Contents

Subaru Baja Base 2003 Owner's Manual PDF

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Summary of Content for Subaru Baja Base 2003 Owner's Manual PDF

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and are registered trademarks of FUJI HEAVY INDUSTRIES, LTD.

copyright 2002 FUJI HEAVY INDUSTRIES LTD.

Foreword

Congratulations on choosing a SUBARU vehicle. This Owners Manual has all the information necessary to keep your SUBARU in excellent condition and to properly maintain the emission control system for minimizing emission pollutants. We urge you to read this manual carefully so that you may understand your vehicle and its operation. For information not found in this Owners Manual, such as details concerning repairs or adjustments, please contact the dealer from whom you purchased your SUBARU or the nearest SUBARU dealer.

The information, specifications and illustrations found in this manu- al are those in effect at the time of printing. FUJI HEAVY INDUS- TRIES LTD. reserves the right to change specifications and designs at any time without prior notice and without incurring any obligation to make the same or similar changes on vehicles previously sold. This Owners Manual applies to all models and covers all equip- ment, including factory installed options. Some explanations, there- fore may be for equipment not installed in your vehicle.

Please leave this manual in the vehicle at the time of resale. The next owner will need the information found herein.

FUJI HEAVY INDUSTRIES LTD., TOKYO, JAPAN

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HBF046AA

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Warranties

Warranties for U.S.A. All SUBARU vehicles distributed by Subaru of America, Inc. and sold at retail by an authorized SUBARU dealer in the United States come with the following warranties:

SUBARU Limited Warranty Emission Control Systems Warranty Emissions Performance Warranty

All warranty information, including details of coverage and exclusions, is in the Warranty and Maintenance Booklet. Please read these war- ranties carefully.

Warranties for Canada All SUBARU vehicles distributed by Subaru Canada, Inc. and sold at retail by an authorized SUBARU dealer in Canada come with the fol- lowing warranties:

SUBARU Limited Warranty Anti-Corrosion Warranty Emission Control Warranty

All warranty information, including details of coverage and exclusions, is in the Warranty and Service Booklet. Please read these warranties carefully.

NOTE This vehicle does not contain mercury devices or parts.

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How to use this owners manual

Using your Owners manual Before you operate your vehicle, carefully read this manual. To protect yourself and extend the service life of your vehicle, follow the instructions in this manual. Failure to observe these instructions may result in serious injury and damage to your vehicle.

This manual is composed of fourteen chapters. Each chapter begins with a brief table of contents, so you can usually tell at a glance if that chapter contains the information you want.

Chapter 1: Seat, seatbelt and SRS airbags This chapter informs you how to use the seat and seatbelt and contains precautions for the SRS airbags. Chapter 2: Keys and doors This chapter informs you how to operate the keys, locks and windows. Chapter 3: Instruments and controls This chapter informs you about the operation of instrument panel indica- tors and how to use the instruments and other switches. Chapter 4: Climate control This chapter informs you how to operate the climate control. Chapter 5: Audio This chapter informs you how to operate your audio system. Chapter 6: Interior and exterior equipments This chapter informs you how to operate interior and exterior equipments. Chapter 7: Starting and operating This chapter informs you how to start and operate your SUBARU. Chapter 8: Driving tips This chapter informs you how to drive your SUBARU in various condi- tions and explains some safety tips on driving. Chapter 9: In case of emergency This chapter informs you what to do if you have a problem while driving, such as a flat tire or engine overheating. Chapter 10: Appearance care This chapter informs you how to keep your SUBARU looking good.

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Chapter 11: Maintenance and service This chapter informs you when you need to take your SUBARU to the dealer for scheduled maintenance and informs you how to keep your SUBARU running properly. Chapter 12: Specifications This chapter informs you about dimension and capacities of your SUBARU. Chapter 13: Consumer information and Reporting safety defects This chapter informs you about Uniform tire quality grading standards and Reporting safety defects. Chapter 14: Index This is an alphabetical listing of all thats in this manual. You can use it to quickly find something you want to read.

Safety warnings You will find a number of WARNINGs, CAUTIONs and NOTEs in this manual. These safety warnings alert you to potential hazards that could result in injury to you or others. Please read these safety warnings as well as all other portions of this manual carefully in order to gain a better understanding of how to use your SUBARU vehicle safely.

WARNING A WARNING indicates a situation in which serious injury or death could result if the warning is ignored.

CAUTION A CAUTION indicates a situation in which injury or damage to your vehicle, or both, could result if the caution is ignored.

NOTE A NOTE gives information or suggestions how to make better use of your vehicle.

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Safety symbol

HS0008

You will find a circle with a slash through it in this manual. This symbol means Do not, Do not do this, or Do not let this happen, depending upon the context.

Safety precautions when driving

SEATBELT AND SRS AIRBAG

WARNING All persons in the vehicle should fasten their seatbelts BE- FORE the vehicle starts to move. Otherwise, the possibility of se- rious injury becomes greater in the event of a sudden stop or ac- cident. To obtain maximum protection in the event of an accident, the driver and all passengers in the vehicle should always wear seat- belts when the vehicle is moving. The SRS (Supplemental Restraint System) airbag does not do away with the need to fas- ten seatbelts. In combination with the seatbelts, it offers the best combined protection in case of a serious accident. Not wearing a seatbelt increases the chance of severe injury or death in a crash even when the car has the SRS airbag. The SRS airbags deploy with considerable speed and force. Occupants who are out of proper position when the SRS airbag

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deploys could suffer very serious injuries. Because the SRS air- bag needs enough space for deployment, the driver should al- ways sit upright and well back in the seat as far from the steering wheel as practical while still maintaining full vehicle control and the front passenger should move the seat as far back as possible and sit upright and well back in the seat.

Carefully read the sections Seat, seatbelts and SRS airbag in chapter 1 of this owners manual for instructions and precautions concerning the seatbelt system and SRS airbag system.

CHILD SAFETY

WARNING Never hold a child on your lap or in your arms while the ve- hicle is moving. The passenger cannot protect the child from in- jury in a collision, because the child will be caught between the passenger and objects inside the vehicle. While riding in the vehicle, infants and small children should always be placed in the REAR seat in an infant or child restraint system which is appropriate for the childs age, height and weight. If a child is too big for a child restraint system, the child should sit in the REAR seat and be restrained using the seatbelts. According to accident statistics, children are safer when properly restrained in the rear seating positions than in the front seating positions. Never allow a child to stand up or kneel on the seat. Put children aged 12 and under in the REAR seat properly re- strained at all times in a child restraint device or in a seatbelt. The SRS airbag deploys with considerable speed and force and can injure or even kill children, especially if they are 12 years of age and under and are not restrained or improperly restrained. Be- cause children are lighter and weaker than adults, their risk being injured from deployment is greater. NEVER INSTALL A REARWARD FACING CHILD SAFETY SEAT IN THE FRONT SEAT. DOING SO RISKS SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH TO THE CHILD BY PLACING THE CHILDS HEAD TOO

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CLOSE TO THE SRS AIRBAG. Always use the child safety locks whenever a child rides in the rear seat. Serious injury could result if a child accidentally opened the door and fell out. Refer to the Door locks section in chapter 2. Always lock the passengers windows using the lock switch when children are riding in the vehicle. Failure to follow this pro- cedure could result in injury to a child operating the power win- dow. Refer to the Power windows section in chapter 2. Never leave unattended children in the vehicle. They could ac- cidentally injure themselves or others through inadvertent opera- tion of the vehicle. Also, on hot or sunny days, temperature in a closed vehicle could quickly become high enough to cause se- vere or possibly fatal injuries to them.

Carefully read the sections Child restraint systems, SRS airbag, and Seatbelts in chapter 1 of this owners manual for instructions and pre- cautions concerning the child restraint system, seatbelt system and SRS airbag system.

ENGINE EXHAUST GAS (CARBON MONOXIDE)

WARNING Never inhale engine exhaust gas. Engine exhaust gas contains carbon monoxide, a colorless and odorless gas which is danger- ous, or even lethal, if inhaled. Always properly maintain the engine exhaust system to pre- vent engine exhaust gas from entering the vehicle. Never run the engine in a closed space, such as a garage, ex- cept for the brief time needed to drive the vehicle in or out of it. Avoid remaining in a parked vehicle for a lengthy time while the engine is running. If that is unavoidable, then use the ventila- tion fan to force fresh air into the vehicle. Always keep the front ventilator inlet grille free from snow, leaves or other obstructions to ensure that the ventilation system always works properly.

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If at any time you suspect that exhaust fumes are entering the vehicle, have the problem checked and corrected as soon as pos- sible. If you must drive under these conditions, drive only with all windows fully open.

DRINKING AND DRIVING

WARNING Drinking and then driving is very dangerous. Alcohol in the bloodstream delays your reaction and impairs your perception, judgment and attentiveness. If you drive after drinking even if you drink just a little it will increase the risk of being involved in a serious or fatal accident, injuring or killing yourself, your pas- sengers and others. In addition, if you are injured in the accident, alcohol may increase the severity of that injury. Please dont drink and drive.

Drunken driving is one of the most frequent causes of accidents. Since alcohol affects all people differently, you may have consumed too much alcohol to drive safely even if the level of alcohol in your blood is below the legal limit. The safest thing you can do is never drink and drive. How- ever if you have no choice but to drive, stop drinking and sober up com- pletely before getting behind the wheel.

DRUGS AND DRIVING

WARNING There are some drugs (over the counter and prescription) that can delay your reaction time and impair your perception, judg- ment and attentiveness. If you drive after taking them, it may in- crease your, your passengers and other persons risk of being involved in a serious or fatal accident.

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If you are taking any drugs, check with your doctor or pharmacist or read the literature that accompanies the medication to determine if the drug you are taking can impair your driving ability. Do not drive after taking any medications that can make you drowsy or otherwise affect your abil- ity to safely operate a motor vehicle. If you have a medical condition that requires you to take drugs, please consult with your doctor.

Never drive if you are under the influence of any illicit mind-altering drugs. For your own health and well-being, we urge you not to take ille- gal drugs in the first place and to seek treatment if you are addicted to those drugs.

DRIVING WHEN TIRED OR SLEEPY

WARNING When you are tired or sleepy, your reaction will be delayed and your perception, judgment and attentiveness will be impaired. If you drive when tired or sleepy, your, your passengers and other persons chances of being involved in a serious accident may in- crease.

Please do not continue to drive but instead find a safe place to rest if you are tired or sleepy. On long trips, you should make periodic rest stops to refresh yourself before continuing on your journey. When possible, you should share the driving with others.

CAR/MOBILE PHONES AND DRIVING

CAUTION Do not use a hand-held phone while driving; it may distract your attention from driving and can lead to an accident. If you use a hand-held phone, pull off the road and park in the safe place be- fore using your phone. In some States/Provinces, only hands-free phones may legally be used while driving.

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MODIFICATION OF YOUR VEHICLE

CAUTION Your vehicle should not be modified. Modification could affect its performance, safety or durability, and may even violate govern- mental regulations. In addition, damage or performance problems resulting from modification may not be covered under warranties.

DRIVING WITH PETS Unrestrained pets can interfere with your driving and distract your atten- tion from driving. In a collision or sudden stop, unrestrained pets or cages can be thrown around inside the vehicle and hurt you or your pas- sengers. Besides, the pets can be hurt under these situations. It is also for their own safety that pets should be properly restrained in your vehicle. Restrain a pet with a special traveling harness which can be se- cured to the rear seat with a seatbelt or use a pet carrier which can be secured to the rear seat by routing a seatbelt through the carriers han- dle. Never restrain pets or pet carriers in the front passengers seat. For further information, consult your veterinarian, local animal protection so- ciety or pet shop.

TIRE PRESSURES

WARNING Driving at high speeds with excessively low tire pressures can cause the tires to deform severely and to rapidly become hot. A sharp increase in temperature could cause tread separation, and destruction of the tires. The resulting loss of vehicle control could lead to an accident.

Check and, if necessary, adjust the pressure of each tire (including the spare) at least once a month and before any long journey.

Check the tire pressure when the tires are cold. Use a pressure gauge to adjust the tire pressures to the values shown on the tire placard.

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Refer to the Tires and wheels section in chapter 11 for detailed information.

CALIFORNIA PROPOSITION 65 WARNING

WARNING Engine exhaust, some of its constituents, and certain vehicle components contain or emit chemicals known to the State of California to cause cancer and birth defects or other reproductive harm.

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Seat, seatbelt and SRS airbags

Keys and doors

Instruments and controls

Climate control

2

3

4

Audio

Interior and exterior equipments

Starting and operating

In case of emergency

5

6

7

9

Appearance care

Maintenance and service

Specifications

Consumer information and Reporting safety defects 13

Index 14

10

11

12

1

Driving tips 8

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Table of contents

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Illustrated index

Exterior

HBF047BB

1 Hood lock release (page 11-5)

2 Headlight switch (page 3-17) 3 Bulb replacement

(page 11-54) 4 Wiper switch (page 3-24) 5 Moonroof (page 2-30) 6 Roof rail (page 6-23)

7 Door locks (page 2-3) 8 Tire pressure (page 11-37) 9 Flat tires (page 9-11) Q Tire chains (page 8-14) W Fog light switch (page 3-22) E Tie-down hooks (page 9-22) R Towing hook (page 9-22)

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HBF048BB

1 Rear window defogger switch (page 3-26)

2 Fuel filler lid (page 7-4) 3 Child safety locks (page 2-20) 4 Towing hook (page 9-22) 5 Tailgate (page 2-23)

6 Tie-down hooks (page 9-22) 7 Bulb replacement

(page 11-52) 8 Licence plate bracket (page

2-24)

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Interior

Passenger compartment area

1 Lower anchorage for child restraint system (page 2-20)

2 Seatbelt (page 1-14)

3 Parking brake lever (page 7-26)

4 Front seat (page 1-2) 5 Rear seat (page 1-8)

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1 Moonroof (page 2-30) 2 Interior lights (page 6-2) 3 Sun visors (page 6-3)

4 Map light (page 6-3) 5 Inside mirror (page 3-28)

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HBF051BB

1 Cup holder (page 6-7) 2 Center console (page 6-5) 3 Glove box (page 6-5) 4 Cigarette lighter (page 6-9)

5 Ashtray (page 6-12) 6 Rear center console

(page 6-6)

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Cargo bed/spare tire/jack

1 Cargo lamp (page 6-20) 2 Cargo tie-down hooks

(page 6-16) 3 Temporary spare tire

(page 9-9)

4 Switchback door (page 2-26) 5 Jack/Maintenance tools

(page 9-3) 6 Cargo bed extender

(page 6-17)

HBF052BB

HBF053BB

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Instrument panel

HBF021BB

1 Door locks (page 2-3) 2 Outside mirror (page 3-30) 3 Light control lever (page 3-17) 4 Combination meter (page 3-7) 5 Wiper control lever

(page 3-22) 6 Hazard warning flasher switch

(page 3-6) 7 Climate control (page 4-1) 8 Gear shift lever (MT)

(page 7-11)/Selector lever (AT) (page 7-14)

9 Audio (page 5-1) Q Cruise control (page 7-28) W Horn (page 3-33) E SRS airbag (page 1-39) R Tilt steering (page 3-32) T Fuse box (page 11-49) Y Hood lock release

(page 11-5) U Power door locking switch

(page 2-21) I Power window (page 2-21)

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Light control and wiper control levers/switches

HBF023CB

1 Parking light switch (page 3-21)

2 Windshield wiper (page 3-22) 3 Mist (page 3-24) 4 Windshield washer

(page 3-24) 5 Wiper control lever

(page 3-24) 6 Illumination brightness

control (page 3-20)

7 Light control lever (page 3-17)

8 Headlight ON/OFF (page 3-17)

9 Headlight flasher High/Low beam change (page 3-17)

Q Turn signal (for lane change) (page 3-19)

W Turn signal (page 3-19)

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Combination meter

Overview

HBF054BB

1 SRS airbag system warning light (page 3-10)

2 Brake system warning light (page 3-14)

3 Seatbelt warning light (page 3-10) 4 Turn signal indicator light (page

3-16) 5 Door ajar warning light

(page 3-15) 6 High beam indicator light

(page 3-16) 7 CHECK ENGINE warning light/

Malfunction indicator lamp (page 3-11)

8 Charge warning light (page 3-12) 9 OIL pressure warning light

(page 3-12) Q AT OIL temperature warning light

(page 3-13) W Front-wheel drive warning light

(page 3-15)

E Temperature gauge (page 3-9) R Clock setting knob (page 3-17) T Clock (page 3-17) Y Outside temperature indicator

(page 3-8) U Tachometer (page 3-8) I Switchback door indicator (page

3-15) O Security system indicator lamp

(page 3-16) P Shift position indicator (page 3-16) A Cargo lamp indicator (page 3-16) S Trip meter A/B selection and trip

meter reset knob (page 3-7) D Trip meter (page 3-7) F Odometer (page 3-7) G Speedometer (page 3-7) H Low fuel warning light (page 3-15) J Fuel gauge (page 3-9) K ABS warning light (page 3-13)

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Warning and indicator light

Mark Name Page

Seatbelt warning light 3-10

AIRBAG SRS airbag system warning light 3-10

CHECK ENGINE warning light/ Malfunction indicator lamp 3-11

Charge warning light 3-12

Oil pressure warning light 3-12

AT OIL temperature warning light (if equipped) 3-13

or ABS warning light 3-13

or Brake system warning light 3-14

Door ajar warning light 3-15

Low fuel warning light 3-15

Front-wheel drive warning light (if equipped) 3-15

Switchback door indicator 3-15

Security system indicator light (if equipped) 3-16

Cargo lamp indicator 3-16

Turn signal indicator lights 3-16

High beam indicator light 3-16

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Seat, seatbelt and SRS airbags

Front seats 1-2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Seat heater (if equipped) 1-7. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Rear seats 1-8. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Rear headrest 1-10. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Folding down the rear seat 1-10. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Seatbelts 1-14. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Seatbelt safety tips 1-14. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Emergency Locking Retractor (ELR) 1-16. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Automatic/Emergency Locking Retractor (A/ELR) 1-16. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Seatbelt warning light and chime 1-16. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Fastening the seatbelt 1-17. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Seatbelt maintenance 1-21. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Front seatbelt pretensioners 1-22. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Child restraint systems 1-26. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

SRS airbag (Supplemental Restraint System airbag) 1-39. . . . . . . .

Vehicle with drivers and front passengers SRS airbags and lap/shoulder restraints 1-39. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

SRS frontal airbag 1-43. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

SRS airbag system monitors 1-50. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

SRS airbag system servicing 1-51. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Precautions against vehicle modification 1-52. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Front seats

WARNING Never adjust the seat while driving to avoid the possibility of loss of vehicle control and of personal injury. Never drive the vehicle with the head restraints removed be- cause they are designed to reduce the risk of serious neck injury in the event that the vehicle is struck from the rear. Before adjusting the seat, make sure the hands and feet of rear seat passengers are clear of the adjusting mechanism. Seatbelts provide maximum restraint when the occupant sits well back and upright in the seat. To reduce the risk of sliding un- der the seatbelt in a collision, the front seatbacks should be al- ways used in the upright position while the vehicle is running. If the front seatbacks are not used in the upright position in a colli- sion, the risk of sliding under the lap belt and of the lap belt slid- ing up over the abdomen will increase, and both can result in se- rious internal injury or death. Do not put cushions or any other materials between occupants and seatbacks or seat cushions. If you do so, the risk of sliding under the lap belt and of the lap belt sliding up over the abdomen will increase, and both can result in serious internal injury or death. The SRS airbags deploy with considerable speed and force. Occupants who are out of proper position when the SRS airbag deploys could suffer very serious injuries. Because the SRS air- bag needs enough space for deployment, the driver should al- ways sit upright and well back in the seat as far from the steering wheel as practical while still maintaining full vehicle control and the front passenger should move the seat as far back as possible and sit upright and well back in the seat. Put children aged 12 and under in the rear seat properly re- strained at all times. The SRS airbag deploys with considerable speed and force and can injure or even kill children, especially if they are 12 years of age and under and are not restrained or im- properly restrained. Because children are lighter and weaker than

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Seat, seatbelt and SRS airbags

1-3 CONTINUED

adults, their risk of being injured from deployment is greater. For that reason, we strongly recommend that ALL children (including those in child seats and those that have outgrown child restraint devices) sit in the REAR seat properly restrained at all times in a child restraint device or in a seatbelt, whichever is appropriate for the childs age, height and weight. Secure ALL types of child restraint devices (including forward fac- ing child seat) in the REAR seats at all times. NEVER INSTALL A REARWARD FACING CHILD SEAT IN THE FRONT SEAT. DOING SO RISKS SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH TO THE CHILD BY PLACING THE CHILDS HEAD TOO CLOSE TO THE SRS AIRBAG. According to accident statistics, children are safer when properly restrained in the rear seating positions than in the front seating positions. For instructions and precautions concerning child re- straint systems, see the Child restraint systems section in this chapter.

HB0290HS0233

Adjust the seatback to upright position. Sit well back and upright.

Move the seat as far from the steering wheel as practical.

Adjust the seatback to upright position. Sit well back and upright.

Move the seat as far back as possible.

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HS0247HB0291

Put children in the rearseat properly restrained at all times.

Do not recline the seatback while vehicle is moving.

Fore and aft adjustment

n Drivers seat (Power seat)

HB1060BA

To adjust the seat forward or backward, move the control switch for- ward or backward.

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Seat, seatbelt and SRS airbags

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n Front passengers seat (Manual type)

HB1058BA

Pull the lever upward and slide the seat to the desired position. Then release the lever and move the seatback and forth to make sure that it is securely locked into place.

Seat cushion angle and height adjustment (Drivers seat only)

HB1062BAHB1078BA

To adjust the angle and height of the seat cushion, move the control switch in the corresponding direction.

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Reclining the seatback

HB1072BA

Pull the reclining lever up and adjust the seatback to the desired posi- tion. Then release the lever and make sure the seat is securely locked into place. The seatback placed in a reclined position can spring back upward with force when released. When operating the reclining lever to return the seatback, hold it lightly so that it may be raised back gradually.

Head restraint adjustment

HB1016BA

To raise the head restraint, pull it up. To lower it, push the head restraint down while pressing the release button on the top of the seatback. The head restraint should be adjusted so that the center of the head restraint is closest to the top of the occupants ears.

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Seat, seatbelt and SRS airbags

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Lumbar support

HB1059BA

Pull the lever forward or backward. Pulling the lever forward will increase the amount of support for your lower back.

Seat heater (if equipped)

CAUTION Use of the seat heater for a long period of time while the engine is not running can cause battery discharge. Do not put anything on the seat which insulates against heat, such as a blanket, cushion, or similar items. This may cause the seat heater to overheat. When cleaning the seat, do not use benzine, paint thinner, or any similar materials.

The seat heater operates when the ignition switch is either in the ACC or ON position.

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HB1073BBHB1093BB

To turn on the seat heater, push the LO or HI position on the switch, as desired, depending on the temperature. Selecting the HI position will make the seat to heat up quickly. LO: Normal heating HI: Rapid heating The indicator located on the switch comes on when the seat heater is in operation. When the vehicles interior is warmed enough or before you leave the vehicle, be sure to turn the switch off.

Rear seats

WARNING Seatbelts provide maximum restraint when the occupant sits well back and upright in the seat. Do not put cushions or any other materials between occupants and seatbacks or seat cushions. If you do so, the risk of sliding under the lap belt and of the lap belt sliding up over the abdomen will increase, and both can result in serious internal injury or death. Never allow passengers to ride on the folded rear seatback. Doing so many result in serious injury or death. Never stack luggage or other cargo higher than the top of the seatback because it could tumble forward and injure passengers in the event of a sudden stop or accident.

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To avoid the possibility of serious injury or death, passengers must never be allowed to sit on the rear center console while the vehicle is in motion. The rear seat of this vehicle is designed for no more than two passengers and is equipped with only two seat- belts. Make sure that the rear seatback is securely locked. When it is securely locked, the red marking on the lock is no longer visible. If it is not locked, the seatback may move forward when the ve- hicle is operated. Secure skis and other lengthy items properly to prevent them from being thrown around inside the vehicle and causing serious injury during a sudden stop, a sudden steering or a rapid accel- eration.

HB0302

Sit well back and upright.

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Rear headrest

HB1153AA

Rear headrest are hot adjustable, nor removable.

Folding down the rear seat

WARNING After returning the rear seat to its original position, be certain to place all of the seatbelts and the tab attached to the seat cush- ion above the seat cushion. And make certain that the shoulder belts are fully visible. Make sure that the rear seatback is securely locked after returning the seatback to its original position. When securely locked, the red marking on the lock is no longer visible. If it is not locked securely, the rear seatback may fold down during driving.

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Folding down the seatback

HB1110BAHB1109BB

1. Unlock the seatback by pulling the release knob up and then fold the seatback down.

Folding down the seat cushion and seatback 1. Move the front seat forward. 2. Store the seatbelts in the seatbelt pockets to prevent them from fal- ling below the cushion.

HB1111BA

3. Raise the seat cushion by pulling up the tab.

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HB1112BAHB1109CA

4. Unlock the seatback by pulling the release knob up and fold the seatback down. Confirm that the pin located at the bottom of the seat cushion is inserted into the slot at the top of the seatback.

CAUTION Be careful not to pinch your hand or fingers with the seat cushion or the seatback when performing the fold down operation.

HB1113BAHB1112CB

CAUTION Confirm that the rear seatbelts are stored in the seatbelt pocket prior to returning the seat cushion to its original position.

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5. To return the rear seat to its original position, raise the seatback and seat cushion until they lock into place and make sure that they are securely locked. Make sure that the rear seatbelt buckles are not under the seat cush- ion or seatback, when returning the seat cushion and the seatback to their original position.

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Seatbelts

Seatbelt safety tips

WARNING All persons in the vehicle should fasten their seatbelts BE- FORE the vehicle starts to move. Otherwise, the possibility of se- rious injury becomes greater in the event of a sudden stop or ac- cident. All belts should fit snugly in order to provide full restraint. Loose fitting belts are not as effective in preventing or reducing injury. Each seatbelt is designed to support only one person. Never use a single belt for two or more persons even children. Other- wise, in an accident, serious injury or death could result. Replace all seatbelt assemblies including retractors and at- taching hardware worn by occupants of a vehicle that has been in a serious accident. The entire assembly should be replaced even if damage is not obvious. Put children aged 12 and under in the rear seat properly re- strained at all times. The SRS airbag deploys with considerable speed and force and can injure or even kill children, especially if they are 12 years of age and under and are not restrained or im- properly restrained. Because children are lighter and weaker than adults, their risk of being injured from deployment is greater. For that reason, we strongly recommend that ALL children (including those in child seats and those that have outgrown child restraint devices) sit in the REAR seat properly restrained at all times in a child restraint device or in a seatbelt, whichever is appropriate for the childs height and weight. Secure ALL types of child restraint devices (including forward facing child seats) in the REAR seats at all times. NEVER INSTALL A REARWARD FACING CHILD SEAT IN THE FRONT SEAT. DOING SO RISKS SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH TO THE CHILD BY PLACING THE CHILDS HEAD TOO CLOSE TO THE SRS AIRBAG.

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According to accident statistics, children are safer when properly restrained in the rear seating positions than in the front seating positions. For instructions and precautions concerning the child restraint system, see the Child restraint systems section in this chapter.

Infants or small children Use a child restraint system that is suitable for your vehicle. See in- formation on Child restraint systems in this chapter.

Children If a child is too big for a child restraint system, the child should sit in the rear seat and be restrained using the seatbelts. According to ac- cident statistics, children are safer when properly restrained in the rear seating positions than in the front seating positions. Never allow a child to stand up or kneel on the seat.

If the shoulder portion of the belt crosses the face or neck, move the child closer to the belt buckle to help provide a good shoulder belt fit. Care must be taken to securely place the lap belt as low as possible on the hips and not on the childs waist. If the shoulder portion of the belt cannot be properly positioned, a child restraint system should be used. Never place the shoulder belt under the childs arm or behind the childs back.

Expectant mothers

HS1107AA

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Expectant mothers also need to use the seatbelts. They should con- sult their doctor for specific recommendations. The lap belt should be worn securely and as low as possible over the hips, not over the waist.

Emergency Locking Retractor (ELR) The drivers seatbelt has an Emergency Locking Retractor (ELR). The emergency locking retractor allows normal body movement but the retractor locks automatically during a sudden stop, impact or if you pull the belt very quickly out of the retractor.

Automatic/Emergency Locking Retractor (A/ELR) Each passengers seatbelt has an Automatic/Emergency Locking Re- tractor (A/ELR). The Automatic/Emergency Locking Retractor normally functions as an Emergency Locking Retractor (ELR). The A/ELR has an additional locking mode Automatic Locking Retractor (ALR) mode in- tended to secure a child restraint system. When the seatbelt is once drawn out completely and is then retracted even slightly, the retractor locks the seatbelt in that position and the seatbelt cannot be extended. As the belt is rewinding, clicks will be heard which indicate the retractor functions as ALR. When the seatbelt is retracted fully, ALR mode is re- leased.

When securing a child restraint system on the passengers seats, the seatbelt must be changed over to the Automatic Locking Retractor (ALR) mode. When the child restraint system is removed, make sure that the retractor is restored to the Emergency Locking Retractor (ELR) function by allow- ing the seatbelt to retract fully. For instructions on how to convert the retractor to the ALR mode and re- store it to the ELR mode, see the Child restraint systems section in this chapter.

Seatbelt warning light and chime Your vehicle is equipped with a seatbelt warning device at the drivers seat.

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This device causes the seatbelt warning light on the instrument panel to light up for about six seconds when the ignition switch is turned to the ON position to remind the driver to wear the seatbelt. If the drivers seatbelt is not fastened, a warning chime sounds at the same time.

Fastening the seatbelt

WARNING Never use a belt that is twisted or reversed. In an accident, this can increase the risk or severity of injury. Never place the shoulder belt under the arm or behind the back. If an accident occurs, this can increase the risk or severity of injury. Keep the lap belt as low as possible on your hips. In a colli- sion, this spreads the force of the lap belt over stronger hip bones instead of across the weaker abdomen. Seatbelts provide maximum restraint when the occupant sits well back and upright in the seat. To reduce the risk of sliding un- der the seatbelt in a collision, the front seatbacks should be al- ways used in the upright position while the vehicle is running. If the front seatbacks are not used in the upright position in a colli- sion, the risk of sliding under the lap belt and of the lap belt slid- ing up over the abdomen will increase, and both can result in se- rious internal injury or death. Do not put cushions or any other materials between occupants and seatbacks or seat cushions. If you do so, the risk of sliding under the lap belt and of the lap belt sliding up over the abdomen will increase, and both can result in serious internal injury or death.

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HS0231

Never place the shoulder belt under the arm or behind the back.

HS0230

Always wear the seatbelts correctly.

Adjust the seatback to upright position. Sit well back and upright.

CAUTION Metallic parts of the seatbelt can become very hot in a vehicle that has been closed up in sunny weather; they could burn an oc- cupant. Do not touch such hot parts until they cool.

Front seatbelts

OM-H0044OM-H0043

1. Adjust the seat position: Drivers seat: Adjust the seatback to the upright position. Move the seatback as far from the steering wheel as practical while still main- taining full vehicle control. Front passengers seat: Adjust the seatback to the upright position. Move the seat as far back as possible.

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2. Sit well back in the seat. 3. Pick up the tongue plate and pull the belt out slowly. Do not let it get twisted. If the belt stops before reaching the buckle, return the belt slightly and pull it out more slowly. If the belt still cannot be unlocked, let the belt retract slightly after giving it a strong pull, then pull it out slowly again. 4. Insert the tongue plate into the buckle until you hear a click. 5. To make the lap part tight, pull up on the shoulder belt. And place the lap belt as low as possible on your hips, not on your waist.

n Adjusting the front seat shoulder belt anchor height

WARNING When wearing the seatbelts, make sure the shoulder portion of the webbing does not pass over your neck. If it does, adjust the seatbelt anchor to a lower position. Placing the shoulder belt over the neck may result in neck injury during sudden braking or in a collision.

HB1029BB

The shoulder belt anchor height should be adjusted to the position best suited for you. To lower the anchor height, push the release but- ton and slide the anchor down. To raise the anchor height, slide the anchor up. Pull down on the anchor to make sure that it is locked in place.

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Always adjust the anchor height so that the shoulder belt passes over the middle of the shoulder without touching the neck.

n Unfastening the seatbelt

HB0303

Push

Push the button on the buckle.

Before closing the door, make sure that the belts are retracted prop- erly to avoid catching the belt webbing in the door.

Rear seatbelts

OM-H0044OM-H0043

1. Sit well back in the seat. 2. Pick up the tongue plate and pull the belt out slowly. Do not let it get twisted. If the belt stops before reaching the buckle, return the belt slightly and pull it out more slowly. If the belt still cannot be unlocked, let the belt retract slightly after giving a strong pull on it,

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then pull it out slowly again. 3. Insert the tongue plate into the buckle until you hear a click. 4. To make the lap part tight, pull up on the shoulder belt. And place the lap belt as low as possible on your hips, not on your waist.

n Unfastening the seatbelt

HB0303

Push

Push the button on the buckle.

Before closing the door, make sure that the belts are retracted prop- erly to avoid catching the belt webbing in the door.

Seatbelt maintenance

CAUTION Keep the belts free of polishes, oils, chemicals and particularly battery acid. Never attempt to make modifications or changes that will pre- vent the seatbelt from operating properly.

To clean the seatbelts, use a mild soap and lukewarm water. Never bleach or dye the belts because this could seriously affect their strength.

Inspect the seatbelts and attachments including the webbing and all hardware periodically for cracks, cuts, gashes, tears, damage, loose bolts or worn areas. Replace the seatbelts even if only minor damage is found.

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Front seatbelt pretensioners

WARNING To obtain maximum protection, occupants should sit in an up- right position with their seatbelts properly fastened. Refer to Seatbelts section in this chapter. Do not modify, remove or strike the front seatbelt retractor as- semblies or surrounding area. This could result in accidental ac- tivation of the seatbelt pretensioners or could make the system inoperative, possibly resulting in serious injury. Seatbelt preten- sioners have no user-serviceable parts. For required servicing of front seatbelt retractors equipped with seatbelt pretensioners, see your nearest SUBARU dealer. When discarding front seatbelt retractor assemblies or scrap- ping the entire car due to collision damage or for other reasons, consult your SUBARU dealer.

HB0373

Seatbelt retractor assembly (Pretensioner)

The drivers and front passengers seatbelts have a seatbelt preten- sioner. The seatbelt pretensioners are designed to be activated in the event of an accident involving a moderate to severe frontal collision.

The pretensioner sensor also serves as a SRS frontal airbag sensor. If the sensor detects a certain predetermined amount of force during a frontal collision, the front seatbelt is quickly drawn back in by the re- tractor to take up the slack so that the belt more effectively restrains

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the front seat occupant.

When a seatbelt pretensioner is activated, an operating noise will be heard and a small amount of smoke will be released. These occur- rences are normal and not harmful. This smoke does not indicate a fire in the vehicle.

Once the seatbelt pretensioner has been activated, the seatbelt re- tractor remains locked. Consequently, the seatbelt can not be pulled out and retracted and therefore must be replaced.

NOTE Seatbelt pretensioners are not designed to activate in minor frontal impacts, in side or rear impacts or in roll-over accidents. The drivers seat and passengers seat pretensioners and fron- tal airbag operate simultaneously. Pretensioners are designed to function on a one-time-only ba- sis. In the event that a pretensioner is activated, both the drivers and front passengers seatbelt retractor assemblies must be re- placed and only by an authorized SUBARU dealer. When replac- ing seatbelt retractor assemblies, use only genuine SUBARU parts. If either front seatbelt does not retract or cannot be pulled out due to a malfunction or activation of the pretensioner, contact your SUBARU dealer as soon as possible. If the front seatbelt retractor assembly or surrounding area has been damaged, contact your SUBARU dealer as soon as pos- sible. When you sell your vehicle, we urge you to explain to the buy- er that it has seatbelt pretensioners by alerting the buyer to the contents of this section.

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System monitors

HB4010EC

A diagnostic system continually monitors the readiness of the seatbelt pretensioner while the vehicle is being driven. The seatbelt preten- sioners share the control module with the airbag system. Therefore, if any malfunction occurs in a seatbelt pretensioner, the SRS airbag sys- tem warning light will illuminate. The SRS airbag system warning light will show normal system operation by lighting for about 6 seconds when the ignition key is turned to the ON position.

The following components are monitored by the indicator: Front sub sensor (Right hand side) Front sub sensor (Left hand side) Airbag control module (including impact sensors) Seatbelt pretensioner (Drivers side) Seatbelt pretensioner (Passengers side) All related wiring

In the event of a malfunction indicated by any of following, the vehicle should be taken promptly to your nearest SUBARU dealer to have the system checked. Unless checked and repaired, the seatbelt preten- sioners and airbags will not function reliably:

Flashing or flickering of the indicator light. No illumination of the warning light when the ignition switch is first turned to the ON position. Continuous illumination of the warning light. Illumination of the warning light while driving.

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System servicing

WARNING When discarding a seatbelt retractor assembly or scrapping the entire car damaged by a collision, consult your SUBARU deal- er. Tampering with or disconnecting the systems wiring could re- sult in accidental activation of the seatbelt pretensioner and/or airbag or could make the system inoperative, which may result in serious injury. The wiring harnesses of the seatbelt pretensioner and SRS airbag systems are covered with yellow insulation and the connectors of the system are yellow for easy identification. Do not use electrical test equipment on any circuit related to the seatbelt pretensioner and airbag systems. For required servicing of the seatbelt pretensioner, see your nearest SUBARU dealer.

CAUTION The front sub sensors are located in both front fenders and the airbag control module including the impact sensors is located under the center console. If you need service or repair in those areas or near the front seatbelt retractors, we recommend that you have an authorized SUBARU dealer perform the work.

NOTE If the front part of the vehicle is damaged in an accident to the extent that the seatbelt pretensioner does not operate, contact your SUBARU dealer as soon as possible.

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Precautions against vehicle modification

CAUTION Do not perform any of the following modifications. Such modifi- cations can interfere with proper operation of the seatbelt perten- sioners. Attachment of any equipment (bush bar, winches, snow plow, skid plate, etc.) other than SUBARU genuine accessory parts to the front end. Modification of the suspension system or front end structure. Installation of a tire of different size and construction from the tires specified on the tire placard attached to the door jamb.

Always consult your SUBARU dealer if you want to install any acces- sory parts to your vehicle.

