Contents

Dell PowerEdge 1300 Server User's Guide PDF

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Summary of Content for Dell PowerEdge 1300 Server User's Guide PDF

Dell PowerEdge 1300 Systems User's Guide

Safety Instructions Preface Introduction Using the Dell OpenManage Server Assistant CD Installing and Configuring SCSI Drivers Using the System Setup Program Using the Resource Configuration Utility Technical Specifications I/O Ports and Connectors Maintaining the System Regulatory Notices Warranty, Return Policy, and Year 2000 Statement of Compliance Glossary

Information in this document is subject to change without notice. 1998 Dell Computer Corporation. All rights reserved.

Reproduction in any manner whatsoever without the written permission of Dell Computer Corporation is strictly forbidden.

Trademarks used in this text: Dell, the DELL logo, and PowerEdge are registered trademarks, Dell OpenManage is a trademark, and DellWare is a registered service mark of Dell Computer Corporation; Intel and Pentium are registered trademarks and MMX and Intel386 are trademarks of Intel Corporation; Microsoft, Windows, MS-DOS, and Windows NT are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation; Novell and NetWare are registered trademarks of Novell, Inc.; ASPI is a registered trademark of Adaptec, Inc.; VESA is a registered trademark and VL-Bus is a trademark of Video Electronics Standards Association; Adobe is a trademark of Adobe Systems Incorporated.

Other trademarks and trade names may be used in this document to refer to either the entities claiming the marks and names or their products. Dell Computer Corporation disclaims any proprietary interest in trademarks and trade names other than its own.

Model MMP

Initial release: 30 Nov 1998

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Safety Instructions: Dell PowerEdge 1300 Systems User's Guide

Overview | When Using Your Computer System | Ergonomic Computing Habits | When Working With Your Computer | Protecting Against Electrostatic Discharge

Overview

Use the following safety guidelines to help protect your computer system from potential damage and to ensure your own personal safety.

WARNING: There is a danger of a new battery exploding if it is incorrectly installed. Replace the battery only with the same or equivalent type recommended by the manufacturer. Discard used batteries according to the manufacturer's instructions.

When Using Your Computer System

As you use your computer system, observe the following safety guidelines:

Be sure your monitor and attached peripherals are electrically rated to operate with the AC power available in your location. To help prevent electric shock, plug the computer and peripheral power cables into properly grounded power sources. These cables are equipped with three-prong plugs to help ensure proper grounding. Do not use adapter plugs or remove the grounding prong from a cable. If you must use an extension cable, use a three-wire cable with properly grounded plugs. To help protect your computer system from sudden, transient increases and decreases in electrical power, use a surge suppressor, line conditioner, or uninterruptible power supply (UPS). Be sure nothing rests on your computer system's cables and that the cables are not located where they can be stepped on or tripped over. Do not spill food or liquids on your computer. Do not push any objects into the openings of your computer. Doing so can cause fire or electric shock by shorting out interior components. Keep your computer away from radiators and heat sources. Also, do not block cooling vents. Avoid placing loose papers underneath your computer; do not place your computer in a closed-in wall unit or on a rug.

Ergonomic Computing Habits

WARNING: Improper or prolonged keyboard use may result in injury.

For comfort and efficiency, observe the following ergonomic guidelines when setting up and using your computer system:

Position your system so that the monitor and keyboard are directly in front of you as you work. Special shelves are available (from Dell and other sources) to help you correctly position your keyboard. Set the monitor at a comfortable viewing distance (usually 510 to 610 millimeters [20 to 24 inches] from your eyes). Make sure the monitor screen is at eye level or slightly lower when you are sitting in front of the monitor.

Adjust the tilt of the monitor, its contrast and brightness settings, and the lighting around you (such as overhead lights, desk lamps, and the curtains or blinds on nearby windows) to minimize reflections and glare on the monitor screen. Use a chair that provides good lower back support. Keep your forearms horizontal with your wrists in a neutral, comfortable position while using the keyboard or mouse. Always leave space to rest your hands while using the keyboard or mouse. Let your upper arms hang naturally at your sides. Sit erect, with your feet resting on the floor and your thighs level. When sitting, make sure the weight of your legs is on your feet and not on the front of your chair seat. Adjust your chair's height or use a footrest, if necessary, to maintain proper posture. Vary your work activities. Try to organize your work so that you do not have to type for extended periods of time. When you stop typing, try to do things that use both hands.

When Working With Your Computer

Before you remove the computer cover, perform the following steps in the sequence indicated.

CAUTION: Do not attempt to service the computer system yourself, except as explained in this guide and elsewhere in Dell documentation. Always follow installation and service instructions closely. CAUTION: To help avoid possible damage to the system board, wait 5 seconds after turning off the system before removing a component from the system board or disconnecting a peripheral device from the computer.

1. Touch an unpainted metal surface on the chassis, such as the metal around the card-slot openings at the back of the computer, before touching anything inside your computer. While you work, periodically touch an unpainted metal surface on the computer chassis to dissipate any static electricity that might harm internal components.

2. Turn off your computer and any peripherals.

3. Disconnect your computer and peripherals from their power sources. Also, disconnect any telephone or telecommunication lines from the computer.

Doing so reduces the potential for personal injury or shock.

In addition, take note of these safety guidelines when appropriate:

When you disconnect a cable, pull on its connector or on its strain-relief loop, not on the cable itself. Some cables have a connector with locking tabs; if you are disconnecting this type of cable, press in on the locking tabs before disconnecting the cable. As you pull connectors apart, keep them evenly aligned to avoid bending any connector pins. Also, before you connect a cable, make sure both connectors are correctly oriented and aligned. Handle components and cards with care. Don't touch the components or contacts on a card. Hold a card by its edges or by its metal mounting bracket. Hold a component such as a microprocessor chip by its edges, not by its pins.

WARNING There is a danger of a new battery exploding if it is incorrectly installed. Replace the battery only with the same or equivalent type recommended by the manufacturer. Discard used batteries according to the manufacturer's instructions.

Protecting Against Electrostatic Discharge

Static electricity can harm delicate components inside your computer. To prevent static damage, discharge static electricity from your body before you touch any of your computer's electronic components, such as the microprocessor. You can do so by touching an unpainted metal surface on the computer chassis.

As you continue to work inside the computer, periodically touch an unpainted metal surface to remove any static charge your body may have accumulated.

You can also take the following steps to prevent damage from electrostatic discharge (ESD):

When unpacking a static-sensitive component from its shipping carton, do not remove the component from the antistatic packing material until you are ready to install the component in your computer. Just before unwrapping the antistatic packaging, be sure to discharge static electricity from your body. When transporting a sensitive component, first place it in an antistatic container or packaging. Handle all sensitive components in a static-safe area. If possible, use antistatic floor pads and workbench pads.

The following caution may appear throughout this document to remind you of these precautions:

CAUTION: See Protecting Against Electrostatic Discharge.

