTP server requires authentication.

Username: Enter your email address.

Password: Enter your email password.

Secure connection (TLS) required: Tick the checkbox to secure connections with TLS

certificates.

Secure connection (SSL) required: Tick the checkbox to secure connections with SSL

certificates.

Sender email: Enter your email address. Please note that if it does not match the email

address entered in Username, your emails may be marked as spam.

Sender name: Enter a sender name (also called ''from'' name) that can help the recipients

recognize you.

3. Click OK to save the settings.

4. Now you should see the newly added SMTP server account appear on the list.

You can click the buttons on the upper toolbar to edit, delete the server, or set it as the

default SMTP server.

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When composing an email, you can switch between SMTP servers in the From: field.

Encrypt emails via OpenPGP

OpenPGP (Pretty Good Privacy) is a key-based encryption technology used for email

encryption. OpenPGP encrypts emails so that only intended recipients can access email

content. In this way, sensitive email communication and transmitted data can be well-

protected from privacy attacks.

Generate OpenPGP keys

1. Tick Enable OpenPGP and click the Key Management button.

2. Click Generate to generate a new OpenPGP key pair.

Name: Enter a name you like.

Email: Enter your MailPlus account.

Passphrase: Enter a passphrase that is used to encrypt and decrypt the private key.

3. Click OK to generate a pair of public and private keys.

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Manage OpenPGP keys

Public key: Click the Export button to export the public key and give it to senders who

should encrypt emails for you.

Private key: Keep the private key to yourself because it is used to decrypt emails sent to

you.

If you need to send others encrypted emails, please click the Import button to import their

public keys from files or text input.

Manage Blacklist/Whitelist

You can create a personal blacklist and whitelist to block or allow specific email addresses/

domains in the Blacklist/Whitelist page. You can block email addresses or domains that are

persistently sending spam by adding them to the Blacklist. Similarly, if you notice legitimate

emails being blocked, you can add the email addresses or domain names to the Whitelist.

Add Email Address or Domain Name 1. Click on Add to add a new entry to your blacklist/whitelist.

2. Specify the email address or domain name and click OK to save the settings.

3. Now you should see the newly added email address or domain name appear on the list.

Delete Existing Email Address or Domain Name

1. Click on the email address or domain name you want to remove, then click Delete.

2. Click Yes to confirm or No to cancel.

Edit Existing Email Address or Domain Name

1. Click on the email address or domain name you want to edit, then click Edit.

2. Make the changes you want, then click Ok.

3. The email address or domain name is now removed from your list.

147

Chapter 12: MailPlus Navigation

synology.com

SYNOLOGY INC.

9F, No. 1, Yuandong Rd. Banqiao Dist., New Taipei City 220545

Taiwan Tel: +886 2 2955 1814

SYNOLOGY AMERICA CORP.

3535 Factoria Blvd SE, Suite #200, Bellevue, WA 98006

USA Tel: +1 425 818 1587

SYNOLOGY FRANCE

102 Terrasse Boieldieu (TOUR W) 92800 Puteaux

France Tel: +33 147 176288

SYNOLOGY GMBH

Grafenberger Allee 295 40237 Dsseldorf

Deutschland Tel: +49 211 9666 9666

SYNOLOGY SHANGHAI

200070, Room 201, No. 511 Tianmu W. Rd., Jingan Dist., Shanghai,

China

SYNOLOGY UK LTD.

Unit 5 Danbury Court, Linford Wood, Milton Keynes, MK14 6PL

United Kingdom Tel.: +44 (0)1908048029

Synology may make changes to specifications and product descriptions at any time, without notice. Copyright 2020 Synology Inc. All rights reserved. Synology and other names of Synology Products are proprietary marks or registered trademarks

Manualsnet FAQs

If you want to find out how the DS1513+ Synology works, you can view and download the Synology NAS DS1513+ v3 Administrator's Guide on the Manualsnet website.

Yes, we have the Administrator's Guide for Synology DS1513+ as well as other Synology manuals. All you need to do is to use our search bar and find the user manual that you are looking for.

The Administrator's Guide should include all the details that are needed to use a Synology DS1513+. Full manuals and user guide PDFs can be downloaded from Manualsnet.com.

The best way to navigate the Synology NAS DS1513+ v3 Administrator's Guide is by checking the Table of Contents at the top of the page where available. This allows you to navigate a manual by jumping to the section you are looking for.

This Synology NAS DS1513+ v3 Administrator's Guide consists of sections like Table of Contents, to name a few. For easier navigation, use the Table of Contents in the upper left corner.

You can download Synology NAS DS1513+ v3 Administrator's Guide free of charge simply by clicking the “download” button in the upper right corner of any manuals page. This feature allows you to download any manual in a couple of seconds and is generally in PDF format. You can also save a manual for later by adding it to your saved documents in the user profile.

To be able to print Synology NAS DS1513+ v3 Administrator's Guide, simply download the document to your computer. Once downloaded, open the PDF file and print the Synology NAS DS1513+ v3 Administrator's Guide as you would any other document. This can usually be achieved by clicking on “File” and then “Print” from the menu bar.