Child restraint systems

WARNING Never let a passenger hold a child on his or her lap while the vehicle is moving. The passenger cannot protect the child from injury in a collision, because the child will be caught between the passenger and objects inside the vehicle. Additionally, holding a child in your lap or arms in the front seat exposes that child to another serious danger. Since the SRS airbag deploys with con- siderable speed and force, the child could be injured or even killed. Put children aged 12 and under in the rear seat properly re- strained at all times. The SRS airbag deploys with considerable speed and force and can injure or even kill children, especially if they are 12 years of age and under and are not restrained or im- properly restrained. Because children are lighter and weaker than adults, their risk of being injured from deployment is greater.

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For that reason, be sure to secure ALL types of child restraint devices (including forward facing child seats) in the REAR seats at all times. You should choose a restraint device which is appropriate for the childs age, height and weight. According to accident statistics, children are safer when properly restrained in the rear seating positions than in the front seating positions. SINCE YOUR VEHICLE IS EQUIPPED WITH A PASSENGERS SRS AIRBAG, DO NOT INSTALL A REARWARD FACING CHILD SAFETY SEAT IN THE FRONT PASSENGERS SEAT. DOING SO RISKS SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH TO THE CHILD BY PLACING THE CHILDS HEAD TOO CLOSE TO THE SRS AIRBAG. Children should be properly restrained in the rear seat at all times. Never allow a child to stand up, or to kneel on the front passengers seat. The SRS airbag deploys with considerable force and can injure or even kill the child.

HB0306

HB0308

HB0307

Never install rearward facing child safety seat in the front passen- gers seat.

Never allow a child to stand up, or to kneel on the front passengers seat or any other seat

Never hold a child on your lap or in your arms in the front passengers seat or any other seat.

HB1117BB

Secure child restraint devices in the REAR seat at all times.

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WARNING Child restraint systems and seatbelts can become hot in a ve- hicle that has been closed up in sunny weather; they could burn a small child. Check the child restraint system before you place a child in it. Do not leave an unsecured child restraint system in your vehi- cle. Unsecured child restraint systems can be thrown around in- side of the vehicle in a sudden stop, turn or accident; it can strike and injure vehicle occupants as well as result in serious injuries or death to the child.

Infants and small children should always be placed in an infant or child restraint system in the rear seat while riding in the vehicle. You should use an infant or child restraint system that meets Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards or Canada Motor Vehicle Safety Standards, is compat- ible with your vehicle and is appropriate for the childs age and size. All child restraint systems are designed to be secured in vehicle seats by lap belts or the lap belt portion of a lap/shoulder belt (except those cov- ered under the section in this manual, entitled Installation of child re- straint systems by use of lower and tether anchorages).

Children could be endangered in an accident if their child restraints are not properly secured in the vehicle. When installing the child restraint system, carefully follow the manufacturers instructions.

According to accident statistics, children are safer when properly re- strained in the rear seating positions than in the front seating positions.

All U.S. states and Canadian provinces require that infants and small children be restrained in an approved child restraint system at all times while the vehicle is moving.

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Installing child restraint systems with seatbelt and tether anchorages

HB1148BA

NOTE When the child restraint system is no longer in use, remove it and restore the ELR function of the retractor. The function is restored by retracting the seatbelt fully.

CAUTION When you install a child restraint system, follow the manufactur- ers instructions supplied with it. After installing the child re- straint system, check to ensure that it is held securely in posi- tion. If it is not held tight and secure, the danger of your child suffering personal injury in the event of an accident may be in- creased.

1. Set the child restraint system in the seating position on the rear seat cushion.

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HB1134BA

2. Pull the seatback locking knob and fold the seatback forward to see the tether anchorage on the backside of the seatback.

HB1144BA

3. Connect the tether belt hook onto the tether anchorage on the backside of the seatback. Take up any slack in the tether belt after connecting it to the tether anchorage.

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HB1146BA

4. Put the other end of the tether belt through under the headrest. 5. Return the seatback to the locked position. Confirm that the red mark on the locking knob is no longer visible and check that the seat- back is securely locked by moving it back and forth. 6. Run the lap and shoulder belt through the child restraint system following the instructions provided by its manufacturer.

HB1145BA HB1148BA

7. Insert the tongue plate into the buckle. 8. Pull out the seatbelt fully from the retractor to change the retractor over from the Emergency Locking Retractor (ELR) to the Automatic Locking Retractor (ALR) function. Then allow the belt to rewind into the retractor. As the belt is rewinding, clicks will be heard which indi- cate the retractor function as ALR. 9. While pushing the child restraint into the seat cushion and moving

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it back and forth, tighten the seatbelt securely by taking up the slack in the belt.

HB1147BA

10. While pushing the child restraint into the seat cushion and moving it back and forth, pull the upper tether belt straight up to secure the child restraint system firmly by taking up the slack in the belt. 11. The loose end of the tether belt should be placed into the gap on the backside of the seatback. 12. To remove the child restraint system, follow the reverse proce- dures of installation. Unbuckle the seatbelt and allow the belt to retract completely. The belt will return to the ELR mode.

If you have any question concerning proper child restraint system installation, ask your SUBARU dealer.

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Installation of child restraint system by seatbelt only

HB1148CA

NOTE When the child restraint system is no longer in use, remove it and restore the ELR function of the retractor. The function is restored by retracting the seatbelt fully.

CAUTION When you install a child restraint system, follow the manufactur- ers instructions supplied with it. After installing the child restraint system, check to ensure that it is held securely in posi- tion. If it is not held tight and secure, the danger of your child suf- fering personal injury in the event of an accident may be increased.

1. Place the child restraint system on the seat. 2. Run the lap and shoulder belt through or around the child restraint system following the instructions provided by its manufacturer.

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HB1148CAHB1145BA

3. Insert the tongue plate into the buckle. 4. Pull out the seatbelt fully from the retractor to change the retractor over from the Emergency Locking Retractor (ELR) to the Automatic Locking Retractor (ALR) function. Then allow the belt to rewind into the retractor. As the belt is rewinding, clicks will be heard which indi- cate the retractor function as ALR. 5. While pushing the child restraint into the seat cushion and moving it back and forth, tighten the seatbelt securely by taking up the slack in the belt. 6. Before having a child sit in the child restraint system, move it back and forth to check if it is firmly secured. 7. To remove the child restraint system, press the release button on the seatbelt buckle and allow the belt to retract completely. The belt will return to ELR mode.

If you have any question concerning proper child restraint system installation, ask your SUBARU dealer.

Installation of child restraint systems by use of lower and teth- er anchorages

Some types of child restraint systems can be installed on the rear seat of your vehicle without use of the seatbelts. Such child restraint systems are secured to the dedicated anchorages provided on the vehicle body. The lower and tether anchorages are sometimes re- ferred to as the LATCH system (Lower Anchors and Tethers for CHil- dren).

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HB1154BA

Your vehicle is equipped with four lower anchorages (bars) on the back panel behind the markings on the bottom part of the rear seat- back and two upper anchorages (tether anchorages) on the back side of the seatback for accommodating such child restraint systems.

HB11132BA HB1133BA

The lower anchorages (bars) are used for installing a child restraint system on the rear seat. For each seating position of the rear seat, two lower anchorages are provided. The tether anchorages (upper anchorages) are also provided for each seating position of the rear seat.

You will find marks at the bottom of the rear seat seatbacks. These marks indicate the positions of the lower anchorages (bars). Each lower anchorage is located where the seat cushion meets the seatback.

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CAUTION When you install a child restraint system, follow the manufactur- ers instructions supplied with it. After installing the child restraint system, check to ensure that it is held securely in position. If it is not held tight and secure, the danger of your child suffering per- sonal injury in the event of an accident may be increased.

1. Place the child restraint system on the rear seat cushion.

HB1134BA

2. Unlock the rear seatback locking knob and fold the seatback for- ward to see the tether anchorages on the backside of the seatback.

HB1144BA

3. Connect the hook of the upper tether belt onto the tether anchor- age on the backside of the seatback. Do not allow slack in the tether belt.

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HB1146BA

4. Put the other end of the tether belt through under the headrest. 5. Return the seatback to the locked position. Confirm that the red mark on the locking knob is no longer visible and check if the seat- back has been securely locked by moving it back and forth.

HB1154BA

6. While following the instructions supplied by the child restraint sys- tem manufacturer, connect the lower hooks onto the lower anchor- ages located at marks on the bottom of the rear seatback. When the hooks are connected, make sure the adjacent seatbelts are not caught.

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HB1131BA

7. [If your child restraint system is of a flexible attachment type (which uses tether belts to connect the child restraint system properly to the lower anchorages)] While pushing the child restraint into the seat cushion, pull both left and right lower tether belts up to secure the child restraint system firmly by taking up the slack in the belt.

HB1147BA

8. Pull the upper tether belt straight up to secure the child restraint system firmly by taking up the slack in the belt. 9. Put the loose end of the tether belts behind the seatback. 10. To remove the child restraint system, follow the reverse proce- dures of installation.

If you have any question concerning proper child restraint system installation, ask your SUBARU dealer.

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*SRS airbag (Supplemental Restraint System airbag)

*SRS: This stands for supplemental restraint system. This name is used because the airbag system supplements the vehicles seatbelts.

Vehicle with drivers and front passengers SRS air- bags and lap/shoulder restraints

WARNING To obtain maximum protection in the event of an accident, the driver and all passengers in the vehicle should always wear seat- belts when the vehicle is moving. The SRS airbag is designed only as a supplement to the primary protection provided by the seatbelt. It does not do away with the need to fasten seatbelts. In combination with the seatbelts, it offers the best combined protection in case of a serious accident. Not wearing a seatbelt increases the chance of severe injury or death in a crash even when the car has the SRS airbag. For instructions and precautions concerning the seatbelt system, see the Seatbelts sections in this chapter. Do not sit or lean unnecessarily close to the SRS airbag. Be- cause the SRS airbag deploys with considerable speed faster than the blink of an eye and force to protect in high speed colli- sions, the force of an airbag can injure an occupant whose body is too close to SRS airbag. It is also important to wear your seatbelt to help avoid injuries that can result when the SRS airbag contacts an occupant not in proper position such as one thrown forward during pre-accident braking. Even when properly positioned, there remains a possibility that an occupant may suffer minor injury such as abrasions and bruises to the face or arms because of the SRS airbag deploy- ment force.

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The SRS airbags deploy with considerable speed and force. Occupants who are out of proper position when the SRS airbag deploys could suffer very serious injuries. Because the SRS air- bag needs enough space for deployment, the driver should al- ways sit upright and well back in the seat as far from the steering wheel as practical while still maintaining full vehicle control and the front passenger should move the seat as far back as possible and sit upright and well back in the seat. Do not place any objects over or near the SRS airbag cover or between you and the SRS airbag. If the SRS airbag deploys, those objects could interfere with its proper operation and could be propelled inside the car and cause injury. Put children aged 12 and under in the rear seat properly re- strained at all times. The SRS airbag deploys with considerable speed and force and can injure or even kill children, especially if they are 12 years of age and under and are not restrained or im- properly restrained. Because children are lighter and weaker than adults, their risk of being injured from deployment is greater. For that reason, we strongly recommend that ALL children (including those in child seats and those that have outgrown child restraint devices) sit in the REAR seat properly restrained at all times in a child restraint device or in a seatbelt, whichever is appropriate for the childs age, height and weight. Secure ALL types of child restraint devices (including forward facing child seats) in the REAR seats at all times. According to accident statistics, children are safer when properly restrained in the rear seating positions than in the front seating positions. For instructions and precautions concerning the child restraint system, see the Child restraint systems section in this chapter. NEVER INSTALL A REARWARD FACING CHILD SEAT IN THE FRONT SEAT. DOING SO RISKS SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH TO THE CHILD BY PLACING THE CHILDS HEAD TOO CLOSE TO THE SRS AIRBAG. Never allow a child to stand up, or to kneel on the front pas- sengers seat, or never hold a child on your lap or in your arms.

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The SRS airbag deploys with considerable force and can injure or even kill the child.

HB0291

Put children in the REAR seat prop- erly restrained at all times.

CAUTION When the SRS airbag deploys, some smoke will be released. This smoke could cause breathing problems for people with a history of asthma or other breathing trouble. If you or your pas- sengers have breathing problems after SRS airbag deploys, get fresh air promptly. A deploying SRS airbag releases hot gas. Occupants could get burnt if they come into direct contact with the hot gas.

Your vehicle is equipped with a supplemental restraint system in addition to a lap/shoulder belt at each front seating position. The supplemental restraint system (SRS) consists of two airbags (drivers and front passengers frontal airbags). These SRS airbags are designed only as a supplement to the prima- ry protection provided by the seatbelt.

The system also controls front seatbelt pretensioners. For operation, instructions are precautions concerning the seatbelt pretensioner, see the Front seatbelt pretensioner section in this chapter.

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NOTE When you sell your vehicle, we urge you to explain to the buyer that it is equipped with SRS airbags by alerting him to the applicable section in this owners manual.

Components

HB1135BB

1 Airbag control module (including impact sensors)

2 Airbag module (drivers side) 3 Airbag module

(passengers side) 4 Front sub sensor

(left hand side)

5 Front sub sensor (right hand side)

6 Seatbelt pretensioner (drivers side)

7 Seatbelt pretensioner (passengers side)

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SRS frontal airbag

WARNING NEVER INSTALL A REARWARD FACING CHILD SAFETY SEAT IN THE FRONT SEAT. DOING SO RISKS SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH TO THE CHILD BY PLACING THE CHILDS HEAD TOO CLOSE TO THE SRS AIRBAG. Never allow a child to stand up, or to kneel on the front pas- sengers seat, or never hold a child on your lap or in your arms. The SRS airbag deploys with considerable force and can injure or even kill the child. The SRS airbag deploys with considerable speed and force. Occupants who are out of proper position when the SRS airbag deploys could suffer very serious injuries. Because the SRS air- bag needs enough space for deployment, the driver should al- ways sit upright and well back in the seat as far from the steering wheel as practical while still maintaining full vehicle control and the front passenger should move the seat as far back as possible and sit upright and well back in the seat. It is also important to wear your seatbelt to help avoid injuries that can result when the SRS airbag contacts an occupant not in proper position such as one thrown toward the front of the car during pre-accident braking.

HB0306 HB0307

Never install rearward facing child restraint system in the front passen- gers seat.

Never allow a child to stand up, or to kneel on the front passengers seat

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HB0308

Never hold a child on your lap or in your arms.

HS0233

Adjust the seatback to upright position. Sit well back and upright.

Move the seat as far from the steering wheel as practical.

HB0290

Adjust the seatback to upright position. Sit well back and upright.

Move the seat as far back as possible.

WARNING Do not put any objects over the steering wheel pad and dash- board. If the SRS frontal airbag deploys, those objects could in- terfere with its proper operation and could be propelled inside the vehicle and cause injury. Do not attach accessories to the windshield, or fit an extra- wide mirror over the rear view mirror. If the SRS airbag deploys, those objects could become projectiles that could seriously in- jure vehicle occupants.

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HB1047BB

The drivers SRS frontal airbag is stowed in the center portion of the steering wheel. The passengers SRS frontal airbag is stowed near the top of the dashboard under an SRS AIRBAG mark.

In a moderate to severe frontal collision, the drivers and front passen- gers SRS frontal airbags deploy and supplement the seatbelts by reduc- ing the impact on the drivers and front passengers head and chest.

Operation

CAUTION Do not touch the SRS airbag system components around the steering wheel and dashboard with bare hands right after deploy- ment. Doing so can cause burns because the components can be very hot as a result of deployment.

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SRS airbags deploy as soon as a collision occurs.

After deployment, SRS airbags start to deflate immediately so that the drivers vision is not obstructed.

OM-H0384

Drivers side Passengers side

The SRS airbag can function only when the ignition switch is in the ON position.

If the front sub sensors inside the both front fenders and the impact sensors in the airbag control module detect a certain predetermined amount of force during a frontal collision, the control module sends signals to the frontal airbag modules instructing them to inflate the SRS frontal airbags. Then both airbag modules produce gas, which instantly inflates drivers and passengers SRS frontal airbags. After the deployment, the SRS airbags immediately start to deflate so that the drivers vision is not obstructed. The time required from detecting impact to the deflation of the SRS airbag after deployment is shorter than the blink of an eye.

The front passengers SRS frontal airbag deploys together with driv- ers SRS frontal airbag even when no one occupies the front passen- gers seat.

When the SRS frontal airbags deploy, the drivers and front passen- gers seatbelt pretensioners operate at the same time.

Although it is highly unlikely that the SRS airbag would activate in a non-accident situation, should it occur, the SRS airbag will deflate quickly, not obscuring vision and will not interfere with the drivers ability to maintain control of the vehicle.

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When the SRS airbag deploys, a sudden, fairly loud inflation noise will be heard and some smoke will be released. These occurrences are normal result of the deployment. This smoke does not indicate a fire in the vehicle.

The SRS frontal airbag is designed to deploy in the event of an acci- dent involving a moderate to severe frontal collision. It is basically not designed to deploy in lesser frontal impacts because the necessary protection can be achieved by the seatbelt alone. Also, it is basically not designed to deploy in side or rear impacts or in roll-over acci- dents because deployment of the SRS frontal airbag would not help the occupant in those situations. The SRS airbag is designed to func- tion on a one-time-only basis.

SRS airbag deployment depends on the level of force experienced in the passenger compartment during a collision. That level differs from one type of collision to another, and it may have no bearing on the visible damage done to the vehicle itself.

n Examples of accident in which the SRS frontal airbag will most likely deploy.

A head-on collision against a thick concrete wall at a vehicle speed of 12 to 19 mph (20 to 30 km/h) or higher activates the SRS frontal air- bag. The SRS frontal airbag will also be activated when the vehicle is exposed to a frontal impact similar in fashion and magnitude to the above-mentioned collision.

HB1136BA

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n Examples of the types of accidents in which it is possible that the SRS frontal airbag will deploy.

The SRS frontal airbag may be activated when the vehicle sustains a hard impact in the undercarriage area from the road surface (such as when the vehicle plunges into a deep ditch, is severely bumped or knocked hard against an obstacle on the road such as a curb).

HB1138BAHB1137BA

n Examples of the types of accidents in which the SRS frontal airbag is unlikely to deploy.

There are many types of collisions which might not necessarily require SRS frontal airbag deployment. If the vehicle strikes an object, such as a telephone pole or sign pole, or if it slides under a trucks load bed, or if it sustains an oblique offset frontal impact, the SRS frontal airbag may not deploy depending on the level of accident forces in- volved.

HB1142BBHB1139BBHB1041AB

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n Examples of the types of accidents in which the SRS frontal airbag will basically not deploy.

The SRS frontal airbag is basically not designed to deploy if the vehicle is struck from side or from behind, or if it rolls onto its side or roof, or if it is involved in a low-speed frontal collision.

HB1044ABHB1141BBHB1140BB

In an accident where the vehicle is impacted more than once, the SRS frontal airbag deploys only once. Example: In the case of a double collision, first with another vehicle, then against a concrete wall in immediate succession, once the SRS frontal airbag is activated on the first impact, it will not be activated on the second.

HB1143BB

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SRS airbag system monitors

HB4010EC

A diagnostic system continually monitors the readiness of the SRS air- bag system (including front seatbelt pretensioners) while the vehicle is being driven. The SRS airbag system warning light AIRBAG will show normal system operation by lighting for about 6 seconds when the igni- tion key is turned to the ON position.

The following components are monitored by the indicator: Front sub sensor (Right hand side) Front sub sensor (Left hand side) Airbag control module (including impact sensors) Frontal airbag module (Drivers side) Frontal airbag module (Passengers side) Seatbelt pretensioner (Drivers side) Seatbelt pretensioner (Passengers side) All related wiring

In the event of a malfunction indicated by any of following, the vehicle should be taken promptly to your nearest SUBARU dealer to have the system checked. Unless checked and repaired, the SRS airbags will not function reliably: Flashing or flickering of the indicator light. No illumination of the warning light when the ignition switch is first turned to ON position. Continuous illumination of the warning light.

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Illumination of the warning light while driving.

SRS airbag system servicing

WARNING When discarding an airbag module or scrapping the entire car damaged by a collision, consult your SUBARU dealer. The SRS airbag has no user-serviceable parts. Do not use electrical test equipment on any circuit related to the SRS airbag system. For required servicing of the SRS airbag, see your near- est SUBARU dealer. Tampering with or disconnecting the sys- tems wiring could result in accidental inflation of the SRS airbag or could make the system inoperative, which may result in seri- ous injury. The wiring harnesses of the SRS airbag system are covered with yellow insulation and system connectors are yellow for easy identification.

CAUTION If you need service or repair in areas listed below, we recommend that you have an authorized SUBARU dealer perform the work. The SRS airbag control module, impact sensors and airbag modules are stored in these areas.

Under the center console Inside each front fender Steering wheel and column and nearby areas Top of the dashboard on front passengers side and nearby areas Inside each center pillar

In the event that the SRS airbag is deployed, replacement of the sys- tem should be performed only by an authorized SUBARU dealer. When the components of the SRS airbag system are replaced, use only genuine SUBARU parts.

To ensure their long-term reliability, the SRS airbags must be inspected

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by a SUBARU dealer ten years after the date of manufacture, which is shown on the certification label attached to the drivers door.

NOTE In the following cases, contact your SUBARU dealer as soon as pos- sible.

The front part of the vehicle was involved in an accident in which the SRS frontal airbags did not deploy. The pad section of the steering wheel or front passengers frontal airbag cover is scratched, cracked, or otherwise damaged.

Precautions against vehicle modification

WARNING To avoid accidental activation of the system or rendering the system inoperative, which may result in serious injury, no modifi- cations should be made to any components or wiring of the SRS airbag system. This includes following modifications: Installation of custom steering wheels Attachment of additional trim materials to the dashboard Installation of additional electrical/electronic equipment such as a mobile two-way radio on or near the SRS airbag system components and/or wiring is not advisable. This could interfere with proper operation of the SRS airbag system.

CAUTION Do not perform any of the following modifications. Such modifi- cations can interfere with proper operation of the SRS airbag sys- tem. Attachment of any equipment (brush bar, winches, snow plow, skid plate, etc.) other than SUBARU genuine accessory parts to the front end. Modification of the suspension system or front end structure.

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Installation of a tire of different size and construction from the tires specified on the tire placard attached to the drivers door jamb.

Always consult your SUBARU dealer if you want to install any accessory parts to your vehicle.

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Keys and doors

Keys 2-2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Door locks 2-3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Power door locking switches 2-5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Remote keyless entry system (if equipped) 2-6. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Vehicle finder function 2-8. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Security system (if equipped) 2-13. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Child safety locks 2-20. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Windows 2-21. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Power windows 2-21. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Tailgate 2-23. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

License plate bracket 2-24. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Switchback door 2-26. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Switchback door indicator light 2-29. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Moonroof 2-30. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Tilting/sliding moonroof 2-30. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Keys

HS0009

Master key Submaster key

Valet key

Key number plate

Three types of keys are provided for your vehicle. Master key, submaster key and valet key.

The master key and submaster key fit all locks on your vehicle. Ignition switch Doors Glove box

The valet key fits only the ignition switch and door locks. You can keep glove box locked when you leave your vehicle and valet key at a parking facility.

Key number The key number is stamped on the metal plate attached to the key set. Write down the key number and keep it in another safe place, not in the vehicle. This number is needed to make a replacement key if you lose your key or lock it inside the vehicle.

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Door locks

Locking and unlocking from the outside

OM-H2394

To lock the door from the outside with the key, insert the key into the keyhole and turn the key toward the rear. To unlock the door, turn the key toward the front.

Lift the outside door handle to open an unlocked door.

HB2024CBHB2024BD

To lock the door from the outside without the key, rotate the lock lever rearward and then close the door.

To lock the door from the outside using the power door locking switch, push the switch forward (LOCK side) and then close the door. In this case, all closed doors are locked at the same time.

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Always make sure that all doors are locked before leaving your vehicle.

NOTE Make sure that you do not leave the key inside the vehicle before locking the doors from the outside without the key.

Locking and unlocking from the inside

WARNING Keep all doors locked when you drive, especially when small chil- dren are in your vehicle. Along with the proper use of seat belts and child restraints, lock- ing the doors reduces the chance of being thrown out of the ve- hicle in an accident. It also helps prevent passengers from falling out if a door is acci- dentally opened, and intruders from unexpectedly opening doors and entering your vehicle.

HB2001BB

To lock the door from the inside, rotate the lock lever rearward. To un- lock the door from the inside, rotate the lock lever forward.

The red mark on the lock lever appears when the door is unlocked. Pull the inside door handle to open an unlocked door. Always make sure that all doors are closed and locked before starting to drive.

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Power door locking switches

HB2009BBHB2008CB

All doors can be locked and unlocked by the power door locking switches located at the drivers side and the front passengers side doors.

To lock the doors, push the switch forward. To unlock the doors, push the switch rearward.

When you close the doors after you set the door locks, the doors remain locked.

NOTE Make sure that you do not leave the key inside the vehicle before locking the doors from the outside using power door locking switches.

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Remote keyless entry system (if equipped)

CAUTION Do not expose the transmitter to severe shocks, such as those experienced as a result of dropping or throwing. Do not take the transmitter apart except when replacing the battery. Do not get the transmitter wet. If it gets wet, wipe it dry with a cloth immediately.

This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules and with RSS-210 of Industry Canada. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) This device may not cause harmful interfer- ence, and (2) this device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation. Changes or modifications not expressly approved by the party responsible for compliance could void the users authority to operate the equipment.

Two transmitters are provided for your vehicle.

The keyless entry system has the following functions. Locking and unlocking the doors without a key Sounding a panic alarm Arming and disarming the security system (if your vehicle is equipped with an optional security system). See the next section Security system (if equipped) for detailed information.

The operable distance of the keyless entry system is approximately 30 feet (10 meters). However, this distance will vary depending on environ- mental conditions. Range may be reduced near sources of RF interfer- ence such as power plants and radio/television broadcasting towers.

The keyless entry system does not operate when the key is inserted in the ignition switch.

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HB1000BF

Locking the doors Briefly press the LOCK/ARM button (for less than two seconds) to lock all doors. An electronic chirp will sound one time and the turn signal lights will flash one time. If any of the doors is not fully closed, an electronic chirp will sound five times and the turn signal lights will flash five times to alert you that the doors are not properly closed. When you close the door, it will automatically lock.

NOTE If the LOCK/ALARM button is pressed for two seconds or long- er, the panic alarm will sound. When locking the doors in normal circumstances, press the LOCK/ALARM button for less than two seconds. For details on the panic alarm, refer to Sounding the panic alarm.

Unlocking the doors Briefly press the UNLOCK/DISARM button (for less than two seconds) to unlock the drivers door. An electronic chirp will sound two times and the turn signal lights will flash two times. To unlock all doors, briefly press the UNLOCK/DISARM button a second time within 5 seconds.

NOTE If the interval between the first and second presses of the UN-

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LOCK/DISARM button (for unlocking of all of the doors is ex- tremely short, the system may not respond.

Illuminated entry The interior (dome) light will illuminate when the UNLOCK/DISARM button is pressed. These lights stay illuminated for approximately 30 seconds if any of the doors is not opened. If the LOCK/ARM button is pressed before 30 seconds have elapsed, these lights will go out. Also, these lights will go out if the key is inserted in the ignition switch. The interior light must be set to the middle position in order for this function to operate.

Vehicle finder function Use this functon to find your vehicle parked among many vehicles in a large parking lot. Provided you are within 30 feet (10 meters) of the ve- hicle, pressing the LOCK/ARM button three times in a five-second peri- od will cause your vehicles horn to sound one time and its turn signal lights to flash three times.

Sounding a panic alarm To activate the alarm, keep the LOCK/ARM button pressed for more than two seconds. The horn will sound and the turn signal lights will flash. To deactivate it, press the LOCK/ARM button or UNLOCK/DISARM button. Unless a button on the remote is pressed, the alarm will be deactivated after approximately 30 seconds.

Selecting audible signal operation Using an electronic chirp, the system will give you an audible signal when the doors lock and unlock. If desired, you may turn the audible signal off. To turn the audible signal off, unlock the doors by pushing UNLOCK/ DISARM button and then simultaneously depress LOCK/ARM and UNLOCK/DISARM buttons for more than two seconds. An electronic chirp will sound two times and the turn signal lights will flash two times to inform you that the audible signal has been turned off. To turn the audible signal on, unlock the doors by pushing UNLOCK/

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DISARM button and then simultaneously depress LOCK/ARM and UNLOCK/DISARM buttons for more than two seconds. An electronic chirp will sound one time and the turn signal lights will flash one time to inform you that the audible signal has been turned on.

Replacing the battery

CAUTION Do not let dust, oil or water get on or in the transmitter when replacing the battery.

When the transmitter battery begins to get weak, transmitter range will begin to decrease and the LED will not illuminate. Replace the battery as soon as possible.

HB1002BBHB1001BA

Positive (+) side facing up

To replace the battery: 1. Remove the two screws on the back of the transmitter case by using a phillips screwdriver. 2. Separate the case. 3. Remove the old battery from the holder. 4. Replace with a new battery (Type CR2032 or equivalent) making sure to install the new battery with the positive (+) side facing up. 5. Install the back half of the transmitter case. 6. Reinstall the two screws on the back of the transmitter case.

After the battery is replaced, the transmitter must be synchro- nized with the keyless entry systems control unit. Press either

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the LOCK/ARM or UNLOCK/DISARM button six times to syn- chronize the unit.

Replacing lost transmitters If you lose a transmitter or want to purchase additional transmitters (up to four can be programmed), you should re-program all of your transmitters for security reasons. It is recommended that you have your dealer program all of your transmitters into your system.

n Programming the transmitters The keyless entry system is equipped with a special code learning feature that allows you to program new transmitter codes into the sys- tem or to delete old ones. The system can learn up to four unique transmitter codes. The four transmitter codes may be the same or dif- ferent.

To enter the programming mode:

HB1005BCHB1000CB

1 Press to dis- arm the security system (if so equipped).

2

3

1. Disarm the security system. (if your vehicle is equipped with the optional security system.) 2. Open the drivers door and sit in the drivers seat. 3. Close the drivers door.

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HB2032BB

4. Place the ignition key into the ignition switch and cycle the switch from LOCK to ON ten times within 15 seconds. Be sure to stop at the LOCK position. The horn will sound once to indicate that you are in the transmitter programming mode.

NOTE You must finish the next step (opening the drivers door) within 45 seconds of starting this procedures.

To program the transmitters:

HB1000DB

1

2

HB1005BB

3 Press any button.

1. Open the drivers door. 2. Close the drivers door. 3. Press and release any button on the transmitter that you wish to program into the system. The horn will sound two times to indicate

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that the transmitter has been programmed.

Any additional transmitters can also be programmed at this time. Repeat steps 1 through 3 for an additional transmitter.

To exit the programming mode: 1. After all of your transmitters are programmed, remove the key from the ignition switch. The horn will sound three times to indicate that the system has exited the programming mode. 2. Make sure that the keyless entry system properly operates by operating each transmitter.

n Deleting old transmitter codes The control unit of the keyless entry system has four memory loca- tions to store transmitter codes, giving it the ability to operate with up to four transmitters. When you lose a transmitter, the lost transmitters code remains in the memory. For security reasons, lost transmitter codes should be deleted from the memory. To delete old transmitter codes, program four transmitter codes into the system. If you have only one current transmitter, program it four times. If you have two current transmitters, program each one twice. If you have three current transmitters, program two of them once and the third one twice. This process will leave only current transmitter codes in the systems memory.

NOTE Make sure no one else is operating their keyless entry system within range of your vehicle when programming transmitters. If someone else were to operate their remote transmitter while you are programming your transmitters, it is possible that their trans- mitter code will be programmed into your system, allowing them unauthorized access to your vehicle.

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Security system (if equipped)

The security system helps to protect your vehicle and valuables from theft. The horn sounds and the turn signal lights flash if someone attempts to break into your vehicle. The starter motor is also interrupted to prevent starting the vehicle without a key.

The system can be armed and disarmed with the remote transmitter. The system does not operate when the key is inserted into the ignition switch.

System operation The security system will give the following alarm indications when trig- gered: The turn signal lights will flash and the horn will sound intermit- tently. In addition, the starter motor will not operate. The alarm automatically resets after 30 seconds; however, the alarm will reactivate if the vehicle is tampered with again. The alarm will continue for six times if any sensor continues to be activated.

The alarm is triggered by: Opening a door. Application of physical shock to the vehicle (e.g. breaking glass or forced entry). Note that there are two alarm levels for shock: warning and alarm. In warning mode, the alarm detects lower level vibrations and triggers 2 warning chirps on the horn and two flashes on the lights as a deterrent to would be vandals. In alarm mode, higher lev- els of shock are detected and the system will go into full alarm. Ignition switch being turned on while in armed state.

NOTE The alarm will not be triggered by opening the switchback door. The alarm may not be triggered when the window is broken with a sharp-edged tool. With the valet mode selected, the security system does not op- erate and the turn signal lights do not flash when the remote

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transmitter is used for locking and unlocking. The security system indicator light in the combination meter flashes twice per second to show that the valet mode is selected. For details, refer to Valet mode in this section.

Arming the system

n To arm the system using remote transmitter

HB2033BB

Press to Arm the system.

Press to Disarm the system.

HB1000EB

1. Close all windows and moonroof. 2. Remove the key from the ignition switch. 3. Open the doors and get out of the vehicle. 4. Make sure that the engine hood and switchback door are locked. 5. Close all doors. 6. Briefly press the LOCK/ARM button (for less than two seconds). All doors will lock, an electronic chirp will sound one time, the turn signal lights will flash one time and the indicator light starts flashing slowly (approximately once every two seconds).

If any of the doors (except the switchback door) is not fully closed, an electronic chirp sounds five times, the turn signal lights flash five times to alert you that the doors are not properly closed. When you close the door, the system will automatically arm and doors will auto- matically lock.

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n To arm the system using power door locking switches

HB2024CC

1. Close all windows and the moonroof. 2. Remove the key from the ignition switch. 3. Open the doors and get out of the vehicle. 4. Make sure that the engine hood and switchback door are locked. 5. Close the doors but leave only the drivers door or the front pas- sengers door open. 6. Push the power door locking switch forward (LOCK side) to set the door locks. 7. Close the door. An electronic chirp will sound one time, the turn signal lights will flash one time and the indicator light will start flashing slowly (approximately once every two seconds) to inform you that the system has armed.

NOTE The system can be armed even if the engine hood, the windows, the switchback door and/or moonroof are open. Always make sure that they are fully closed before arming the system.

Disarming the system Briefly press the UNLOCK/DISARM button (for less than two seconds) on the remote transmitter. The drivers door will unlock, an electronic chirp will sound two times, the turn signal lights will flash two times and the indicator light will go off.

To unlock all other doors, briefly press the UNLOCK/DISARM button

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a second time.

n Emergency disarming If you cannot disarm the system using the transmitter (i.e. the trans- mitter is lost, broken or the transmitter battery is too weak), you can disarm the system without using the transmitter.

To disarm the system: 1. Unlock the door with the key and then open the door. 2. The alarm will sound. 3. Insert the key into the ignition switch and cycle it from LOCK to ON three (3) times within 5 seconds.

Sounding a panic alarm To activate the alarm, keep the LOCK/ARM button pressed for more than two seconds. The horn will sound and the turn signal lights will flash. To deactivate it, press the LOCK/ARM button or UNLOCK/DISARM button. Unless a button on the remote is pressed, the alarm will be deacti- vated after approximately 30 seconds.

Valet mode When you choose the valet mode, the security system does not oper- ate. In valet mode, the remote transmitter is used only for locking and unlocking the doors and panic activation.

To enter the valet mode, open the drivers door and keep the UNLOCK/DISARM button depressed for more than two seconds. The security system indicator light will continue to flash 2 times per second indicating that the system is in the valet mode.

To exit valet mode, open the drivers door and keep the UNLOCK/ DISARM button pressed for more than two seconds. The indicator will stop flashing.

Passive arming When passive arming mode has been programmed by the dealer, arming of the system is automatically accomplished without using the

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remote transmitter. Note that in this mode, DOORS MUST BE MANU- ALLY LOCKED.

n To enter the passive mode

WARNING Do not disconnect or tamper with any yellow connector and/or any harness covered with yellow insulation and/or tape. Doing so could result in accidental inflation of the SRS airbag or could make the SRS airbag system inoperative, which may result in serious injury.

HB2038BBHB2036BA

1. Remove the side sill cover on the drivers side. 1) Open the drivers door. 2) Remove the two clips fastening the front portion of the cover with a screwdriver. 3) Remove the side sill cover by pulling it up.

2. Connect the white (1 pole) connector. 3. Turn the ignition switch from LOCK to ON. 4. Install the side sill cover.

To place the system in active arming mode (remote required for ac- tivation), disconnect the white connector.

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n Arming the system

CAUTION In passive mode, the system will automatically activate the alarm but WILL NOT automatically lock the doors. In order to lock the doors you must either lock them as indicated in step 4 below or with the key once they have been closed. Failure to lock the doors manually will result in a higher security risk.

HB2024DBHB2031BB

1. Turn the ignition switch to ON. 2. Turn the ignition switch from ON to LOCK and remove the key from the ignition switch. 3. Open the doors and get out of the vehicle. 4. Before closing the doors, lock all doors with the inside door lock levers. 5. Close the doors. The system will automatically arm after one min- ute.

In the passive mode, the system can also be armed with the remote transmitter or with the power door locking switches. If the remote transmitter or power door lock switch is used to lock the vehicle, arm- ing will take place immediately regardless of whether or not the pas- sive mode has been selected.

Disarming the system To disarm the system, briefly press the UNLOCK/DISARM button on

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the transmitter.

Tripped sensor identification If an electronic chirp sounds four times and the turn signal lights flash four times when you disarm the system, this indicates that the alarm was triggered. The number of times the indicator light flashes indi- cates what sensor caused the alarm condition.

To enter identification mode: 1. Open the drivers door and leave it open. 2. Turn the ignition switch to ON two times. (LOCK ON LOCK ON LOCK) 3. The indicator light will start flashing.

The indicator light provides the following indications. Flashing one time: Any door has been opened. Flashing three times: The impact sensor in the systems unit has been activated. This may indicate that your vehicle has been shocked or tampered with by some outside force and/or unauthorized person. Flashing four times: The ignition switch has been turned on or the battery has been disconnected.

NOTE The battery must be reconnected before the indicator light will flash.

To exit this mode, close the door and turn the ignition switch to ON.