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Preface: Dell PowerEdge 1300 Systems User's Guide

About This Guide | Warranty and Return Policy Information | Other Documents You May Need | Notational Conventions | Typographical Conventions

About This Guide

This guide is intended for anyone who uses the Dell PowerEdge 1300 computer systems. The guide can be used by both first-time and experienced computer users who want to learn about the features and operation of the systems or who want to upgrade their systems. The files in this guide are summarized as follows:

Everyone should read Introduction for an overview of the system features, a description of the controls and indicators on the front panel, and a general discussion of connecting external devices to the back panel of the system. Users who want to use the utilities, the diagnostics, or the online documentation, or who want to install drivers for their operating system, should read Using the Dell OpenManage Server Assistant CD. Everyone should read the first few sections of Installing and Configuring SCSI Drivers to find out which small computer system interface (SCSI) device drivers (if any) are required for a particular system configuration. Users who need to install and configure particular SCSI device drivers should then read the appropriate section for their operating system. Everyone should read the first several sections of Using the System Setup Program to become familiar with this important program. Only users who want to make configuration changes to their system or who want to use the password features need to read the rest of "Using the System Setup Program." Everyone should read Using the Resource Configuration Utility whenever a Peripheral Component Interconnect (PCI) expansion card is added, removed, or repositioned in the computer, or when the settings for one of the built-in devices is changed. Technical Specifications summarizes the technical specifications of the PowerEdge 1300. I/O Ports and Connectors provides specific information about the ports and connectors on the back panel of the PowerEdge 1300. Maintaining the System describes preventive maintenance procedures that you should perform regularly to keep the system in top operating condition. Regulatory Notices is for users who are interested in which regulatory agencies have tested and approved the Dell PowerEdge 1300 systems. Warranty, Return Policy, and Year 2000 Statement of Compliance describes the warranty and return policy for Dell PowerEdge 1300 systems. It also provides information about year 2000 compliance of Dell-branded hardware products. Glossary provides definitions of terms, acronyms, and abbreviations used in this guide.

Warranty and Return Policy Information

Dell Computer Corporation ("Dell") manufactures its hardware products from parts and components that are new or equivalent to new in accordance with industry-standard practices. For information about the Dell warranty for your system, see Warranty, Return Policy, and Year 2000 Statement of Compliance.

Other Documents You May Need

In addition to this User's Guide, the following documentation is included with your system:

The Installation and Troubleshooting Guide provides instructions for installing system hardware and includes troubleshooting and diagnostic procedures for testing your computer system. The HP OpenView Network Node Manager Special Edition x.x With Dell OpenManage HIP x.x User's Guide describes the alert messages issued by the server management software.

You may also have one or more of the following documents:

Operating system documentation is included with the system if you ordered the operating system software from Dell. This documentation describes how to install (if necessary), configure, and use the operating system software. Documentation is included with any options you purchase separately from the system. This documentation includes information that you need to configure and install these options in your Dell computer. Technical information filessometimes called "readme" filesmay be installed on the hard-disk drive to provide last-minute updates about technical changes to the system or advanced technical reference material intended for experienced users or technicians. Documentation updates are sometimes included with the system to describe changes to the system or software. Always read these updates before consulting any other documentation because the updates often contain information that supersedes the information in the other documents.

Notational Conventions

The following subsections list notational conventions used in this document.

Warnings, Cautions, and Notes

Throughout this guide, there may be blocks of text printed in bold type or in italic type. These blocks are warnings, cautions, and notes, and they are used as follows:

WARNING: A WARNING indicates the potential for bodily harm and tells you how to avoid the problem.

CAUTION: A CAUTION indicates either potential damage to hardware or loss of data and tells you how to avoid the problem. NOTE: A NOTE indicates important information that helps you make better use of your system.

Typographical Conventions

The following list defines (where appropriate) and illustrates typographical conventions used as visual cues for specific elements of text throughout this document:

Interface components are window titles, button and icon names, menu names and selections, and other options that appear on the monitor screen or display. They are presented in bold.

Example: Click OK.

Keycaps are labels that appear on the keys on a keyboard. They are enclosed in angle brackets.

Example:

Key combinations are series of keys to be pressed simultaneously (unless otherwise indicated) to perform a single function.

Example:

Commands presented in lowercase bold are for reference purposes only and are not intended to be typed when referenced.

Example: "Use the format command to. . . ."

In contrast, commands presented in the Courier New font are a part of an instruction and intended to be typed.

Example: "Type format a: to format the diskette in drive A."

Filenames and directory names are presented in lowercase bold.

Example: autoexec.bat and c:\ windows

Syntax lines consist of a command and all its possible parameters. Commands are presented in lowercase bold; variable parameters (those for which you substitute a value) are presented in lowercase italics; constant parameters are presented in lowercase bold. The brackets indicate items that are optional.

Example: del [drive:] [path]filename [/p]

Command lines consist of a command and may include one or more of the command's possible parameters. Command lines are presented in the Courier New font.

Example: del c:\myfile.doc

Screen text is a message or text that you are instructed to type as part of a command (referred to as a command line). Screen text is presented in the Courier New font.

Example: The following message appears on your screen:

No boot device available

Example: "Type md c:\dos, and then press ."

Variables are symbols for which you substitute a value. They are presented in italics.

Example: DIMM x (where x represents the DIMM socket designation)

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Introduction: Dell PowerEdge 1300 Systems User's Guide

Overview | System Features | Front Panel | Back Panel | Getting Help

Overview

Dell PowerEdge 1300 systems are high-speed, upgradable servers designed around Intel Pentium II microprocessors. These systems support the high-performance Peripheral Component Interconnect (PCI) bus; each system also supports Industry-Standard Architecture (ISA) design with one ISA slot that allows you to configure the computer system to your initial requirements and then upgrade it as necessary.

This file describes the major hardware and software features of the system and provides information you will need to reinstall the operating system, if necessary. It also provides information about the indicators and controls on the computer's front panel and discusses connecting external devices to the computer.

System Features

The system offers the following features:

Single or dual Intel Pentium II microprocessor(s) with an internal speed of 350, 400, or 450 megahertz (MHz) and an external speed of 100 MHz.

The Intel Pentium II microprocessor includes MMX technology designed to handle complex multimedia and communications software. This microprocessor incorporates new instructions and data types as well as a technique called single instruction, multiple data (SIMD). SIMD allows the microprocessor to process multiple data elements in parallel, thereby improving system performance when running application programs written to take advantage of MMX technology.

The Intel Pentium II microprocessor has a 16-kilobyte (KB) internal data cache and a 16-KB internal instruction cache, an internal math coprocessor, and other advanced internal logic.

A secondary cache of 512 KB of static random-access memory (SRAM) integrated in the single-edge contact (SEC) cartridge. The secondary cache also provides error checking and correction (ECC) capability.

Support for symmetric multiprocessing (SMP) when a second Pentium II microprocessor is installed. SMP greatly improves overall system performance by dividing microprocessor operations among the independent microprocessors. To take advantage of this feature, you must use an operating system that supports multiprocessing, such as Microsoft Windows NT Server 4.0, Novell NetWare 5, Novell IntranetWare 4.11 and later versions, or Microsoft BackOffice Small Business Server (SBS) 4.x.

NOTES: If you decide to upgrade your system by installing a second microprocessor, you must order the microprocessor upgrade kit from Dell. Not all versions of the Pentium II microprocessor will work properly as additional microprocessors. The upgrade kit from Dell contains the correct version of the microprocessor for use as a second microprocessor, as well as instructions for performing the upgrade.

The second microprocessor must have the same internal operating frequency as the first.

System memory that can be increased incrementally up to 1 gigabyte (GB) using synchronous dynamic random- access memory (SDRAM) dual in-line memory modules (DIMMs).

The memory subsystem also provides ECC capability, which corrects all single-bit memory errors and detects all multibit errors.

Self-Monitoring Analysis and Reporting Technology (SMART) support, which warns you at system start-up if the hard-disk drive has become unreliable. To take advantage of this technology, you must have a SMART- compliant hard-disk drive in the computer.

The system's basic input/output system (BIOS), which resides in flash memory and can be upgraded remotely or by diskette if required.

Plug and Play capability, which greatly simplifies the installation of expansion cards. Plug and Play support included in the system BIOS allows you to install a Plug and Play expansion card without setting jumpers or switches or performing other configuration tasks. The Resource Configuration Utility (RCU) allows you to configure an existing ISA expansion card for conflict-free operation. Also, because the system BIOS is stored in flash memory, it can be updated to support future enhancements to the Plug and Play standard.