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Child safety locks

WARNING Always use the child safety lock whenever a child rides in the rear seat. Serious injury could result if a child accidentally opened the door and fell out.

HB2002BB

Each rear door has a child safety lock that prevents the doors from being opened even if the inside door handle is pulled.

When the child safety lock lever is in the lock position, the door cannot be opened from inside regardless of the position of the inner door handle lock lever. The door can only be opened from the outside.

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Windows

Power windows

WARNING To avoid serious personal injury caused by entrapment, you must observe the following warnings: When operating power windows, be extremely careful to pre- vent anyones fingers, arms or head from being caught in the window. Always lock the passengers windows using the lock switch when children are riding in the vehicle. Before leaving the vehicle, always remove the key from the ignition switch for safety and never allow an unattended child to remain in the vehicle. Failure to follow this procedure could result in injury to a child operating the power window.

The power windows operate only when the ignition switch is in the ON position.

Drivers side switches

HB2008BB

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HB2008DB

All door windows can be controlled by the power window switch clus- ter at the driver side door.

n Operating the drivers window To open: Push the switch down lightly and hold it. The window will open as long as the switch is held. This switch also has a one-touch auto down feature that allows the window to be opened fully without holding the switch. Push the switch down until it clicks and release it, and the window will fully open. To stop the window halfway, pull the switch up lightly.

To close: Pull the switch up lightly and hold it. The window will close as long as the switch is held.

n Operating the passengers windows To open the passengers windows, push the appropriate switch down and hold it until the window reaches the desired position. To close the window, pull the switch up and hold it until it reaches the desired posi- tion.

n Locking the passengers windows To lock the passengers windows, push the lock switch. When the lock switch is in the LOCK position, the passengers windows cannot be opened or closed.

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Passengers side switches

HB2005BBHB2009CB

To open the window, push the switch down and hold it until the win- dow reaches the desired position. To close the window, pull the switch up and hold it until the window reaches the desired position.

When the lock switch on the power window switch cluster, located on the drivers side door, is in the LOCK position, the passengers win- dows cannot be operated with the passengers switches.

Tailgate

CAUTION Keep the tailgate closed when the vehicle is moving. If you must drive with the tailgate open, use the optional Subaru Bed Extender and place the License Plate Bracket at its fully lowered/ open position. Cargo must not stick out beyond the Extender. Otherwise a dangerous road hazard or personal injury could result.

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HB2050BA

Before opening the tailgate, remove any object on the upper surface of the rear bumper to avoid damaging the tailgate. To open the tailgate, lift up on its handle while pulling the tailgate toward you. The support cables hold the tailgate open.

See Loading your vehicle section in Chapter 8 for precautions in load- ing cargo.

To close the tailgate, firmly push it upward until it latches.

After you put the tailgate back up, pull it back toward you to be sure it latches securely.

License plate bracket

HB2051BA

When you drive with the tailgate open and with the bed extender used,

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the license plate bracket must be placed at its fully lowered/open posi- tion to make the rear license plate visible.

CAUTION In order to avoid damaging the license plate bracket or the bum- per, the license plate bracket must be in its fully lowered/open position before the tailgate is lowered.

HB2053BAHB2054BA

To use the license plate bracket at its lowered/open position, push the two release buttons and pull the license plate bracket up until it clicks. And then open the tailgate.

If your vehicle is equipped with a trailer hitch, remove the ball mount from the hitch receiver tube before opening the tailgate. Failure to follow this procedure could result in damage to the license plate bracket.

When you drive with the tailgate closed, the license plate bracket must be restored to its original position. To restore the license plate bracket to its original position, close the tail- gate, and then pull the license plate bracket down until it clicks.

If the license plate bracket is hard to be restored to its original position, mud may have accumulated on the back of the license plate bracket. Remove accumulated mud before pulling the license bracket down.

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CAUTION In order to avoid damaging the license plate bracket or the bum- per, the license plate bracket must be restored to its original posi- tion until it clicks.

Switchback door

HB2052BA

With the switchback door open, you can increase the usable cargo space and can carry long objects.

WARNING Secure long objects properly to prevent them from sliding for- ward and causing serious injury during a sudden stop or sharp cornering. Tie long objects down with a rope or something equiv- alent.

CAUTION Pay attention that your fingers do not get pinched with the switchback door when opening and closing it.

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To open the switchback door:

HB1112BA

1. Pull up the rear seat cushion. Refer to Rear seats section in Chapter 1 for operating details.

HB1113BAHB1112CB

2. Unlock the rear seatback by pulling up on the knob and fold down the rear seatback. Confirm that the pins located at the bottom of the seat cushion is inserted into the slots at the top of the seatback.

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HB1115BAHB1114BA

3. Fold down the switchback door by releasing the lock knob. Then you can have a flat and larger cargo space. 4. Place the long object on the cargo bed through the switchback door opening. Be sure all items are secured in place.

NOTE When opening the switchback door in snow, accumulated snow in the cargo bed may enter the passenger compartment which could result in dampness in the passenger compartment. Prior to opening of the switchback door, brush off the snow completely. Close the switchback door whenever you leave the vehicle to pre- vent unauthorized entry.

WARNING The switchback door should be kept completely shut when the vehicle is idling in an enclosed or partially enclosed area to avoid the possibility of exhaust gas entering the passenger compart- ment. Engine exhaust gas contains carbon monoxide, a colorless and odorless gas which is extremely dangerous, or even lethal if inhaled. To ensure that exhaust gas cannot penetrate the switch- back door, make certain that there are no obstructions between the door and the vehicle body that prevent the door from fully closing or that crimp the weather strip around the door.

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To close the switchback door, firmly push it upward until it latches. Return the seatback and seat cushion to their original positions and make sure they are securely locked.

CAUTION After returning the seatback to its original position, make sure that the rear seatback has been securely locked. When securely locked, the red marks on the locking knobs are no longer visible.

Switchback door indicator light

HB4010JA

While the ignition switch is in the ON position, the switchback door indi- cator light comes on when the switchback door is open. While the ignition switch is in the LOCK or ACC position, the switch- back door indicator light flashes for about 20 seconds and goes off when the switchback gate is open.

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Moonroof

WARNING Never let anyones hands, arms, head or any objects protrude from the moonroof. He/she could be seriously injured if the vehicle stops suddenly or turns sharply or if the vehicle is in- volved in an accident.

To avoid serious personal injury caused by entrapment, you must observe the following warnings: Before closing the moonroof, make sure that no ones hands, arms, head or other objects will be accidentally caught in the moonroof. Before leaving the vehicle, always remove the key from the ignition switch for safety and never allow an unattended child to remain in the vehicle. Failure to follow this procedure could result in injury to a child operating the moonroof.

CAUTION Do not sit on the edge of the open moonroof. Do not operate the moonroof if falling snow or extremely cold conditions have caused it to freeze shut.

Tilting/sliding moonroof The moonroof has both tilting and sliding functions. The moonroof operates only when the ignition switch is in the ON posi- tion.

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HB2034BB

To raise or lower the moonroof The tilting function will only operate when the moonroof is fully closed.

Push the rear side of the Tilt switch to raise the moonroof. Push the front side of the Tilt switch to lower the moonroof. Release the switch after the moonroof has been raised or has been lowered completely. Pushing the switch continuously may cause dam- age to the moonroof.

To open or close the moonroof Push the Open/Close switch rearward to open the moonroof. The sun shade will be also opened together with the moonroof. Push the Open/Close switch forward to close the moonroof. The moonroof will stop halfway if you continue to press on the switch. Release the switch once and push it again to close the moonroof completely.

After washing the vehicle or after it rains, wipe away water on the roof prior to opening the moonroof to prevent water drops from falling into the passenger compartment.

NOTE If the moonroof cannot be closed through the switch operation because of system failure, it can be closed manually using a hex- headed wrench. For the procedure, refer to Moonroof if the moonroof cannot be closed in Chapter 9 In case of emer-

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gency.

Sun shade

OM-H2355

The sun shade can be slid forward or backward by hand while the moonroof is closed. If the moonroof is opened, the sun shade also moves back.

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Instruments and controls

Ignition switch 3-3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Key reminder chime 3-5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Ignition switch light 3-5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Key interlock release (AT vehicles only) 3-5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Hazard warning flasher 3-6. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Meters and gauges 3-7. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Speedometer 3-7. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Odometer/Trip meter 3-7. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Tachometer 3-8. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Outside temperature indicator (if equipped) 3-8. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Fuel gauge 3-9. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Temperature gauge 3-9. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Warning and indicator lights 3-10. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Seatbelt warning light and chime 3-10. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

SRS airbag system warning light 3-10. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

CHECK ENGINE warning light/Malfunction indicator lamp 3-11. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Charge warning light 3-12. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Oil pressure warning light 3-12. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

AT OIL TEMPerature warning light (for AT vehicles) 3-13. . . . . . . . . . . . . .

ABS warning light 3-13. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Brake system warning light 3-14. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Door ajar warning lights 3-15. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Switchback door indicator light 3-15. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Low fuel warning light 3-15. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Front-wheel drive warning light (for AT vehicles) 3-15. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Security system status indicator light (if equipped) 3-16. . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Shift position indicator (for AT vehicles) 3-16. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Turn signal indicator lights 3-16. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

High beam indicator light 3-16. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Cargo lamp indicator light 3-16. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Clock 3-17. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Light control switch 3-17. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Daytime running light system 3-19. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Turn signal lever 3-19. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Illumination brightness control 3-20. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Parking light switch 3-21. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Fog light switch (if equipped) 3-22. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Wiper and washer 3-22. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Windshield wiper and washer switches 3-24. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Rear window defogger switch 3-26. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Windshield wiper deicer (if equipped) 3-27. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Mirrors 3-28. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Inside mirror 3-28. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Outside mirrors 3-30. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Tilt steering wheel 3-32. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Horn 3-33. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Instruments and controls

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Ignition switch

WARNING Never turn the ignition switch to LOCK while the vehicle is be- ing driven or towed because that will lock the steering wheel, pre- venting steering control. And when the engine is turned off, it takes a much greater effort than usual to steer.

The ignition switch has four positions: LOCK, ACC, ON and START.

HB4000CA

LOCK The key can only be inserted or removed in this position. The ignition switch will lock the steering wheel when you remove the key. If turning the key is difficult, turn the steering wheel slightly to the right and left as you turn the key.

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n Automatic transmission vehicles

HB2032CAHB4016BA

The key can be turned from ACC to LOCK only when the selector lever is in the P position.

n Manual transmission vehicles

OM-H0144

The key can be turned from ACC to LOCK only when the key is pushed in while turning it.

ACC In this position the electrical accessories (radio, cigarette lighter socket, etc.) can be used.

ON This is the normal operating position after the engine is started.

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START

CAUTION Do not turn the ignition switch to the START position while the engine is running.

The engine is started in this position. The starter cranks the engine to start it. When the key is released (after the engine has started), the key automatically returns to the ON position.

Key reminder chime The reminder chime sounds when the drivers door opens and the key is in the LOCK or ACC positions. The chime stops when the key is re- moved from the ignition switch.

Ignition switch light For easy access to the ignition switch in the dark, the ignition switch light comes on when drivers door is opened. The light remains on for 10 se- conds and goes out after drivers door is closed or if the key is turned to the ON position.

Key interlock release (AT vehicles only) If the key can not be turned to the LOCK position even when the selec- tor lever is in the P position:

HB3011BA

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OM-H0146HB3012BA

1. Take out the screwdriver from the tool bag. 2. Remove the cover under the steering column using a phillips screwdriver. 3. Turn the ignition key while pressing the key interlock release lever.

Take your vehicle to the nearest SUBARU dealer immediately to have the key interlock system repaired.

Hazard warning flasher

HB8002BA

The hazard warning flasher is used to warn other drivers when you have to park your vehicle under emergency conditions. The hazard warning flasher works with the ignition switch in any position.

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To turn on the hazard warning flasher, push the hazard warning button on the instrument panel. To turn off the flasher, push the button again.

NOTE When the hazard warning flasher is on, the turn signals do not work.

Meters and gauges

Speedometer The speedometer shows the vehicle speed.

Odometer/Trip meter

CAUTION To ensure safety, do not attempt to change the function of the in- dicator during driving, as an accident could result.

HB3015BB

Odometer The odometer shows the total distance that the vehicle has been driv- en.

Double trip meter The trip meter shows the distance that the vehicle has been driven since you last set it to zero.

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To change the mode indication, briefly push the knob. Each press of the knob changes the function alternately.

A trip meter B trip meter

To set the trip meter to zero, select either the A trip or B trip meter and push the knob and keep it pushed for more than 1 second.

NOTE If the connection between the combination meter and battery is bro- ken for any reason such as vehicle maintenance or fuse replace- ment, the data recorded on the trip meter will be lost.

Tachometer

CAUTION Do not operate the engine with the pointer of the tachometer in the red zone. In this range, fuel injection will be cut by the engine control module to protect the engine from overrevving. The engine will resume running normally after the engine speed is reduced below the red zone.

The tachometer shows the engine speed in thousands of revolutions per minute.

Outside temperature indicator (if equipped) The outside temperature indicator shows the outside temperature in a range from 22F to 122F (30C to 50C).

The indicator can give a false reading under any of the following condi- tions: When there is too much sun. During idling; while running at low speeds in a traffic jam; when the engine is restarted immediately following a shutdown. When the actual outside temperature falls outside the specified indi- cator range.

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Fuel gauge The fuel gauge shows the approximate amount of fuel remaining in the tank. The gauge does not return to E even though the ignition switch is in the ACC or LOCK position.

The gauge may move slightly during braking, turning or acceleration due to fuel level movement in the tank.

Temperature gauge

CAUTION If the pointer exceeds the normal operating range, safely stop the vehicle as soon as possible. See In case of emergency in chapter 9.

HB2012BB

The temperature gauge shows engine coolant temperature when the ignition switch is in the ON position.

The coolant temperature will vary in accordance with the outside temper- ature and driving conditions.

We recommend that you drive moderately until the pointer of the temper- ature gauge reaches near the middle of the range. Engine operation is optimum with the engine coolant at this temperature range and high rev- ving operation when the engine is not warmed up enough should be

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avoided.

Warning and indicator lights

Several of the warning and indicator lights come on momentarily and then go out when the ignition switch is initially turned to the ON posi- tion. This permits checking the operation of the bulbs. Apply the parking brake and turn the ignition switch to the ON position. The following lights come on:

Seatbelt warning light SRS airbag system warning light CHECK ENGINE warning light / Malfunction indicator lamp Charge warning light Oil pressure warning light AT OIL temperature warning light (AT vehicles) ABS warning light Brake system warning light

If any lights fail to come on, it indicates a burned-out bulb or a malfunc- tion of the corresponding system. Consult your authorized SUBARU dealer for repair.

Seatbelt warning light and chime When the ignition switch is turned to the ON position, the seatbelt warning light will come on and the reminder chime will sound for about six seconds to remind the driver to fasten the seatbelt. The seatbelt warning light remains on for about six seconds and turns off automatically after six seconds. The seatbelt reminder chime will turn off when the drivers side seatbelt is buckled or it will turn off automatically after six seconds.

SRS airbag system warning light AIRBAG When the ignition switch is turned to the ON position, the SRS airbag system warning light will come on for about six seconds and go out. This shows the SRS frontal airbag and seatbelt pretensioners are in normal operation.

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If this light comes on while driving or remains illuminated even after a period of about 6 seconds from when the ignition has been turned on, it may indicate that the SRS frontal airbag system or seatbelt pretensioner system is not working properly. Contact your nearest SUBARU dealer im- mediately.

CHECK ENGINE warning light/Malfunction indicator lamp

CAUTION If the CHECK ENGINE light comes on while you are driving, have your vehicle checked/repaired by your SUBARU dealer as soon as possible. Continued vehicle operation without having the emission control system checked and repaired as necessary could cause serious damage, which may not be covered by your vehicles warranty.

If this light comes on steadily or blinks while the engine is running, it may indicate that there is a problem or potential problem somewhere in the emission control system.

If the light comes on steadily: If the light comes on steadily while driving or does not go out after the engine starts, an emission control system malfunction has been de- tected. You should have your vehicle checked by an authorized SUBARU dealer immediately.

NOTE This light also comes on when the fuel filler cap is not tightened until it clicks.

If you have recently refueled your vehicle, the cause of the CHECK ENGINE warning light/malfunction indicator lamp coming on could be a loose or missing fuel filler cap. Remove the cap and retighten it until it clicks. Make sure nothing is interfering with the sealing of the cap. Tightening the cap will not make the CHECK ENGINE warning light

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turn off immediately. It may take several driving trips. If the light does not go out, take your vehicle to your authorized SUBARU dealer immediately.

If the light is blinking: If the light is blinking while driving, an engine misfire condition has been detected which may damage the emission control system. To prevent serious damage to the emission control system, you should do the following: Reduce vehicle speed. Avoid hard acceleration. Avoid steep uphill grades. Reduce the amount of cargo, if possible. Stop towing a trailer as soon as possible.

The CHECK ENGINE warning light may stop blinking and come on steadily after several driving trips. You should have your vehicle checked by an authorized SUBARU dealer immediately.

Charge warning light If this light comes on when the engine is running, it may indicate that the charging system is not working properly.

If the light comes on while driving or does not go out after the engine starts, stop the engine at the first safe opportunity and check the alterna- tor belt. If the belt is loose, broken or if the belt is in good condition but the light remains on, contact your nearest SUBARU dealer immediately.

Oil pressure warning light

CAUTION Do not operate the engine with the oil pressure warning light on. This may cause serious engine damage.

If this light comes on when the engine is running, it may indicate that the engine oil pressure is low and the lubricating system is not working prop- erly.

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If the light comes on while driving or does not go out after the engine starts, stop the engine at the first safe opportunity and check the engine oil level. If the oil level is low, add oil immediately. If the engine oil is at the proper level but the light remains on, contact your nearest SUBARU dealer immediately.

AT OIL TEMPerature warning light (for AT vehicles)

If this light comes on when the engine is running, it may indicate that the automatic transmission fluid temperature is too hot.

If the light comes on while driving, it is unnecessary to stop the vehicle, but avoid driving up steep grades or in stop and go traffic.

Automatic transmission control system warning If the light flashes after the engine starts, it may indicate that the auto- matic transmission control system is not working properly. Contact your nearest SUBARU dealer for service immediately.

ABS warning light The ABS warning light comes on when the ignition switch is turned to the ON position and goes out after about two seconds. This is an indication that the ABS system is working properly.

CAUTION If the warning light behaves as follows, the ABS system may not work properly. When the warning light is on, the ABS function shuts down; how- ever, the conventional brake system continues to operate normal- ly. The warning light does not come on when the ignition switch is turned to the ON position. The warning light comes on when the ignition switch is turned to the ON position, but it does not go out even when the vehicle speed exceeds approximately 8 mph (12 km/h).

(U.S.) (Canada)

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The warning light comes on during driving. If these occur, have the ABS system repaired at the first available opportunity by your SUBARU dealer.

NOTE If the warning light behavior is as shown below, the ABS system may be considered normal. The warning light comes on right after the engine is started but goes out immediately, remaining off. The warning light remains on after the engine has been started, but it goes out when the vehicle speed reaches about 8 mph (12 km/h). The warning light comes on during driving, but it goes out immediately and remains off.

When driving with an insufficient battery voltage such as when the en- gine is jump started, the ABS warning light may come on. This is due to the low battery voltage and does not indicate a malfunction. When the battery becomes fully charged, the light will go out.

Brake system warning light

WARNING Driving with the brake system warning light on is dangerous. This indicates your brake system may not be working properly. If the light remains on, have the brakes inspected by a SUBARU dealer immediately. If at all in doubt about whether the brakes are operating prop- erly, do not drive the vehicle. Have your vehicle towed to the nearest SUBARU dealer for repair.

This light has the following two functions:

Parking brake warning The light comes on with the parking brake applied while the ignition switch is in the ON position. It goes out when the parking brake is

(U.S.) (Canada)

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fully released.

Brake fluid level warning This light comes on when the brake fluid level has dropped to near the MIN level of the brake fluid reservoir with the ignition switch in the ON position and with the parking brake fully released.

If the brake system warning light should come on while driving (with the parking brake fully released and with the ignition switch posi- tioned in ON), it could be an indication of leaking of brake fluid or worn brake pads. Have your vehicle checked by a SUBARU dealer immediately.

Door ajar warning lights The specific door ajar warning light comes on if any door is not fully closed.

Always make sure this light is out before you start to drive.

Switchback door indicator light While the ignition switch is in the ON position, the switchback door indi- cator light comes on when the switchback door is open. While the ignition switch is in the LOCK or ACC position, the switch- back door indicator light flashes for about 20 seconds and goes off when the switchback door is open.

Low fuel warning light The low fuel warning light comes on when the tank is nearly empty about 2.6 U.S. gal. (10.0 liters, or 2.2 Imp. gal.). It only operates when the igni- tion switch is in ON position.

NOTE This light does not go out unless the tank is replenished up to an internal fuel quantity of about 3.7 U.S. gal. (14 liters, 3.1 Imp. gal.).

Front-wheel drive warning light (for AT vehicles) This light comes on when All Wheel Drive is disengaged and the drive mechanism is switched to Front Wheel Drive for maintenance or similar

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purposes.

Security system status indicator light (if equipped)

This light is found at the bottom center of the combination meter panel. On vehicles equipped with a security system, it blinks to show the driver the operational status of the security system. For detailed information, re- fer to the Security system in Chapter 2.

Shift position indicator (for AT vehicles) This indicator shows the position of the shift lever.

Turn signal indicator lights These lights show the operation of the turn signal or lane change signal. If the indicator lights do not blink or blink rapidly, the turn signal bulb may be burned out. Replace the bulb as soon as possible. Refer to the Replacing bulbs section in chapter 11.

High beam indicator light This light shows that the headlights are in the high beam mode. This indicator light also comes on when the headlight flasher is operated.

Cargo lamp indicator light

CAUTION Do not switch on the cargo lamp while driving to avoid distract- ing other drivers.

This indicator light shows that the cargo lamp comes on.

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Clock

HB2013BA

To set the time, turn the setting knob clockwise to advance and counter- clockwise to retard the time.

Light control switch

WARNING To prevent battery discharge resulting from accidentally leaving your lights on when your vehicle is parked, the light switch oper- ates only when the ignition switch is in the ON position. In any other position, the vehicles lights will be out. If you park your vehicle on a roadside at night, use the hazard warning flasher to alert the other drivers.

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HB2014BBHB2007BA

The light switch operates only when the ignition switch is in the ON position.

Headlights To turn on the headlights, turn the knob on the end of the turn signal lever.

first position Parking lights, instrument panel illumination, tail lights and license plate light are on.

second position Headlights, parking lights, instrument panel illumination, tail lights, and license plate light are on.

High/low beam change (dimmer) To change from low beam to high beam, push the turn signal lever forward. When the headlights are on high beam, the high beam indi- cator light a on the instrument panel is also on. To switch back to low beam, pull the lever back to the detent position.

Headlight flasher

CAUTION Do not hold the lever in the flashing position for more than just a few seconds.

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To flash the headlights, pull the lever toward you and then release it. The high beam will stay on for as long as you hold the lever. The headlight flasher works even though the lighting switch is in the OFF position.

When the headlights are on high beam, the high beam indicator light a on the instrument panel also comes on.

Daytime running light system

WARNING The tail lights, parking lights, and side marker lights are not turned on by the daytime running light system. The light switch must always be turned to the a position when it is dark out- side.

The low beam headlights will automatically come on at reduced bright- ness when the engine has started, under the following conditions:

The parking brake is fully released. The light switch is in the OFF or p position.

Turn signal lever

HB2015BB

Right turn

Left turn

To activate the right turn signal, push the turn signal lever up. To activate the left turn signal, push the turn signal lever down. When the turn is fin-

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ished, the lever will return automatically. If the lever does not return after cornering, return the lever to the neutral position by hand.

To signal a lane change, push the turn signal lever up or down slightly and hold it during the lane change. The turn signal indicator lights will flash in the direction of the turn or lane change. The lever will return auto- matically to the neutral position when you release it.

Illumination brightness control

HB2017BB

When the lighting switch is in the p or a position, you can adjust brightness of the instrument panel illumination for better visibility. To brighten, turn the control dial counterclockwise. To darken, turn the control dial clockwise.

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Parking light switch

HB2018BA

The parking light switch operates regardless of the ignition switch posi- tion.

By pushing the front end of this switch, following lights will come on. Parking lights Front and rear side marker lights Tail lights License plate lights

To turn off, push the rear end of the parking light switch. Avoid leaving these lights on for a long time because that will run down the battery.

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Fog light switch (if equipped)

The fog lights operate only when the headlights are on low beam. Push the fog light switch to turn the fog lights on. Press the switch again to turn them off.

HB3020BB

The indicator light located on the switch will illuminate when the fog lights are on.

Wiper and washer

WARNING In freezing weather, do not use the windshield washer until the windshield is sufficiently warmed by the defroster. Otherwise the washer fluid can freeze on the windshield, blocking your view.

CAUTION Do not operate the washer continuously for more than ten se- conds, or when the washer fluid tank is empty. This may cause overheating of the washer motor. Check the washer fluid level fre- quently, such as at fuel stops.

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Do not operate the wipers when the windshield or rear window is dry. This may scratch the glass, damage the wiper blades and cause the wiper motor to burn out. Before operating the wiper on a dry windshield or rear window, always use the windshield washer. In freezing weather, be sure that the wiper blades are not fro- zen to the windshield or rear window before switching on the wipers. Attempting to operate the wiper with the blades frozen to the window glass could cause not only the wiper blades to be damaged but also the wiper motor to burn out. If the wiper blade is frozen to the window glass, be sure to operate the defroster, wiper deicer (if equipped) or rear window defogger before turning on the wiper. If the wipers stop during operation because of ice or some oth- er obstruction on the window, the wiper motor could burn out even if the wiper switch is turned off. If this occurs, promptly stop the vehicle in a safe place, turn the ignition switch to the LOCK position and clean the window glass to allow proper wiper opera- tion. Use clean water if windshield washer fluid is unavailable. In areas where water freezes in winter, use SUBARU Windshield Washer Fluid or the equivalent. (See Windshield washer fluid section in chapter 11.) Also, when driving the vehicle when there are freezing tempera- tures, use non-freezing type wiper blades. Do not clean the wiper blades with gasoline or a solvent, such as paint thinner or benzene. This will cause deterioration of the wiper blades.

NOTE The wiper operates only when the ignition switch is in the ON or ACC position. Clean your wiper blades and window glass periodically with a washer solution to prevent streaking, and to remove accumulations of road salt or road film. Keep the washer button depressed at least for 1 second so that washer solution will be sprinkled all over the

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windshield or rear window. Grease, wax, insects or other material on the windshield or the wiper blades results in jerky wiper operation and streaking on the glass. If you cannot remove those streaks after operating the washer or if the wiper operation is jerky, clean the outer surface of the windshield or rear window and the wiper blades using a sponge or soft cloth with a neutral detergent or mild-abrasive cleaner. After cleaning, rinse the window glass and wiper blades with clean water. The glass is clean if no beads form on the glass when you rinse with water. If you cannot eliminate the streaking even after following this pro- cedure, replace the wiper blades with new ones. Refer to the Wiper blade replacement section (chapter 11) for replacement instruc- tions.

Windshield wiper and washer switches

Windshield wipers

HB3022BB

To turn the wipers on, push the wiper control lever down. : Intermittent

LO : Low speed HI : High speed

To turn the wipers off, return the lever to the OFF position.

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Wiper intermittent time control

HB3024BA

When the wiper switch is in the position, turn the dial to adjust the operating interval of the wiper. The operating interval can be adjusted continuously from the shortest interval to the longest. Two click stop positions of the dial may help you to aim at your de- sired interval.

Mist (for a single wipe) For a single wipe of the wipers, pull the lever toward you. The wipers operate until you release the lever.

Washer

HB3023BA

To wash the windshield, push the washer button at the end of the wip-

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er control lever. The washer fluid sprays until you release the washer button. The wipers operate while you push the button.

Rear window defogger switch

CAUTION Do not use sharp instruments or window cleaner containing abrasives to clean the inner surface of the rear window. They may damage the conductors printed on the window. To prevent the battery from being discharged, do not operate the defogger continuously for any longer than necessary.

The rear window defogger operates only when the ignition switch is in the ON position. The rear window defogger switch is located on the climate control panel.

The defogger will automatically shut off after about 15 minutes. If the win- dow clears before that time, push the switch to turn it off. It also turns off when the ignition switch is turned to the ACC or LOCK position. If defrosting or defogging is desired when you restart your vehicle, you have to push the switch to turn it on again.

HB5009BB

To turn on the defogger, push the switch. To turn it off, push the switch again. The indicator light located on the switch lights up while the rear window

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defogger is operating.

Windshield wiper deicer (if equipped)

CAUTION To prevent the battery from being discharged, do not operate the windshield wiper deicer continuously for any longer than neces- sary.

HB3021BB

The windshield wiper deicer operates only when the ignition switch is in the ON position.

Before turning on the windshield wiper deicer, remove any snow from the windshield. To turn on the windshield wiper deicer, push the switch. The indicator light located on the switch lights up while the windshield wiper deicer is operating. The windshield wiper deicer will automatically shut off after about 15 min- utes. If the wiper blades have been deiced completely before that time, push the switch to turn it off. It also turns off when the ignition switch is turned to the ACC or LOCK position. If deicing is not complete when you restart your vehicle, you have to push the switch to turn the deicer on again.

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Mirrors

Always check that the inside and outside mirrors are properly adjusted before you start driving.

Inside mirror

HB4003BB

The inside mirror has a day and night position. Pull the tab at the bottom of the mirror toward you for the night position. Push it away for the day position. The night position reduces glare from headlights.

Auto-dimming mirror/compass (if equipped)

HB6019BB

The auto-dimming mirror/compass has an anti-glare feature which au- tomatically reduces glare coming from headlights of vehicles behind you. It also contains a built-in compass.

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By pressing and releasing the left button, the automatic dimming function is toggled on or off. When the automatic dimming function is on, the auto dimming indicator light (green) located to the right of the button will illuminate. By pressing and releasing the right button, the compass display is toggled on or off. When the compass is on, an illuminated compass reading will appear in the lower part of the mirror.

Even with the mirror in anti-glare mode, the mirror surface turns bright if the transmission is shifted into reverse. This is to ensure good rear- ward visibility during reversing.

n Photosensors

HB6020BA

The mirror has a photosensor attached on both the front and back sides. If the glare from the headlights of vehicles behind you strikes the mirror, these sensors detect it and make the reflection surface of the mirror dimmer to help prevent you from being blinded. For this reason, use care not to cover the sensors with stickers, or other simi- lar items. Periodically wipe the sensors clean using a piece of dry soft cotton cloth or an applicator.

n Compass calibration 1. For optimum calibration, switch off all nonessential electrical ac- cessories (rear window defogger, heater/air conditioning system, spotlight, etc.) and ensure all doors are shut. 2. Drive to an open, level area away from large metallic objects or

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structures and make certain the ignition switch is in the ON position. 3. Press and hold the left button for 3 seconds then release, and the compass will enter the calibration mode. CAL and direction will be displayed. 4. Drive slowly in a circle until CAL disappears from the display (about two or three circles). The compass is now calibrated. 5. Further calibration may be necessary should outside influences cause the mirror to read inaccurately. You will know that this has oc- curred if your compass begins to read in only limited directions. Should you encounter this situation, return to step one of the above procedure and recalibrate the mirror.

n Compass zone adjustment 1. The zone setting is factory preset to Zone 8. Refer to the Com- pass calibration zone map at the end of this manual to verify that the compass zone setting is correct for your geographical location. 2. Press and hold the right button for 3 seconds then release, and the word ZONE will briefly appear and then the zone number will be dis- played. 3. Press the right hand button repeatedly to cycle the display through all possible zone settings. Stop cycling when the correct zone setting for your location is displayed. 4. Releasing the button for 3 seconds will exit the zone setting mode.

Outside mirrors

Convex mirror (Passenger side)

WARNING Objects look smaller in a convex mirror and farther away than when viewed in a flat mirror. Do not use the convex mirror to judge the distance of vehicles behind you when changing lanes. Use the inside mirror (or glance backwards) to determine the actual size and distance of objects that you view in convex mir- ror.

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Adjusting mirrors To adjust the mirrors by hand, push where indicated by the arrows.

OM-H2737

Remote control mirror switch The remote control mirrors operate only when the ignition switch is in the ON or ACC position.

HB4004BB

1. Press either end of the selection switch, L for the left, R for the right. 2. Move the direction control switch in the direction you want to move the mirror. 3. Return the selection switch to the neutral position to prevent unintentional operation.

The mirrors can also be adjusted manually.

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Outside mirror defogger (if equipped)

CAUTION To prevent the battery from being discharged, do not operate the defogger continuously for any longer than necessary.

The outside mirror defogger operates only when the ignition switch is in the ON or ACC position.

HB4004CB

To turn on the outside mirror defogger, push the switch while the en- gine is running. The indicator light located on the switch will come on when the out- side mirror defogger heater in operation.

To turn it off, push the switch again.

Tilt steering wheel

WARNING Do not adjust the steering wheel tilt position while driving. This may cause loss of vehicle control and result in personal injury.

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HB4002BA

1. Adjust the seat position. Refer to the Front seat section (chapter 1). 2. Pull the tilt lock lever down. 3. Move the steering wheel to the desired level. 4. Push the lever up to lock the steering wheel in place. 5. Make sure that the steering wheel is securely locked by moving it up and down.

Horn

OM-H0440

To sound the horn, push the horn pad.

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Climate control

Ventilator 4-2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Manual heating and air conditioning system 4-4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Heater operation 4-7. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Air conditioner operation 4-10. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Operating tips for heater and air conditioner 4-12. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Air filtration system (if equipped) 4-13. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Ventilator

Center and side ventilators

HB5001BB

Adjustable side defroster grille (drivers side if equipped)

HB5003BBHB5002BB

Normal position

Side defroster grille Fin

Windshield defrost assist position

The drivers side defroster grille is adjustable. The normal position as shown in the diagram directs warm air to the side glass. When more rapid defrosting of the windshield is desired, the air flow can be directed temporarily toward the windshield to assist the windshield defroster. If this is done, the drivers side grille should always be returned to its normal position so that the warm air flow can then be used to defrost the drivers side window.

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4-3 CONTINUED

Air flow selection

HB5006CA

HB5006BA

HB5006EA

HB5006DA

HB5006FA

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Manual heating and air conditioning system

Control panel

HB5004BC

1. Temperature control dial 2. Fan speed control dial 3. Air flow control dial 4. Air conditioner button 5. Air inlet selection button 6. Rear window defogger button (Refer to Rear window defogger in chapter 3.)

n Temperature control dial This dial regulates the temperature of air flow from the air outlets over a range from the blue area (cool) to red area (warm).

n Fan speed control dial The fan operates only when the ignition switch is turned to the ON position. The fan speed control dial is used to select four fan speeds.

n Air flow control dial This dial has the following five positions:

: Air flows through the instrument panel outlets.

: Air flows through the instrument panel outlets and the foot outlets.

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: Air flows through the foot outlets and some through the wind- shield defroster outlets.

: Air flows through the windshield defroster outlets and foot outlets.

: Air flows through the windshield defroster outlets.

NOTE When the dial is placed in the or position, the air conditioner compressor operates automatically regardless of the position of the air conditioner button to defog the windshield quickly. At the same time, the air inlet selection is automatically set to Outside air mode. In this state, you cannot select recirculation mode by manually pressing the air inlet selection button.

n Air conditioner button

HB5010BB

The air conditioner operates only when the engine is running.

Push the air conditioner button while the fan is in operation to turn on the air conditioner. The indicator light will come on.

Push it again to turn off the air conditioner.

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n Air inlet selection button

WARNING Continued operation in the ON position may fog up the windows. Switch to the OFF position as soon as the outside dusty condi- tion clears.

HB5008BB

ON position (Recirculation): Interior air is recirculated inside the ve- hicle. Push the air inlet selection button to the ON position. The indi- cator light will come on. OFF position (Outside Air): Outside air is drawn into the passenger compartment. Push the air inlet selection button again to the OFF position. The indicator light will go off.

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4-7 CONTINUED

Heater operation

Defrosting or defogging the windshield

HB5011AA

To direct warm air to the windshield and front door windows: 1. Set the air flow control dial to . 2. Turn the temperature control dial all the way to the right. 3. Set the fan speed control dial to the highest speed.

NOTE Warm air also comes out from the right and left air outlets. To stop warm air flow from these outlets, turn the corresponding thumb-wheel to the position.

Heating and defrosting

HB5012AA

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To direct warm air toward the floor and the windshield: 1. Set the air flow control dial to . 2. Set the temperature control dial to the desired temperature level. 3. Set the fan speed control dial to the desired speed.

NOTE Warm air also comes out from the right and left air outlets. To stop warm air flow from these outlets, turn the corresponding thumb-wheel to the position.

Heating

HB5013AA

To direct warm air toward the floor: 1. Set the air inlet selection button to the OFF position 2 Set the air flow control dial to . 3. Set the temperature control dial to the desired temperature level. 4. Set the fan speed control dial to the desired speed.

NOTE Warm air also comes out from the right and left air outlets. To stop warm air flow from these outlets, turn the corresponding thumb-wheel to the position.

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4-9 CONTINUED

Bi-level heating

HB5014AA

This setting allows you to direct air of different temperatures from the instrument panel and foot outlets. The air from the foot outlets is slightly warmer than from the instrument panel outlets. 1. Set the air inlet selection button to the OFF position. 2. Set the air flow control dial to . 3. Set the temperature control dial to the desired temperature level. 4. Set the fan speed control dial to the desired speed.

Setting the temperature control dial fully turned to the red area or blue area decreases the temperature difference between the air from the instrument panel outlets and the air from the foot outlets.

Ventilation

WARNING Continued operation in the ON position may fog up the win- dows. Switch to the OFF position as soon as the outside dusty condition clears.

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HB5015AA

To force outside air through the instrument panel outlets: 1. Set the air inlet selection button to the OFF position. 2. Set the air flow control dial to . 3. Set the temperature control dial all the way left. 4. Set the fan speed control dial to the desired speed.

When driving on a dusty road, set the air inlet control button to the ON position.

Air conditioner operation

Cooling or dehumidifying

HB5016BB

For cooling and dehumidification of the passenger compartment, air flows through the instrument panel outlets:

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Climate control

4-11 CONTINUED

1. Set the air inlet selection button to the OFF position. 2. Set the air flow control dial to . 3. Set the air conditioner button to the ON position. 4. Set the temperature control dial to the blue area. 5. Set the fan speed control dial at the desired speed.

Defrosting or defogging

HB5011BB

To direct warm air to the windshield and front door windows: 1. Set the air outlet control dial to . 2. Set the temperature control dial to the red area. 3. Set the fan speed control dial at the highest speed.

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Operating tips for heater and air conditioner

Cleaning ventilator grille

HBF046BA

Always keep the front ventilator inlet grille free of snow, leaves, or oth- er obstructions to ensure efficient heating and defrosting. Since the condenser is located in front of the radiator, this area should be kept clean because cooling performance is impaired by any accumulation of insects and leaves on the condenser.

Efficient cooling after parking in direct sunlight After parking in direct sunlight, drive with the windows open for a few minutes to allow outside air to circulate into the heated interior. This results in quicker cooling by the air conditioner. Keep the windows closed during the operation of the air conditioner for maximum cool- ing efficiency.

Lubrication oil circulation in the refrigerant circuit Operate the air conditioner compressor at a low engine speed (at idle or low driving speeds) a few minutes each month during the off-sea- son to circulate its oil.

Checking air conditioning system before summer season Check the air conditioner unit for refrigerant leaks, hose conditions, and proper operation each spring. This check is best performed by your SUBARU dealer.

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Climate control

4-13 CONTINUED

Cooling and dehumidifying in high humidity and low tempera- ture weather condition

Under certain weather conditions (high relative humidity, low tempera- tures, etc.) a small amount of water vapor emission from the air outlets may be noticed. This condition is normal and does not indicate any problem with the air conditioning system.

Air conditioner compressor shut-off when engine is heavily loaded

To improve acceleration and gas mileage, the air conditioner com- pressor is designed to temporarily shut off during air conditioner op- eration whenever the accelerator is fully depressed such as during rapid acceleration or when driving on a steep upgrade.

Refrigerant for your climate control system Your air conditioner uses ozone friendly refrigerant HFC134a. There- fore, the method of adding, changing or checking the refrigerant is different from the method for CFC12 (freon). Consult your SUBARU dealer for service. Repairs needed as a result of using the wrong refrigerant are not covered under warranty.

Air filtration system (if equipped)

If your vehicles air conditioning system is equipped with a optional air filtration system, replace the filter element according to the replacement schedule shown below. This schedule should be followed to maintain the filters dust collection ability. Under extremely dusty conditions, the filter should be replaced more frequently. Have your filter checked or replaced by your SUBARU dealer.

Replacement schedule: Every 12 months or 9,300 miles (15,000 km) whichever comes first

NOTE The filter can influence the air conditioning, heating and defroster performance if not properly maintained.

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Audio

Antenna system 5-2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Installation of accessories 5-2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Audio set 5-3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

AM/FM radio with CD player 5-4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

In-dash 6 CD auto changer (if equipped) 5-13. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Precautions to observe when handling a compact disc (CD) 5-16. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Antenna system

Pillar mounted antenna

HB5070BA

Pull the antenna out to extend it to its full length.

FM reception Although FM is normally static free, reception can be affected by the surrounding area, atmospheric conditions, station strength and trans- mitter distance. Buildings or other obstructions may cause momentary static, flutter or station interference. If reception continues to be unsat- isfactory, switch to a stronger station.

Installation of accessories

Always consult your SUBARU dealer before installing a citizen band ra- dio or other transmitting device in your vehicle. Such devices may cause the electronic control system to malfunction if they are incorrectly installed or if they are not suited for the vehicle.

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Audio set

Your SUBARU is equipped with the following audio set. See the pages indicated in this section for operating details.

AM/FM radio with CD player

HB5066AA

Radio operation: refer to page 5-4 CD (compact disc) player operation: refer to page 5-7 CD changer control: refer to page 5-10

In-dash 6 CD auto changer (Optional audio unit if equipped)

HB5040AA

Inserting and removing a disc or all discs: refer to page 5-13

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AM/FM radio with CD player

The audio set will operate only when the ignition switch is in the ACC or ON position.

Radio operation

HB5067BB

1 Power switch/Volume, Tone, Balance, Fader control dial

2 BAND button 3 Tuning buttons

4 Preset buttons 5 AUDIO button 6 SCAN button

Power switch and volume/bass/treble/fader/balance control

n Power switch and volume control (PWR/VOL) The dial 1 is used for both power (ON/OFF) and volume control. The radio is turned ON and OFF by pushing the dial and the volume is controlled by turning the dial.

n Tone and balance control (AUDIO) The volume control dial 1 normally functions as a volume control. This dial becomes a control for Bass, Treble, Fader or Balance when you select the appropriate tone and balance control mode.

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Choose desired volume level for each mode by turning the volume control dial. The control function returns to volume control mode after about 5 seconds.

To change control modes: Each brief press of the AUDIO button 5 changes control modes in the following sequence starting from vol- ume control mode. (When the radio is first turned on, the control mode is in the volume control.)

Volume Bass Treble Balance Fader (VOL) (BAS) (TRE) (BAL) (FAD)

The AUDIO button5is used for selecting the following control modes:

Display Control mode

HB5036BA

Turn counterclockwise Turn clockwise

BAS Bass control For less bass For more bass

TRE Treble control For less treble For more treble

FAD Fader control To increase rear speaker volume and decrease front

speaker volume

To increase front speaker volume and decrease rear

speaker volume

BAL Balance control To increase left speaker volume and decrease right

speaker volume

To increase right speaker volume and decrease left

speaker volume

VOL Volume control For less volume For more volume

Waveband selection

n FM/AM selection Push the BAND button 2 to select FM1, FM2 or AM reception. The

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display indicates which one is currently selected.

Stereo indicator The stereo indicator ST will come on when an FM stereo broadcast is received.

Tuning (TUNE)

n Manual tuning (TUNE) Press the tuning button 3 marked to increase the tuning frequen- cy and press the tuning button marked to decrease it. Each time the button is pressed, the frequency interval can be changed between 10 kHz in the AM mode and 0.2 MHz in the FM mode. Constant pressure on the button causes a continuous change in the frequency.

n Automatic tuning (SCAN) Press the SCAN button 6 to change the radio to the SCAN mode. In this mode, the radio scans through the radio band until a station is found. The radio will stop at the station for five seconds while display- ing the frequency, after which scanning will continue until the entire band has been scanned from the low end to the high end. Press the SCAN button again to cancel the SCAN mode and to stop on any displayed frequency. When the SCAN button is pressed for automatic tuning, stations are scanned in the direction of low frequencies to high frequencies only. Automatic tuning may not function properly if the station reception is weakened by distance from the station or proximity to tall buildings and hills.

Selecting preset stations Presetting a station with a preset button 4 allows you to select that station in a single operation. Up to six AM, FM1 and FM2 stations each may be preset.

How to preset stations 1. Press the BAND button 2 to select FM1, FM2 or AM reception. 2. Press the SCAN button or tune the radio manually until the

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desired station frequency is displayed. 3. Press one of the preset buttons for more than 2 seconds to store the frequency. At this time, there will momentarily be no sound from the radio. If the button is pressed for less than 2 seconds, the preced- ing selection will remain in memory.

NOTE If the connection between the radio and battery is broken for any reason such as vehicle maintenance or radio removal, all stations stored in the preset buttons are cleared. If this occurs, it is neces- sary to reset the preset buttons.

Compact disc player operation

HB5067CB

7 Disc slot 8 CD button 9 Eject button Q Fast forward and track up

button

W Fast reverse and track down button

E Random button R Repeat button T Scan button Y PWR (power) switch

To playback a compact disc

n When CD is not in the player Hold a disc with a finger in the center hole while gripping the edge of

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the disc, then insert it in to the slot (with the label side up) and the player will automatically pull the disc into position. A 8 cm/3 inch CD may also be used without any adapter.

NOTE DO NOT INSERT TWO DISCS INTO THE DISC INSERTION SLOT AT A TIME. Be sure to always insert a disc with the label side up. If a disc is inserted with the label side down, it might be ejected or the player might shut off. After the last song finishes, the player will automatically return to track 1 (the first song on the disc).

n When CD is in the player When the CD button 8 is pressed, the player will start playback.

NOTE After the last song finishes, the player will automatically return to track 1 (the first song on the disc).

To stop playback of a CD When the PWR button Y is pressed during playback of a CD, the CD stops playing temporarily. To let the CD resume playing, press the button again.

To select a song from its beginning

n Forward direction Briefly press the button Q to skip to the beginning of the next track. Each time the button is pressed, the indicated track number will increase.

n Backward direction Briefly press the button W to skip to the beginning of the current track. Each time the button is pressed, the indicated truck number will decrease.

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Fast forwarding and fast reverse

n Fast forward Press the button Q continuously for more than 0.5 second to fast forward the disc. Release the button to stop fast forwarding.

n Fast reverse Press the button W continuously for more than 0.5 second to fast reverse the disc. Release the button to stop fast reverse.

Repeat playback Use this to play a certain track repeatedly. During playback, press the RPT button R and release it in less than 2 seconds. The RPT indi- cator will come on and the song will be played continuously. To can- cel the repeat mode, press the button again. Then the RPT indicator goes out, and normal playback mode is restored.

Random playback Use this to play the tracks on the disc in random order. During play- back, press the RDM button E and hold it in for more than 2 se- conds. The RDM indicator will come on and all songs on the disc will be played in a random order. To cancel the random mode, press the button again. Then the RDM indicator goes out, and normal playback mode is restored.

Scan Press the SCAN button T and release it in less than 2 seconds, and you can hear the first 10 seconds of each track to search for the desired program. To continue listening to the program, press the SCAN button again. After all tracks on the disc has been scanned, normal playback mode is restored.

To eject a disc from the player When a disc is being played back or when a disc is in the player, press the eject button 9. The disc will be ejected. The disc may be removed even when the ignition switch is in the LOCK position.

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NOTE Avoid driving the vehicle with a CD sticking out, because vibration might make it fall out. To protect the disc, the disc is automatically loaded if it is left in the ejected position for more than approximately 15 seconds (Auto Reload). In this case, the disc is not played.

CD changer control (If optional in dash CD changer is connected) An optional CD changer can be connected to this audio unit. See your SUBARU dealer for more information. For procedures for loading and un- loading CDs, refer to In-dash 6 CD auto changer in this chapter.

HB5067DB

U CD button I Track selection buttons O RAND (Random) button

P RPT (Repeat) button A SCAN button

To start playback Press the CD button U. The CD indicator will come on and the disc number will appear on the display and the CD changer will start playback.

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NOTE If the CD button is pressed during a radio broadcast, the CD changer will interrupt the broadcast. At the end of the disc, playback automatically continues with the next disc. After playback on the last disc finishes, the player will auto- matically return to the first disc. If you have loaded fewer than 6 discs, any missing disc is automatically skipped.

Selection of a desired disc Discs cannot be selected using the main audio unit. To select a disc, press one of the Disc select buttons (these are numbered from 1 to 6) on the CD changer unit. The disc will begin to play.

To select a song from its beginning Briefly press the button I to skip to the beginning of the next track and briefly press the button to skip to the beginning of the current track.

Fast-forwarding and fast-reverse Press the button I continuously for more than a half second to fast-forward the disc. Press the button continuously for more than a half second to fast reverse the disc. Release the button to stop fast forwarding or fast reverse.

Repeat Press the RPT button P while a song is playing to play the song repeatedly. The RPT indicator will come on and the song will be played continuously. To cancel the repeat mode, press the button again. Then the RPT indicator goes out, and normal playback mode is restored.

Random playback Press the RAND button O while a disc is being played back to play all songs on the disc in a random order. The RAND indicator will come on and all songs on the disc will be played in a random order.

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To cancel the random mode, press the button again. Then the RAND indicator goes out, and normal playback mode is restored.

Scan (a convenient way to become familiar with a disc) 1. Press the SCAN button A.

The display shows SCAN and the track number being scanned. You hear the first 10 seconds of each track. The operation is automatically cleared after playing all pro- grams. Then, normal playback starts.

2. Press the SCAN button again when you hear a track you like. Normal playback resumes.

To stop playback To stop playback and switch over to the radio mode, press the BAND button.

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In-dash 6 CD auto changer (if equipped)

HB5040BB

1 Disc slot 2 Disc indicators (disc No.1 to

6)

3 Disc select buttons (disc No.1 to 6)

4 Eject button

CAUTION Do not attempt to insert two or more discs into the slot at a time. Doing so can cause mechanical damage to the CD changer. Use only music CDs identified by a mark. Do not use CDs listed below which could cause damage to the CD player.

3-inch (8 cm) compact disc. Any disc with a peel-off or seal on it. Any disc with scratches and/or dust. Bent disc. Cleaning disc. CD accessory. (E.g., 3-inch (8 cm) disc adapter)

Do not insert or remove any disc when the automatic transmis- sion selector lever is in the park position; the selector lever in that position can interfere with disc insertion or removal, causing scratches on the disc surface (for AT vehicles).

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To insert a disc 1. Press one of the Disc select buttons 3 (numbered from 1 to 6) for which the disc indicator light 2 is OFF. The Disc indicator lights are located directly above the corresponding Disc select buttons. 2. The indicator will begin blinking. The blinking will last for 15 se- conds. During this period, insert a desired disc, and the disc will begin to play. (If any disc is not inserted during this period, the Disc slot 1 door will close. Repeat step 1.) Be sure to hold a disc with the label side (the side where titles are printed) up. 3. To insert another disc, repeat step 1 and 2 choosing a different disc select button.

To insert six discs at a time 1. Press and hold the Disc select button number 1 until all disc indi- cators begin blinking (about 1.5 seconds). 2. The indicators will blink for 15 seconds. During this period, insert desired six discs. 3. When all discs are loaded, the first disc will begin to play. (If no disc is inserted within this 15 seconds, the entire disc load sequence will be canceled.)

To remove a disc 1. Press the desired one of the Disc select buttons 3 (numbered from 1 to 6) for which the disc indicator light is on. 2. Press the Eject button 4. The selected disc will be ejected and the indicator light will begin blinking. 3. To remove another disc, repeat step 1 and 2 choosing a different Disc select button. (To remove discs when the ignition switch is in the Lock position, press the Eject button, and the first disc will be ejected. Press the Eject button again, and the next disc will be ejected and so on. At this time, the Disc select buttons are disabled.)

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To remove all discs at one time 1. Press and hold the Eject button 4 until all Disc indicators begin blinking (about 1.5 seconds), and the first disc will be ejected. 2. When the disc is removed, the next one will be ejected, and so on.

To replace a playing disc with another Simply press the desired one of Disc select buttons 3 (numbered from 1 to 6) or press the DISC UP or DISC DOWN button on the radio unit to select the desired disc, and the disc will begin to play.

Disc indicators Lit: when the corresponding storage tray is occupied by a disc. Blinking: Disc player is either in loading, eject or changing mode. OFF: No disc is loaded or the ignition switch is in the LOCK position.

Function control Refer to CD player control operating instructions described in the AM/FM radio with CD player section.

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Precautions to observe when handling a compact disc (CD)

Use only compact discs (CDs) that have the mark shown below. CD- RWs cannot be used. Also, some CD-Rs cannot be played.

HB5062AA

In cold and/or rainy weather, dew can form inside the CD player, pre- venting normal operation. If this happens, eject the CD and wait for the player to dry out. Skipping may occur when the CD player is subjected to severe vibra- tion (for example, when the vehicle is driven on a rough surface). To remove a disc from the case, press the center of the case and hold both edges of the disc. If the disc surface is touched directly, contamina- tion could cause poor tone quality. Do not touch the disc surface. Use a clean disc whenever possible. If there are deposits, wipe the disc surface from the center outward with a dry, soft cloth. Be sure not to use a hard cloth, thinner, benzene, alcohol, etc. Do not use any disc that is scratched, deformed, or cracked. Also, do not use any disc that has a non-standard shape (for example, a heart shape). Malfunctions or problems might result. A disc is vulnerable to heat. Never keep it either in places exposed to direct sunlight, near heaters or in vehicles parked in the sun or hot days.

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HB5061BA

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Interior and exterior equipments

Interior light 6-2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Dome light 6-2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Map light 6-3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Sun visors 6-3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Vanity mirror 6-4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Storage compartment 6-4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Glove box 6-5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Center console 6-5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Rear center console 6-6. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Coin compartment 6-6. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Rear quarter storage box 6-7. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Cup holder 6-7. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Cigarette lighter socket 6-9. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Ashtray 6-12. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Convenience hook 6-12. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Coat hook 6-12. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Cargo net hooks 6-13. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Floor mat (if equipped) 6-14. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Cargo bed 6-15. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Cargo tie-down hooks 6-16. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Bed extender (if equipped) 6-17. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Cargo lamp 6-20. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Bed cover (if equipped) 6-21. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Roof rail and crossbar 6-23. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Sport activity lights (if equipped) 6-29. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Interior light

Dome light

HS6003BC

The dome light switch has three positions: ON: The light stays on continuously. DOOR (middle position): The light comes on when any of the doors is open. The light remains on for several seconds and gradually goes out after all doors are closed.

The light also can be turned on by use of the keyless entry transmitter. See the Keyless entry system in chapter 2 for detailed information. OFF: The light stays off.

When leaving your vehicle, make sure the light goes out to avoid battery discharge.

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Interior and exterior equipments

6-3 CONTINUED

Map light

HB2034CC

To turn on the map light, push the switch. To turn it off, push the switch again.

When leaving the vehicle, make sure the light is turned off to avoid bat- tery discharge.

Sun visors

HB7001BA

To block out glare, swing down the visors. To use the sun visor at a side window, swing it down and move it sideways.

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Vanity mirror

HB6017AA

To use the vanity mirror, swing down the sunvisor and open the vanity mirror cover.

The light beside the vanity mirror comes on when the ignition switch is either in the ACC or ON position and the mirror cover is opened.

Storage compartment

Your vehicle has some storage compartments such as a glove box, a center console and so forth, for storage of small items that you often use.

CAUTION Always keep the storage compartment closed while driving to reduce the risk of injury in the event of sudden stops or an acci- dent. Do not store spray cans, containers with flammable or corro- sive liquids or any other dangerous items in the storage compart- ment.

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Glove box

HS0090

Unlock

Lock

To open the glove box, pull the handle. To close it, push the lid firmly upward. To lock the glove box, insert the key and turn it clockwise.

Center console

HB6022BA

To open the lid, pull up the lock release.

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Rear center console

HB6028BA

To open the lid, push the button.

Coin compartment

HS0096

To open the coin compartment, pull the upper edge of the lid.

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Rear quarter storage box

HB6040BB

The rear quarter storage box is located on the right side of the back panel behind the rear seatback.

To open the box: 1. Unlock the rear seatback locks by pulling the lock release knob up and fold the rear seatback forward. Refer to Rear seats section in Chapter 1 for operating details. 2. Unlock the knob of rear quarter box cover and open the cover.

CAUTION After returning the seatback to its original position, make sure that the rear seatback has been securely locked. When securely locked, the red marks on the locking knobs are no longer visible.

Cup holder

CAUTION Do not pick up a cup from the cup holder or put a cup in the holder while you are driving, as this may distract you and lead to an accident. Take care to avoid spills. Beverages, if hot, might burn you or your passengers. Spilled beverages may also damage upholstery, carpets or audio equipment.

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Front cup holder

HB6030BA

A dual cup holder is built in the center console, beside the parking brake lever.

Rear passengers cup holder

HB6029BA

A dual cup holder is built in the rear center console.

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Cigarette lighter socket

CAUTION The electrical power socket located on the lower part of the instrument panel is originally designed to use a SUBARU genuine cigarette lighter plug. Do not use non-genuine cigarette lighter plugs in the socket. Doing so may cause a short-circuit and over- heating, resulting in a fire. If the socket is ever used for a plug-in accessory such as a mobile phone, they may damage the portion of the sockets inter- nal mechanism that causes a cigarette lighter plug to pop out after its lighter element is heated. Therefore, do not place a ciga- rette lighter plug in a socket that has been used, even once, to power a plug-in accessory. Doing so may cause the plug to stick and overheat, creating a potential fire hazard. Do not place any foreign objects, especially metal ones such as coins or aluminum foil, into the socket. That could cause a short circuit.

HB6011BA

The electrical power socket located on the lower part of the instrument panel can be used as cigarette lighter socket. A cigarette lighter plug is an optional accessory. It is available from your SUBARU dealer. The cigarette lighter socket may also be used as a power source for an in-car use electrical appliance.

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Use with a cigarette lighter

WARNING To avoid being burned, never grasp the lighter by the end with the heating element. Doing so could result in injury and could also damage the heating element.

CAUTION Do not hold the lighter pushed in, because it will overheat.

HB6011DA

The cigarette lighter operates only when the ignition switch is in ON and ACC positions. To use the cigarette lighter, push in the knob and wait a few moments. It will automatically spring up when ready for use.

Using as an accessory power outlet Electrical power (12V DC) from the battery is on tap at the socket when the ignition switch is either in ACC or ON position. If you use the socket as an accessory power outlet, take the following precautions. When the socket is not in use, always put the cap on the socket to prevent any foreign object from entering it.

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CAUTION Use only in-car use electrical appliances which are designed for 12V DC and which consume less than 120W. Overloading the socket can cause a short circuit. Do not use double adapters or more than one electrical appliance. If the plug on your electric appliance is either too loose or too tight for the socket, this can result in a poor contact or cause the plug to get stuck. Only use plugs that fit properly. Use of an electric appliance in the socket for a long period of time while the engine is not running can cause battery discharge. Before driving your vehicle, make sure that the plug and the cord on your electrical appliance will not interfere with your shift- ing gears and operating the accelerator and brake pedals. If they do, do not use the electrical appliance while driving.

If the socket has been used for electrical appliances, damage may have been done to the internal mechanism that cause a cigarette lighter to pop-out after its element has been heated. For that reason, a cigarette lighter, even if it is a genuine part, should not be used in the socket. If you want to use the socket for a cigarette lighter again, or to protect your purchaser before you sell your car, have your SUBARU dealer replace the socket with a new one.

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Ashtray

CAUTION Do not use ashtrays as waste receptacles or leave a lighted ciga- rette in an ashtray. This could cause a fire.

Fully close the ashtray after using it to help reduce residual smoke.

HB6011CA

To open the ashtray, pull the lid out.

To remove the ashtray for cleaning, open it and pull it out while pushing the inner plate down.

Convenience hook

Coat hook

CAUTION Never hang anything on the coat hook that might obstruct the drivers view or that could cause injury in sudden stops or in a collision. And do not hang items on the coat hook that weigh 2.2 lb (1 kg) or more.

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HB6025BA

The coat hook is attached to each rear passengers hand grip.

Cargo net hooks

HB6031BA

There are four hooks on the back panel behind the rear seatback. These hooks can be used for installing a cargo net so that small and light items can be held next to the back panel when the rear seatback is in the down position.

Fold the rear seatback forward by pulling the release knob up for access to the hooks.

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CAUTION After returning the seatback to its original position, make sure that the rear seatback has been securely locked. When securely locked, the red marks on the locking knobs are no longer visible.

Floor mat (if equipped)

CAUTION Make sure the drivers floor mat is placed back in its proper loca- tion and correctly secured on its retaining pin. If the floor mat slips forward and interferes with the movement of the pedals dur- ing driving, it could cause an accident.

HB6016BAHB6015BA

A retaining pin is located on the drivers side of the vehicle next to the fuel filler door release. The floor mat is secured using the built-in grom- met, by placing the grommet over the pin and pushing downward.

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Cargo bed

HB1149BA

WARNING Never fill gasoline containers on the cargo bed. Static electric- ity may ignite gasoline vapor when filling portable containers. Ap- proved containers must be removed from the vehicle and placed on the ground when filling. Do not fill any portable container on a vehicle. Never allow anyone to ride in the cargo bed. It is not designed for passengers. They should ride in the seats with the seat belts securely fastened. Otherwise they are much more likely to suffer serious injury or death in a sudden braking or in a collision.

CAUTION Do not exceed the cargo load rating of your vehicle. Refer to the Loading your vehicle section in Chapter 8. Be sure cargo is secured properly. Unsecured cargo in the cargo bed can be thrown around during sudden braking, in a sharp turn or during rapid acceleration, which could create a dan- gerous road hazard. To avoid creating a dangerous road hazard or causing per- sonal injury, cargo must not stick out beyond the tailgate. Never drive the vehicle with the tailgate open unless the

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optional Subaru Bed Extender is used.

Cargo should be placed in the cargo bed. Make sure all items are secured in place. Be careful to keep the vehicle balanced. Locating the weight as low and far forward as possible helps maintain balance. There are two water drain holes at both sides of the front end of the car- go bed. Keep those holes clear and free from obstructions.

Cargo tie-down hooks

HB6032BA

The cargo bed is equipped with four tie-down hooks so that cargo can be secured with a luggage net or ropes.

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Bed extender (if equipped)

The bed extender is designed to increase the usable cargo area of the bed.

CAUTION When the tailgate and bed extender are in the open/outward position, the license plate bracket must be lowered and locked into position before the vehicle is driven (see section License plate bracket under the heading of Tailgate in Chapter 2 for more information on the function of the license plate bracket). In order to avoid damaging the license plate bracket or the bumper, make certain that the license plate bracket is in its fully lowered/ open position before the tailgate is lowered. Do not exceed the cargo load rating of your vehicle. Refer to Loading your vehicle section in Chapter 8. Locking buckles must be engaged into the tailgate latch while the vehicle is in motion. When the bed extender is not in use, the tailgate should be closed. Do not use the bed extender or tailgate to secure cargo. Remove the bed extender for vehicle Off Road use. To avoid creating a dangerous road hazard or causing per- sonal injury, cargo must not stick out beyond the bed extender. To avoid damage, the tailgate and bed extender must remain in the closed/inward position when towing with a trailer hitch. To avoid damage, clean the bed extender only with soap, water and a soft brush.

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Operation

HB8032AA

Open/Outward Position To use the bed extender in the open/out- ward position, simply lower your license plate bracket (see section Licence plate bracket under heading of Tailgate in Chapter 2), open your tailgate, and rotate the bed extender until it sits on the tail- gate.

HB8033AA

After you have rotated the bed extender, lock the black buckle pin into the tailgate latch by pushing downward until you hear two clicks. Then tighten the tether straps. Repeat this process for the other side. When you want to return the tailgate and the bed extender to the closed/inward position, pull on the tailgate release handle to disen- gage the tethers.

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NOTE Use care when rotating bed extender. Do not permit the buckles to come in contact with vehicle sheet metal and bed trim.

Closed/Inward Position With the tailgate closed and the bed extender in the inward position, small loads can be placed inside the vehicle bed between the tailgate and the extender (groceries, ice chests, etc.).

HB8035AA

The bed extender should be secured to the rear set of vehicle cargo hooks. Latch the buckle onto the rear cargo hooks and then tighten the tether straps. To disengage the tethers, loosen the tether straps and depress the latch pin.

Bed extender removal

HB8036BA

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The bed extender can be removed from the vehicle by rotating the extender into a vertical position then lifting straight up.

Cargo lamp

HB4010IAHB3018AA

The cargo lamp comes on and goes off whenever the cargo lamp switch is pushed regardless of the position of the ignition switch. The cargo lamp indicator light located in the meter panel will illuminate when the cargo lamp is on. When leaving your vehicle, make sure the lamp is turned off to avoid bat- tery discharge.

CAUTION Do not switch on the cargo lamp while driving to avoid distract- ing other drivers.

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Bed cover (if equipped)

The bed cover is designed to cover the cargo area of the bed. The bed cover is water resistant, but not waterproof.

CAUTION Do not place cargo on top of the bed cover. Do not use the hard bed cover section as a step. Do not use the bed cover to secure cargo. To avoid damage, clean the bed cover with only soap, water and a soft brush. Remove the soft portion of the bed cover before taking the ve- hicle through a car wash.

Securing the cover

HB6034BAHB6033AA

To secure the soft portion of the bed cover to the bed, simply start from either side of the vehicle and place the plastic strip under the rail. Slide your hand down the side of the vehicle pushing the plastic strip under the rail as you go. Continue this around the entire length of the bed. Fasten both closeout wraps with Velcro around the rear chrome bars so that they are secure. Your cover should be tight and ready to conceal items in the bed from view.

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Cover removal

HB6036BAHB6035AA

The soft portion of the bed cover can be removed from the bed cov- ers hard section for cleaning or storage. Unfasten the Velcro on the roll bar closeout wraps and firmly pull the cover out to one side.

Cover reinstallation

HB6037BA

The soft portion of the bed cover can be reinstalled onto the bed cov- ers hard section. Start by inserting the left front edge of the soft por- tion into the right side of the hard cover. This area is flared out to ease installation.

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HB6038BA

As you insert (and pull) the soft portion of the bed cover into the bed covers hard section, make sure the next 10 to 15 inches (250 to 380 mm) of the soft portion are straight and ready to enter the flared out portion of the hard section.

Once you have pulled the soft portion of the bed cover onto the bed covers hard section, make sure the soft portion is equally centered on both sides. To complete the installation, refer to Securing the cover.

Roof rail and crossbar

CAUTION For cargo carrying purposes, the roof rail must be used to- gether with a roof crossbar kit and the appropriate carrying at- tachment. The roof rail must never be used alone to carry cargo. Otherwise, damage to the roof or paint or a dangerous road haz- ard due to loss of cargo could result. When using the roof crossbar kit, make sure that the total weight of the crossbars, carrying attachment and cargo does not exceed the maximum load limit. Overloading may cause damage to the vehicle and create a safety hazard.

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HB8037BB

The roof rail is not designed to carry cargo by itself. Cargo can be car- ried after securing the roof crossbar kit to the roof rail and installing the appropriate carrying attachment. When installing the roof crossbar kit, follow the manufacturers instructions.

When you carry cargo on the roof using the roof crossbar kit and a carry- ing attachment, never exceed the maximum load limit explained below. You should also be careful that your vehicle does not exceed the Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR) and front and rear Gross Axle Weight Rat- ing (GAWR). See the Loading your vehicle section in Chapter 8 for in- formation on loading cargo into or onto your vehicle. The maximum load limit of the cargo, crossbars and carrying attachment must not exceed 100 lb. (45 kg). Place the heaviest load at the bottom, nearest the roof, and evenly distribute the cargo. Always properly secure all cargo.

Installing carrying attachments on the crossbars When installing any carrying attachment such as a bike carrier, ski carrier, kayak carrier, cargo basket, etc. on the crossbars, follow the manufacturers instructions and make sure that the attachment is se- curely fixed to the crossbars. Use only attachments designed specifi- cally for the crossbars. A set of the crossbars is designed to carry loads (cargo and attachment) of not more than 100 lb. (45 kg). Before operating the vehicle, make sure that the cargo is properly secured on the attachment.

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NOTE Remember that the vehicles center of gravity is altered with the weight of the load on the roof, thus affecting the driving charac- teristics. Drive carefully. Avoid rapid starts, hard cornering and abrupt stops. Crosswind effects will be increased.

Removal and installation of the crossbars

CAUTION Do not carry cargo on the roof when the crossbars are removed. Luggage on the roof will be thrown forward or backward in sud- den stops or rapid accelerations, resulting in a dangerous road hazard.

The crossbars can be removed when you do not use the roof to carry cargo.

n To remove the crossbar

HB6047BA HB6048BA

1. Loosen and remove the T30 torx head screw from the side of each crossbar end support. 2. Move the end support and inner clamp to unhook each side of the crossbar from the roof rail. 3. Carefully raise the crossbar from roof rails.

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NOTE It may be necessary to move the Front crossbar rearward, near the center of the roof rail for easier removal. Use care not to cross-thread the screw in the insert if it has been removed.

n To install the crossbar

NOTE Both Crossbars have a label indicating the direction of mount. If they are not present, orient with the larger section of the Cross- bar towards the front of vehicle (see below). The Front Crossbar also has a MAXIMUM LORD Label affixed to it.

HB6046BB

Front crossbar: Front crossbar has 100 LBS. Load Label on left-hand side.

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HB6051BB HB6052BB

1. Before placing the crossbar on the roof rails, make sure that the T-30 torx head screw is fully loosened from each end support. 2. Spread the inner clamp and the end support as far apart as pos- sible. 3. With the front direction arrow label on the top right side of the crossbar pointing toward the front of the vehicle, carefully place the crossbar across the top of the vehicle so that the crossbar end sup- ports rest on the top of the roof rails 7 inches (180 mm) rearward in the front radius of the roof rail. 4. Move the end support and inner clamp to hook under the end of the roof rail on both sides and loosely assemble the T-30 torx head screw with the tool provided into the threaded insert in the inner clamp on each end of the crossbar.

NOTE It may be necessary to start the inner clamp and end support at the center of the roof rail for easier installation, then move the crossbar forward. Use care not to cross-thread the screw in the insert if it has been removed.

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HB6053BA

5. Adjust the alignment of the crossbar on the roof rails, and if avail- able, use a T-30 torx bit and torque wrench and tighten the T-30 torx head screws to 30 to 35 inch lbs. (3.4 to 4.0 N-m, 0.35 to 0.41 kg-m) of torque (or tighten securely with the torx wrench provided).

Rear crossbar:

HB6049BB HB6050BA

Install the rear crossbar in the same manner as the front crossbar.

NOTE The rear crossbar should be positioned just in front of the rear radius in the roof rail.

NOTE Before each use of the roof crossbar, make sure the four T-30 cross-

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bar clamp screws have been checked, and retightened if necessary to 35 inch lbs. (4.0 N-m, 0.41 kg-m), as outlined in Step #5 above.

Sport activity lights (if equipped)

HB6041BB

The sport activity lights will operate only when the parking brake is engaged. Push the SPORT LIGHTS switch to turn the sport activity lights on. Press the switch again to turn them off.

The indicator light located on the switch will illuminate when the sport activity lights are on.

NOTE In most states, the sport activity lights must have stone shields installed when the vehicle is operated on public roads. In most states, the sport activity lights may not be operated when the vehicle is in motion on a public road.

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HB3019AA

The sport activity lights mount to the vehicle front cross bar. The sport activity lights cross bar wire harness connects to the roof wire harness and then to the vehicles electrical system.

A tool is provided which will enable the sport activity lights positioning to be modified, so that each lamp can be aimed or rotated. The lamps can be mounted in two positions, upright (normal) or forward (downward). The lamps should be rotated to the forward (downward) position when washing your vehicle. If you choose to remove sport activity lights, the following sequence should be utilized:

1. Disconnect the roof harness from the cross bar harness connector. 2. Attach the water proof connector cap to the roof harness connector. 3. Care should be used when removing or installing this electrical prod- uct.

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Starting and operating

Fuel 7-2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Fuel requirements 7-2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Fuel filler door and cap 7-4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

State emission testing (U.S. only) 7-6. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Preparing to drive 7-8. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Starting the engine 7-9. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Starting the engine for manual transmission vehicle 7-9. . . . . . . . . . . . .

Starting the engine for automatic transmission vehicle 7-10. . . . . . . . .

Starting the engine during cold weather below 4 F (20 C) 7-10. . .

Starting a flooded engine 7-11. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Stopping the engine 7-11. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Manual transmission 7-11. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Automatic transmission 7-14. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Selector lever 7-15. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Shift lock release 7-20. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Rear viscous limited slip differential (LSD) (if equipped) 7-21. . .

Power steering 7-21. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Braking 7-22. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Braking tips 7-22. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Brake system 7-22. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Disc brake pad wear warning indicators 7-23. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

ABS (Anti-lock Brake System) 7-24. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Parking your vehicle 7-26. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Cruise control 7-28. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Fuel

CAUTION Use of a fuel which is low in quality or use of an inappropriate fuel additive may cause engine damage.

Fuel requirements The 2.5 Liter engine is designed to operate using unleaded gasoline with an octane rating of 87 AKI or higher.

Fuel octane rating This octane rating is the average of the Research Octane and Motor Octane numbers and is commonly referred to as the Anti Knock Index (AKI). Using a gasoline with a lower octane rating can cause persistent and heavy knocking, which can damage the engine. Do not be concerned if your vehicle sometimes knocks lightly when you drive up a hill or when you accelerate. See your dealer or a qualified service techni- cian if you use a fuel with the specified octane rating and your vehicle knocks heavily or persistently.

Unleaded gasoline The neck of the fuel filler pipe is designed to accept only an unleaded gasoline filler nozzle. Under no circumstances should leaded gaso- line be used because it will damage the emission control system and may impair driveability and fuel economy.

Gasoline for California-certified LEV Your vehicle was certified to Californias low emission vehicle (LEV) standards as indicated on the underhood tune-up label. It is designed to optimize engine and emission control system performance with gasoline that meets the clean burning low-sulfur California gasoline specifications. If you live in any other state than California, your ve- hicle will operate on gasoline meeting Federal specifications. Gaso- line sold outside California is permitted to have higher sulfur levels, which may affect the performance of your vehicles catalytic converter

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and may produce a sulfur exhaust odor or smell. SUBARU recom- mends that you try a different brand of unleaded gasoline having low- er sulfur to determine if the problem is fuel related before returning your vehicle to an authorized dealer for service.

Gasoline for cleaner air Your use of gasoline with detergent additives will help prevent depos- its from forming in your engine and fuel system. This helps keep your engine in tune and your emission control system working properly, and is a way of doing your part for cleaner air. If you continuously use a high quality fuel with the proper detergent and other additives, you should never need to add any fuel system cleaning agents to your fuel tank.

Many gasolines are now blended with materials called oxygenates. Use of these fuels can also help keep the air cleaner. Oxygenated blend fuels, such as MTBE (Methyl Tertiary Butyl ether) or ethanol (ethyl or grain alcohol) may be used in your vehicle, but should con- tain no more than 15% MTBE or 10% ethanol for the proper operation of your SUBARU.

In addition, some gasoline suppliers are now producing reformulated gasoline, which is designed to reduce vehicle emissions. SUBARU approves the use of reformulated gasoline.

If you are not sure what the fuel contains, you should ask your service station operators if their gasoline contains detergents and oxygenates and if they have been reformulated to reduce vehicle emissions.

As additional guidance, only use fuels suited for your vehicle as ex- plained below. Fuel should be unleaded and have an octane rating no lower than that specified in this manual. Methanol (methyl or wood alcohol) is sometimes mixed with un- leaded gasoline. Methanol can be used in your vehicle ONLY if it does not exceed 5% of the fuel mixture AND if it is accompanied by sufficient quantities of the proper cosolvent and corrosion inhibitors required to prevent damage to the fuel system. Do not use fuel con-

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taining methanol EXCEPT under these conditions. If undesirable drivability problems are experienced and you sus- pect they may be fuel related, try a different brand of gasoline before seeking service at your SUBARU dealer. Fuel system damage or drivability problems which result from the use of improper fuel are not covered under the SUBARU Limited War- ranty.