NOTE: The Windows NT operating system does not provide ISA Plug and Play support. Therefore, some ISA Plug and Play cards (such as modem, sound, and network cards) may not work with your Windows NT operating system unless you configure them manually.

Universal Serial Bus (USB) capability, which simplifies connection of peripheral devices such as mice, printers, and computer speakers. The USB connectors on the computer's back panel provide a single connection point for multiple USB-compliant devices. USB-compliant devices can also be connected and disconnected while the system is running.

CAUTION: Do not attach a USB device or a combination of USB devices that draw a maximum current over 500 milliamperes (mA) per channel or +5 volts (V). Attaching devices that exceed this threshold may cause the USB ports to shut down. See the documentation that accompanied the USB devices for their maximum current ratings.

A modular computer chassis with a minimum number of screws for easy disassembly and improved serviceability.

The system board includes the following integrated features:

Six 32-bit PCI expansion slots, including one that is a shared PCI (32-bit)/ISA (16-bit) expansion slot. A high-speed, high-resolution ATI RAGE IIC accelerated graphics port (AGP) video controller with 2 MB of synchronous graphics random-access memory (SGRAM). AGP greatly improves graphics performance by providing a dedicated bus for a faster interface between the video subsystem and system memory. AGP also allows conventional memory to be used for video-related tasks. Integrated server management circuitry that monitors operation of the system fans as well as critical system voltages and temperatures. The integrated server management circuitry works in conjunction with the HP OpenView Network Node Manager Special Edition (NNM SE) and the Dell Hardware Instrumentation Package (HIP) software. A diskette drive interface, which supports a 3.5-inch diskette drive. EIDE controller that supports an EIDE CD-ROM drive. Small computer system interface (SCSI) support via an integrated Adaptec 7890 Ultra2/Wide low voltage differential (LVD) channel, which provides support for high-performance SCSI hard-disk drives. Two high-performance serial ports and one bidirectional parallel port for connecting external devices. A Personal System/2 (PS/2)-style keyboard port and a PS/2-compatible mouse port.

The following software is included with your Dell system:

Video drivers for displaying many popular application programs in high-resolution modes. For more information on these drivers, see Using the Dell OpenManage Server Assistant CD. HP OpenView software, including OpenView Network Node Manager Special Edition (NNM SE) with Dell OpenManage HIP, a standards-based management solution that provides concise and in-depth views of

networked systems, devices, and connections through an intuitive graphical interface. SCSI device drivers that allow your operating system to communicate with devices attached to the built-in SCSI subsystem. For more information on these drivers, see Installing and Configuring SCSI Drivers. The System Setup program for quickly viewing and changing the system configuration information for your system. For more information on this program, see Using the System Setup Program. The RCU, which automatically configures installed ISA and PCI expansion cards. For more information, see Using the Resource Configuration Utility. Enhanced security features, including a user password and a supervisor password, available through the System Setup program or the RCU. Diagnostics for evaluating your system's components and devices. For information on using the system diagnostics, see Using the Dell OpenManage Server Assistant CD, or "Running the Dell Diagnostics," in your Installation and Troubleshooting Guide.

Supported Operating Systems

Dell supports the following network operating systems for use on PowerEdge 1300 systems:

Microsoft Windows NT Server 4.0 Novell IntranetWare 4.11 and NetWare 5.0 Microsoft BackOffice Small Business Server (SBS) 4.x

Front Panel

The computer's front panel contains the following indicators and controls (see Figure 1, Front Panel):

The power button provides control of the system's alternating current (AC) input power. The push-button switch operates as follows:

When the computer is turned off, pressing the button turns the computer on. When the computer is turned on, pressing the button turns the computer off. However, a low-voltage (standby) current is maintained by the power supply. To completely remove all power from the system, unplug the AC power cable from its source. NOTE: A Display Power Management Signaling (DPMS) monitor does not begin warming up until the computer to which it is attached is turned on. Thus, some DPMS monitors may not display a video image until several seconds after you turn on the computer.

The power indicator light is green during normal system operation and amber when the computer is in sleep mode. The hard-disk drive access indicator lights up when a hard-disk drive is in use. (Drive access indicators for diskette drives and tape drives are located on the front of the drives.) The reset button reboots (restarts) the system without your having to turn the power off and then on again. Rebooting the system in this manner reduces stress on system components.

Figure 1. Front Panel

Back Panel

The computer's back panel contains various ports and connectors for attaching external devices and includes a security cable slot. These features are described in the following subsections.

For information about enabling, disabling, or configuring input/output (I/O) ports and connectors, see Using the System Setup Program. For detailed descriptions and illustrations of each port and connector on the back panel, see I/O Ports and Connectors.

Connecting External Devices

You can connect various external devices, such as a mouse and printer, to the I/O ports and connectors on the computer's back panel. The system BIOS detects the presence of most external devices when you boot or reboot the system. When connecting external devices to the computer, follow these guidelines:

Check the documentation that accompanied the device for specific installation and configuration instructions.

For example, most devices must be connected to a particular I/O port or connector to operate properly. Also, external devices like a mouse or printer usually require you to load software files called device drivers into system memory before they will work. These software drivers help the computer recognize the external device and direct its operation.

Dell recommends that you attach external devices only while the computer is turned off unless you are instructed otherwise in the documentation for the particular device. Then turn the computer on before turning on any external devices unless the documentation for the device specifies otherwise. (If the computer does not seem to recognize the device, try turning on the device before turning on the computer.)

CAUTION: When disconnecting external devices from the back of the computer, wait 5 seconds after disconnecting the computer from AC power before you disconnect the device to avoid possible damage to the system board.

Security Cable Slot and Padlock Ring

A security cable slot and padlock ring (see Figure 2, Security Cable Slot and Padlock Ring) are on the back of the computer for attaching commercially available antitheft devices. Security cables for personal computers usually include a segment of galvanized cable with an attached locking device and key. To prevent unauthorized removal of the computer, loop the cable around an immovable object, insert the locking device into the security cable slot on the back of the computer, and lock the device with the key provided. Complete instructions for installing this kind of antitheft device are usually included with the device.

NOTE: Antitheft devices are of differing designs. Before purchasing such a device, make sure it will work with the cable slot on the computer.

The padlock ring allows you to secure the computer cover to the chassis to prevent unauthorized access to the inside of the computer. To use the padlock ring, insert a commercially available padlock through the ring and then lock the padlock.

Figure 2. Security Cable Slot and Padlock Ring

.

Getting Help

If at any time you don't understand a procedure described in this guide or if the system does not perform as expected, Dell provides a number of tools to help you. For more information on these help tools, see "Getting Help" in your Installation and Troubleshooting Guide.

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Using the Dell OpenManage Server Assistant CD: Dell PowerEdge

1300 Systems User's Guide

Overview | Starting the Dell OpenManage Server Assistant CD | Navigating the CD | Utility Partition | Video Drivers | Asset Tag Utility

Overview

The Dell OpenManage Server Assistant CD contains utilities, diagnostics, documentation, drivers, and other items that can help you configure a PowerEdge 1300 system to best meet your needs. Most of the functions available on the Dell OpenManage Server Assistant CD are also available on a bootable utility partition that is installed on your hard-disk drive.

This file describes the Dell OpenManage Server Assistant CD and how to use its various options to configure your system, create the utility partition, create diskettes, and view online documentation. It also describes the utility partition and its options and provides instructions for reinstalling the partition (if necessary).

Starting the Dell OpenManage Server Assistant CD

The Dell OpenManage Server Assistant application program has two modes of operation: a setup mode for configuring the PowerEdge 1300 server, creating diskettes, and viewing information and documents, and a service mode for creating diskettes and viewing information and documents.

In both setup mode and service mode, the Dell OpenManage Server Assistant main page gives you the option of choosing Deutsch, English, Espaol, Franais, or Japanese as the language for the screen text, help text, messages, and online documentation. You can choose a language at any time from the main screen.

Setup Mode

To access the utilities, drivers, and other items available on the Dell OpenManage Server Assistant CD, insert the Dell OpenManage Server Assistant CD into your CD-ROM drive, and turn on or reboot the system. The Dell OpenManage Server Assistant main page appears.

If the CD does not boot, verify the following settings in the System Setup program:

Secondary IDE Drive 0 must be set to Auto. Boot Sequence must be set to CD-ROM first. IDE Controller must be set to Auto.

See Using the System Setup Program for more information.

Service Mode

You can access the online system documents, as well as setup instructions, frequently asked questions, and server product information, on any desktop or server system that has Microsoft Internet Explorer 4.0 (or higher). When you insert the CD in a system running the Microsoft Windows NT operating system, the system automatically starts the

browser software and displays the Dell OpenManage Server Assistant main page.

Navigating the CD

The Dell OpenManage Server Assistant utilizes a standard web browser interface. Navigating the CD is accomplished by clicking the mouse on the various icons and text hyperlinks.

Click the Back icon to return to the previous page. Click the Exit icon to exit the program. Exiting the program causes the system to reboot to the standard operating-system boot partition.

Utility Partition

The utility partition is a bootable partition on the hard-disk drive that provides some of the functions available on the Dell OpenManage Server Assistant CD. Most of the application programs found on the CD are contained in the utility partition, occupying approximately 10 megabytes (MB) of space on the system's hard-disk drive. When implemented, the partition boots and provides an executable environment for the partition's utilities. When the partition is not implemented, it is designated as a non-MSDOS partition.

NOTE: The utility partition provides only limited MS-DOS functionality and cannot be used as a general- purpose MS-DOS partition.

To start the utility partition, press the key during the POST.

The utility partition provides a menu-driven interface from which you invoke the partition's utilities. Selections can be made using either a keyboard or a mouse. Menu options and the associated help are displayed in the currently selected language (specified via a menu option).

As you move your cursor over an option in a menu, information about that option is displayed at the bottom of the screen.

Click Back to return to the previous menu. Click Exit (or press ) to exit the utility partition. Exiting the utility causes the system to reboot to the standard operating-system boot partition.

Table 1, Utility-Partition Menu Options, provides a sample list and explanation of the options that appear on the utility partition menu even when the Dell OpenManage Server Assistant CD is not in the CD-ROM drive. The options displayed on your system may vary depending on the configuration.

NOTE: Although most options are available from both the Dell OpenManage Server Assistant CD and the utility partition, some options or features, such as those for accessing online documentation, are available only from the CD. The Run System Diagnostics option is only available from the utility partition.

Table 1. Utility-Partition Menu Options Option Description Choose a Language: Deutsch, English, Espaol, Franais, Japanese

Allows the user to select the language in which menus and messages are displayed.

Configure the System: Run Resource

Configuration Utility

Runs the RCU.

Configure RAID Subsystem Runs the RAID controller configuration utility if the controller card is present on your system.

Run System Utilities: Run System Diagnostics Runs the system hardware diagnostics.

Upgrade Utility Partition

Allows the user to upgrade the utility partition (for example, add, remove, or change features installed on the partition).

Create Diskettes: Create Blank, Formatted Diskette Creates a blank, formatted diskette.

Create Utility and Diagnostics Diskettes:

Create Resource Configuration Utility Diskette

Creates a bootable diskette for running the RCU. The RCU detects expansion cards and slots, enabling automatic configuration.

Create RAID Configuration Utility Diskette

Creates a bootable diskette for running the RAID controller configuration utility (if the controller card is present on your system). The RAID configuration utility provides an alternative method for configuring the card.

Create Diagnostics diskette Creates a bootable diskette from which the hardware diagnostics can be run.

Create System Utility Diskette Creates a bootable diskette from which utilities, such as the Asset Tag utility, can be run.

NOTE: The options displayed on your system are dependent on your system configuration and may not include all of those listed here.

Running the System Diagnostics

The system diagnostics can be run from the utility partition or from a diskette, but not from the Dell OpenManage Server Assistant CD. From the Utility Partition menu, select Run System Utilities and then select Run System Diagnostics. To run the diagnostics from a diskette, select Create Diagnostics Diskette from the Utility Partition menu.

Before running the diagnostics, you should make a blank diskette and insert it in the diskette drive so the diagnostics programs can record critical messages and information as necessary. Use the Create Blank, Formatted Diskette option to create a formatted diskette. The system hardware diagnostics are described in "Running the Dell Diagnostics," in the Dell PowerEdge 1300 Systems Installation and Troubleshooting Guide.

Video Drivers

NOTES: The ATI video for the Microsoft Windows NT Server 4.0 operating system must be set up with a resolution of 640 x 480 pixels at installation.

Windows NT Server 4.0 Service Pack 3 must be installed before you can use the updated drivers for ATI video.

No video drivers need to be installed for Novell NetWare operating systems.

You need to install the video drivers for the operating system you install on your PowerEdge 1300 system unless they were installed by Dell. Use the following procedure to install the video drivers for Windows NT Server 4.0 and BackOffice Small Business Server (SBS). The Novell IntranetWare 4.x operating system provides a textual interface and does not require video drivers.

Installing Video Drivers for Windows NT Server 4.0and Microsoft BackOffice SBS

NOTE: Video drivers must be reinstalled after every installation of Windows NT Server 4.0 Service Pack 3.

Select Create Diskettes from the Dell OpenManage Server Assistant menu and then continue down the menu hierarchy by selecting the following categories: Create Operating System Support Diskettes; Create Windows NT Server 4.0 Diskettes; Create SCSI and Video Controller Drivers Diskette. Create a diskette of SCSI and video drivers for Windows NT 4.0.

After you make the diskette of the drivers, use the following procedure to install the video drivers:

1. Start Windows NT. 2. Log in as the administrator or as a user with administrative privileges.

For information on system administration, see the reference documentation for Windows NT. 3. Click the Start button, point to Settings, and click Control Panel. 4. Double-click the Display icon.

The Display Settings window appears. 5. Select the Settings tab. 6. Click Display Type and then click Change in the Adapter box.

A list of available video drivers is displayed. 7. Click Have Disk. 8. Insert the ATI installation diskette into the diskette drive; then click OK in the Install From Disk window. 9. Make sure that ATI Technologies Inc. 3D Rage IIC (the default) is selected in the video driver list, and click

Install. The Installing Drivers dialog box appears.

10. Click Yes to proceed. After the files are copied from the diskette, Windows NT prompts you to restart your system. Click OK and close all open windows.

11. Remove the video drivers diskette from the diskette drive and restart Windows NT. 12. Click the Start button, point to Settings, and click Control Panel. 13. Click the Display icon. The Display Settings window appears. 14. Set the desired resolution, number of colors, and refresh rate.

Asset Tag Utility

The Asset Tag utility allows you to enter an asset tag number for your system. The System Setup screens do not show the asset tag number unless you enter one using this utility.

NOTE: The Asset Tag utility works only on systems running MS-DOS.

Using the Asset Tag Utility

Use the following procedure to create a system utility diskette and boot the system:

1. If you have not already done so, create a bootable system utility diskette from the Dell OpenManage Server Assistant CD using the Create Resource Configuration Utility Diskette option.

2. Insert the diskette into the diskette drive and reboot the system.

NOTE: The Asset Tag utility diskette contains CD-ROM drivers that provide access to the CD-ROM drive when you boot from the diskette.

After you boot the system with the system utility diskette, you can use the Asset Tag utility to enter an asset tag number that you or your organization assigns to the system. You can also use the Asset Tag utility to reenter the system's service tag number if that becomes necessary.

You can view the asset tag number using the System Setup program as described in Using the System Setup Program.