Fuel filler door and cap

Refueling

WARNING Gasoline vapor is highly flammable. Before refueling, always first stop the engine and make sure that there are no lighted ciga- rettes, open flames or electrical sparks in the adjacent area. When opening the cap, do not remove the cap quickly. Fuel may be under pressure and spray out of the fuel filler neck espe- cially in hot weather, which may cause injury. Never fill gasoline containers on the cargo bed. Static electric- ity may ignite gasoline vapor when filling portable containers. Approved containers must be removed from the vehicle and placed on the ground when filling. Do not fill any portable container on a vehicle.

CAUTION Never add any cleaning agents to the fuel tank. The addition of a cleaning agent may cause damage to the fuel system. Make sure that the cap is tightened until it clicks to prevent fuel spillage in the event of an accident. Do not let fuel spill on the exterior surfaces of the vehicle. Fuels may cause paint damage, which is not covered under the SUBARU Limited Warranty. Always use a genuine SUBARU fuel filler cap. If you use the wrong cap, it may not fit or have proper venting, and your fuel

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tank and emission control system might be damaged.

HB7034BA

1. To open the fuel filler door, pull it outward.

HB7030BB

2. Remove the fuel filler cap by turning it slowly counterclockwise. 3. Stop filling the tank after the fuel filler pump automatically clicks off. Do not add any more fuel. 4. Put the cap back on, turn it clockwise until you hear a clicking sound. Be certain not to catch the tether under the cap while tighten- ing. 5. Close the fuel filler door completely. If you spill any fuel on the painted surface, rinse it off immediately. Otherwise, the painted surface could be damaged.

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NOTE

HG3016AA

You will see the FUEL DOOR p sign in the combination meter. This indicates that the fuel filler door (lid) is located on the right side of the vehicle. If the fuel filler cap is not tightened until it clicks or if the tether is caught under the cap, the CHECK ENGINE warning light may come on. Refer to the Warning and indicator lights section lo- cated in chapter 3.

State emission testing (U.S. only)

WARNING Testing of an All-Wheel Drive vehicle must NEVER be performed on a single two-wheel dynamometer. Attempting to do so will result in uncontrolled vehicle movement and may cause an acci- dent or injuries to persons nearby.

CAUTION Resultant vehicle damage due to improper testing is not covered under the SUBARU Limited Warranty and is the responsibility of the state inspection program or its contractors or licensees.

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At state inspection time, remember to tell your inspection or service station in advance not to place your Subaru AWD vehicle on a two- wheel dynamometer. Otherwise, serious transmission damage will result.

Some states have started using dynamometers in their state inspection programs in order to meet their obligation under federal law to implement stricter vehicle emission standards to reduce air pollution from cars. A dynamometer is a treadmill or roller-like testing device that allows your cars wheels to turn while the car remains in one place. Depending on the severity of a states air pollution problems, the states must adopt either a basic or enhanced vehicle emission inspection test. Nor- mally, a portion of the basic emission test consists of an emission inspector inserting an analyzer probe into the exhaust pipe of an idling vehicle for a short period of time. States with more severe air pollution problems are required to adopt an enhanced vehicle emission test. This test simulates actual driving conditions on a dynamometer and permits more accurate measurement of tailpipe emitted pollution than the basic emission test. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and states using two- wheel dynamometers in their emission testing programs have EXEMPTED Subaru AWD vehicles from the portion of the testing pro- gram that involves a two-wheel dynamometer.

There are some states that use four-wheel dynamometers in their testing programs. When properly used, that equipment will not damage an AWD Subaru vehicle.

Under no circumstances should the rear wheels be jacked off the ground, nor should the drive shaft be disconnected for state emission testing.

The EPA has issued regulations for inspecting the On-Board Diagnostic (OBD) system as part of the state emissions inspection. The OBD sys- tem is designed to detect engine and transmission problems that might cause vehicle emissions to exceed allowable limits. These inspections apply to all 1996 model year and newer passenger cars and light trucks.

The inspection of the OBD system consists of a visual operational

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check of the CHECK ENGINE warning light/malfunction indicator lamp (MIL) and an examination of the OBD system with an electronic scan tool while the engine is running. A vehicle passes the OBD system inspection if proper the CHECK ENGINE warning light/MIL illumination is observed, there is no stored diagnostic trouble codes, and the OBD system readiness monitors are complete. A vehicle fails the OBD inspection if the CHECK ENGINE warning light/MIL is not properly operating or there is one or more diagnostic trouble codes stored in vehicles computer with the CHECK ENGINE warning light/MIL illuminated. A state emission inspection may reject (not pass or fail) a vehicle if the number of OBD system readiness monitors Not Ready is greater than three. Under this condition, the vehicle operator should be instructed to drive his/her vehicle for a few days to set the monitors and return for an emission re-inspection. Owners of rejected or failing vehicles should contact their Subaru Dealer for service.

Preparing to drive

You should perform the following checks and adjustments every day be- fore you start driving.

1. Check that all windows, mirrors, and lights are clean and unob- structed. 2. Check the appearance and condition of the tires. Also check tires for proper inflation. 3. Look under the vehicle for any sign of leaks. 4. Check that the hood is fully closed. 5. Check the adjustment of the seat. 6. Check the adjustment of the inside and outside mirrors. 7. Fasten your seatbelt. Check that your passengers have fastened their seatbelts. 8. Check the operation of the warning and indicator lights when the igni- tion switch is turned to the ON position.

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9. Check the gauges, indicator and warning lights after starting the en- gine.

NOTE Engine oil, engine coolant, brake fluid, washer fluid and other fluid levels should be checked daily, weekly or at fuel stops.

Starting the engine

CAUTION Do not operate the starter motor continuously for more than ten seconds. If the engine fails to start after operating the starter for five to ten seconds, wait for ten seconds or more before trying again.

Starting the engine for manual transmission vehicle 1. Apply the parking brake. 2. Turn off unnecessary lights and accessories. 3. Press the clutch pedal to the floor and shift the shift lever into neutral. Hold the clutch pedal to the floor while starting the engine. The starter motor will only operate when the clutch pedal is pressed fully to the floor. 4. Turn the ignition switch to the ON position and check the operation of the warning and indicator lights. Refer to the Warning and indicator light section (Chapter 3). 5. Turn the ignition switch to the START position without depressing the accelerator pedal. Release the key immediately after the engine has started.

If the engine does not start within ten seconds, wait a while and then turn the ignition switch to the START position again while depressing the ac- celerator pedal half way down. 6. Confirm that all warning and indicator lights have gone off after the engine has started. The fuel injection system automatically lowers the idle speed as the engine warms up.

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Starting the engine for automatic transmission ve- hicle

CAUTION If you restart the engine while the vehicle is moving, shift the se- lector lever into the N position. Do not attempt to place the se- lector lever of a moving vehicle into the P position.

1. Apply the parking brake. 2. Turn off unnecessary lights and accessories. 3. Shift the selector lever to the P or N position (preferably P posi- tion). The starter will only operate when the select lever is at the P or N position. 4. Turn the ignition switch to the ON position and check the operation of the warning and indicator lights. Refer to the Warning and indicator lights section (Chapter 3). 5. Turn the ignition switch to the START position without depressing the accelerator pedal. Release the key immediately after the engine has started. If the engine does not start within ten seconds, wait a while and then turn the ignition switch to the START position again while depressing the ac- celerator pedal half way down. 6. Confirm that all warning and indicator lights have gone out after the engine has started. The fuel injection system automatically lowers the idle speed as the engine warms up.

While the engine is warming up, make sure that the selector lever is at the P or N position and that the parking brake is applied.

Starting the engine during cold weather below 4F (20C)

If the engine is difficult to start using the normal method (without de- pressing the accelerator pedal), turn the ignition switch to the START position while slightly depressing the accelerator pedal.

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Starting a flooded engine If the engine does not start, it may be flooded (excessive fuel in the en- gine). In case of a flooded engine, turn the starter motor for five seconds with the accelerator pedal fully depressed. Repeat this two or three times until the engine starts. Release the ignition switch and accelerator pedal as soon as the engine starts.

Stopping the engine

WARNING Do not stop the engine when the vehicle is moving. This will cause loss of power to the power steering and the brake booster, making steering and braking more difficult. It could also result in accidental activation of the LOCK position on the ignition switch, causing the steering wheel to lock.

The ignition switch should be turned off only when the engine is idling.

Manual transmission

WARNING Do not drive the vehicle with the clutch disengaged (i.e., when the clutch pedal is depressed) or with the shift lever in the neutral position. Engine braking has no effect in either of these condi- tions and the risk of an accident is consequently increased.

CAUTION Shift into reverse ONLY when the vehicle has completely stopped. It may cause damage to the transmission to try shifting into reverse when the vehicle is moving.

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The manual transmission is a fully synchromeshed 5-forward and 1-re- verse speed transmission.

OM-H2241

The shift pattern is shown on the shift lever knob. When shifting from 5th gear to reverse gear, first return the shift lever to the neutral position then shift into reverse gear.

To change gears, fully depress the clutch pedal, move the shift lever, and gradually let up on the clutch pedal. If it is difficult to shift into gear, put the transmission in neutral, release the clutch pedal momentarily, and then try again.

Shifting speeds

n Recommended shifting speeds The best compromise between fuel economy and vehicle perfor- mance during normal driving is ensured by shifting up at the speeds listed in the following table.

Shift up mph (km/h)

1st to 2nd 15 (24)

2nd to 3rd 25 (40)

3rd to 4th 40 (65)

4th to 5th 45 (73)

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n Maximum allowable speeds

WARNING When shifting down a gear, ensure that the vehicle is not travel- ling at a speed exceeding the Maximum Allowable Speed for the gear which is about to be selected. Failure to observe this pre- caution can lead to engine over-revving and this in turn can result in engine damage. In addition, sudden application of engine brakes when the vehicle is travelling on a slippery surface can lead to wheel locking; as a consequence, control of the vehicle may be lost and the risk of an accident increased.

The following table shows the maximum speeds that are possible with each different gear.

Never exceed the speed limit below for each gear position except for brief acceleration in an emergency. The tachometers needle (if so equipped) will enter the red area if these speeds are exceeded. Fail- ure to observe this precaution can lead to excessive engine wear and poor fuel economy.

mph (km/h)

Gear BAJA

1st 31 (50)

2nd 52 (84)

3rd 74 (119)

Driving tips Do not drive with your foot resting on the clutch pedal and do not use the clutch to hold your vehicle at a standstill on an upgrade. Either of those actions may cause clutch damage. Do not drive with your hand resting on the shift lever. This may cause wear on the transmission components.

When it is necessary to reduce vehicle speed due to slow traffic, turn-

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ing corners, or driving up steep hills, downshift to a lower gear before the engine starts to labor.

On steep downgrades, downshift the transmission to 4th, 3rd or 2nd gear as necessary; this helps to maintain a safe speed and to extend brake pad life. In this way, the engine provides a braking effect. Remember, if you ride (over use) the brakes while descending a hill, they may over- heat and not work properly.

The engine may, on rare occasions, knock when the vehicle rapidly accelerates or rapidly pulls away from a standstill. This phenomenon does not indicate a fault.

Automatic transmission

WARNING Do not shift from the P or N position into the D, 3, 2, 1 or R position while depressing the accelerator pedal. This may cause the vehicle to jump forward or backward.

CAUTION Shift into the P or R position only after the vehicle is com- pletely stopped. Shifting while the vehicle is moving may cause damage to the transmission. Do not race the engine for more than five seconds in any posi- tion except the N or P position when the brake is set or the tires are on blocks. This may cause the automatic transmission fluid to overheat. Avoid shifting from one of the forward driving positions into the R position or vice versa until the vehicle has completely stopped. Such shifting may cause damage to the transmission.

The automatic transmission is electronically controlled with 4-forward

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speeds and 1-reverse speed.

NOTE Immediately after a disconnected battery is reconnected or ATF (au- tomatic transmission fluid) is replaced, you may feel that the auto- matic transmission operation is somewhat unusual. This results from erasure or invalidation of data the on-board com- puter has collected and stored in memory to allow the transmission to shift at the most appropriate times for the current condition of your vehicle. Optimized shifting will be restored as the vehicle con- tinues to be driven for a while.

Selector lever

HB7010AA

HB7036BB

The selector lever has seven positions.

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P (Park) This position is for parking the vehicle and starting the engine.

In this position, the transmission is mechanically locked to prevent the vehicle from rolling freely.

When you park the vehicle, first set the parking brake fully, then shift into the P position. Do not hold the vehicle with only the transmis- sion.

A shift interlock function is employed in the automatic transmission system to ensure safe starting of the vehicle.

To shift the selector lever from the P to the any other position, you have to depress the brake pedal fully when the ignition switch is in the ON position. This prevents the vehicle from lurching when it is started.

If the shift lever does not move from the P position with the brake pedal depressed, refer to the Shift lock release section in this Chap- ter.

R (Reverse) This position is for backing the vehicle.

To shift from N to R position, first stop the vehicle completely then move the lever to R position.

N (Neutral)

WARNING Do not drive the vehicle with the selector lever in the N (neutral) position. Engine braking has no effect in this condition and the risk of an accident is consequently increased.

This position is for restarting a stalled engine. In this position the wheels and transmission are not locked. In this position, the transmission is neutral; the vehicle will roll freely, even on the slightest incline unless the parking brake or foot brake is on. Avoid coasting with the transmission neutral.

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During coasting, the engine braking does not act.

D (Drive) This position is for normal driving. The transmission automatically shifts into a suitable gear from 1st to 4th according to the vehicle speed and the acceleration you require.

When more acceleration is required in this position, press the acceler- ator pedal fully to the floor and hold that position. The transmission will automatically downshift to 3rd, 2nd or 1st gear. When you release the pedal, the transmission will return to the original gear position.

n While climbing a grade When driving up a hill, undesired upshift to 4th gear is prevented from taking place when the accelerator is released. This minimizes the chance of subsequent downshifting to a lower gear when accelerat- ing again. This prevents repeated upshifting and downshifting result- ing in a smoother operation of the vehicle.

NOTE The transmission may downshift to 2nd or 1st gear, depending on the way the accelerator pedal is pressed to accelerate the vehicle again.

n While going down a hill When descending a steep hill, depressing the brake pedal will cause the transmission to downshift to 3rd gear, thus applying engine brak- ing. Reacceleration for a short time will cause the transmission to up- shift normally.

NOTE In some cases, depressing the brake pedal on a downhill grade does not result in an automatic downshift to 3rd gear. This can happen when the automatic transmission fluid temperature is very low, for example, during driving shortly after the vehicle has been parked for an extended period of time. When the ATF tem- perature has risen to a certain level, automatic downshift normal- ly takes place. In the meantime, downshift manually for engine

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braking as required. Also, downshifting when braking downhill will not occur at speeds above approximately 50 mph (80 km/h).

3 (Third) This position is for using engine braking when going down a hill or for climbing a grade. The transmission automatically shifts into a suitable gear from 1st to 3rd according to the vehicle speed and the acceleration you require.

When more acceleration is required in this position, press the acceler- ator pedal fully to the floor and hold that position. The transmission will automatically downshift to 2nd or 1st gear. When you release the pedal, the transmission will return to the original gear position.

2 (Second) This position is for using engine braking when going down a hill or for climbing a steep grade. In this position, the transmission holds in the 2nd gear. Use this position when starting off from a standstill on slippery road surfaces such as mud or snow. It will ensure greater traction.

1 (First) This position is for driving up or down very steep grades, or driving through mud or sand, or on slippery surfaces. In this position, the transmission holds in the 1st gear.

Maximum speeds

WARNING When shifting down a gear, ensure that the vehicle is not travel- ling at a speed exceeding the Maximum Allowable Speed for the gear which is about to be selected. Failure to observe this pre- caution can lead to engine over-revving and this in turn can result in engine damage. In addition, sudden application of engine brakes when the vehicle is travelling on a slippery surface can lead to wheel locking; as a consequence, control of the vehicle may be lost and the risk of

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an accident increased.

The following tables show the maximum speeds that are possible with each different gear. The tachometers (if so equipped) needle will enter the red area if these speeds are exceeded.

When shifting down a gear, it is important to confirm that the current vehicle speed is not in excess of the Maximum Allowable Speed of the gear which is about to be selected. Exceeding the Maximum Allowable Speeds will result in over-revving of the engine. In addition a powerful engine brake will engage and control of the vehicle may be lost.

mph (km/h)

Position BAJA

1 31 (50)

2 62 (100)

3 102 (164)

NOTE In order to prevent over-revving during deceleration of the vehicle, the transmission will remain in the current gear if the speed of the vehicle is in excess of the Maximum Allowable Speed for the gear to which the selector lever has been moved.

Driving tips Always apply the foot or parking brake when the vehicle is stopped in the D, 3, 2, 1 or R position. Always set the parking brake when parking your vehicle. Do not hold the vehicle with only the transmission. Do not keep the vehicle in a stationary position on an uphill grade by using the D, 3, 2, or 1 position. Use the brake instead.

The engine may, on rare occasions, knock when the vehicle rapidly accelerates or rapidly pulls away from a standstill. This phenomenon does not indicate a fault.

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Shift lock release If the selector lever does not move from the P position with the brake pedal depressed and the ignition switch in the ON position, perform the following steps: To override the shift lock: 1. Set the parking brake and stop the engine. 2. Take out the screwdriver from the tool bag. 3. Remove the cover by prying on the edge with the regular screwdriver.

HB7020BAHB7010CA

4. Insert the screwdriver into the hole. 5. Push down on the screwdriver and move the selector lever from the P to the N position. 6. Remove the screwdriver from the hole. Depress the brake pedal and start the engine.

Take your vehicle to the nearest SUBARU dealer immediately to have the system repaired.

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Rear viscous limited slip differential (LSD) (if equipped)

CAUTION Never start the engine while a tire on one side is jacked up, as the vehicle may move. If one rear tire is spinning in mud, avoid continued spinning at high speed as this could adversely affect the LSD. If a different size rear tire is temporarily used (as in an emer- gency), it will adversely affect the LSD. Always replace it with a regular size tire as soon as possible.

The LSD provides optimum distribution of power according to the differ- ence in revolutions between the right and left rear wheels that may be caused by certain driving conditions, thereby improving driving stability on snow-covered, muddy or other slippery roads.

Power steering

CAUTION Do not hold the steering wheel at the fully locked position left or right for more than five seconds. This may damage the power steering pump.

The power steering system operates only when the engine is running. If you lose power steering assist because the engine stops or the system fails to function, you can steer but it will take much more effort.

NOTE Right after the engine has been started and before it has warmed up, you may hear a noise coming from areas adjacent to the power steering pump which is located at the right-front area of the engine compartment. This noise is normal. It does not indicate power steer- ing system trouble.

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Braking

Braking tips

WARNING Never rest your foot on the brake pedal while driving. This can cause dangerous overheating of the brakes and needless wear on the brake pads and linings.

When the brakes get wet When driving in rain or after washing the vehicle, the brakes may get wet. As a result, brake stopping distance will be longer. To dry the brakes, drive the vehicle at a safe speed while lightly depressing the brake pedal to heat up the brakes.

Use of engine braking Remember to make use of engine braking in addition to foot braking. When descending a grade, if only the foot brake is used, the brakes may start working improperly because of brake fluid overheating, caused by overheated brake pads. To help prevent this, shift into a lower gear to get stronger engine braking.

Braking when a tire is punctured Do not depress the brake pedal suddenly when a tire is punctured. This could cause a loss of control of the vehicle. Keep driving straight ahead while gradually reducing speed. Then slowly pull off the road to a safe place.

Brake system

Two separate circuits Your vehicle has two separate circuit brake systems. Each circuit works diagonally across the vehicle. If one circuit of the brake system should fail, the other half of the system still works. If one circuit fails, the brake pedal will go down much closer to the floor than usual and you will need to press it down much harder. And a much longer dis- tance will be needed to stop the vehicle.

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Brake booster The brake booster uses engine manifold vacuum to assist braking force. Do not turn off the engine while driving because that will turn off the brake booster, resulting in poor braking power. The brakes will continue to work even when the brake booster com- pletely stops functioning. If this happens, however, you will have to push the pedal much harder than normal and the braking distance will increase.

Disc brake pad wear warning indicators

OM-H0163

The disc brake pad wear warning indicators on the disc brakes give a warning noise when the brake pads are worn. If a squeaking or scraping noise is heard from the disc brakes while braking, immediately have your vehicle checked by your SUBARU deal- er.

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ABS (Anti-lock Brake System)

WARNING Always use the utmost care in driving overconfidence because you are driving with an ABS equipped vehicle could easily lead to a serious accident.

CAUTION The ABS system does not always decrease stopping distance. You should always maintain a safe following distance from other vehicles. When driving on badly surfaced roads, gravel roads, icy road, or over deep newly fallen snow, stopping distances may be long- er for a vehicle with the ABS system than one without. When driv- ing under these conditions, therefore, reduce your speed and leave ample distance from other vehicles. When you feel the ABS system operating, you should maintain constant brake pedal pressure. Do not pump the brake pedal since doing so may defeat the operation of the ABS system.

The ABS system prevents the lock-up of wheels which may occur during sudden braking or braking on slippery road surfaces. This helps prevent the loss of steering control and directional stability caused by wheel lock-up.

When the ABS system is operating, you may hear a chattering noise or feel a slight vibration in the brake pedal. This is normal when the ABS operates.

The ABS system will not operate when the vehicle speed is below approximately 6 mph (10 km/h).

ABS system self-check You may feel a slight shock in the brake pedal and hear the operating sound of ABS from the engine compartment just after the vehicle is

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started. This is caused by an automatic functional test of the ABS sys- tem being carried out and does not indicate any abnormal condition.

ABS warning light

HB4010GA

The ABS warning light comes on when the ignition switch is turned to the ON position and goes out after about two seconds. This is an indication that the ABS system is working properly.

CAUTION If the warning light behaves as follows, the ABS system may not be working properly. When the warning light is on, the ABS function shuts down; how- ever, the conventional brake system continues to operate normal- ly. The warning light does not come on when the ignition switch is turned to the ON position. The warning light comes on when the ignition switch is turned to the ON position, but it does not go out even when the vehicle speed exceeds approximately 8 mph (12 km/h). The warning light comes on during driving. If these occur, have the ABS system repaired at the first available opportunity by your SUBARU dealer.

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NOTE If the warning light behavior is as described below, the ABS sys- tem may be considered normal. The warning light comes on right after the engine is started but goes out immediately, remaining off. The warning light remains on after the engine has been started, but it goes out when the vehicle speed reaches about 8 mph (12 km/h). The warning light comes on during driving, but it goes out immediately and remains off.

When driving with an insufficient battery voltage such as when the en- gine is jump started, the ABS warning light may come on. This is due to the low battery voltage and does not indicate a malfunction. When the battery becomes fully charged, the light will go out.

Parking your vehicle

WARNING Never leave unattended children or pets in the vehicle. They could accidentally injure themselves or others through inadver- tent operation of the vehicle. Also, on hot or sunny days, the tem- perature in a closed vehicle could quickly become high enough to cause severe or possibly fatal injuries to them. Do not park the vehicle over flammable materials such as dry grass, waste paper or rags, as they may burn easily if they come near hot engine or exhaust system parts. Be sure to stop the engine if you take a nap in the vehicle. If engine exhaust gas enters the passenger compartment, occu- pants in the vehicle could die from carbon monoxide (CO) con- tained in the exhaust gas.

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CAUTION Never drive while the parking brake is set because this will cause unnecessary wear on the brake linings. Before starting to drive, always make sure that the parking brake has been fully released.

To set the parking brake, press the brake pedal firmly and hold it down while fully pulling up the parking brake lever.

HB4001BA

To release the parking brake, pull the lever up slightly, press the release button, then lower the lever while keeping the button pressed. When the parking brake is set while the engine is running, the parking brake warning light comes on. After starting the vehicle, be sure that the warning light has gone out before the vehicle is driven. Refer to the Warning and indicator lights section (Chapter 3).

When parking your vehicle, always set the parking brake firmly and put the shift lever in the 1 (1st) for an upgrade or R (Reverse) for a down- grade for manual transmission vehicles, or in the P (Park) position for automatic transmission vehicles. Always set the parking brake firmly when parking your vehicle. Never rely on the transmission alone to hold the vehicle.

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HB7032AAHB7033AA

When parking on a hill, always turn the steering wheel. When the vehicle is headed up the hill, the front wheels should be turned away from the curb. When facing downhill, the front wheels should be turned into the curb.

Cruise control

WARNING Do not use the cruise control under any of the following condi- tions. This may cause loss of vehicle control: driving up or down a steep grade driving on slippery or winding roads driving in heavy traffic

Cruise control enables you to maintain a constant vehicle speed without holding your foot on the accelerator pedal and it is operative when the vehicle speed is 25 mph (40 km/h) or more. Make sure the main switch is turned OFF when the cruise control is not in use to avoid unintentionally by setting the cruise control.

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To set cruise control

HG0312HB7035BB

Cruise control lever

1. Push the CRUISE main switch. The indicator light on the switch will come on. 2. Depress the accelerator pedal until the vehicle reaches the de- sired speed. 3. Push the control lever downward in the SET, COAST direction and release it. Then release the accelerator pedal. The vehicle will maintain the desired speed.

Vehicle speed can be temporarily increased while driving with the cruise control activated. Simply depress the accelerator pedal to ac- celerate the vehicle. When the accelerator pedal is released, the ve- hicle will return to and maintain the previous cruising speed.

To temporarily cancel the cruise control There are four ways to cancel the cruise control temporarily:

Depress the brake pedal. Pull the control lever in the CANCEL direction. (if so equipped) Depress the clutch pedal (manual transmission vehicles only). Shift the selector lever into the N position (automatic transmis- sion vehicles only).

To resume the cruise control after it has been temporarily canceled and with vehicle speed of about 20 mph (32 km/h) or more, push the control lever upward in the ACCEL, RESUME direction to return to the original cruising speed automatically.

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To turn off the cruise control There are two ways to turn off the cruise control:

Push the main switch again. Turn the ignition switch to the ACC position (but only when the vehicle is completely stopped).

To change the cruising speed

n To increase the speed (by control lever) Push the control lever upward in the ACCEL, RESUME direction and hold it until the vehicle reaches the desired speed. Then, release the control lever. The vehicle speed at that moment will be memorized and treated as the new set speed.

When the difference between the actual vehicle speed and the set speed is less than 4 mph (6.8 km/h), the set speed can be increased 1 mph (1.6 km/h) each time by pressing the control lever upward in the ACCEL, RESUME direction quickly within a half second.

n To increase the speed (by accelerator pedal) 1. Depress the accelerator pedal to accelerate the vehicle to the de- sired speed. 2. Push the control lever downward in the SET, COAST direction once. Now the desired speed is set and the vehicle will keep running at that speed without depressing the accelerator pedal.

NOTE If the difference between the actual vehicle speed when the con- trol lever is pushed downward and the speed last time you set is less than 4 mph (6.8 km/h), the vehicle speed will be lowered by 1 mph (1.6 km/h). This occurs because the cruise control system unit regards this lever operation as that intended to decrease the vehicle speed.

n To decrease the speed (by control lever) Push the control lever downward in the SET, COAST direction and hold it until the vehicle reaches the desired speed. Then, release the control lever. The vehicle speed at that moment will be memorized and treated as the new set speed.

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When the difference between the actual vehicle speed and the set speed is less than 4 mph (6.8 km/h), the set speed can be lowered 1 mph (1.6 km/h) each time by pressing the control lever downward in the SET, COAST direction quickly within a half second.

n To decrease the speed (by brake pedal) 1. Depress the brake pedal to release cruise control temporarily. 2. When the speed decreases to the desired speed, press the control lever downward in the SET, COAST direction once. Now the desired speed is set and the vehicle will keep running at that speed without depressing the accelerator pedal.

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Driving tips

New vehicle break-in driving the first 1,000 miles (1,600 km) 8-2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Fuel economy hints 8-2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Engine exhaust gas (Carbon monoxide) 8-3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Catalytic converter 8-4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Periodic inspections 8-5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Driving in foreign countries 8-5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Driving tips for AWD vehicles 8-6. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Off road driving 8-7. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Winter driving 8-10. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Snow tires 8-13. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Tire chains 8-14. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Rocking the vehicle 8-15. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Loading your vehicle 8-15. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Vehicle capacity weight 8-17. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

GVWR and GAWR (Gross Vehicle Weight Rating and Gross Axle Weight Rating) 8-18. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Trailer hitch (if equipped) 8-19. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Trailer towing 8-24. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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New vehicle break-in driving the first 1,000 miles (1,600 km)

The performance and long life of your vehicle are dependent on how you handle and care for your vehicle while it is new. Follow these instructions during the first 1,000 miles (1,600 km): Do not race the engine.

Break-in engine speed limit Never exceed 4,000 rpm engine speed except for brief accelera- tion in an emergency. Do not drive at one constant engine or vehicle speed for a long time, either fast or slow. Avoid starting suddenly and rapid acceleration, except in an emer- gency. Avoid hard braking, except in an emergency.

The same break-in procedures should be applied to a newly installed or overhauled engine or when brake pads or brake linings are re- placed with new ones.

Fuel economy hints

The following suggestions will help to save your fuel.

Select the proper gear position for the speed and road conditions. Avoid sudden acceleration or deceleration. Always accelerate gently until you reach the desired speed. Then try to maintain that speed for as long as possible. Do not pump the accelerator and avoid racing the engine. Avoid unnecessary engine idling. Keep the engine properly tuned. Keep the tires inflated to the correct pressure shown on the tire plac- ard, which is located under the door latch on the drivers side. Low pres- sure will increase tire wear and fuel consumption. Use the air conditioner only when necessary. Keep the front and rear wheels in proper alignment.

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Avoid carrying unnecessary luggage or cargo.

Engine exhaust gas (Carbon monoxide)

WARNING Never inhale engine exhaust gas. Engine exhaust gas contains carbon monoxide, a colorless and odorless gas which is danger- ous, or even lethal, if inhaled. Always properly maintain the engine exhaust system to pre- vent engine exhaust gas from entering the vehicle. Never run the engine in a closed space, such as a garage, ex- cept for the brief time needed to drive the vehicle in or out of it. Avoid remaining in a parked vehicle for a lengthy time while the engine is running. If that is unavoidable, then use the ventila- tion fan to force fresh air into the vehicle. Always keep the front ventilator inlet grille free from snow, leaves or other obstructions to ensure that the ventilation system always works properly. If at any time you suspect that exhaust fumes are entering the vehicle, have the problem checked and corrected as soon as pos- sible. If you must drive under these conditions, drive only with all windows fully open.

NOTE Due to the expansion and contraction of the metals used in the manufacture of the exhaust system, you may hear a crackling sound coming from the exhaust system for a short time after the engine has been shut off. This sound is normal.

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Catalytic converter

WARNING Avoid fire hazards. Do not drive or park the vehicle anywhere near flammable materials (e.g. grass, paper, rags or leaves), be- cause the catalytic converter operates at very high temperatures. Keep everyone and flammable materials away from the ex- haust pipe while the engine is running. The exhaust gas is very hot.

HB3003BA

The catalytic converter is installed in the exhaust system. It serves as catalyst to reduce HC, CO and NOx in exhaust gases, thus providing cleaner exhaust.

To avoid damage to the catalytic converter: Use only unleaded gasoline. Even a small amount of leaded gasoline will damage the catalytic converter. Never start the engine by pushing or pulling the vehicle. Avoid racing the engine. Never turn off the ignition switch while the vehicle is moving. Keep your engine tuned-up. If you feel the engine running rough (mis- firing, backfiring or incomplete combustion), have your vehicle checked and repaired by an authorized SUBARU dealer. Do not apply undercoating or rust prevention treatment to the heat shield of catalytic converter and the exhaust system.

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Periodic inspections

To keep your vehicle in the best condition at all times, always have the recommended maintenance services listed in the maintenance schedule in the Warranty and Maintenance Booklet performed at the specified time or mileage intervals.

Driving in foreign countries

When planning to use your vehicle in another country: Confirm the availability of the correct fuel. (Refer to the Fuel require- ment section in Chapter 7.) Comply with all regulations and requirements of each country.

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Driving tips for AWD vehicles

WARNING Always maintain a safe driving speed according to the road and weather conditions in order to avoid having an accident on a sharp turn, during sudden braking or under other similar condi- tions. Always use the utmost care in driving overconfidence be- cause you are driving an all wheel drive vehicle could easily lead to a serious accident.

OM-H0154

All wheel drive distributes the engine power to all four wheels. AWD vehicles provide better traction when driving on slippery, wet or snow- covered roads and when moving out of mud, dirt and sand. By shifting power between the front and rear wheels, SUBARU AWD can also pro- vide added traction during acceleration, and added engine braking force during deceleration. Therefore, your SUBARU AWD vehicle may handle differently than an ordinary two wheel drive vehicle and it contains some features unique to AWD. For safety purposes as well as to avoid damaging the AWD sys- tem, you should keep the following tips in mind:

An AWD vehicle is better able to climb steeper roads under snowy or slippery conditions than a two wheel drive vehicle. There is little differ- ence in handling, however, during extremely sharp turns or sudden brak-

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ing. Therefore, when driving down a slope or turning corners, be sure to reduce your speed and maintain an ample distance from other vehicles. When replacing a tire, make sure you use only the same size, circum- ference, construction, brand, and load range as the original tires listed on the tire placard. Using other sizes, circumferences or construction may re- sult in severe mechanical damage to the drive train of your vehicle and may affect ride, handling, braking, speedometer/odometer calibration, and clearance between the body and tires. It also may be dangerous and lead to loss of vehicle control. If you use a temporary spare tire to replace a flat tire, be sure to use the original temporary spare tire stored in the vehicle. Using other sizes may result in severe mechanical damage to the drive train of your vehicle. Always check the cold tire pressure before starting to drive. The rec- ommended tire pressure is provided on the tire placard, which is located under the door latch on the drivers side. Tire chains should always be placed on the front wheels only. There are some precautions that you must observe when towing your vehicle. For detail information, see Towing section in Chapter 9.

Off road driving

WARNING Always maintain a safe driving speed according to the road and weather conditions in order to avoid having an accident on a sharp turn, during sudden braking or under other similar condi- tions. Always use the utmost care in driving overconfidence because you are driving an all wheel drive vehicle could easily lead to a serious accident.

Because of the AWD feature and higher ground clearance, your Subaru can be driven on ordinary roads or off-road. But please keep in mind that an AWD Subaru is neither a conventional off-road vehicle nor an all-ter- rain vehicle. If you do take your Subaru off-road, certain common sense precautions such as the following should be taken:

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Make certain that you and all of your passengers are wearing seat belts. Carry some emergency equipment, such as a towing rope or chain, a shovel, wheel blocks, first aid kit and portable phone or citizens band radio. Drive carefully. Do not take unnecessary risks by driving in dangerous areas or over rough terrain. Slow down and employ extra caution at all times. When driving off- road, you will not have the benefit of marked traffic lanes, banked curves, traffic signs and the like. Do not drive across steep slopes. Instead, drive either straight up or straight down the slopes. A vehicle can much more easily tip over side- ways than it can end over end. Avoid driving straight up or down slopes that are too steep. Avoid sharp turning maneuvers, especially at higher speeds. Do not grip the inside or spokes of the steering wheel. A bad bump could jerk the wheel and injure your hands. Instead drive with your fin- gers and thumbs on the outside of the rim. If driving through water, such as when crossing shallow streams, first check the depth of the water and the bottom of the stream bed for firm- ness and ensure that the bed of the stream is flat. Drive slowly and com- pletely through the stream. The water should be shallow enough that it does not reach the vehicles undercarriage. Water entering the engine air intake or the exhaust pipe or water splashing onto electrical parts may damage your vehicle and may cause it to stall. Never attempt to drive through rushing water; regardless of its depth, it can wash away the ground from under your tires, resulting in possible loss of traction and even vehicle rollover. Always check your brakes for effectiveness immediately after driving in sand, mud or water. Do this by driving slowly and stepping on the brake pedal. Repeat that process several times to dry out the brake discs and brake pads. Do not drive or park over or near flammable materials such as dry grass or fallen leaves, as they may burn easily. The exhaust system is very hot while the engine is running and right after engine stops. This could create a fire hazard.

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After driving through tall grass, mud, rock, sand, rivers, etc., check that there is no grass, bush, paper, rags, stones, sand, etc. adhering to or trapped on the underbody. Clear off any such matter from the under- body. If the vehicle is used with these materials trapped or adhering to the underbody, a mechanical breakdown or fire could occur. Secure all cargo carried inside the vehicle and make certain that it is not piled higher than the seatbacks. During sudden stops or jolts, unse- cured cargo could be thrown around in the vehicle and cause injury. Do not pile heavy loads on the roof. Those loads raise the vehicles center of gravity and make it more prone to tip over. Cargo should be evenly distributed over the cargo bed. Keep heavier items as low and far forward as possible. Loading the vehicle improperly can deteriorate handling capability and contribute to loss of vehicle con- trol. Be sure the cargo is secured properly. Unsecured cargo in the cargo bed can be thrown around when driving on off-road. To prevent loose cargo from entering the passenger compartment, always close the switchback door while driving off-road. Always close the tailgate while driving off-road. Also remove the bed extender (if so equipped) to avoid damage. If you must rock the vehicle to free it from sand or mud, depress the accelerator pedal slightly and move the selector lever back and forth be- tween D and R repeatedly. Do not race the engine. For the best pos- sible traction, avoid spinning the wheels when trying to free the vehicle. When the road surface is extremely slippery, you can obtain better traction by starting the vehicle with the transmission in 2nd than 1st (both for MT and AT). Never equip your vehicle with tires larger than those specified in this manual. Frequent driving of an AWD vehicle under hard-driving conditions such as rough roads or off roads will necessitate more frequent replacement of engine oil, brake fluid and transmission oil than that specified in the main- tenance schedule described in the Warranty and Maintenance Booklet.

Remember that damage done to your Subaru while operating it off-road and not using common sense precautions such as those listed above is

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not eligible for warranty coverage.

Winter driving

HB8046AA

Operation during cold weather Carry some emergency equipment, such as tire chains, a window scraper, a bag of sand, flares, a small shovel, and jumper cables.

Check the battery and cables. Cold temperatures reduce battery ca- pacity. The battery must be in good condition to provide enough pow- er for cold winter starts.