Assigning and Deleting an Asset Tag Number

An asset tag number can have up to ten characters; any combination of characters, excluding spaces, is valid. To assign or change an asset tag number, type asset and a space followed by the new number; then press . For example, type the following command line and press :

asset 1234567890

When prompted to verify the asset tag number, type y and press . The system then displays the new or modified asset tag number and the service tag number.

To delete the asset tag number without assigning a new one, type asset /d and press .

Table 2, Asset Tag Command-Line Options, lists the command-line options you can use with the Asset Tag utility. To use one of these options, type asset and a space followed by the option.

Table 2. Asset Tag Command-Line Options Asset Tag Option Description /d Deletes the asset tag number /? Displays the Asset Tag utility help screen

Back to Contents Page

Back to Contents Page

Installing and Configuring SCSI Drivers: Dell PowerEdge 1300 Systems User's Guide

Overview | Dell-Installed Microsoft Windows NT Server 4.0, BackOffice Small Business Server (SBS), IntranetWare 4.11, or NetWare 5.0 | Customer-Installed Windows NT Server 4.0, BackOffice SBS, IntranetWare 4.11, or NetWare 5.0 | The SCSISelect Utility | Installation for Windows NT Server 4.0 | Installation for Novell IntranetWare 4.11 | Installation for Novell NetWare 5.0

Overview

The following sections describe how to install and configure the Dell small computer system interface (SCSI) device drivers included with your Dell PowerEdge 1300 computer system. These device drivers are designed to work with the embedded Adaptec AIC-7890 Ultra2/ low-voltage differential (LVD) SCSI-3 host adapter included with your system and with the optional AHA-2940U2W SCSI controller card.

NOTE: The term "host adapter" is used throughout this file to refer to the embedded AIC-7890 controller or the optional AHA-2940U2W SCSI controller card.

Dell-Installed Microsoft Windows NT Server 4.0, BackOffice Small Business Server (SBS), IntranetWare 4.11, or NetWare 5.0

If the Microsoft Windows NT, Microsoft BackOffice SBS, Novell IntranetWare 4.11, or Novell NetWare 5.0 operating system was installed by Dell, all of the SCSI drivers required by the PowerEdge 1300 system are preinstalled. You do not need to use the procedures in this file unless you need to reinstall the drivers at a later date.

Customer-Installed Windows NT Server 4.0, BackOffice SBS, IntranetWare 4.11, or NetWare 5.0

SCSI drivers are provided for the following operating systems:

Microsoft Windows NT Server 4.0 Microsoft BackOffice SBS Novell IntranetWare 4.11 (also called NetWare 4.11) and NetWare 5.0

See Using the Dell OpenManage Server Assistant CD for instructions on creating a diskette of drivers for your operating system. For instructions on configuring the SCSI device drivers, see the appropriate sections in this file.

The AIC-7890 host adapter supports up to two 1.6-inch and two 1-inch, or up to four 1-inch internal SCSI hard-disk drives in the system's removable drive cage.

The AIC-7890 host adapter and the optional AHA-2940U2W host adapter are part of the Adaptec 78xx series of SCSI controllers and use the 78xx series of SCSI device drivers provided by Dell. The Adaptec SCSI basic input/output system (BIOS), which is stored in your computer system's flash memory or on the AHA-2940U2W SCSI controller card, links these SCSI device drivers to the AIC-7890 controller chip or the optional AHA-2940U2W SCSI controller card.

If you are using an optional Dell PowerEdge Expandable RAID Controller, the corresponding SCSI device drivers are installed at the same time as the SCSI device drivers for the AIC-7890 and AHA-2940U2W host adapters. You can also refer to your Dell PowerEdge Expandable RAID Controller documentation for information on installing your SCSI device drivers. For instructions on configuring the SCSI device drivers for redundant arrays of independent disks (RAID) controllers, see the appropriate sections in this file.

For instructions on installing SCSI hardware devices such as hard-disk drives, tape drives, or CD-ROM drives, trained service technicians should see "Installing Drives in the External Bays," and "Installing Hard-Disk Drives" in the Installation and Troubleshooting Guide. After the SCSI devices are installed, you may need to install and configure one or more SCSI device drivers so that your SCSI devices can communicate with your operating system.

The SCSISelect Utility

The BIOS for the built-in AIC-7890 SCSI controller includes the menu-driven SCSISelect configuration utility, which allows you to change SCSI controller settings without opening the computer. SCSISelect also contains SCSI disk utilities that let you low-level format or verify the disk media of your SCSI hard-disk drives.

Starting the SCSISelect Utility

You can start the SCSISelect utility by pressing

when the following prompt appears briefly during start-up:

Press
for SCSISelect (TM) Utility.

The first menu displays two options:

Configure/View Host Adapter Settings SCSI Disk Utilities

Using SCSI Select Menus

SCSISelect uses menus to list options you can select. To select an option, use the up- and down-arrow keys to move the cursor to the option; then press .

In some cases, selecting an option displays another menu. You can return to the previous menu at any time by pressing . To restore the original SCSISelect defaults, press .

Configure/View Host Adapter Settings

Select Configure/View Host Adapter Settings to display the current settings for the SCSI bus interface, boot device options, SCSI device/configuration, and advanced host adapter. Before changing the settings, review the list of settings in Table 1, SCSI Controller Defaults, and the descriptions of the settings in the subsections that follow Table 1.

SCSI Disk Utilities

To access the SCSI disk utilities, select SCSI Disk Utilities from the menu that appears when you start SCSISelect. When the option is selected, SCSISelect immediately scans the SCSI bus (to determine what devices are installed) and displays a list of all SCSI IDs and the device assigned to each ID.

When you select a specific ID and device, a small menu displaying the Format Disk and Verify Disk Media options appears.

CAUTION: The Format Disk option destroys all data on the hard-disk drive.

Format Disk This option runs a utility that allows you to perform a low-level format on a hard-disk drive. Most SCSI disk drives are formatted at the factory and do not need to be formatted again. The Adaptec Format Disk utility is compatible with the vast majority of SCSI hard-disk drives.

Verify Disk Media This option runs a utility that allows you to scan the hard-disk drive for defects. If the utility finds bad blocks, it prompts you to reassign them; if you select Yes, those blocks are no longer used. You can press at any time to exit the utility.

Exiting SCSISelect

To exit SCSISelect, press until a message prompts you to exit. (If you changed any 78 xx series host adapter settings, you are prompted to save the changes before you exit.) At the prompt, select Yes to exit and then press any key to reboot the computer. Any changes you made in SCSISelect take effect after the computer boots. (You can select No at the prompt if you are not ready to exit SCSISelect.)

SCSISelect Defaults

The defaults for the optional Adaptec AHA-2940U2W SCSI controller and the built-in AIC-7890 SCSI controller are shown in Table 1, SCSI Controller Defaults. These defaults are appropriate for most Peripheral Component Interconnect (PCI) systems. Run SCSISelect only if you need to change any of the defaults.

NOTE: The SCSISelect Utility must be run for the AIC-7890 controller if you need to change the configuration settings.

To change any of the defaults, see Configure/View Host Adapter Settings. To format or verify a disk, see SCSI Disk Utilities.

Table 1. SCSI Controller Defaults Option Defaults for AIC-7890 and 2940U2W Host Adapters SCSI Bus Interface Definitions: Host Adapter SCSI ID 7 SCSI Parity Checking Enabled Host Adapter SCSI Termination Enabled Boot Device Options: Boot Target ID 0 Boot LUN Number 0 SCSI Device/Configuration Settings: Initiate Sync Negotiation Yes Maximum Sync Transfer Rate (MB/sec) 80 Enable Disconnection Yes Initiate Wide Negotiation Yes Send Start Unit Yes BIOS Multiple LUN Support No Include in BIOS Scan Yes Advanced Host Adapter: Reset SCSI Bus at IC Initialization Enabled

Extended BIOS Translation For DOS Drives > 1 GB Enabled Host Adapter BIOS Enabled Support Removable Disks Under BIOS As Fixed Disks Boot Only Display
Message During BIOS Initialization Enabled BIOS Support For Bootable CD-ROM Enabled BIOS Support For Int13 Extensions Enabled NOTE: For the full name of an abbreviation or acronym used in this table, see the Glossary.