Use an engine oil of proper grade and viscosity for cold weather. Heavy summer oil will cause harder starting. Keep the door locks from freezing by squirting them with deicer or glycerin.

Forcing a frozen door open may damage or separate the rubber weather strips around the door. If the door is frozen, use hot water to melt the ice, and afterwards thoroughly wipe the water away.

Use a windshield washer fluid that contains an antifreeze solution. Do not use engine antifreeze or other substitutes because they may dam- age the paint of the vehicle.

n Before driving your vehicle Before entering the vehicle, remove any snow or ice from your shoes

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because that could make the pedals slippery and dangerous.

While warming up the vehicle before driving, check that the accelera- tor pedal, brake pedal, and all other controls operate smoothly.

Clear away ice and snow that has accumulated under the fenders to avoid making steering difficult. During severe winter driving, stop when and where it is safe to do so and check under the fenders peri- odically.

n Parking in cold weather

WARNING Snow can trap dangerous exhaust gases under your vehicle. Keep snow clear of the exhaust pipe and from around your vehicle if you park the vehicle in snow with the engine running.

Do not use the parking brake when parking for long periods in cold weather since it could freeze in that position. Instead, observe the fol- lowing: 1. Place the shift lever in 1 or R for manual transmission vehicles, and in P for automatic transmission vehicles. 2. Use tire stops under the tires to prevent the vehicle from moving.

When the vehicle is parked in snow or when it snows, raise the wiper blades off the glass to prevent damage to them. When the vehicle has been left parked after use on roads heavily cov- ered with snow, or has been left parked during a snowstorm, icing may develop on the brake system, which could cause poor braking action. Check for snow or ice buildup on the suspension, disc brakes and brake hoses underneath the vehicle. If there is caked snow or ice, remove it, being careful not to damage the disc brakes and brake hoses and ABS harness.

n Refueling in cold weather To help prevent moisture from forming in the fuel system and the risk of its freezing, use of an antifreeze additive in the fuel tank is recom- mended during cold weather.

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Use only additives that are specifically designed for this purpose. When an antifreeze additive is used, its effect lasts longer if the tank is refilled whenever the fuel level reaches half empty.

If your SUBARU is not going to be used for an extended period, it is best to have the fuel tank filled to capacity.

Driving on snowy and icy roads

WARNING Do not use the cruise control on slippery roads such as snowy or icy roads. This may cause loss of vehicle control.

To prevent skidding and slipping, avoid sudden braking, abrupt ac- celeration, high-speed driving, and sharp turning when driving on snowy or icy roads. Always maintain ample distance between your vehicle and the vehicle ahead of you to avoid the need for sudden braking. To supplement the foot brake, use the engine brake effectively to con- trol the vehicle speed. (Shift into a lower gear when necessary.) Avoid shifting down abruptly. Such behavior can cause the wheels to lock, possibly leading to loss of vehicle control.

An anti-lock brake system (ABS) enhances your vehicles braking per- formance on snowy and icy roads. Refer to the ABS (Anti-Lock Brake System) section in Chapter 7 for information on braking on slippery surfaces.

n Wiper operation when snowing Before driving in cold weather, make sure the wiper blades are not frozen to the windshield or rear window. If the wiper blades are frozen to the windshield or rear window, use the defroster with the airflow control dial in the position and the temperature control dial set for maximum warmth until the wiper blades are completely thawed out. If your vehicle is equipped with a wiper deicer, it is helpful to thaw the windshield wiper blades.

When driving in snow, if frozen snow starts to stick on the surface of the windshield despite wiper operation, use the defroster with the air-

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flow control dial in and the temperature control dial set for max- imum warmth. After the windshield gets warmed enough to melt the frozen snow on it, wash it away using the windshield washer.

Snow stuck on the wiper arm prevents the wiper from working effec- tively. If snow is stuck on the wiper arm, pull off the road to a safe place, then remove it. If you stop the car at road side, use the hazard warning flasher to alert other drivers.

We recommend use of non-freezing type wiper blades (winter blades) during the seasons you could have snow and sub-zero temperatures. Blades of this type give superior wiping performance in snowy condi- tions. Be sure to use blades that are suitable for your vehicle.

Corrosion protection Refer to the Corrosion protection section (Chapter 10).

Snow tires

WARNING When replacing original tires with winter (snow) tires, make sure you use only the same size and construction as recom- mended. Using other sizes or construction may affect speedome- ter/odometer calibration and clearance between the body and tires. It also may be dangerous and lead to loss of vehicle con- trol. You must install four winter tires that are of the same size, cir- cumferences, construction, brand, and load range. Mixing other sizes, circumferences or constructions may result in severe me- chanical damage to the drive train of your vehicle and may affect ride, handling, braking and speedometer/odometer calibration. It also may be dangerous and lead to loss of vehicle control. Do not use a combination of radial, belted bias or bias tires since it may cause dangerous handling characteristics and lead to an accident.

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Your vehicle is equipped with all season tires which are designed to provide an adequate measure of traction, handling and braking perfor- mance in year-round driving. In winter, it may be possible to enhance performance through use of tires designed specifically for winter driving conditions. If you choose to install winter tires on your vehicle, be sure to use the correct tire size and type. You must install four winter tires that are of the same size, construction, brand and load range and you should never mix radial, belted bias or bias tires since this may result in dangerous handling characteristics. When you choose a tire, make sure that there is enough clearance between the tire and vehicle body.

Remember to drive with care at all times regardless of the type of tires on your vehicle.

Your vehicle comes with P225/60R16 all season tires as original equipment. You should be aware that some winter tires with that same size designation may actually be too large for the vehicle and may cause rubbing on sharp turns. Listed below is the winter tire size that we recommend.

Recommended winter (snow) tire size

P215/60R16 Studless

Tire chains

CAUTION Tire chains cannot be used on tires listed below because of lack of clearance between the tires and vehicle body. P225/60R16 tires P215/60R16 winter (snow) tires

Driving on snowy grades or icy roads may require the use of tire chains, in which case put the chains on the front wheels only. Use only SAE class S type chains that are of the correct size for your tires so as not to damage the vehicle body or suspension.

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When driving with tire chains, drive at speeds below 19 mph (30 km/h). When a temporary spare tire is on a front wheel, replace the temporary spare tire with the rear tire on the same side of the vehicle, and then fit chains on the front tires. Always use the utmost care when driving with tire chains overconfi- dence because you are driving with tire chains could easily lead to a se- rious accident.

Rocking the vehicle If you must rock the vehicle to free it from snow, sand, or mud, depress the accelerator pedal slightly and move the selector lever back and forth be- tween D and R repeatedly. Do not race the engine. For the best possible traction, avoid spinning the wheels when trying to free the vehicle.

When the road surface is extremely slippery, you can obtain better trac- tion by starting the vehicle with the transmission in 2nd than 1st (both for MT and AT).

Refer to the Automatic transmission section in Chapter 7 for information on holding the transmission in 2nd position.

Loading your vehicle

WARNING Never allow passengers to ride on the folded rear seatback or in the cargo bed. Doing so may result in serious injury. Never stack luggage or other cargo higher than the top of the seatback because it could tumble forward and injure passengers in the event of a sudden stop or accident. Keep luggage or cargo low, as close to the floor as possible. When you carry something inside the vehicle, secure it when- ever you can to prevent it from being thrown around inside the vehicle during sudden stops, sharp turns or in an accident. Do not pile heavy loads on the roof. These loads raise the vehicles center of gravity and make it more prone to tip over.

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Secure lengthy items properly to prevent them from shooting forward and causing serious injury during a sudden stop. Never exceed the maximum load limit. If you do, some parts on your vehicle can break, or it can change the way your vehicle handles. This could result in loss of control and cause personal injury. Also, overloading can shorten the life of your vehicle. Cargo should be evenly distributed over the cargo bed. Keep heavier items as low and far forward as possible. Loading the vehicle improperly can deteriorate handling capability and con- tribute to loss of vehicle control. Be sure the cargo is secured properly. Unsecured cargo in the cargo bed can be thrown around during sudden braking, in a sharp turn or during rapid acceleration, which could create a dan- gerous road hazard.

CAUTION Do not carry spray cans, containers with flammable or corrosive liquids or any other dangerous items inside the passenger compartment.

NOTE For better fuel economy, do not carry unneeded cargo.

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Vehicle capacity weight

HB8042BAHB8031BA

The load capacity of your vehicle is determined by weight, not by avail- able cargo space. The total weight you can carry in your vehicle is shown as the Vehicle Capacity Weight on the tire information label at- tached to the drivers side door jamb. It includes the total weight of driver and all passengers and their belongings, any optional equipment such as a trailer hitch, roof rack or bike carrier, etc., and the tongue load of a trailer.

The tire information label also shows tire pressures for the vehicle when fully loaded and for the vehicle when towing a trailer. Adjust the tire pres- sures to the values that match current loading conditions.

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GVWR and GAWR (Gross Vehicle Weight Rating and Gross Axle Weight Rating)

HB8043BA

The certification label attached to the drivers side door shows GVWR (Gross Vehicle Weight Rating) and GAWR (Gross Axle Weight Rating). The GVW (Gross Vehicle Weight) must never exceed the GVWR. GVW is the combined total of weight of the vehicle, fuel, driver, all passengers, luggage, any optional equipment and trailer tongue load. Therefore, the GVW changes depending on the situation.

In addition, the total weight applied to each axle (GAW) must never ex- ceed the GAWR. The front and rear GAWs can be adjusted by relocating luggage inside the vehicle. Even if the total weight of your luggage is lower than the vehicle capacity weight, either front or rear GAW may exceed the GAWR, depending on the distribution of the luggage. If you carry heavy loads in the vehicle, you should confirm that GVW and front and rear GAWs are within the GVWR and GAWR by putting your vehicle on a vehicle scale, found at a commercial weighing station.

Do not use replacement tires with a lower load range than the originals because they may lower the GVWR and GAWR limitations. Replacement tires with a higher load range than the originals do not increase the GVWR and GAWR limitations.

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Trailer hitch (if equipped)

WARNING Never exceed the maximum weight specified for the trailer hitch. Exceeding the maximum weight could cause an accident resulting in serious personal injuries. Permissible trailer weight changes depending on the situation. Refer to the next section Trailer towing for possible recommendations and limitations. Trailer brakes are required when the towing load exceeds 1,000 lbs. (453 kg). Be sure your trailer has safety chains and that each chain will hold the trailers maximum gross weight. Towing trailers without safety chains could create a traffic safety hazard if the trailer separates from the hitch due to coupling damage or hitch ball damage. Be sure to check the hitch pin and safety pin for positive lock- ing placement before towing a trailer. If the ball mount comes off the hitch receiver, the trailer could get loose and create a traffic safety hazard. Use only the ball mount supplied with this hitch. Use the hitch only as a weight carrying hitch. Do not use with any type of weight distributing hitch.

The trailer hitch is designed to tow a Class 1 rated load. A maximum of 2,400 lbs. (1,087 kg) gross trailer weight and a maximum of 200 lbs. (90 kg) gross tongue weight are permissible for the trailer hitch. When you tow a trailer, follow the instructions in the next section Trailer towing.

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Connecting a trailer

HB8047BA

CAUTION The license plate bracket will hit the hitch ball and may be dam- aged if the tailgate is opened and the license plate bracket is at the lowered/open position. Close the tailgate and return the license plate bracket to its normal position flush against the tail- gate itself whenever you tow a trailer or whenever a trailer is hitched to the vehicle.

1. Before connecting the ball mount to the hitch receiver, close the tailgate and return the license plate bracket to its normal retracted position up against the tailgate. Refer to License plate bracket under the heading Tailgate in Chapter 2 for more information on the function of the license plate bracket. 2. Remove the receiver cover from the hitch receiver tube. Then in- sert the ball mount into the hitch receiver tube. 3. Insert the hitch pin into the hole on the hitch receiver tube so that the pin passes through the ball mount.

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HB8018BA

4. Insert the safety pin into the hitch pin securely.

HB8019BA

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5. Pull the ball mount to make sure it does not come off the hitch re- ceiver.

HB8020AA

6. Use only a hitch ball that is appropriate for the ball mount and your trailer. The hitch ball must be securely installed on the ball mount. 7. Connect your trailer to the hitch ball. 8. Connect the trailer and the hitch with safety chains that will hold the trailers maximum gross weight. The chains should cross under the trailer tongue to prevent the tongue from dropping onto the ground in case it should disconnect from the hitch ball. Allow suffi- cient slack in the chains taking tightturn situations into account; how- ever, be careful not to let them drag on the ground.

HB8022BBHB8020BB

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9. Connect the hitch wire harnesss black fourpin wire connector to the towing trailers wire harness.

HB8021BB

10. Confirm proper function of the hitch wire harness by individually activating the brake, right turn signal, left turn signal, stop, and park- ing lights on the trailer.

NOTE Always disconnect the trailer wire harness before launching or retrieving a watercraft.

When you are not towing a trailer

CAUTION Remove the ball mount from the hitch receiver tube when the tail- gate is open and the bed extender is used. The rear license plate will not be visible because the license plate bracket can not be used at the lowered/open position when the ball mount is con- nected.

Remove the ball mount from the hitch receiver tube and insert the receiver cover onto the hitch receiver tube. Place the dust cap over the fourpin connector of the hitch wire harness to protect against possible damage. Occasionally lubricate the terminals of the fourpin connector us- ing terminal grease, and cover with the attached rubber cap.

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Trailer towing

Your vehicle is designed and intended to be used primarily to carry pas- sengers and cargo. Towing a trailer puts additional loads on your vehicles engine, drivetrain, brakes, tires and suspension and has an ad- verse effect on fuel economy. If you do decide to tow a trailer, your safety and satisfaction depend upon proper use of correct equipment and cautious operation of your ve- hicle. Seek the advice of your SUBARU dealer to assist you in purchas- ing a hitch and other necessary towing equipment appropriate for your vehicle. In addition, be sure to follow the instructions on correct installa- tion and use provided by the trailer and other towing equipment manufacturers. SUBARU assumes no responsibility for injuries or vehicle damage that result from trailer towing equipment, or from any errors or omissions in the instructions accompanying such equipment or for your failure to fol- low the proper instructions.

Warranties and maintenance SUBARU warranties do not apply to vehicle damage or malfunction caused by trailer towing. If you use your vehicle to tow a trailer, more frequent maintenance will be required due to the additional load. (Refer to Maintenance schedule under severe driving conditions in the Warranty and Maintenance Booklet.) Under no circumstances should a trailer be towed with a new vehicle or a vehicle with any new powertrain component (engine, transmis- sion, differential, wheel bearings, etc.) for the first 1,000 miles (1,600 km) of driving.

Maximum load limits

WARNING Never exceed the maximum load limits explained below. Exceed- ing the maximum load limits could cause personal injury and/or vehicle damage.

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CAUTION Adequate size trailer brakes are required when the trailer and its cargo exceed 1,000 lbs (453 kg) total weight. Before towing a trailer, check the trailer total weight, GVW, GAWs and tongue load. Make sure the load and its distribution in your vehicle and trailer are acceptable.

n Total trailer weight The total trailer weight (trailer weight plus its cargo load) must never exceed the maximum weight shown below.

Model Conditions Maximum total trailer weight

MT models When towing a trailer without brakes. 1,000 lbs (453 kg)

When towing a trailer with brakes. 2,400 lbs (1,087 kg)

AT models When towing a trailer without brakes. 1,000 lbs (453 kg)

When towing a trailer with brakes. 2,400 lbs (1,087 kg)

When towing a trailer on a long uphill grade continuously for over 5 miles (8 km) with an outside temperature of 104F (40C) or above.

1,200 lbs (543 kg)

OM-H2781

Total trailer weight

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n Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW) and Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR)

The Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW) must never exceed the Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR). Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW) is the combined total of the weight of the vehicle, driver, passengers, luggage, trailer hitch, trailer tongue load and any other optional equipment installed on your vehicle. Therefore, the GVW changes depending on the situation. Determine the GVW each time before going on a trip by putting your vehicle and trailer on a vehicle scale. GVWR is shown on the certification label located on the drivers door of your vehicle.

HB8043BAHB8038BB

Gross Axle Weight (GAW) and Gross Axle Weight Rating (GAWR)

The total weight applied to each axle (GAW) must never exceed the Gross Axle Weight Rating (GAWR). The front and rear GAWs can be adjusted by relocating passengers and luggage inside the vehicle. The front and rear GAWR are also shown on the certification label.

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HB8043BAHB8039BB

To check both GVWR and GAWR and to confirm that the total weight and weight distribution are within safe driving limits, you should have your vehicle and trailer weighed at a commercial weighing station. Be sure that all cargo is firmly secured to prevent a change in weight distribution while driving.

n Tongue load

WARNING If the trailer is loaded with more weight in the back of trailers axle than in the front, the load is taken off the rear axle of the tow- ing vehicle. This may cause the rear wheels to skid, especially during braking or when vehicle speed is reduced during corner- ing, resulting in over-steer, spin out and/or jackknifing.

Ensure that the trailer tongue load is from 8 to 11 percent of the total trailer weight and does not exceed the maximum value of 200 lbs (90 kg). The tongue load can be weighed with a bathroom scale as shown in the illustration below. When weighing the tongue load, be sure to posi- tion the towing coupler at the height at which it would be during actual towing, using a jack as shown.

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HB8040BB

Tongue load

OM-H2785

The tongue load can be adjusted by proper distribution of the load in the trailer. Never load the trailer with more weight in the back than in the front; approximately 60 percent of the trailer load should be in the front and approximately 40 percent in the rear. Also, distribute the load as evenly as possible on both the left and right sides. Be sure that all cargo is firmly secured to prevent a change in weight distribution while driving.

OM-H2787

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Trailer hitches

WARNING Never drill the frame or under-body of your vehicle to install a commercial trailer hitch. If you do, dangerous exhaust gas, water or mud may enter the passenger compartment through the drilled hole. Exhaust gas contains carbon monoxide, a colorless and odorless gas which is dangerous, or even lethal, if inhaled. Also, drilling the frame or under-body of your vehicle could cause dete- rioration of strength of your vehicle and cause corrosion around the drilled hole.

CAUTION Do not modify the vehicle exhaust system, brake system, or other systems when installing a hitch or other trailer towing equipment. Do not use axle-mounted hitches as they can cause damage to the axle housing, wheel bearings, wheels or tires.

The use of a genuine SUBARU trailer hitch is recommended. A genu- ine SUBARU hitch is available from your SUBARU dealer. If use of a non-genuine hitch is unavoidable, be sure the hitch is suited to your vehicle and trailer. Consult with a professional hitch supplier to assist you in choosing an appropriate hitch for your vehicle. Be sure to follow all of the hitch manufacturers instructions for installation and use. Never use a hitch that mounts only to the rear bumper. The bumper is not designed to handle that type of load. For all types of hitches, regularly check that the hitch mounting bolts and nuts are tight.

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Connecting a trailer

n Trailer brakes

WARNING Adequate size trailer brakes are required when the trailer and its cargo exceed 1,000 lbs (453 kg) total weight. Do not directly connect your trailers hydraulic brake system to the hydraulic brake system in your vehicle. Direct connection would cause the vehicles brake performance to deteriorate and could lead to an accident.

If your trailers total weight (trailer weight plus its cargo weight) exceeds 1,000 lbs (453 kg), the trailer is required to be equipped with its own brake system. Electric brakes or surge brakes are recom- mended, and must be installed properly. Check that your trailers brakes conform with Federal, state/province and/or other applicable regulations. Your SUBARUs brake system is not designed to be tapped into the trailers hydraulic brake system. Please ask your SUBARU dealer and professional trailer supplier for more information about the trailers brake system.

n Trailer safety chains

WARNING Always use safety chains between your vehicle and the trailer. Towing trailer without safety chains could create a traffic safety hazard if the trailer separates from the hitch due to coupling dam- age or hitch ball damage.

In case the trailer hitch connector or hitch ball should break or become disconnected, the trailer could get loose and create a traffic safety hazard. For safety, always connect the towing vehicle and trailer with trailer safety chains. Pass the chains crossing each other under the trailer tongue to prevent the trailer from dropping onto the ground in case the trailer tongue should disconnect from the hitch ball. Allow suffi-

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cient slack in the chains taking tight-turn situations into account; how- ever, be careful not to let them drag on the ground. For more information about the safety chain connection, refer to the instructions for your hitch and trailer.

n Side mirrors After hitching a trailer to your vehicle, check that the standard side mirrors provide a good rearward field of view without significant blind spots. If significant blind spots occur with the vehicles standard side mirrors, use towing mirrors that conform with Federal, state/province and/or other applicable regulations.

HB8041BA

n Trailer lights

CAUTION Direct splicing or other improper connection of trailer lights may damage your vehicles electrical system and cause a malfunction of your vehicles lighting system.

Connection of trailer lights to your vehicles electrical system requires modifications to the vehicles lighting circuit to increase its capacity and accommodate wiring changes. To ensure the trailer lights are connected properly, please consult your SUBARU dealer. Check for proper operation of the turn signals, the brake lights and parking lights each time you hitch up.

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n Tires

WARNING Never tow a trailer when the temporary spare tire is used. The temporary spare tire is not designed to sustain the towing load. Use of the temporary spare tire when towing can result in failure of the spare tire and/or less stability of the vehicle.

Make sure that all the tires on your vehicle are properly inflated.

The recommended cold tire pressure under trailer towing conditions is indicated on the tire placard located under the door striker on the drivers side. Adjust the rear tire pressure to the recommended pres- sure shown on the tire placard when the tires are cold. Normal pres- sure should be maintained in the front tires.

Trailer tire condition, size, load rating and proper inflation pressure should be in accordance with the trailer manufacturers specifications.

In the event your vehicle gets a flat tire when towing a trailer, ask a commercial road service to repair the flat tire.

If you carry a regular size spare tire in your vehicle or trailer as a pre- caution against getting a flat tire, be sure that the spare tire is firmly secured.

Trailer towing tips

CAUTION Never exceed 45 mph (72 km/h) when towing a trailer in hilly country on hot days. When towing a trailer, steering, stability, stopping distance and braking performance will be different from normal operation. For safetys sake, you should employ extra caution when towing a trailer and you should never speed. You should also keep the fol- lowing tips in mind:

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n Before starting out on a trip Check that the vehicle and vehicle-to-hitch mounting are in good condition. If any problems are apparent, do not tow the trailer. Check that the vehicle sits horizontally with the trailer attached. If the vehicle is tipped sharply up at the front and down at the rear, check the total trailer weight, GVW, GAWs and tongue load again, then confirm that the load and its distribution are acceptable. Check that the tire pressures are correct. Check that the vehicle and trailer are connected properly. Confirm that.

the trailer tongue is connected properly to the hitch ball. the trailer lights connector is connected properly and trailers brake lights illuminate when the vehicles brake pedal is pressed, and that the trailers turn signal lights flash when the vehicles turn signal lever is operated. the safety chains are connected properly. all cargo in the trailer is secured safety in position. the side mirrors provide a good rearward field of view without a significant blind spot.

Sufficient time should be taken to learn the feel of the vehicle/ trailer combination before starting out on a trip. In an area free of traf- fic, practice turning, stopping and backing up.

n Driving with a trailer You should allow for considerably more stopping distance when towing a trailer. Avoid sudden braking because it may result in skid- ding or jackknifing and loss of control. Avoid abrupt starts and sudden accelerations. If your vehicle has a manual transmission, always start out in first gear and release the clutch at moderate engine revolution. Avoid uneven steering, sharp turns and rapid lane changes. Slow down before turning. Make a longer than normal turning radius because the trailer wheels will be closer than the vehicle wheels to the inside of the turn. In a tight turn, the trailer could hit your vehicle. Crosswinds will adversely affect the handling of your vehicle and

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trailer, causing sway. Crosswinds can be due to weather conditions or the passing of large trucks or buses. If swaying occurs, firmly grip the steering wheel and slow down immediately but gradually. When passing other vehicles, considerable distance is required because of the added weight and length caused by attaching the trailer to your vehicle. Backing up with a trailer is difficult and takes practice. When back- ing up with a trailer, never accelerate or steer rapidly. When turning back, grip the bottom of the steering wheel with one hand and turn it to the left for a left turn, and turn it to the right for a right turn.

Left turn Right turn

OM-H2791

If the ABS warning light illuminates while the vehicle is in motion, stop towing the trailer and have repairs performed immediately by the nearest SUBARU dealer.

n Driving on grades Before going down a steep hill, slow down and shift into lower gear (if necessary, use 1st gear) in order to utilize the engine braking effect and prevent overheating of your vehicles brakes. Do not make sud- den downshifts. When driving uphill in hot weather, the air conditioner may turn off automatically to protect the engine from overheating. When driving uphill in hot weather, pay attention to the water tem- perature gauge pointer (for all vehicles) and AT OIL TEMP warning light (for AT vehicles) since the engine and transmission are relatively prone to overheating under these conditions. If the water temperature

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gauge pointer approaches the OVERHEAT zone or the AT OIL TEMP warning light illuminates, immediately switch off the air conditioner and stop the vehicle at the nearest safe place. Refer to the Engine overheat section in Chapter 9, and Warning and indicator lights section in Chapter 3. If your vehicle has an automatic transmission, avoid using the accelerator pedal to stay stationary on an uphill slope instead of using the parking brake or foot brake. That may cause the transmission fluid to overheat. Also, if your vehicle is equipped with an automatic trans- mission, avoid driving with the gear selector lever in D when towing a heavy trailer to prevent fluid overheating. A lower gear should be used.

n Parking on a grade Always block the wheels under both vehicle and trailer when parking. Apply the parking brake firmly. You should not park on a hill or slope. But if parking on a hill or slope cannot be avoided, you should take the following steps: 1. Apply the brakes and hold the pedal down. 2. Have someone place wheel blocks under both the vehicle and trailer wheels. 3. When the wheel blocks are in place, release the regular brakes slowly until the blocks absorb the load. 4. Apply the regular brakes and then apply the parking brake; slowly release the regular brakes. 5. Shift into 1st or reverse gear (manual transmission) or P (auto- matic transmission) and shut off the engine.

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9

In case of emergency

If you park your vehicle in an emergency 9-2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Jack and tools 9-3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Spare tire 9-6. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Temporary spare tire 9-9. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Using the temporary spare tire 9-9. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Flat tires 9-11. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Changing a flat tire 9-11. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Jump starting 9-18. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Engine overheating 9-21. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Towing 9-22. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Moonroof if the moonroof cannot be closed 9-27. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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If you park your vehicle in an emergency

HB8002BA

The hazard warning flasher should be used in day or night to warn other drivers when you have to park your vehicle under emergency conditions. Avoid stopping on the road. It is best to safely pull off the road if a prob- lem occurs.

The hazard warning flasher can be activated regardless of the ignition switch position. Turn on the hazard warning by pushing the hazard warning flasher switch. Turn it off by pushing the switch again.

NOTE When the hazard warning flasher is on, the turn signals do not work.

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Jack and tools

The jack supplied with the vehicle is designed only for changing a tire. Before using the jack, see the Flat tire section in this chapter for instructions and precautions.

Location of jack and tools

HB9057BAHBF053BA

The jack and tool bag are located in the left side rear quarter pocket at the back side of the rear seatback.

HB9073AA

A wheel nut wrench, jack drive tube, tire holding rod, tire holding retainer, screwdriver and moonroof wrench are included in the tool bag.

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Removing jack and tool bag

HB1109BB

1. Pull the rear seatback locks up and fold down the rear seatback to gain access to the rear quarter pockets at both sides.

HB9074BA

2. Open the left side lid by turning the knob. 3. Take the tool bag out of the pocket.

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9-5 CONTINUED

HB9075BA

4. Loosen the jack holding screw by turning counterclockwise and remove the jack from the pocket.

NOTE Be careful not to lose the jack holding screw after removing it. Make sure the jack is well lubricated before using it.

Restoring jack and tools

HB9075CAHB9076BA

1. Return all tools to the tool bag. 2. Turn the jack screw counterclockwise to the end. 3. Place the jack onto the bracket in the pocket and securely fix the jack with the jack holding screw by turning it clockwise.

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NOTE Confirm no looseness exists after securing the jack. Looseness may cause a rattle while the vehicle is moving.

CAUTION After the jack and the tool bag have been restored in the rear quarter pocket, make sure that the rear seatback has been securely locked. When securely locked, the red marks on the locking knobs are no longer visible.

Spare tire

HB9053BA

The spare tire is stored in the spare tire holder located under the rear of the cargo bed. The spare tire holder has a hoist mechanism that can lower and raise the spare tire easily. The spare tire holder is designed to carry only the tem- porary spare tire that comes with your vehicle. Before using the temporary spare tire, see the Temporary spare tire section in this Chapter for instructions and precautions.

Removing the spare tire 1. Take the wheel nut wrench out of the tool bag. Refer to the Jack and tools section in this Chapter for its storage location.

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HB9054BA

2. Open the tailgate and remove the rubber cap from the cargo bed. Pull up the RELEASE portion of the cap when removing it. 3. Locate the hex-headed hoist shaft end inside the hole.

HB9055BA

4. Turn the hoist shaft end counterclockwise with the wheel nut wrench until the temporary spare tire is on the ground with enough cable slack to allow you to pull it out from under the vehicle.

CAUTION Do not put your fingers into the center hole of the temporary spare tire while you pulling it out, because they might be pinched in between the wheel and the retainer.

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HB9056AA

5. Tilt the retainer at the end of the cable and pull it through the cen- ter of the temporary spare tire. 6. After the temporary spare tire is removed from the cable, the cable must be wound up completely by turning the hoist nut shaft clockwise until you hear a clicking sound. Also visually inspect the cable to make certain that there is no longer any slack present.

WARNING When using the spare tire hoist: After the temporary spare tire is removed from the cable, wind the cable up completely until the retainer at end of the cable sits against the underside of the vehicle. Driving with the cable not retracted fully could result in damage to the adjacent under floor parts and lead to a serious accident. The spare tire holder is designed to carry only the smaller tem- porary spare tire. Never store a full size tire (flat or otherwise) in the spare tire holder. Doing so can result in damage to adjacent under floor parts and can lead to a serious accident.

CAUTION When using the spare tire hoist: Do not use air tools or power tools to turn the spare tire hoist shaft end. If you do, it could result in severe mechanical damage to the spare tire hoist.

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Re-storage of spare tire 1. Turn the spare tire hoist shaft end counterclockwise with the wheel nut wrench to loosen the cable sufficiently enough to allow the cable end retainer go through center hole of the temporary spare tire. 2. Insert the retainer through the center hole of the temporary tire (with the outside of the tire facing up). 3. Turn the hoist shaft end clockwise with the wheel nut wrench to wind the cable up completely until you hear a few clicking sounds. Confirm that the temporary spare tire holding cable has been wound up completely by shaking the temporary tire.

CAUTION If the temporary spare tire is not stored securely, it could damage adjacent areas of the vehicle and make an abnormal noise.

4. Put the rubber cap on the hoist shaft end hole. 5. Place the wheel nut wrench back into the tool bag and store the jack and tool bag in their storage locations.

Temporary spare tire

Using the temporary spare tire

WARNING Never tow a trailer when the temporary spare tire is used. The temporary spare tire is not designed to sustain the towing load. Use of the temporary spare tire when towing can result in failure of the spare tire and/or less stability of the vehicle and may lead to an accident.

CAUTION Never use any temporary spare tire other than the original. Using other sizes may result in severe mechanical damage to the drive train of your vehicle.

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The temporary spare tire is smaller and lighter than a conventional tire and is designed for emergency use only. Remove the temporary spare tire and re-install the conventional tire as soon as possible because the spare tire is designed only for temporary use.

Check the inflation pressure of the temporary spare tire periodically to keep the tire ready for use. The correct pressure is 60 psi (420 kPa, 4.2 kg/cm2).

When using the temporary spare tire, note the following: Do not exceed 50 mph (80 km/h). Do not put a tire chain on the temporary spare tire. Because of the smaller tire size, a tire chain will not fit properly. Do not use two or more temporary spare tires at the same time. Do not drive over obstacles. This tire has a smaller diameter, so road clearance is reduced. When the wear indicator appears on the tread, replace the tire.

HB8003BBHG0106

Indicator location mark

Tread wear indicator bar

NOTE [Automatic transmission vehicle] Before driving your vehicle with the temporary spare tire, put a spare fuse inside the FWD connector located in the engine compartment and confirm that the Front-wheel drive warning light comes on. The all wheel drive capability of the vehicle has now been deactivated. After re-installing the convention- al tire, remove the spare fuse from the FWD connector in order to reactivate all wheel drive.

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Flat tires

If you get a flat tire while driving, never brake suddenly; keep driving straight ahead while gradually reducing speed. Then slowly pull off the road to a safe place.

Changing a flat tire

WARNING Do not jack up the vehicle on an incline or a loose road sur- face. The jack can come out of the jacking point or sink into the ground and this can result in a serious accident. Use only the jack provided with your vehicle. The jack sup- plied with the vehicle is designed only for changing a tire. Never get under the vehicle while supporting the vehicle with this jack. Always turn the engine off before raising the flat tire off the ground using the jack. Never swing or push the vehicle sup- ported with the jack. The jack can come out of the jacking point due to a jolt and this can result in a serious accident. Never place a tire or tire changing tools in the passenger compartment after changing wheels. In a sudden stop or colli- sion, loose equipment could strike occupants and cause injury. Store the tire and all tools in the proper place.

1. Park on a hard, level surface, whenever possible, then stop the en- gine. 2. Set the parking brake securely and shift a manual transmission ve- hicle into reverse or an automatic transmission vehicle into the P (Park) position. 3. Turn on the hazard warning flasher and have everyone get out of the vehicle.

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HGS038BA

4. Put wheel blocks at the front and rear of the tire diagonally opposite the flat tire. 5. Take out the spare tire, jack, and wheel nut wrench.

Refer to the sections Spare tire and Jack and tools in this chapter for their location, instructions and precautions. After the spare tire is removed from the spare tire holder, the cable must be wound up completely by turning the hoist nut shaft clockwise until you hear a clicking sound. Also visually inspect the cable to make cer- tain that there is no longer any slack present.

Removing the flat tire and installing the spare tire

HS9008BA

1. Loosen the wheel nuts using the wheel nut wrench but do not re- move the nuts.

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9-13 CONTINUED

HB9058BB

2. Place the jack under the side sill at the front or rear jack-up point closest to the flat tire. Jack-up points are indicated by arrow marks on the side of the side sill skirt.

HB9059BA

3. Turn the jackscrew by hand until the groove of the jack head en- gages firmly into the jack-up point.

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HB9060BA

4. Insert the jack drive tube into the jackscrew and attach the wheel nut wrench into the jack drive tube, and turn the handle until the tire clears the ground. Do not raise the vehicle higher than necessary. 5. Remove the wheel nuts and the flat tire.

HG0104OM-H0172

6. Before putting the spare tire on, clean the mounting surface of the wheel and hub with a cloth. 7. Put on the spare tire. Replace the wheel nuts. Tighten them by hand.

WARNING Do not use oil or grease on the wheel studs or nuts when the spare tire is installed. This could cause the nuts to become loose and lead to an accident.

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8. Turn the jack handle counterclockwise to lower the vehicle.

HB9078BB

9. Use the wheel nut wrench to securely tighten the wheel nuts to the specified torque, following the tightening order in the illustration. The torque for tightening the nuts is 66 to 81 ft-lb (90 to 110 N-m, 9 to 11 kg-m). This torque is equivalent to applying about 88 to 110 lbs (40 to 50 kg) at the top of the wheel nut wrench provided to your ve- hicle. Never use your foot on the wheel nut wrench or a pipe exten- sion on the wrench because you may exceed the specified torque. Have the wheel nut torque checked at the nearest automotive service facility.

Storage of the flat tire

CAUTION Secure the flat tire in the cargo bed (with the outer side of the wheel facing up) by using the designated tire holding rod and retainer. If the flat tire is not properly secured, it may fall out and create a dangerous road hazard that could lead to a serious acci- dent. Do not store the flat tire under the floor. Doing so could dam- age the underside of the vehicle.

1. Take the tire holding rod and retainer out of the tool bag.

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HB9077BA

2. Remove the rubber cap from the cargo bed. Store the rubber cap in a safe place. Pay attention not to lose the rubber cap after removal.

HB9062BB

3. Place the flat tire in the cargo bed with the outer side of the wheel facing up. For an aluminum wheel, remove the center cap before placing it in the cargo bed. 4. Place the retainer on the center hole of the wheel as illustrated and put the tire holding rod into the retainer. If the flat tire is separated from its wheel completely, the retailer should be placed upside down on the wheel.

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HB9063BA

5. Secure the flat tire by tightening the tire holding rod.

The tire holding rod and retainer are designed solely to secure a flat tire in emergency. Do not use them for another purpose such as se- curing cargo.

6. Store the jack and wheel nut wrench in their storage locations. 7. Put the rubber cap back in its original position after everything has been restored.

Driving with the temporary spare tire Your spare tire is only a temporary spare which is designed for tem- porary emergency use only. When driving with the temporary spare tire, follow the instructions and precautions described in the Tempo- rary spare tire section in this Chapter. Replace the temporary spare tire with a conventional tire as soon as you can.

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Jump starting

WARNING Battery fluid is SULFURIC ACID. Do not let it come in contact with the eyes, skin, clothing or the vehicle. If battery fluid gets on you, thoroughly flush the exposed area with water immediately. Get medical help if the fluid has entered your eyes. If battery fluid is accidentally swallowed, immediately drink a large amount of milk or water, and obtain immediate medical help. Keep everyone including children away from the battery. The gas generated by a battery explodes if a flame or spark is brought near it. Do not smoke or light a match while jump start- ing. Never attempt jump starting if the discharged battery is frozen. It could cause the battery to burst or explode. Whenever working on or around a battery, always wear suit- able eye protectors, and remove metal objects such as rings, bands or other metal jewelry. Be sure the jumper cables and clamps on them do not have loose or missing insulation. Do not jump start unless cables in suitable condition are avail- able. A running engine can be dangerous. Keep your fingers, hands, clothing, hair and tools away from the cooling fan, belts and any other moving engine parts. Removing rings, watches and ties is advisable.

When your vehicle does not start due to a run down (discharged) bat- tery, the vehicle may be jump started by connecting your battery to another battery (called the booster battery) with jumper cables.

Jump starting is dangerous if it done incorrectly. If you are unsure about the proper procedure for jump starting, consult a competent mechanic.

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How to jump start 1. Make sure the booster battery is 12 volts and the negative terminal is grounded. 2. If the booster battery is in another vehicle, do not let the two ve- hicles touch. 3. Turn off all unnecessary lights and accessories. 4. Connect the jumper cables exactly in the sequence illustrated.

HB8007BB

1 Connect one jumper cable to the positive (+) terminal on the discharged battery. 2 Connect the other end of the jumper cable to the positive (+) terminal of the booster battery. 3 Connect one end of the other cable to the negative () terminal of the booster battery.

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4 Connect the other end of the cable. To the engine lifting brack- et.

Make sure that the cables are not near any moving parts and that the cable clamps are not in contact with any other metal.

5. Start the engine of the vehicle with the booster battery and run it at moderate speed. Then start the engine of the vehicle that has the dis- charged battery. 6. When finished, carefully disconnect the cables in exactly the re- verse order.

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Engine overheating

WARNING Never attempt to remove the radiator cap until the engine has been shut off and has fully cooled down. When the engine is hot, the coolant is under pressure. Removing the cap while the engine is still hot could release a spray of boiling hot coolant, which could burn you very seriously.

If the engine overheats, pull off the road safely and stop the vehicle in a safe place.

If steam is coming from the engine compartment Turn the engine off and get everyone away from the vehicle until it cools down.

If no steam is coming from the engine compartment 1. Keep the engine running at idling speed. 2. Open the hood to ventilate the engine compartment. Confirm that the cooling fan is turning. If the fan is not turning, im- mediately turn the engine off and contact your authorized dealer for repair. 3. After the engine coolant temperature has dropped, turn off the en- gine. If the temperature gauge stays at the overheated zone, turn the en- gine off. 4. After the engine has fully cooled down, check the coolant level in the reserve tank. If the coolant level is below the MIN mark, add coolant up to the MAX mark. 5. If there is no coolant in the reserve tank, add coolant to the reserve tank. Then remove the radiator cap and fill the radiator with coolant.

If you remove the radiator cap from a hot radiator, first wrap a thick cloth around the radiator cap, then turn the cap counterclockwise slowly without pressing down until it stops. Release the pressure from

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the radiator. After the pressure has been fully released, remove the cap by pressing down and turning it.

Towing

WARNING Never tow AWD vehicles (both AT and MT) with the front wheels raised off the ground while the rear wheels are on the ground, or with the rear wheels raised off the ground while the front wheels are on the ground. This will cause the vehicle to spin away due to the operation or deterioration of the center differential.

HB9064BA

If towing is necessary, it is best done by your SUBARU dealer or a com- mercial towing service. Observe the following procedures for safety.

Towing and tie-down hooks

CAUTION Use only specified towing hooks and tie-down hooks. Never use suspension parts or other body parts for towing or tie-down purposes. Never use the tie-down hook closest to the muffler under the vehicle for towing purposes. Do not apply excessive lateral load to the towing hooks.

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HB9065BB HB9066BB

HB9066CBHB9070BB

The towing hooks should be used only in an emergency (e.g., to free a stuck vehicle from mud, sand or snow).

The front towing hook is located on the inside of the towing hook cov- er below the right-hand headlight.

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n Towing hook cover removal procedure

HB9067BBHB9068BB

The towing hook cover is secured by tabs that fit into corresponding slots in the vehicle body. To remove the cover: 1. Push on the position A while pulling the portion B toward you. 2. Push on the portion C and pull the cover.

n Towing hook cover installation procedure

hB9069BA

To reinstall the towing hook cover, push it in on both sides while push- ing it back to its original position. Make certain that the tabs at the end of the cover are securely inserted into the corresponding slots in the vehicles body.

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In case of emergency

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Using a flat-bed truck

HB9072AA

This is the best way to transport your vehicle. Use the following proce- dures to ensure safe transportation. 1. Shift the selector lever into the P position for automatic transmis- sion vehicles or 1st for manual transmission vehicles. 2. Pull up the parking brake lever firmly. 3. Secure the vehicle onto the carrier properly with safety chains. Each safety chain should be equally tightened and care must be tak- en not to pull the chains so tightly that the suspension bottoms out.

Towing with all wheels on the ground

WARNING Never turn the ignition switch to the LOCK position while the vehicle is being towed because the steering wheel and the direc- tion of the wheels will be locked. Remember that the brake booster and power steering do not function when the engine is not running. Because the engine is turned off, it will take greater effort to operate the brake pedal and steering wheel.

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CAUTION If transmission failure occurs, transport your vehicle on a flat- bed truck. Do not run the engine while the vehicle is being towed using this method. Transmission damage could result if the vehicle is towed with the engine running. For vehicles with automatic transmission, the traveling speed must be limited to less than 20 mph (30 km/h) and the traveling distance to less than 30 miles (50 km). For greater speeds and distances, transport your vehicle on a flat-bed truck.

HB9071AA

1. Check the transmission and differential oil levels and add oil to bring it to the upper level if necessary. 2. Release the parking brake and put the transmission in neutral. 3. The ignition switch should be in the ACC position while the ve- hicle is being towed. 4. Take up slack in the towline slowly to prevent damage to the ve- hicle.

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Moonroof if the moonroof cannot be closed

If the moonroof cannot be closed with the moonroof switch, you can close the moonroof manually.

1. Take out the moonroof wrench and screwdriver from the tool bag.

HB9007BBHB9006BA

2. Remove the map light lens by prying the edge of the lens with a regu- lar screwdriver, then remove the switch body retaining screws and take off the moonroof switch.

HB9008BA

3. Insert the wrench in the end of the motor shaft. To lower the moonroof, turn the wrench clockwise. To close the moonroof, turn the wrench counterclockwise. Have your vehicle checked by an authorized SUBARU dealer.

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Appearance care

Exterior care 10-2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Washing 10-2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Waxing and polishing 10-3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Cleaning aluminum wheels 10-4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Cleaning fog light lens 10-4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Corrosion protection 10-5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Cleaning the interior 10-6. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Exterior care

Washing

CAUTION When washing the vehicle, the brakes may get wet. As a result, the brake stopping distance will be longer. To dry the brakes, drive the vehicle at a safe speed while lightly pressing the brake pedal to heat up the brakes. Do not wash the engine compartment and areas adjacent to it. If water enters the engine air intake, electrical parts or the power steering fluid reservoir, it will cause engine trouble or faulty power steering respectively.

The best way to preserve your vehicles beauty is frequent washing. Wash the vehicle at least once a month to avoid contamination by road grime.

Wash dirt off with a wet sponge and plenty of lukewarm or cold water. Do not wash the vehicle with hot water and in direct sunlight.

Salt, chemicals, insects, tar, soot and bird droppings should be washed off by using a light detergent, as required. If you use a light detergent, make certain that it is a neutral detergent. Do not use strong soap or chemical detergents. All cleaning agents should be promptly flushed from the surface and not allowed to dry there. Rinse the vehicle thor- oughly with plenty of lukewarm water. Wipe the remaining water off with a chamois or soft cloth.

NOTE When having your vehicle washed in an automatic car wash, make sure beforehand that the car wash is of suitable type. If the vehicle is equipped with a rear/roof spoiler, it may be damaged by car wash brushes or other equipment.

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Washing the underbody Chemicals, salts and gravel used for deicing road surfaces are ex- tremely corrosive, accelerating the corrosion of underbody compo- nents, such as the exhaust system, fuel and brake lines, brake cables, floor pan and fenders, and suspension. Thoroughly flush the underbody and inside of the fenders with luke- warm or cold water at frequent intervals to reduce the harmful effects of such agents.

Using a warm water washer Keep a good distance of 12 in (30 cm) or more between the wash- er nozzle and the vehicle. Do not wash the same area continuously. If a stain will not come out easily, wash by hand. Some warm water washers are of the high temperature, high pressure type, and they can damage or deform the resin parts such as mouldings, or cause water to leak into the vehicle.

Waxing and polishing Always wash and dry the vehicle before waxing and polishing. Use a good quality polish and wax and apply them according to the manufacturers instructions. Wax or polish when the painted surface is cool.

Be sure to polish and wax the chrome trim, as well as the painted sur- faces. Loss of wax on a painted surface leads to loss of the original lus- ter and also quickens the deterioration of the surface. It is recommended that a coat of wax be applied at least once a month, or whenever the surface no longer repels water.

If the appearance of the paint has diminished to the point where the lus- ter or tone cannot be restored, lightly polish the surface with a fine- grained compound. Never polish just the affected area, but include the surrounding area as well. Always polish in only one direction. A No. 2000 grain compound is recommended. Never use a coarse-grained com- pound. Coarser grained compounds have a smaller grain-size number and could damage the paint. After polishing with a compound, coat with

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wax to restore the original luster. Frequent polishing with a compound or an incorrect polishing technique will result in removing the paint layer and exposing the undercoat. When in doubt, it is always best to contact your SUBARU dealer or an auto paint specialist.

Cleaning aluminum wheels Promptly wipe the aluminum wheels clean of any kind of grime or agent. If dirt is left on too long, it may be difficult to clean off. Do not use soap containing grit to clean the wheels. Be sure to use a neutral cleaning agent, and later rinse thoroughly with water. Do not clean the wheels with a stiff brush or expose them to a high-speed wash- ing device. Clean the vehicle (including the aluminum wheels) with water as soon as possible when it has been splashed with sea water, exposed to sea breezes, or driven on roads treated with salt or other agents.

Cleaning fog light lens

HBA017BB

1. Stop the vehicle in a safe place. 2. Stop the engine and turn off the fog lights. 3. Check that the fog lights are not hot. Then, grasp the protector and turn it approximately 10 counter-clockwise. 4. Pull the protector off the fog light. 5. Wash the lens with water. 6. Apply the protector to the lens at an angle of approximately 10 from

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Appearance care

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the fog lights horizontal center line. Then, turn the protector clockwise until it stops. Finally, check that the protectors horizontal bars are parallel with the fog lights horizontal center line.

Corrosion protection

Your SUBARU has been designed and built to resist corrosion. Special materials and protective finishes have been used on most parts of the vehicle to help maintain fine appearance, strength, and reliable opera- tion.

Most common causes of corrosion The most common causes of corrosion are: 1. The accumulation of moisture retaining dirt and debris in body panel sections, cavities, and other areas. 2. Damage to paint and other protective coatings caused by gravel and stone chips or minor accidents.

Corrosion is accelerated on the vehicle when: 1. It is exposed to road salt or dust control chemicals, or used in coastal areas where there is more salt in the air, or in areas where there is considerable industrial pollution. 2. It is driven in areas of high humidity, especially when temperatures range just above freezing. 3. Dampness in certain parts of the vehicle remains for a long time, even though other parts of the vehicle may be dry. 4. High temperatures will cause corrosion to parts of the vehicle which cannot dry quickly due to lack of proper ventilation.

To help prevent corrosion Wash the vehicle frequently. If you drive on salted roads in the winter or if you live in a coastal area, you should flush the underbody with fresh water frequently.

After the winter has ended, it is recommended that the underbody be given a very thorough washing.

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Before the beginning of winter, check the condition of underbody components, such as the exhaust system, fuel and brake lines, brake cables, suspension, steering system, floor pan, and fenders. If any of them are found to be rusted, they should be given an appropriate rust prevention treatment or should be replaced. Contact your SUBARU dealer to perform this kind of maintenance and treatment if you need assistance.

Repair chips and scratches in the paint as soon as you find them.

Check the interior of the vehicle for water and dirt accumulation under the floor mats because that could cause corrosion. Occasionally check under the mats to make sure the area is dry.

Keep your garage dry. Do not park your vehicle in a damp, poorly ventilated garage. In such a garage, corrosion can be caused by dampness. If you wash the vehicle in the garage or put the vehicle into the garage when wet or covered with snow, that can cause dampness.

If your vehicle is operated in cold weather and/or in areas where road salts and other corrosive materials are used, the door hinges and locks, trunk lid lock, and hood latch should be inspected and lubri- cated periodically.

Cleaning the interior

Use a vacuum cleaner to get rid of the dust and dirt. Wipe the vinyl areas with a clean, damp cloth.

Seat fabric Remove loose dirt, dust or debris with a vacuum cleaner. If the dirt is caked on the fabric or hard to remove with a vacuum cleaner, use a soft blush then vacuum it. Wipe the fabric surface with a tightly wrung cloth and dry the seat fabric thoroughly. If the fabric is still dirty, wipe using a solution of mild soap and lukewarm water then dry thoroughly.

If the stain does not come out, try a commercially-available fabric

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cleaner. Use the cleaner on a hidden place and make sure it does not affect the fabric adversely. Use the cleaner according to its instruc- tions.

Leather seat materials The leather used by SUBARU is a high quality natural product which will retain its distinctive appearance and feel for many years with proper care. Allowing dust or road dirt to build up on the surface can cause the material to become brittle and to wear prematurely. Regular cleaning with a soft, moist, natural fiber cloth should be performed monthly, taking care not to soak the leather or allow water to penetrate the stitched seams. A mild detergent suitable for cleaning woolen fabrics may be used to remove difficult dirt spots, rubbing with a soft, dry cloth afterwards to restore the luster. If your SUBARU is to be parked for a long time in bright sunlight, it is recommended that the seats and headrests be covered, or the windows shaded, to prevent fading or shrinkage. Minor surface blemishes or bald patches may be treated with a com- mercial leather spray lacquer. You will discover that each leather seat section will develop soft folds or wrinkles, which is characteristic of genuine leather.

Synthetic leather upholstery The synthetic leather material used on the SUBARU may be cleaned using mild soap or detergent and water, after first vacuuming or brushing away loose dirt. Allow the soap to soak in for a few minutes and wipe off with a clean, damp cloth. Commercial foam-type clean- ers suitable for synthetic leather materials may be used when neces- sary.

NOTE Strong cleaning agents such as solvents, paint thinners, window cleaner or gasoline or benzine or alkaline or alcohol or acid solu- tion must never be used on leather or synthetic interior materials.

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Maintenance and service

Maintenance schedule 11-3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Maintenance precautions 11-3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Engine hood 11-5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Engine compartment overview 11-7. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Engine oil 11-8. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Cooling system 11-13. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Engine coolant 11-14. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Air cleaner element 11-17. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Spark plugs 11-19. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Drive belts 11-20. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Manual transmission oil 11-21. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Automatic transmission fluid 11-22. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Front differential gear oil (AT vehicles) 11-24. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Rear differential gear oil 11-25. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Power steering fluid 11-27. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Brake fluid 11-28. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Clutch fluid (MT vehicles) 11-30. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Brake booster 11-31. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Brake pedal 11-32. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Clutch pedal (Manual transmission vehicles) 11-33. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Replacement of brake pad and lining 11-34. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Parking brake stroke 11-35. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Tires and wheels 11-36. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Types of tires 11-36. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Tire inspection 11-37. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Tire pressures and wear 11-37. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Wheel balance 11-40. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Wear indicators 11-41. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Tire rotation 11-42. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Tire replacement 11-42. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Wheel replacement 11-43. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Aluminum wheels 11-44. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Windshield washer fluid 11-44. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Replacement of windshield wiper blades 11-45. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Battery 11-48. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Fuses 11-49. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Main fuse 11-51. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Installation of accessories 11-51. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Replacing bulbs 11-52. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Headlight 11-54. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Front fog light 11-56. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Front turn signal light, parking light and side marker light 11-56. . . . . .

Rear combination lights 11-57. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Tail light (on the tailgate) 11-59. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

License plate light 11-60. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Map light, dome light and door step light 11-61. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

High mount stop light assembly 11-63. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Sport activity lights (if equipped) 11-64. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Maintenance schedule

The scheduled maintenance items required to be serviced at regular in- tervals are shown in the Warranty and Maintenance Booklet.

For details of your maintenance schedule, read the separate Warranty and Maintenance Booklet.

Maintenance precautions

When maintenance and service are required, it is recommended that all work be done by an authorized SUBARU dealer.

If you perform maintenance and service by yourself, you should familiar- ize yourself with the information provided in this section on general main- tenance and service for your SUBARU.

Incorrect or incomplete service could cause improper or unsafe vehicle operation. Any problems caused by improper maintenance and service performed by you are not eligible for warranty coverage.

WARNING Testing of an All-Wheel Drive vehicle must NEVER be per- formed on a single two-wheel dynamometer or similar apparatus. Attempting to do so will result in transmission damage and in uncontrolled vehicle movement and may cause an accident or injuries to persons nearby. Always select a safe area when performing maintenance on your vehicle. Always be very careful to avoid injury when working on the ve- hicle. Remember that some of the materials in the vehicle may be hazardous if improperly used or handled, for example, battery acid. Your vehicle should only be serviced by persons fully compe- tent to do so. Serious personal injury may result to persons not experienced in servicing vehicles.

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Always use the proper tools and make certain that they are well maintained. Never get under the vehicle supported only by a jack. Always use a safety stands to support the vehicle. Never keep the engine running in a poorly ventilated area, such as a garage or other closed areas. Do not smoke or allow open flames around the fuel or battery. This will cause a fire. Because the fuel system is under pressure, replacement of the fuel filter should be performed only by your SUBARU dealer. Wear adequate eye protection to guard against getting oil or fluids in your eyes. If something does get in your eyes, thorough- ly wash them out with clean water. Do not tamper with the wiring of the SRS airbag system or seatbelt pretensioner system, or attempt to take its connectors apart, as that may activate the system or it can render it inopera- tive. The wiring and connectors of these systems are yellow for easy identification. NEVER use a circuit tester for these wiring. If your SRS airbag or seatbelt pretensioner needs service, con- sult your nearest SUBARU dealer.

Before checking or servicing in the engine compart- ment

Always stop the engine and set the parking brake firmly to pre- vent the vehicle from moving. Always let the engine cool down. Engine parts become very hot when the engine is running and remain hot for some time af- ter the engine is stopped. Do not spill engine oil, engine coolant, brake fluid or any other fluid on hot engine components. This may cause a fire. Always remove the key from the ignition switch. When the ignition switch is in the ON position, the cooling fan may oper- ate suddenly even when the engine is stopped.

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When you do checking or servicing in the engine compartment while the engine is running

A running engine can be dangerous. Keep your fingers, hands, clothing, hair and tools away from the cooling fan, belts and any other moving engine parts. Removing rings, watches and ties is advisable.

Engine hood

WARNING Always check that the hood is properly locked before you start driving. If it is not, it might fly open while the vehicle is moving and block your view, which may cause an accident and serious bodily injury.

HBB094BAHBB008EA

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HBB003BA

To open the hood: 1. Pull the hood release knob under the instrument panel. 2. Release the secondary hood release located under the front grille by moving the lever toward the left. Lift up the hood, release the hood prop from its retainer and put the end of the hood prop into the slot in the hood.

To close the hood: 1. Lift the hood slightly and remove the hood prop from the slot in the hood and return the prop to its retainer. 2. Lower the hood until it approaches about 6 in. (15 cm) from the closed position and let it drop. 3. After closing the hood, be sure the hood is securely locked.

If this does not close the hood, release it from a slightly higher position. Do not push the hood forcibly to close it. It could deform the metal.

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Engine compartment overview

HBB036BB

1 Manual transmission oil level gauge (MT) (page 11-21) or Differential gear oil level gauge (AT) (page 11-24)

2 Air cleaner element (page 11-17)

3 Clutch fluid reservoir (page 11-30)

4 Automatic transmission fluid level gauge (page 11-22)

5 Brake fluid reservoir (page 11-28)

6 Fuel filter

7 Windshield washer tank (page 11-44)

8 Fuse box (page 11-49) 9 Battery (page 11-48) Q Engine oil filler cap

(page 11-8) W Engine coolant reservoir

(page 11-14) E Radiator cap (page 11-14) R Engine oil level gauge

(page 11-8) T Power steering fluid reservoir

(page 11-27)

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Engine oil

Checking the oil level Check the engine oil level at each fuel stop.

HBB061BBHBB004JA

1. Park the vehicle on a level surface and stop the engine. 2. Pull out the dipstick, wipe it clean, and insert it again. 3. Be sure the dipstick is correctly inserted until it stops with the graphic symbol on its top appearing as shown in the illustra- tion. 4. Pull out the dipstick again and check the oil level on it. If it is below the lower level, add oil to bring the level up to the upper level.

CAUTION Use only engine oil with the recommended grade and viscosity.

If you check the oil level just after stopping the engine, wait a few min- utes for the oil to drain back into the oil pan before checking the level. To prevent overfilling the engine oil, do not add any additional oil above the upper level when the engine is cold.

The dipstick has a notch above the upper level. Just after driving or while the engine is warm, the engine oil level reading may be in a range between the upper level and the notch mark. This is caused by thermal expansion of the engine oil.

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Changing the oil and oil filter Change the oil and oil filter according to the maintenance schedule in the Warranty and Maintenance Booklet. The engine oil and oil filter must be changed more frequently than listed in the maintenance schedule when driving on dusty roads, when short trips are frequently made, or when driving in extremely cold whether.

1. Warm up the engine by letting the engine idle for about 10 minutes to ease draining the engine oil. 2. Park the vehicle on a level surface and stop the engine. 3. Remove the oil filler cap.

HBB005BB

4. Drain out the engine oil by removing the drain plug while the en- gine is still warm. The used oil should be drained into an appropriate container and disposed of properly.

WARNING Be careful not to burn yourself with hot engine oil.

5. Wipe the seating surface of the drain plug with a clean cloth and tighten it securely with a new sealing washer after the oil has com- pletely drained out.

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HBB051BB

HBB055BAHBB054BA

6. Remove three clips at the front of the cover under the oil filter. 7. Slide the cover toward the vehicle front to remove it. 8. Remove the oil filter with an oil filter wrench. 9. Before installing a new oil filter, apply a thin coat of engine oil to the seal. 10. Clean the rubber seal seating area of the lower crank case and install the oil filter by hand turning. Be careful not to twist or damage the seal. 11. Tighten it approximately two-thirds of a turn after the seal makes contact with the lower crank case.

CAUTION Never over tighten the oil filter because that can result in an oil leak.

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12. Reinstall the cover under the oil filter. 13. Pour engine oil through the filler neck.

Oil capacity (Guideline): 4.2 US qt (4.0 liters, 3.5 Imp qt)

The oil quantity indicated above is only a guideline. The necessary quantity of oil depends on the quantity of oil that has been drained. The quantity of drained oil differs slightly depending on the tempera- ture of the oil and the time the oil is left flowing out. After refilling the engine with oil, therefore, you must use the dipstick to confirm that the level is correct. 14. Start the engine and make sure that no oil leaks appear around the filters rubber seal and drain plug. 15. Run the engine until it reaches the normal operating temperature. Then stop the engine and wait a few minutes to allow the oil drain back. Check the oil level again and if necessary, add more engine oil.

Recommended grade and viscosity

CAUTION Use only engine oil with the recommended grade and viscosity.

Oil grade: ILSAC GF-3, which can be identified with the new API certification mark (Starburst mark) or API classification SL with the words ENERGY CON- SERVING (if you cannot obtain the oil with SL grade, you may use SJ grade ENERGY CONSERVING oil).

These recommended oil grades can be identified by looking for either or both of the following marks displayed on the oil container.

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New API Certification Mark (Starburst Mark)

1 Indicates the oil quality by API desig- nations

2 Indicates the SAE oil viscosity grade 3 Indicates that the oil has fuel saving

capabilities

In choosing an oil, you want the proper quality and viscosity, as well as one that will add to fuel economy. The following table lists the rec- ommended viscosities and applicable temperatures. When adding oil, different brands may be used together as long as they are the same API classification and SAE viscosity as those rec- ommended by SUBARU.

Engine oil viscosity (thickness) affects fuel economy. Oils of lower vis- cosity provide better fuel economy. However, in hot weather, oil of higher viscosity is required to properly lubricate the engine.

OM-H2756

SAE viscosity numbr and applicable temperature

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Recommended grade and viscosity under severe driving conditions

If the vehicle is used in desert areas, in areas with very high tempera- tures, or used for heavy-duty applications such as towing a trailer, use of oil with the following grade and viscosities is recommended.

API classification SL (or SJ): SAE viscosity No.: 30, 40, 10W-50, 20W-40, 20W-50

Cooling system

WARNING Never attempt to remove the radiator cap until the engine has been shut off and has cooled down completely. Since the coolant is under pressure, you may suffer serious burns from a spray of boiling hot coolant when the cap is removed.

CAUTION The cooling system has been filled at the factory with a high quality, corrosion-inhibiting, year-around coolant which provides protection against freezing down to 33F (36C). For adding, use genuine SUBARU coolant or an equivalent: a mixture of 50% soft water and 50% ethylene-glycol basis coolant. Use of improp- er coolants may result in corrosion in the cooling system. It is im- portant to maintain protection against freezing and corrosion, even if freezing temperatures are not expected. Never mix differ- ent kinds of coolant. Do not splash the engine coolant over painted parts. The alco- hol contained in the engine coolant may damage the paint sur- face.

Hose and connections Your vehicle employs an electric cooling fan which is thermostatically

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controlled to operate when the engine coolant reaches a specific tem- perature. If the radiator cooling fan does not operate even when the engine coolant temperature gauge exceeds the normal operating range, the cooling fan circuit may be defective. Check the fuse and replace it if necessary. If the fuse is not blown, have the cooling system checked by your SUBARU dealer.

If frequent addition of coolant is necessary, there may be a leak in the engine cooling system. It is recommended that the cooling system and connections be checked for leaks, damage, or looseness.

Engine coolant

Checking the coolant level Check the coolant level at each fuel stop.

HBB004FB

1. Check the coolant level on the outside of the reservoir while the engine is cool. 2. If the level is close to or lower than the LOW level mark, add coolant up to the FULL level mark. If the reserve tank is empty, re- move the radiator cap and refill as required.

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HG0115

Rubber gaskets

3. After refilling the reserve tank and the radiator, reinstall the caps and check that the rubber gaskets inside the radiator cap are in the proper position.

Changing the coolant

WARNING Never attempt to remove the radiator cap until the engine has been shut off and has cooled down completely. Since the coolant is under pressure, you may suffer serious burns from a spray of boiling hot coolant when the cap is removed.

Change the engine coolant using the following procedures according to the maintenance schedule in the Warranty and Maintenance Book- let. 1. Remove the under cover. 2. Place a proper container under the drain plug and loosen the drain plug.

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HBB006BB

3. Loosen the radiator cap to drain the coolant from the radiator. Then drain the coolant from the reserve tank. Tighten the drain plug secure- ly.

HBB004FBHBB007CB

4. Slowly pour the coolant and fill to the radiator filler neck and to the reserve tanks FULL level mark. Do not pour the coolant too quickly, as this may lead to insufficient air bleeding and trapped air in the sys- tem.

Coolant capacity (Guideline): MT. 7.2 US qt (6.8 liters, 6.0 Imp qt) AT. 7.1 US qt (6.7 liters, 5.9 Imp qt)

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HG0115

Rubber gaskets

5. Put the radiator cap back on and tighten firmly. At this time, make sure that the rubber gasket in the radiator cap is correctly in place. 6. Start and run the engine for more than five minutes at 2,000 to 3,000 rpm. 7. Stop the engine and wait until the coolant cools down (122 to 140F [50 to 60C]). If there is any loss of coolant, add coolant to the radiators filler neck and to the reserve tanks FULL level. 8. Put the radiator cap and reservoir cap back on and tighten firmly.

Air cleaner element

WARNING Do not operate the engine with the air cleaner element removed. The air cleaner element not only filters intake air but also stops flames if the engine backfires. If the air cleaner element is not installed when the engine backfires, you could be burned.

The air cleaner element functions as a filter screen. When the element is perforated or removed, engine wear will be excessive and engine life shortened.

The air cleaner element is a viscous type. It is unnecessary to clean or wash the element.

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Replacing the air cleaner element Replace the air cleaner element according to the maintenance sched- ule in the Warranty and Maintenance Booklet. Under extremely dusty conditions, replace it more frequently. It is recommended that you always use genuine SUBARU parts.

HBB064BBHBB063BB

1. Remove the bolt securing the rear air cleaner element case. 2. Unsnap the three clamps holding the rear air cleaner element case. 3. Separate the rear air cleaner element case from the front air clean- er element case and remove the air cleaner element. 4. Clean the inside of the front and rear air cleaner element cases with a damp cloth and install a new air cleaner element. 5. Insert the four projections on the rear air cleaner element case into the slits on the front air cleaner element case and snap the three clamps on the rear air cleaner element case and then tighten the bolt.

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Spark plugs

CAUTION When disconnecting the spark plug cables, always grasp the spark plug cap, not the cables. Make sure the cables are replaced in the correct order.

HBA004BA

It may be difficult to replace the spark plugs. It is recommended that you have the spark plugs replaced by your SUBARU dealer.

The spark plugs should be replaced according to the maintenance schedule in the Warranty and Maintenance Booklet.

Recommended spark plugs

RC10YC4 (Champion) BKR6E-11 (NGK) BKR5E-11 (NGK)

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Drive belts

The alternator, power steering pump, and air conditioner compressor de- pend on drive belts. Satisfactory performance requires that belt tension be correct.

HGA005BB

in (mm)

Deflection

New belt Used belt

1 0.28 0.35 (7.0 9.0)

0.35 0.43 (9.0 11.0)

2 0.30 0.33 (7.5 8.5)

0.35 0.40 (9.0 10.0)

To check belt tension, place a straightedge (ruler) across two adjacent pulleys and apply a force of 22 lb (98 N, 10 kg) midway between the pulleys by using a spring scale. Belt deflection should be the amount specified.

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Manual transmission oil

Checking the oil level Check the oil level monthly. 1. Park the vehicle on a level surface and stop the engine.

OM-H0210

Upper level

Lower level

HBB004DB

2. Pull out the dipstick, wipe it clean, and insert it again. 3. Pull out the dipstick again and check the oil level on it. If it is below the lower level, add oil through the dipstick hole to bring the level up to the upper level.

Recommended grade and viscosity Each oil manufacturer has its own base oils and additives. Never use different brands together.

Oil grade: API classification GL-5

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SAE viscosity No. and Applicable Temperature

OM-H0205

Automatic transmission fluid

Checking the fluid level The automatic transmission fluid expands largely as its temperature rises; the fluid level differs according to fluid temperature. Therefore, there are two different scales for checking the level of hot fluid and cold fluid on the dipstick.

Though the fluid level can be checked without warming up the fluid on the COLD range, we recommend checking the fluid level when the fluid is at operating temperature.

n Checking the fluid level when the fluid is hot Check the fluid level monthly. 1. Drive the vehicle several miles to raise the temperature of the transmission fluid up to normal operating temperature; 158 to 176F (70 to 80C) is normal. 2. Park the vehicle on a level surface and set the parking brake. 3. First shift the selector lever in each position. Then shift it in the P position, and run the engine at idling speed.

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HBB004KB HBB079BB

4. Pull out the dipstick and check the fluid level on the gauge. If it is below the lower level on the HOT range, add the recommended au- tomatic transmission fluid up to the upper level.

n Checking the fluid level when the fluid is cold When the fluid level has to be checked without time to warm up the automatic transmission, check to see that the fluid level is between the lower level and upper level on the COLD range. If it is below that range, add fluid up to the upper level. Be careful not to overfill.

Recommended fluid

Dexron III Type Automatic Transmission Fluid

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Front differential gear oil (AT vehicles)

Checking the oil level Check the differential oil level monthly.

HBA010BB

Lower level

Upper level

HBB004EB

1. Park the vehicle on a level surface and stop the engine. 2. Pull out the dipstick, wipe it clean, and insert it again. 3. Pull out the dipstick again and check the oil level on it. If it is below the lower level, add oil to bring the level up to the upper level.

Recommended grade and viscosity Each oil manufacturer has its own base oils and additives. Never use different brands together.

Oil grade: API classification GL-5

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SAE viscosity No. and Applicable Temperature

OM-H0212

Rear differential gear oil

Checking the gear oil level

CAUTION If the vehicle requires frequent refilling, there may be an oil leak. If you suspect a problem, have the vehicle checked at your SUBARU dealer.

Your vehicle may be equipped with a rear differential protector. The differential protector provides protection to the rear differential assem- bly during off-road use. Removal of the rear differential protector is not required when checking the oil level.

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OM-H0213

AT AT

OM-H0214

HB0078HB0077

Filler plug

Drain plug

Filler hole

Drain hole

Oil level

MT MT

Remove the plug from the filler hole and check the oil level. The oil level should be kept even with the bottom of the filler hole. If the oil level is below the bottom edge of the hole, add oil through the filler hole to raise the level.

Recommended grade and viscosity Each oil manufacturer has its own base oils and additives. Never use different brands together.

Oil grade: API classification GL-5

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SAE viscosity No. and Applicable Temperature

OM-H0205

Power steering fluid

Checking the fluid level

WARNING Be careful not to burn yourself because the fluid may be hot.

CAUTION When power steering fluid is being added, use only clean fluid, and be careful not to allow any dirt into the tank. And never use different brands together. Avoid spilling fluid when adding it in the tank.

The power steering fluid expands greatly as its temperature rises; the fluid level differs according to fluid temperature. Therefore, the reser- voir tank has two different checking ranges for hot and cold fluids.

Check the power steering fluid level monthly. 1. Park the vehicle on a level surface, and stop the engine. 2. Check the fluid level of the reservoir tank. When the fluid is hot after the vehicle has been run: Check that the oil level is between HOT MIN and HOT MAX on the surface of the reservoir tank.

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When the fluid is cool before the vehicle is run: Check that the oil level is between COLD MIN and COLD MAX on the surface of the res- ervoir tank. 3. If the fluid level is lower than the applicable MIN line, add the recommended fluid as necessary to bring the level between the MIN and MAX line.

HBB031BBHBB030BB

Specified range

Specified range

Reservoir tank

If the fluid level is extreme low, it may indicate possible leakage. Con- sult your SUBARU dealer for inspection.

Recommended fluid

Dexron III Type Automatic Transmission Fluid

Brake fluid

Checking the fluid level

WARNING Never let brake fluid contact your eyes because brake fluid can be harmful to your eyes. If brake fluid gets in your eyes, immedi- ately flush them thoroughly with clean water. For safety, when performing this work, wearing eye protection is advisable. Brake fluid absorbs moisture from the air. Any absorbed mois- ture can cause a dangerous loss of braking performance.

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If the vehicle requires frequent refilling, there may be a leak. If you suspect a problem, have the vehicle checked at your SUBARU dealer.

CAUTION Never use different brands of brake fluid together. When adding brake fluid, be careful not to allow any dirt into the reservoir. Never splash the brake fluid over painted surfaces or rubber parts. Alcohol contained in the brake fluid may damage them.

Check the fluid level monthly.

HBB004GB

MIN level mark

MAX level mark

Check the fluid level on the outside of the reservoir. If the level is be- low MIN, add the recommended brake fluid to MAX. Use only brake fluid from a sealed container.

Recommended brake fluid

FMVSS No. 116, fresh DOT 3 or 4 brake fluid

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Clutch fluid (MT vehicles)

Checking the fluid level

WARNING Never let clutch fluid contact your eyes because clutch fluid can be harmful to your eyes. If clutch fluid gets in your eyes, immedi- ately flush them thoroughly with clean water. For safety, when performing this work, wearing eye protection is advisable.

CAUTION Clutch fluid absorbs moisture from the air. Any absorbed moisture can cause improper clutch operation. If the vehicle requires frequent refilling, there may be a leak. If you suspect a problem, have the vehicle checked at your SUBARU dealer. Never use different brands of clutch fluid together. When clutch fluid is added, be careful not to allow any dirt into the tank.

Check the fluid level on the outside of the reservoir. If the level is below MIN level mark, add the recommended clutch fluid to MAX level mark. Use only clutch fluid from a sealed container.

MIN level mark

MAX level mark

HBB004HB

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Recommended clutch fluid

FMVSS No. 116, fresh DOT 3 or 4 brake fluid

Brake booster

If the brake booster does not operate as described below, have it checked by your SUBARU dealer. 1. With the engine off, depress the brake pedal several times, applying the same pedal force each time. The distance the pedal travels should not vary. 2. With the brake pedal depressed, start the engine. The pedal should move slightly down to the floor. 3. With the brake pedal depressed, stop the engine and keep the pedal depressed for 30 seconds. The pedal height should not change. 4. Start the engine again and run for about one minute then turn it off. Depress the brake pedal several times to check the brake booster. Brake booster operates properly if the pedal stroke decreases with each depression.

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Brake pedal

Check the brake pedal free play and reserve distance according to the maintenance schedule in the Warranty and Maintenance Booklet.

Checking the brake pedal free play

OM-H0224

0.04 0.12 in (1.0 3.0 mm)

Stop the engine and firmly depress the brake pedal several times. Lightly press the brake pedal down with one finger to check the free play with a force of less than 2 lb (10 N, 1 kg). If the free play is not within proper specification, contact your SUBARU dealer.

Checking the brake pedal reserve distance

OM-H0225

More than 2.56 in (65 mm)

Depress the pedal with a force of approximately 66 lb (294 N, 30 kg)

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and measure the distance between the upper surface of the pedal pad and the floor. When the measurement is smaller than the specification, or when the pedal does not operate smoothly, contact with your SUBARU dealer.

Clutch pedal (Manual transmission vehicles)

Check the clutch pedal free play and reserve distance according to the maintenance schedule in the Warranty and Maintenance Booklet.

Checking the clutch function Check the clutch engagement and disengagement. 1. With the engine idling, check that there are no abnormal noises when the clutch pedal is depressed, and that shifting into 1st or re- verse feels smooth. 2. Start the vehicle by releasing the pedal slowly to check that the en- gine and transmission smoothly couple without any sign of slippage.

Checking the clutch pedal free play

OM-H0224

0.16 0.51 in (4.0 13.0 mm)

Lightly press the clutch pedal down with your finger until you feel re- sistance, and check the free play. If the free play is not within proper specification, contact your SUBARU dealer.

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Replacement of brake pad and lining

CAUTION If you continue to drive despite the scraping noise from the audi- ble brake pad wear indicator, it will result in the need for costly brake rotor repair or replacement.

OM-H0163

The front disc brakes and the right rear disc brake have an audible wear indicators on the brake pads. If the brake pads wear close to their ser- vice limit, the wear indicator makes a very audible scraping noise when the brake pedal is applied.

If you hear this scraping noise each time you apply the brake pedal, have the brake pads serviced by your SUBARU dealer as soon as pos- sible.

Breaking-in of new brake pads and linings When replacing the brake pad or lining, use only genuine SUBARU parts. After replacement, the new parts must be broken in as follows:

n Brake pad and lining While maintaining a speed of 30 to 40 mph (50 to 65 km/h), step on the brake pedal lightly. Repeat this five or more times.

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n Parking brake lining

WARNING A safe location and situation should be selected for break-in driv- ing.