SCSI Bus Interface Definitions

The basic host adapter settings are the SCSISelect settings most likely to require modification:

Host Adapter SCSI ID This option sets the host adapter's SCSI ID. The default is 7, which allows the host adapter to support narrow SCSI devices in addition to wide SCSI devices. Dell recommends that you leave the host adapter set to SCSI ID 7. SCSI Parity Checking This option determines whether the host adapter verifies the accuracy of data transfer on the SCSI bus. Most SCSI devices support SCSI parity, so the default is Enabled. You should disable SCSI Parity Checking if any SCSI device connected to the host adapter does not support SCSI parity. If you are unsure if a device supports SCSI parity, consult the documentation for the device. Host Adapter SCSI Termination This option sets termination on the host adapter. The default is Enabled. Dell recommends that you leave this option set to the default.

Boot Device Options

Boot Device Options allows you to specify the device from which to boot your system:

Boot Target ID This option specifies the SCSI ID of the device from which you boot your system. SCSI IDs are set for the hard-disk drive according to the drive's location on the backplane board for the SCSI ID of each drive location. The default for Boot Target ID is 0. Boot LUN Number If your boot device has multiple logical unit numbers (LUNs) and Multiple LUN Support is enabled (see Advanced Host Adapter Settings), this option allows you to specify a particular LUN from which to boot on your boot device. The default is 0.

SCSI Device/Configuration Settings

SCSI Device/Configuration Settings allows you to configure certain parameters for each device on the SCSI bus. To configure a specific device, you must know the SCSI ID assigned to that device. If you are not sure of the SCSI ID, see SCSI Disk Utilities.

Initiate Sync Negotiation This option determines whether the host adapter initiates synchronous data transfer negotiation (sync negotiation) between itself and the device. The default is Yes.

Sync negotiation is a SCSI feature that allows the host adapter and its attached SCSI devices to transfer data in synchronous mode. Synchronous data transfer is faster than asynchronous data transfer.

The host adapter always responds to sync negotiation if the SCSI device initiates it. If neither the host adapter nor the SCSI device initiates sync negotiation, data is transferred asynchronously.

Normally, you should leave Initiate Sync Negotiation enabled (a setting of Yes), because most SCSI devices support sync negotiation and because it allows for faster data transfer.

NOTE: Some older SCSI-1 devices do not support sync negotiation. This may cause your computer to operate erratically or hang if Initiate Sync Negotiation is set to Yes. Set Initiate Sync Negotiation to No for these devices.

Maximum Sync Transfer Rate (MB/sec) This option sets the maximum synchronous data transfer rate that the host adapter supports. The host adapter supports rates up to 80 megabytes per second (MB/sec). The default for the Adaptec AIC-7890 and 2940U2W host adapters is 80.

If the host adapter is set so that it does not negotiate for synchronous data transfer, the maximum synchronous transfer rate is the maximum rate that the host adapter accepts from the device during negotiation. (This is standard SCSI protocol.)

Enable Disconnection This option (sometimes called disconnect/reconnect) determines whether the host adapter allows the SCSI device to disconnect from the SCSI bus. Enabling disconnection allows the host adapter to perform other operations on the SCSI bus while the SCSI device is temporarily disconnected. The default is Yes.

Leave Enable Disconnection set to Yes if two or more SCSI devices are connected to the host adapter. This optimizes SCSI bus performance. If only one SCSI device is connected to the host adapter, set Enable Disconnection to No to achieve slightly better performance.

Initiate Wide Negotiation This option determines whether the host adapter attempts 16-bit data transfer instead of 8-bit data transfer. The default for AIC-7890 and 2940U2W host adapters is Yes.

NOTE: Some 8-bit SCSI devices may have trouble handling wide negotiation, which may result in erratic behavior or a hang condition. For these devices, set Initiate Wide Negotiation to No.

When this option is set to Yes, the host adapter attempts 16-bit transfer. When this option is set to No, 8-bit data transfer is used unless the SCSI device itself requests wide negotiation. The effective transfer rate is doubled when 16-bit data transfer is used because the data path for wide SCSI is twice the size of normal 8-bit SCSI.

Send Start Unit This option determines whether the start unit command is sent to the SCSI device during the boot routine. The default is Yes.

Setting this option to Yes reduces the load on your computer's power supply by allowing the host adapter to start SCSI devices one at a time when you boot your system. When this option is set to No, the devices are allowed to start at the same time. Most devices require you to set a jumper before they can respond to this command.

NOTE: For many devices, if Send Start Unit is set to Yes, the boot routine time will vary depending on how long it takes each drive to start.

BIOS Multiple LUN Support This option provides support for peripherals that contain multiple SCSI devices, such as RAID subsystems and CD-ROM changers. The default is No.

Include in BIOS Scan This option enables you to set whether the system BIOS scans this device during system start-up. The default is Yes.

Advanced Host Adapter Settings

Advanced Host Adapter settings should not be changed unless absolutely necessary. These values are set by Dell and changing them may cause conflicts with the SCSI devices.

Reset SCSI Bus at IC Initialization This option enables the SCSI bus to be reset when the controller

(integrated circuit [IC]) is initialized. The default is Enabled. Extended BIOS Translation For DOS Drives > 1 GB This option determines whether extended translation is available for SCSI hard-disk drives with capacities greater than 1 gigabyte (GB). The default is Enabled.

CAUTION: Back up your hard-disk drive before you change the translation scheme. All data is erased when you change from one translation scheme to another.

The standard translation scheme for SCSI host adapters provides a maximum accessible capacity of 1 GB. To support hard-disk drives larger than 1 GB, the 78xx series host adapters include an extended translation scheme that supports hard-disk drives as large as 8 GB, with a maximum partition size of 2 GB under the MS-DOS operating system.

Extended BIOS translation is used only with MS-DOS 5.0 or later. It is not necessary to enable this setting if you are using another operating system such as Novell NetWare.

When you partition a hard-disk drive larger than 1 GB, use the MS-DOS fdisk utility as you normally would. Because the cylinder size increases to 8 MB under extended translation, the partition size you choose must be a multiple of 8 MB. If you request a size that is not a multiple of 8 MB, fdisk rounds up to the nearest whole multiple of 8 MB.

Host Adapter BIOS This option enables or disables the host adapter BIOS. The default is Enabled. NOTE: Several SCSISelect options are not valid unless the host adapter BIOS is enabled.

If you are booting from a SCSI hard-disk drive connected to the host adapter, the BIOS must be enabled. You should disable the host adapter BIOS if the peripherals on the SCSI bus (for example, tape drives) are all controlled by device drivers and do not need the BIOS.

Support Removable Disks Under BIOS As Fixed Disks This option controls which removable-media drives are supported by the host adapter BIOS. The default is Boot Only. The following choices are available.

CAUTION: If a removable-media SCSI device is controlled by the host adapter BIOS, do not remove the media while the drive is on or you may lose data. If you want to be able to remove media while the drive is on, install your removable-media device driver and set this option to Disabled.