CAUTION Pulling the parking brake lever too forcefully may cause the rear wheels to lock. To avoid this, be certain to pull the lever up slowly and gently.

1. Drive the vehicle at a speed of about 22 mph (35 km/h). 2. With the parking brake release button pushed in, pull the parking brake lever SLOWLY and GENTLY. (Pulling with a force of approxi- mately 33 lb [147 N, 15 kg].) 3. Drive the vehicle for about 220 yards (200 meters) in this condition. 4. Wait 5 to 10 minutes for the parking brake to cool down. Repeat this procedure. 5. Check the parking brake stroke. If the parking brake stroke is out of the specified range, adjust it by turning the adjusting nut located on the parking brake lever.

Parking brake stroke: 7 8 notches / 44 lb (196 N, 20 kg)

Parking brake stroke

Check the parking brake stroke according to the maintenance schedule in the Warranty and Maintenance Booklet. When the parking brake is properly adjusted, braking power is fully applied by pulling the lever up seven to eight notches gently but firmly (about 44 lb, 196 N, 20 kg). If the parking brake lever stroke is not within the specified range, have the brake system checked and adjusted at your SUBARU dealer.

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HB4001CB

Tires and wheels

Types of tires You should be familiar with type of tires present on your vehicle.

All season tires The factory-installed tires on your new vehicle are all season tires. All season tires are designed to provide an adequate measure of trac- tion, handling and braking performance in year-round driving includ- ing snowy and icy road conditions. However all season tires do not offer as much traction performance as winter (snow) tires in heavy or loose snow or on icy roads. All season tires are identified by ALL SEASON and/or M+S (Mud & Snow) on the tire sidewall.

Summer tires Summer tires are high-speed capability tires best suited for highway driving under dry conditions. Summer tires are inadequate for driving on slippery roads such as on snow-covered or icy roads. If you drive your vehicle on snow-covered or icy roads, we strongly recommend the use of winter (snow) tires. When installing winter tires, be sure to replace all four tires.

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Winter (snow) tires Winter tires are best suited for driving on snow-covered and icy roads. However winter tires do not perform as well as summer tires and all season tires on roads other than snow-covered and icy roads.

Tire inspection Check on a daily basis that the tires are free from serious damage, nails, and stones. At the same time, check the tires for abnormal wear. Contact your SUBARU dealer immediately if you find any problem.

NOTE When the wheels and tires strike curbs or are subjected to harsh treatment as when the vehicle is driven on a rough surface, they can suffer damage that cannot be seen with the naked eye. This type of damage does not become evident until time has passed. Try not to drive over curbs, potholes or on other rough surfaces. If doing so is unavoidable, keep the vehicles speed down to a walking pace or less, and approach the curbs as squarely as possible. Also, make sure the tires are not pressed against the curb when you park the vehicle. If you feel unusual vibration while driving or find it difficult to steer the vehicle in a straight line, one of the tires and/or wheels may be damaged. Drive slowly to the nearest authorized SUBARU dealer and have the vehicle inspected.

Tire pressures and wear Maintaining the correct tire pressures helps to maximize the tires service lives and is essential for good running performance. Check and, if nec- essary, adjust the pressure of each tire (including the spare) at least once a month (for example, during a fuel stop) and before any long jour- ney.

Check the tire pressures when the tires are cold. Use a pressure gauge to adjust the tire pressures to the values shown on the tire placard. The tire placard is located on the door pillar on the drivers side.

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HB8042BA

Driving even a short distance warms up the tires and increases the tire pressures. Also, the tire pressures are affected by the ambient tempera- ture. It is best to check tire pressure outdoors before driving the vehicle.

When a tire becomes warm, the air inside it expands, causing the tire pressure to increase. Be careful not to mistakenly release air from a warm tire to reduce its pressure.

NOTE The air pressure in a tire increases by approximately 4.3 psi (30 kPa, 0.3 kg/cm2) when the tire becomes warm. The tires are considered cold when the vehicle has been parked for at least three hours or has been driven less than one mile (1.6 km).

WARNING Do not let air out of warm tires to adjust pressure. Doing so will result in low tire pressure.

Incorrect tire pressures detract from controllability and ride comfort, and they cause the tires to wear abnormally.

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Correct tire pressure (tread worn evenly)

HGB033AA

Roadholding is good, and steering is responsive. Rolling resistance is low, so fuel consumption is also lower.

Abnormally low tire pressure (tread worn at shoulders)

HSB012AA

Rolling resistance is high, so fuel consumption is also higher.

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Abnormally high tire pressure (tread worn in center)

HSB013AA

Ride comfort is poor. Also, the tire magnifies the effects of road-surface bumps and dips, possibly resulting in vehicle damage.

If the tire placard shows tire pressures for the vehicle when fully loaded and for the vehicle when towing a trailer, adjust the tire pressures to the values that match current loading conditions.

WARNING Driving at high speeds with excessively low tire pressures can cause the tires to deform severely and to rapidly become hot. A sharp increase in temperature could cause tread separation, and destruction of the tires. The resulting loss of vehicle control could lead to an accident.

Wheel balance Each wheel was correctly balanced when your vehicle was new, but the wheels will become unbalanced as the tires become worn during use. Wheel imbalance causes the steering wheel to vibrate slightly at certain vehicle speeds and detracts from the vehicles straight-line stability. It can also cause steering and suspension system problems and abnormal tire wear. If you suspect that the wheels are not correctly balanced, have them checked and adjusted by your SUBARU dealer. Also have them adjusted after tire repairs and after tire rotation.

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NOTE Loss of correct wheel alignment* causes the tires to wear on one side and reduces the vehicles running stability. Contact your SUBARU dealer if you notice abnormal tire wear.

* : The suspension system is designed to hold each wheel at a certain alignment (relative to the other wheels and to the road) for optimum straight-line stability and cornering performance.

Wear indicators Each tire incorporates a tread wear indicator, which becomes visible when the depth of the tread grooves decreases to 0.063 in. (1.6 mm). A tire must be replaced when the tread wear indicator appears as a solid band across the tread.

OM-H0231

WARNING When a tires tread wear indicator becomes visible, the tire is worn beyond the acceptable limit and must be replaced immedi- ately. With a tire in this condition, driving at high speeds in wet weather can cause the vehicle to hydroplane. The resulting loss of vehicle control can lead to an accident.

NOTE For safety, inspect the tire tread regularly and replace the tires be- fore their tread wear indicators become visible.

A) New tread B) Worn tread 1) Tread wear indicator

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Tire rotation

OM-H0230

Tire wear varies from wheel to wheel. To maximize the life of each tire and ensure that the tires wear uniformly, it is best to rotate the tires every 7,500 miles (12,500 km). Rotating the tires involves switching the front and rear tires on the right-hand side of the vehicle and similarly switching the front and rear tires on the left-hand side of the vehicle. (Each tire must be kept on its original side of the vehicle.) Replace any damaged or unevenly worn tire at the time of rotation. After tire rotation, adjust the tire pressures and make sure the wheel nuts are correctly tightened.

After driving approximately 600 miles (1,000 km), check the wheel nuts again and retighten any nut that has become loose.

Tire replacement The wheels and tires are important and integral parts of your vehicles design; they cannot be changed arbitrarily. The tires fitted as standard equipment are optimally matched to the characteristics of the vehicle and were selected to give the best possible combination of running per- formance, ride comfort, and service life. It is essential for every tire to have a size and construction matching those shown on the tire placard and to have a speed symbol and load index matching those shown on the tire placard.

Using tires of a non-specified size detracts from controllability, ride com- fort, braking performance, speedometer accuracy and odometer accu-

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racy. It also creates incorrect body-to-tire clearances and inappropriately changes the vehicles ground clearance.

All four tires must be the same in terms of manufacturer, brand (tread pattern), construction, and size. You are advised to replace the tires with new ones that are identical to those fitted as standard equipment.

For safe vehicle operation, SUBARU recommends replacing all four tires at the same time.

WARNING All four tires must be the same in terms of manufacturer, brand (tread pattern), construction, degree of wear, speed symbol, load index and size. Mixing tires of different types, sizes or degrees of wear can result in damage to the vehicles power train. Use of dif- ferent types or sizes of tires can also dangerously reduce con- trollability and braking performance and can lead to an accident. Use only radial tires. Do not use radial tires together with belted bias tires and/or bias-ply tires. Doing so can dangerously reduce controllability, resulting in an accident.

Wheel replacement When replacing wheels due, for example, to damage, make sure the re- placement wheels match the specifications of the wheels that are fitted as standard equipment. Replacement wheels are available from SUBARU dealers.

WARNING Use only those wheels that are specified for your vehicle. Wheels not meeting specifications could interfere with brake caliper op- eration and may cause the tires to rub against the wheel well housing during turns. The resulting loss of vehicle control could lead to an accident.

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Aluminum wheels

Aluminum wheels can be scratched and damaged easily. Handle them carefully to maintain their appearance, performance, and safety.

When any of the wheels is removed and replaced for tire rotation or to change a flat, always check the tightness of the wheel nuts after driving approximatly 600 miles (1,000 km). If any nut is loose, tighten it to the specified torque. Never apply oil to the threaded parts, wheel nuts, or tapered surface of the wheel. Never let the wheel rub against sharp protrusions or curbs. Be sure to fit tire chains on uniformly and completely around the tire, otherwise the chains may scratch the wheel. When wheel nuts, balance weights, or the center cap is replaced, be sure to replace them with genuine SUBARU parts designed for aluminum wheels.

Windshield washer fluid

CAUTION Never use engine coolant as washer fluid because it could cause paint damage.

Check the level of the washer fluid at each fuel stop. If the level is low, fill the fluid up to the neck of the reservoir. Use windshield washer fluid. If windshield washer fluid is unavailable use clean water. In areas where water freezes in winter, use an anti-freeze type windshield washer fluid. SUBARU Windshield Washer Fluid contains 58.5% methyl alcohol and 41.5% surfactant, by volume. Its freezing temperature varies according to how much it is diluted, as indicated below.

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Maintenance and service

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Washer Fluid Concentration Freezing Temperature

30%

50%

100%

10.4F (12C)

4 F (20C)

49F (45C)

HBB004IA

Replacement of windshield wiper blades

Grease, wax, insects, or other materials on the windshield or the wiper blade results in jerky wiper operation and streaking on the glass. If you cannot remove the streaks after operating the windshield washer or if the wiper operation is jerky, clean the outer surface of the windshield (or rear window) and the wiper blades using a sponge or soft cloth with a neutral detergent or mild-abrasive cleaner. After cleaning, rinse the windshield and wiper blades with clean water. The windshield is clean if beads do not form when you rinse the windshield with water.

CAUTION Do not clean the wiper blades with gasoline or a solvent, such as paint thinner or benzene. This will cause deterioration of the wiper blades.

If you cannot eliminate the streaking even after following this method, replace the wiper blades using the following procedures:

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1. Raise the wiper arm off the windshield. 2. Remove the wiper blade assembly by holding its pivot area and push- ing it in the direction shown by the arrow while depressing the wiper blade stopper.

HS0190

Stopper

3. Grasp the locked end of the blade rubber assembly and pull it firmly until the stoppers on the rubber are free of the metal support.

HS0191

Metal support

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4. If the new blade rubber is not provided with two metal spines, remove the metal spines from the old blade rubber and install them in the new blade rubber.

HS0192

Metal spines

5. Align the claws of the metal support with the grooves in the rubber and slide the blade rubber assembly into the metal support until it locks. Be sure to position the claws at the end of the metal support between the stoppers on the rubber as shown. If the rubber is not retained properly, the wiper blade may scratch the windshield.

HS0194HS0193

Stopper

6. Install the wiper blade assembly to the wiper arm. Make sure that it locks in place. 7. Lower the wiper arm slowly while holding it with your hand.

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Battery

WARNING Before beginning work on or near any battery, be sure to extin- guish all cigarettes, matches, and lighters. Never expose a bat- tery to an open flame or electric sparks. Batteries give off a gas which is highly flammable and explosive. For safety, in case an explosion does occur, wear eye protec- tion or shield your eyes when working near any battery. Never lean over a battery. Do not let battery fluid contact eyes, skin, fabrics, or paint be- cause battery fluid is a corrosive acid. If battery fluid gets on your skin or in your eyes, immediately flush the area with water thor- oughly. Seek medical help immediately if acid has entered the eyes. If battery fluid is accidentally swallowed, immediately drink a large amount of milk or water, and seek medical attention immediately. To lessen the risk of sparks, remove rings, metal watchbands, and other metal jewelry. Never allow metal tools to contact the positive battery terminal and anything connected to it WHILE you are at the same time in contact with any other metallic portion of the vehicle because a short circuit will result. Keep everyone including children away from the battery. Charge the battery in a well-ventilated area. Battery posts terminals and related accessories contain lead and lead compounds, chemicals known to the State of California to case cancer and reproductive harm. Wash hands after han- dling.

CAUTION Never use more than 10 amperes when charging the battery be- cause it will shorten battery life.

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11-49 CONTINUED

It is unnecessary to periodically check the battery fluid level or periodi- cally refill with distilled water.

Fuses

CAUTION Never replace a fuse with one having a higher rating or with mate- rial other than a fuse because serious damage or a fire could re- sult.

HBB008DA HB8003CA

The fuses are designed to melt during an overload to prevent damage to the wiring harness and electrical equipment. The fuses are located in two fuse boxes. One is located under the instrument panel behind the coin tray on the drivers seat side. The other one is housed in the engine compartment. The fuse puller and spare fuses are stored in the main fuse box cover in the engine compartment. If any lights, accessories or other electrical controls do not operate, in- spect the corresponding fuse. If a fuse has blown, replace it.

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HSB011BBHS0204

Good Blown

1. Turn the ignition switch to the LOCK position and turn off all electri- cal accessories. 2. Remove the cover. (For behind the coin tray: open the coin tray and pull it horizontally to remove it.) 3. Determine which fuse may be blown. The back side of each fuse box cover and the Fuse and circuits section in chapter 12 in this manual show the circuit for each fuse.

HS0207

Fuse puller

4. Pull out the fuse with the fuse puller. 5. Inspect the fuse. If it has blown, replace it with a spare fuse of the same rating. 6. If the same fuse blows again, this indicates that its system has a problem. Contact your SUBARU dealer for repairs.

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Main fuse

HB8003CB

The main fuses are designed to melt during an overload to prevent dam- age to the wiring harness and electrical equipment. Check the main fuses if any electrical component fails to operate (except the starter mo- tor) and other fuses are good. A melted main fuse must be replaced. Use only replacements with the same specified rating as the melted main fuse. If a main fuse blows after it is replaced, have the electrical system checked by your nearest SUBARU dealer.

Installation of accessories

Always consult your SUBARU dealer before installing fog lights or any other electrical equipment in your vehicle. Such accessories may cause the electronic system to malfunction if they are incorrectly installed or if they are not suited for the vehicle.

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Replacing bulbs

HBF047CB

Wattage Bulb No. 1 Headlight

Low beam 12V55W H1 High beam 12V60W 9005 (HB3)

2 Front turn signal 12V27W 1156NA (Amber) 3 Map light 12V8W 4 Dome light 12V8W 5 Door step light 12V3.4W 6 Front turn signal light/

parking and front side marker light 12V27/8W 1157NA (Amber) 7 Front fog light 12V51W 9006 (HB4)

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HBF048CB

HB3019BB

Wattage Bulb No. 8 Licence plate light 12V5W 168 9 Cargo light 12V13W 912 Q High mount stop light 12V13W 912 W Backup light 12V21W 7440 E Brakerear turn signal/tail light 12V21/5W 7443 R Tail light 12V5W 168 T Sports activity lights 12V55W H3

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Headlight

CAUTION Halogen headlight bulbs become very hot while in use. If you touch the bulb surface with bare hands or greasy gloves, finger prints or grease on the bulb surface develop into hot spots, caus- ing the bulb to break. If there are finger prints or grease on the bulb surface, wipe them away with a soft cloth moistened with al- cohol.

NOTE If headlight aiming is required, consult your SUBARU dealer for proper adjustment of the headlight aim.

HBB040BBHBB039BA

Remove the headlight bulb cover, by turning it counterclockwise.

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Low beam light bulbs

HBB042BAHBB041BB

1. Disconnect the electrical connector for the black cable. 2. Remove the retainer spring. 3. Replace the bulb, then set the retainer spring securely. 4. Reconnect the electrical connector for black cable. 5. Install the headlight bulb cover.

High beam light bulbs

HBB044BBHBB043BA

1. Disconnect the electrical connector from the bulb. 2. Remove the bulb from the headlight assembly by turning it coun- terclockwise. 3. Replace the bulb with new one. 4. Reconnect the electrical connector. At this time, use care not to touch the bulb surface.

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5. To install the bulb to the headlight assembly, turn it clockwise until it clicks. 6. Install the headlight bulb cover.

Front fog light It may be difficult to replace the bulbs. Have your SUBARU dealer replace the bulbs if necessary.

Front turn signal light, parking light and side marker light

The headlight assembly must be removed before the front turn signal light and parking light bulbs can be replaced. When the headlight as- sembly has been removed and then reinstalled, it may become neces- sary to make a headlight aiming adjustment. After a bulb has been re- placed, it is recommended that the headlight aiming adjustment be made at a SUBARU dealer.

HBB016BA

1. Remove the headlight assembly mounting screws located at the top of and the front of the headlight assembly using a phillips screwdriver or an open-end wrench. 2. Move the headlight assembly forward.

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HBB039CB HBB020BA

3. Remove the bulb socket from the headlight assembly by turning it counterclockwise. 4. Remove the bulb from the socket by pushing it and turning counter- clockwise. Install a new bulb in the socket. 5. Set the bulb socket into the headlight assembly and turn it clockwise until it locks. 6. Set the headlight assembly into the vehicle body. Tighten the mount- ing screws.

Rear combination lights Rear combination lights are composed of the rear turn signal/brake/tail light and back up lights.

Rear turn signal/Brake/Tail and Back up lights The rear turn signal/brake/tail light is one bulb with two filament types. If any one of them malfunctions, replace the bulb with a new one.

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HBB084BAHBB083BA

1. Open the tailgate. 2. Pry the cover from the side of the rear combination light. 3. Remove the rear combination light mounting bolts. Then, slide the rear combination light assembly to the rear and remove it from the vehicle.

HBB085BB

4. Remove the bulb socket from the rear combination light assembly by turning it counterclockwise. 5. Remove the bulb from the socket by pulling it. 6. Install a new bulb into the socket by pushing it. 7. Set the bulb socket into the rear combination light assembly and turn it clockwise until it stops. 8. Mount the rear combination light assembly into the vehicle body with two mounting bolts.

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9. Install the cover by inserting the knobs into the places.

Tail light (on the tailgate)

HBB087BAHBB086BA

1. Open the tailgate. 2. Remove the tailgate trim by loosening the installation screws. 3. Remove the tail light cover by loosening the installation screws.

HBB048BAHBB088BA

4. Remove the bulb socket from the tail light by turning it counterclock- wise. 5. Remove the bulb from the socket by pulling it. 6. Install a new bulb into the socket by pushing it. 7. Install the bulb socket into the tail light by turning it clockwise until it stops. 8. Install the tail light cover and the tailgate trim.

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License plate light

HBB095BAHB2054BA

1. Remove the upper cover located above the license plate. 2. Push two release buttons and pull the license plate bracket up until it clicks. 3. Remove the two cover installation screws. 4. Push the license plate bracket back to the original position.

HBB092BA

5. Remove the screw from the side of the cover. 6. Remove the cover.

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HBB093BA

7. Remove the bulb socket from the license plate bracket by turning it counterclockwise. 8. Pull the bulb out of the socket. 9. Install a new bulb in the socket by pushing it. 10. Install the bulb socket into the license plate bracket. 11. Install the covers by reversing procedures for removal.

Map light, dome light and door step light

HBB068BE

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HSA005BB

HBS037AB

1. Remove the lens by prying the edge of the lens with a regular screw- driver. 2. Pull the bulb out of the socket. Install a new bulb. 3. Reinstall the lens.

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Maintenance and service

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High mount stop and cargo light assembly

HBB089BA

1. Remove the high mount stop light mounting screws.

HBB090BB

2. Remove the bulb socket from the light assembly by turning it counter- clockwise.

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HBB048BA

3. Remove the bulb from the socket by pulling it. 4. Install a new bulb in the socket by pushing it. 5. Set the socket into the light assembly and turn it clockwise until it clicks. 6. Mount the light assembly with the mounting screws.

Sport activity lights (if equipped)

HBB082AAHBB081BA

1. Remove front lamp screw and remove the lens and reflector. 2. Disconnect the two wires from the lamp electrical connector. 3. Squeeze the bulb retainer spring to remove. 4. Replace the bulb, then reset the retainer spring securely. 5. Reconnect the bulb wire to the electrical connector. 6. Install the lens and reflector in the housing and secure with the screw.

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NOTE Other bulbs may be difficult to replace. Have your SUBARU dealer replace these bulbs if necessary.

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12

Specifications

Specifications 12-2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Dimensions 12-2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Engine 12-2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Electrical system 12-2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Capacities 12-2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Tires 12-3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Wheel alignment 12-3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Fuses and circuits 12-4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Fuse panel located behind the coin tray 12-4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Fuse panel located in the engine compartment 12-6. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Bulb chart 12-7. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Vehicle identification 12-8. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Specifications

These specifications are subject to change without notice.

Dimensions Overall length 199.3 in (4,910 mm) Overall width 70.1 in (1,780 mm) Overall height 61.2 in (1,555 mm) Ground clearance 7.3 in (185 mm) Front tread 57.9 in (1,470 mm) Rear tread 57.7 in (1,465 mm) Wheelbase 104.3 in (2,650 mm)

Engine Engine model EJ251 Engine type Horizontally opposed, liquid cooled

4 cylinder, 4 stroke gasoline engine Engine displacement 2,457 cc (150 cu in.) Bore 3.92 in (99.5 mm) Stroke 3.11 in (79.0 mm) Compression ratio 10.0 : 1 Firing order 1 - 3 - 2 - 4

Electrical system Battery type and capacity

MT: 55D23L AT: 75D23L

Alternator 12V-90A Spark plugs type RC10YC4 (Champion)

BKR6E-11 (NGK) BKR5E-11 (NGK)

Capacities Fuel tank 16.9 US gal (64 liters, 14.1 Imp gal) Engine oil 4.2 US qt (4.0 liters, 3.5 Imp qt)

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Transmission oil (MT) 3.7 US qt (3.5 liters, 3.1 Imp qt) Transmission fluid (AT) 9.8 US qt (9.3 liters, 8.2 Imp qt) AT differential gear oil 1.3 US qt (1.2 liters, 1.1 Imp qt) Rear differential gear oil 0.8 US qt (0.8 liters, 0.7 Imp qt) Power steering gear fluid 0.7 US qt (0.7 liter, 0.6 Imp qt) Engine coolant MT 7.2 US qt (6.8 liters, 6.0 Imp qt)

AT 7.1 US qt (6.7 liters, 5.9 Imp qt)

Tires Type Steel belted radial, Tubeless

Size P225/60R16 97H Temporary spare T145/80R16

Pressure Front Light load 30 psi (210 kPa, 2.1 kg/cm2)

Full load 30 psi (210 kpa, 2.1 kg/cm2) Trailer towing 30 psi (210 kPa, 2.1 kg/cm2)

Rear Light load 29 psi (200 kPa, 2.0 kg/cm2) Full load 33 psi (230 kpa, 2.3 kg/cm2) Trailer towing 33 psi (230 kPa, 2.3 kg/cm2)

Temporary spare 60 psi (420 kPa, 4.2 kg/cm2) Wheel size 16 x 61/2JJ

Wheel alignment Toe Front 0 0.12 in (0 3 mm)

Rear 0 0.12 in (0 3 mm) Camber Front 020 30

Rear 010 45

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Fuses and circuits

Fuse panel located behind the coin tray

HBC001BB

Fuse panel Fuse rating Circuit

1 15A Heater fan

2 15A Heater fan

3 15A Power door lock Keyless entry

4 20A Cigarette lighter Remote controlled rear view mirrors

5 10A Tail light Parking light

6 15A SRS airbag

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Fuse panel CircuitFuse rating

7 15A Front fog light

8 30A ABS solenoid

9 15A Radio Clock

10 15A Trailer

11 15A Engine ignition system SRS airbag

12 10A Illumination brightness control

13 15A Fuel pump

14 10A Rear window wiper and washer

15 30A Windshield wiper and washer

16 20A Brake light

17 15A Air conditioner

18 15A Backup light Cruise control ABS control

19 20A Mirror heater Wiper deicer Sports activity light

20 20A Accessory power socket Seat heater Cargo lamp

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Fuse panel located in the engine compartment

HBC003BB

Fuse panel Fuse rating Circuit

1 20A Radiator cooling fan (Main)

2 20A Radiator cooling fan (Sub)

3 50A ABS motor

4 20A Rear window defogger

5 15A Hazard warning flasher Horn

6 15A Meter SRS airbag system warning light

7 10A Automatic transmission control unit ABS UNIT

8 10A Alternator

9 15A Headlight (right side)

10 15A Headlight (left side)

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Specifications

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Fuse panel CircuitFuse rating

11 20A Lighting switch

12 15A Clock Interior light

Bulb chart

Wattage Bulb No. Headlight

Low beam 12V55W H1 High beam 12V60W 9005 (HB3)

Front turn signal 12V27W 1156NA (Amber) Spot light 12V8W Dome light 12V8W Door step light 12V3.4W Parking and front side marker light 12V27/8W 1157NA (Amber) Front fog light 12V51W 9006 (HB4) Backup light 12V21W 7440 High mount stop light 12V13W 912 BrakeRear turn signal light/Tail light 12V21/5W 7443 Rear finisher light 12V5W 168 Licence plate light 12V5W 168 Cargo light 12V13W 912 Sports activity light 12V55W H3

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Vehicle identification

HBC008BB

1 Emission control label 2 Vehicle identification number 3 Radio noise label (Canada

model) 4 Vacuum hose connections

label

5 Tire inflation pressure label 6 Certification and bar cord

label 7 Vehicle identification number

plate 8 Model number plate

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Consumer information and Reporting safety defects

Uniform tire quality grading standards 13-2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Treadwear 13-2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Traction AA, A, B, C 13-2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Temperature A, B, C 13-3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Reporting safety defects (USA) 13-4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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For U.S.A. The following information has been compiled according to Code of Fed- eral Regulations Title 49, Part 575.

Uniform tire quality grading standards

This information indicates the relative performance of passenger car tires in the area of treadwear, traction, and temperature resistance. This is to aid the consumer in making an informed choice in the purchase of tires. Quality grades can be found where applicable on the tire sidewall be- tween tread shoulder and maximum section width. For example:

Treadwear 200 Traction AA Temperature A

The quality grades apply to new pneumatic tires for use on passenger cars. However, they do not apply to deep tread, winter type snow tires, space-saver or temporary use spare tires, tires with nominal rim diame- ters of 12 inches or less, or to some limited production tires.

All passenger car tires must confirm to Federal Safety Requirements in addition to these grades.

Treadwear The treadwear grade is a comparative rating based on the wear rate of the tire when tested under controlled conditions on a specified govern- ment test course. For example, a tire graded 150 would wear one and one-half (1-1/2) times as well on the government course as a tire graded 100. The rela- tive performance of tires depends upon the actual conditions of their use, however, and may depart significantly from the norm due to varia- tions in driving habits, service practices and differences in road charac- teristics and climate.

Traction AA, A, B, C The traction grades, from highest to lowest, are AA, A, B and C. Those grades represent the tires ability to stop on wet pavement as measured under controlled conditions on specified government test surfaces of as-

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Consumer information and Reporting safety defects

13-3 CONTINUED

phalt and concrete. A tire marked C may have poor traction perfor- mance.

WARNING The traction grade assigned to this tire is based on straight- ahead braking traction tests, and does not include acceleration, cornering, hydroplaning, or peak traction characteristics.

Temperature A, B, C The temperature grades are A (the highest), B, and C, representing the tires resistance to the generation of heat and its ability to dissipate heat when tested under controlled conditions on a specified indoor laboratory test wheel. Sustained high temperature can cause the material of the tire to degenerate and reduce tire life, and excessive temperature can lead to sudden tire failure. The grade C corresponds to a level of perfor- mance which all passenger car tires must meet under the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards No. 109. Grades B and A represent higher lev- els of performance on the laboratory test wheel than the minimum re- quired by law.

WARNING The temperature grade for this tire is established for a tire that is properly inflated and not overloaded. Excessive speed, under- inflation, or excessive loading, either separately or in combina- tion, can cause heat buildup and possible tire failure.

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Reporting safety defects (USA)

If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which could cause a crash or could cause injury or death, you should immediately inform the National Highway Traffic Safety Ad- ministration (NHTSA) in addition to notifying Subaru of America, Inc. If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an inves- tigation, and if it finds that a safety defect exists in a group of vehicles, it may order a recall and remedy campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved in individual problems between you, your dealer, or Subaru of America, Inc. To contact NHTSA, you may either call the Auto Safety Hotline toll-free at 1-800-424-9393 (or 366-0123 in the Washington D.C. area) or write to: NHTSA, U.S. Department of Transportation, Washington, D.C. 20590. You can also obtain other information about motor vehicle safety from the Hotline.

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Index

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14-2

A ABS (Anti-lock Brake System) 7-24. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

ABS warning light 3-13. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Air cleaner element 11-17. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Air conditioner operation 4-10. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Air filtration system (if equipped) 4-13. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Aluminum wheels (If equipped) 11-44. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

AM/FM radio with CD player 5-4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Antenna system 5-2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Ashtray 6-12. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

AT OIL TEMPerature warning light (for AT vehicles) 3-13. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Audio set 5-3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Automatic/Emergency Locking Retractor (A/ELR) 1-16. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Automatic transmission 7-14. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Automatic transmission fluid 11-22. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

B Battery 11-48. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Bed cover (if equipped) 6-21. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Bed extender (if equipped) 6-17. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Brake booster 11-31. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Brake fluid 11-28. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Brake pedal 11-32. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Brake system 7-22. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Brake system warning light 3-14. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Braking 7-22. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Braking tips 7-22. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Bulb chart 12-7. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

C Capacities 12-2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Cargo bed 6-15. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Cargo lamp 6-20. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Cargo lamp indicator light 3-16. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Cargo net hooks 6-13. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Cargo tie-down hooks 6-16. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Index

14-3

Catalytic converter 8-4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Center console 6-5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Changing a flat tire 9-11. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Charge warning light 3-12. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

CHECK ENGINE warning light/Malfunction indicator lamp 3-11. . . . . . . . . . .

Child restraint systems 1-26. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Child safety locks 2-20. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Cigarette lighter socket 6-9. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Cleaning aluminum wheels 10-4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Cleaning fog light lens 10-4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Cleaning the interior 10-6. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Clock 3-17. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Clutch fluid (MT vehicles) 11-30. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Clutch pedal (Manual transmission vehicles) 11-33. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Coat hook 6-12. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Coin compartment 6-6. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Convenience hook 6-12. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Convenient tie-down hooks (if equipped) 6-16. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Cooling system 11-13. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Corrosion protection 10-5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Cruise control 7-28. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Cup holder 6-7. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

D Daytime running light system 3-19. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Dimensions 12-2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Disc brake pad wear warning indicators 7-23. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Dome light 6-2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Door ajar warning lights 3-15. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Door locks 2-3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Drive belts 11-20. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Driving in foreign countries 8-5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Driving tips for AWD vehicles 8-6. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

E Electrical system 12-2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Emergency Locking Retractor (ELR) 1-16. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Engine 12-2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Engine compartment overview 11-7. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Engine coolant 11-14. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Engine exhaust gas (Carbon monoxide) 8-3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Engine hood 11-5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Engine oil 11-8. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Engine overheating 9-21. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Exterior care 10-2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F Fastening the seatbelt 1-17. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Flat tires 9-11. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Floor mat (if equipped) 6-14. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Fog light switch (if equipped) 3-22. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Folding down the rear seat 1-10. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Front differential gear oil (AT vehicles) 11-24. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Front fog light 11-56. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Front seatbelt pretensioners 1-22. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Front seats 1-2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Front turn signal light, parking light and side marker light 11-56. . . . . . . . . . . . .

Front-wheel drive warning light (for AT vehicles) 3-15. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Fuel 7-2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Fuel economy hints 8-2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Fuel filler door and cap 7-4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Fuel gauge 3-9. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Fuel requirements 7-2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Fuse panel located behind the coin tray 12-4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Fuse panel located in the engine compartment 12-6. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Fuses 11-49. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Fuses and circuits 12-4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

G Glove box 6-5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

GVWR and GAWR (Gross Vehicle Weight Rating and Gross Axle Weight Rating) 8-18. . .

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Index

14-5

H Hazard warning flasher 3-6. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Headlight 11-54. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Heater operation 4-7. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

High beam indicator light 3-16. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

High mount stop light assembly 11-63. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Horn 3-33. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

I If you park your vehicle in an emergency 9-2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Ignition switch 3-3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Ignition switch light 3-5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Illumination brightness control 3-20. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

In-dash 6 CD auto changer (if equipped) 5-13. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Inside mirror 3-28. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Installation of accessories 5-2, 11-51. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Interior light 6-2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

J Jack and tools 9-3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Jump starting 9-18. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

K Key interlock release (AT vehicles only) 3-5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Key reminder chime 3-5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Keys 2-2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

L License plate bracket 2-24. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

License plate light 11-60. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Light control switch 3-17. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Loading your vehicle 8-15. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Low fuel warning light 3-15. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

M Main fuse 11-51. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Maintenance precautions 11-3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Maintenance schedule 11-3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Manual heating and air conditioning system 4-4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Manual transmission 7-11. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Manual transmission oil 11-21. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Map light 6-3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Map light, dome light and door step light 11-61. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Meters and gauges 3-7. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Mirrors 3-28. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Moonroof 2-30. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Moonroof if the moonroof cannot be closed 9-27. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

N New vehicle break-in driving the first 1,000 miles (1,600 km) 8-2. . . . . .

O Odometer/Trip meter 3-7. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Off road driving 8-7. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Oil pressure warning light 3-12. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Operating tips for heater and air conditioner 4-12. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Outside mirrors 3-30. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Outside temperature indicator (if equipped) 3-8. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

P Parking brake stroke 11-35. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Parking light switch 3-21. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Parking your vehicle 7-26. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Periodic inspections 8-5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Power door locking switches 2-5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Power steering 7-21. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Power steering fluid 11-27. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Power windows 2-21. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Precautions against vehicle modification 1-52. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Precautions to observe when handling a compact disc (CD) 5-16. . . . . . . .

Preparing to drive 7-8. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Index

14-7

R Rear center console 6-6. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Rear combination lights 11-57. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Rear differential gear oil 11-25. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Rear headrest 1-10. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Rear quarter storage box 6-7. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Rear seats 1-8. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Rear viscous limited slip differential (LSD) (if equipped) 7-21. . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Rear window defogger switch 3-26. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Remote keyless entry system (if equipped) 2-6. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Replacement of brake pad and lining 11-34. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Replacement of windshield wiper blades 11-45. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Replacing bulbs 11-52. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Reporting safety defects (USA) 13-4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Rocking the vehicle 8-15. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Roof rail and crossbar 6-23. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

S Seatbelt maintenance 1-21. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Seatbelts 1-14. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Seatbelt safety tips 1-14. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Seatbelt warning light and chime 1-16, 3-10. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Seat heater (if equipped) 1-7. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Security system (if equipped) 2-13. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Security system status indicator light (if equipped) 3-16. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Selector lever 7-15. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Shift lock release 7-20. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Shift position indicator (for AT vehicles) 3-16. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Snow tires 8-13. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Spare tire 9-6. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Spark plugs 11-19. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Specifications 12-2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Speedometer 3-7. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Sport activity lights (if equipped) 6-29. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Spotlight (if equipped) 6-3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

SRS airbag (Supplemental Restraint System airbag) 1-39. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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SRS airbag system monitors 1-50. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

SRS airbag system servicing 1-51. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

SRS airbag system warning light 3-10. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

SRS frontal airbag 1-43. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Starting a flooded engine 7-11. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Starting the engine 7-9. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Starting the engine during cold weather below 4F (20C) 7-10. . . . . . . .

Starting the engine for automatic transmission vehicle 7-10. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Starting the engine for manual transmission vehicle 7-9. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

State emission testing (U.S. only) 7-6. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Stopping the engine 7-11. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Storage compartment 6-4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Sun visors 6-3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Switchback door 2-26. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Switchback door indicator light 2-29, 3-15. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

T Tachometer 3-8. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Tailgate 2-23. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Tail light (on the tailgate) 11-59. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Temperature A, B, C 13-3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Temperature gauge 3-9. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Temporary spare tire 9-9. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Tilting/sliding moonroof 2-30. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Tilt steering wheel 3-32. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Tire chains 8-14. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Tire inspection 11-37. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Tire pressures and wear 11-37. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Tire replacement 11-42. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Tire rotation 11-42. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Tires 12-3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Tires and wheels 11-36. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Towing 9-22. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Traction AA, A, B, C 13-2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Trailer hitch (if equipped) 8-19. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Trailer towing (for OUTBACK) 8-24. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Index

14-9

Treadwear 13-2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Turn signal indicator lights 3-16. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Turn signal lever 3-19. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Types of tires 11-36. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

U Uniform tire quality grading standards 13-2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Using the temporary spare tire 9-9. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

V Vanity mirror 6-4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Vehicle capacity weight 8-17. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Vehicle finder function 2-8. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Vehicle identification 12-8. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Vehicle with drivers and front passengers SRS airbags and lap/shoulder restraints 1-39. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Ventilator 4-2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

W Warning and indicator lights 3-10. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Washing 10-2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Waxing and polishing 10-3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Wear indicators 11-41. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Wheel alignment 12-3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Wheel balance 11-40. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Wheel replacement 11-43. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Windows 2-21. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Windshield washer fluid 11-44. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Windshield wiper and washer switches 3-24. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Windshield wiper deicer (if equipped) 3-27. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Winter driving 8-10. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Wiper and washer 3-22. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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GAS STATION REFERENCE

Fuel: Use only unleaded gasoline with an octane rating of 87 AKI or higher.

Fuel octane rating: This octane rating is the average of the Research Octane and Motor Octane numbers and is commonly referred to as the Anti Knock Index (AKI). Refer to Fuel section in this manual.

Fuel capacity: 16.9 US gal (64 liters, 14.1 Imp gal)

Engine oil: Use only API classification SL with the words ENERGY CONSERVING and the New API certification mark (starburst mark) dis- played on the container (ILSAC GF3).

Engine oil capa

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