Boot Only Only the removable-media drive designated as the boot device is treated as a hard-disk drive. All Disks All removable-media drives supported by the BIOS are treated as hard-disk drives. Disabled No removable-media drives are treated as hard-disk drives. In this situation, software drivers are needed because the drives are not controlled by the BIOS. Display
Message During BIOS Initialization
This option determines whether the Press
for SCSISelect (TM) Utility. message appears on your screen during system start-up. The default is Enabled. If this setting is Disabled, you can still run the SCSISelect utility by pressing
after the host adapter BIOS banner appears. BIOS Support For Bootable CD-ROM This option determines whether the host adapter BIOS provides support for booting from a CD-ROM drive. The default is Enabled. BIOS Support For Int13 Extensions This option determines whether the host adapter BIOS supports disks with more than 1024 cylinders. The default is Enabled.

Installation for Windows NT Server 4.0

This section provides the following information about the Dell SCSI drivers for Windows NT:

Installing the SCSI drivers Removing a host adapter Swapping a host adapter

Troubleshooting a configuration if Windows NT fails to boot

NOTE: Refer to the Dell Microsoft Windows NT Server 4.0 Operating System Quick Installation Guide for instructions for installing or reinstalling the Windows NT operating system on your server. The following procedures focus specifically on the installation of SCSI drivers.

Installation Overview

The Windows NT driver diskettes you create for the Microsoft Windows NT Server operating system contain a number of files needed for driver installation. The following files are included on the diskettes:

aic78u2.sys Adaptec's driver for the 7890 SCSI controller and the AHA-2940U2W host adapter for Windows NT oemsetup.inf A file used by Windows NT Setup for driver installation readme.txt A text file describing the Adaptec 78xx driver for Windows NT

If you have an optional RAID controller, you will also be using the pedge.sys file, the Windows NT driver for the RAID controller. Depending upon the RAID controller you have, the driver may be on the Dell OpenManage Server Assistant CD or on a separate diskette included with the shipment.

Installing SCSI Drivers

To install the SCSI drivers at the same time you are installing Windows NT, use the following procedure. If you have not already done so, use the Dell OpenManage Server Assistant CD to create the Windows NT SCSI and video controller drivers diskette.

NOTE: If you have a RAID controller installed, you may have a RAID driver diskette included with your shipment. If so, use that diskette as noted during this procedure. If not, use the Dell OpenManage Server Assistant CD to create the RAID driver diskette.

1. Boot from the Microsoft Windows NT Server CD. NOTE: In the following step, there is no prompt to press . Watch the messages on the screen carefully.

2. Press immediately when the following message is displayed: Setup is inspecting your computer's hardware configuration... This command disables automatic detection of SCSI devices by Windows NT. The following message appears: Setup could not determine the type of one or more mass storage devices installed in your system, or you have chosen to manually specify an adapter. A menu offers options for using a driver diskette or not specifying a device.

3. Press for the Specify Additional Device option. A list of supported SCSI host adapters appears.

4. Select Other and press . 5. Insert the Windows NT driver diskette or the RAID controller driver diskette into the diskette drive and press

. NOTE: Do not install video drivers at this time. They must be installed after Windows NT Service Pack 3.0 is installed.

6. Select the host adapter from the list. For the AIC-7890 and AHA-2940U2W host adapters, select Adaptec AHA-294xU2/295xU2/AIC-789x PCI Ultra 2 SCSI Controller (NT 4.0). For the RAID controller, select PowerEdge RAID II NT Driver or another RAID driver.

7. Press . The driver is copied from the diskette to your system.

8. Repeat steps 4 through 8 for each SCSI host adapter installed on the system. If a driver supports more than one host adapter, the driver only needs to be installed one time.

9. Press to continue with Windows NT Setup. 10. When you are prompted to install the Adaptec 7800 Family Manager Set for Windows NT 4.0, use the SCSI and

video controller driver diskette you created for Windows NT from the Dell OpenManage Server Assistant CD. 11. When you are prompted to install the RAID controllers, use the RAID driver diskette you created for Windows

NT from the Dell OpenManage Server Assistant CD. 12. Click Yes when prompted to restart the system, and remove the diskette from the diskette drive.

After the system reboots, the new drivers are active. Some drive assignments may have changed from the previous configuration. Be sure to complete the Windows NT installation by performing the following tasks:

Install Windows NT Service Pack 3.0 Install the accelerated graphics port (AGP) video drivers Install network interface controller (NIC) drivers

Refer to the Windows NT installation documentation for details.

Removing a Host Adapter

CAUTION: If you have removed a host adapter but still have other host adapters of the same type installed in your computer, do not remove the device driver. The other host adapters still need the driver to function properly.

To remove a PCI SCSI controller, remove the expansion card from its slot when your computer is shut down. Windows NT boots and functions properly in this configuration. However, if an unused device driver remains on the system, a warning message is generated and an entry is made into the system log file every time you boot Windows NT. To eliminate the warning message, you must update the Windows NT software configuration as follows:

1. Click the Start button, point to Settings, and click Control Panel. 2. Double-click the SCSI Adapter icon.

The SCSI Adapter window appears. 3. Select the Drivers tab. A list of all installed host adapters appears. 4. Highlight the driver to be removed. 5. When you are sure you are removing the correct host adapter, click Remove.

Because SCSI device drivers are loaded during system start-up and because they may be needed to load Windows NT itself, a message may appear warning you that Windows NT may not start if you remove the SCSI adapter.

6. Confirm the removal by clicking Yes. 7. Return to step 3 if you want to remove driver support for other types of host adapters, or click OK to continue. 8. When the following message appears, click OK to exit the Control Panel:

The changes you have made will not take effect until the computer is restarted. If this message does not appear, no changes have been made to the Windows NT system configuration.

9. Restart your computer.

Swapping a Host Adapter

The procedure for swapping a host adapter depends upon whether the new host adapter uses the same device driver as the previous one.

If the same device driver is used, shut down the computer, physically swap out the host adapter, and restart the computer. The device driver for the previous host adapter will function correctly for the new host adapter. For example, because both the AIC-7890 host adapter and the AHA-2940U2W host adapter use the Adaptec aic78u2.sys driver, you

can physically swap out those host adapters with no change in the device driver.

If the new host adapter does not use the same device driver as the previous one, add the device driver for the new host adapter while Windows NT is running and then make the hardware changes. Follow these steps to swap host adapters:

1. Install the device driver for the new host adapter. 2. Click the Start button, point to Settings, and click Control Panel. 3. Double-click the SCSI Adapter icon.

The SCSI Adapter window appears. 4. Click the Drivers tab. A list of all installed host adapters appears. 5. Highlight the driver to be added or insert the diskette containing the driver. 6. Click Add. 7. Shut down Windows NT and replace the existing host adapter. 8. Restart your computer and Windows NT.

Some drive assignments may have changed from the previous configuration.

It is not essential to remove the device driver for the host adapter you are replacing. Windows NT dynamically detects the absence or presence of host adapter hardware, and no problems should arise if you leave the existing device driver installed. You can remove the device driver later, after you have successfully rebooted Windows NT. However, if you leave the driver in, each time you boot the system you may receive an error message about the extra device driver. See Removing a Host Adapter.

Troubleshooting for Windows NT Server 4.0

The boot manager for Windows NT contains recovery logic to allow you to return to the last known good configuration. If you have changed your host adapter configuration and Windows NT no longer boots, perform these steps to recover:

1. Undo any hardware changes you have made to the computer since it was last operational. 2. Reboot the computer.

Watch the display carefully during start-up. If the following message appears, press the spacebar, press at the next screen, and then follow the instructions on the screen to continue booting with the last known good configuration: Press spacebar NOW to invoke the Last Known Good menu

3. When your computer is operational again, check all of the hardware and software configuration changes you want to make. Look specifically for conflicts with parts of the existing system configuration that are not being changed.

If you cannot determine the source of the error, contact Dell for assistance. See "Getting Help" in the Installation and Troubleshooting Guide for instructions on contacting Dell for technical assistance.

Installation for Novell IntranetWare 4.11

This section provides the following information about installing the Dell SCSI drivers for IntranetWare:

Creating the IntranetWare driver diskettes Preparing the hard-disk drive Installing SCSI drivers during IntranetWare installation Installing the Dell-supplied Novell patches and Support Pack 5 IntranetWare support from sources other than Dell Installing SMP support Using startup.ncf and autoexec.ncf Using removable media

Troubleshooting for IntranetWare

Installation Overview

The Dell SCSI drivers for IntranetWare support the optional Adaptec AHA-2940U2W and all Adaptec 78xx series SCSI controllers, are fully tested and approved for IntranetWare, and are available on the Dell OpenManage Server Assistant CD. You will need to create IntranetWare 4.11 diskettes containing these drivers if you have not already done so. Using the Dell OpenManage Server Assistant CD provides instructions for creating these diskettes.

The IntranetWare driver diskettes you create contain a number of files used by IntranetWare. During the IntranetWare installation process, you will be asked to select or use the following files:

aic78u2.ham IntranetWare driver for the AIC-7890 and AHA-2940U2W host adapters

If you have an optional RAID controller, you will also be using the pedge4x.ham file, the IntranetWare driver for the RAID controller. Depending upon the RAID controller you have, the driver may be on the Dell OpenManage Server Assistant CD or on a separate diskette included with the shipment.

In addition, the IntranetWare driver diskettes contain the driver-definition information files for both the 78xx Ultra2 SCSI series host adapters and the AHA-2940U2W host adapter. These files provide setup information to IntranetWare during installation so that IntranetWare can prompt you with parameters to be configured for these device drivers.

NOTE: Your system must have a bootable version of MS-DOS or Caldera DR-DOS installed before you can complete the IntranetWare installation.

After creating the driver diskettes, you will need to prepare the hard-disk drive and then install IntranetWare 4.11. Once IntranetWare is installed, you can then install Dell-supplied Novell patches and Support Pack 5, as well as SMP support. The following subsections describe these procedures in detail.

NOTE: If the server has a RAID controller installed, you must set up the RAID controller and drives in a valid configuration before you perform the procedures in the following subsections. Refer to the RAID controller documentation to configure the controller and drives, and then return to this section.

Creating the IntranetWare 4.11 Driver Diskettes

If you have not already done so, use the Dell OpenManage Server Assistant CD to create the IntranetWare SCSI and RAID drivers diskette. Using the Dell OpenManage Server Assistant CD provides instructions for creating the diskette.

If you have a RAID controller installed, you may have a RAID driver diskette included with your shipment. If so, use that diskette as the source of your RAID driver rather than the SCSI and RAID drivers diskette created from the Dell OpenManage Server Assistant CD.

NOTE: Label all driver diskettes. (For example, label it "IntranetWare 4.11 Driver Updates").

Once the diskettes are created, continue to the next subsection, "Preparing the Hard-Disk Drive for IntranetWare Installation."

Preparing the Hard-Disk Drive

To prepare the hard-disk drive for IntranetWare installation, you must create a utility partition on the drive, create the primary MS-DOS partition, format the MS-DOS partition, create the c:\dos and c:\scsi subdirectories, and install certain system files.

You do not need to create a utility partition if you are installing IntranetWare on your system for the first time. Dell shipped your system with the utility partition already created on the hard-disk drive; you can proceed to create the primary MS-DOS partition on the drive. If you are reinstalling IntranetWare, you will need to delete the utility partition and recreate it.

CAUTION: Do not perform these procedures if Dell installed IntranetWare 4.11 on your system. The Dell- installed version of IntranetWare already contains the SCSI drivers you need. If you partition and format drives that already contain data, the data will be overwritten and cannot be retrieved.

Perform these steps to prepare the hard-disk drive using the Dell OpenManage Server Assistant and Dell IntranetWare Support CDs:

1. Perform the following steps to create a utility partition: a. Insert the Dell OpenManage Server Assistant CD into the server's CD-ROM drive and turn on (or reboot)

the system. b. From the Dell OpenManage Server Assistant CD, select Create Utility Partition and press . c. At the Welcome screen, select OK and press . d. At the message Installation completed successfully, select OK and press . e. Select Exit and press . f. At the Exit Confirmation dialog box, remove the Dell OpenManage Server Assistant CD, insert the Dell

IntranetWare Support CD, select OK, and press to reboot the server. 2. From the Dell IntranetWare Support menu, type 1 to select Create a primary DOS partition. 3. From the Hard-Drive Preparation menu, type 2 to select Run FDISK in automated mode.

NOTE: Dell recommends running the fdisk utility in automated mode unless you need to specify a different size for the primary MS-DOS partition. Running the fdisk utility in automated mode creates a 25-MB partition.

4. At the Warning screen, read the information and type y to continue. 5. The program partitions and then reboots the system. 6. From the Dell IntranetWare Support menu, type 2 to select Format primary DOS partition. 7. When prompted, type y and press to proceed with the format. 8. From the Dell IntranetWare Support menu, type 3 to select Copy DOS System Files to Hard-Drive. 9. Read the message that appears and type y to continue.

The message file transfer complete appears and you are returned to the a:\ prompt. 10. Remove the Dell IntranetWare Support CD from the drive and press to reboot the system.

Your hard-disk drive has been prepared for IntranetWare installation. Continue to the next section.

Installing SCSI Drivers During IntranetWare 4.11 Installation

This section describes how to install the aic78u2.ham driver at the same time you install IntranetWare. If you have a RAID controller, you should also install the pedge4xx.ham driver during this process.

If IntranetWare is already installed and you want to install or update the aic78u2.ham driver, refer to the IntranetWare User's Guide for installation instructions. Also, refer to the IntranetWare User's Guide for information about partitioning, creating a server name, and checking the Internetwork Packet eXchange (IPX) network number.

Follow these steps only if you are upgrading to IntranetWare or installing it for the first time:

1. Make backup copies of all IntranetWare diskettes and use those backup copies as your working diskettes. 2. Start up the server. 3. Insert the Novell IntranetWare CD into the CD-ROM drive. 4. Change to the CD-ROM drive prompt (the installation files are located in the root directory on the CD-ROM

drive).

5. Type install and press . 6. Select a language at the language selection screen and press . 7. Read and accept the license agreement to continue installation. 8. Select NetWare Server Installation as the type of installation and press . 9. Select NetWare 4.11 as the product to install and press .

10. Press to view detailed explanations of the installation and upgrade options, select between a simple or custom installation, and press .

11. When prompted, type a name for the server and press . 12. When prompted to install NetWare SMP, select No and press .

NOTE: Even if you plan to install IntranetWare SMP, select No at this screen. The IntranetWare Support Pack 4 or later must be applied before IntranetWare SMP can be installed. To apply IntranetWare Support Pack 5, see Installing the Dell-Supplied Novell Patches and Support Pack 5.

The system searches for existing device drivers and hardware.

13. Press to continue through the next few screens until the Choose the Server Drivers screen appears. 14. Select Select/Edit Disk or LAN drivers and press . 15. Select Disk and CD-ROM Drivers as the type of driver to install and press .

A list of installed drivers appears. NOTE: Do not use the SCSI driver for the AIC-7860 host adapter that appears in the list of installed drivers.

16. Press to install an unlisted driver. 17. Insert the backup copy of the IntranetWare 4.11 SCSI and RAID driver diskette into the diskette drive and press

to continue. A list of drivers on the diskette appears.

NOTE: If you have not already created this diskette, see Using the Dell OpenManage Server Assistant CD for instructions.

18. Select the aic78u2.ham driver and press . The driver is copied to the hard-disk drive.

NOTES: Specific help text for each driver appears in the middle of the screen as you scroll down the list. The Loaded Drivers window below the list of available drivers displays the names of drivers that are loaded and operational. For a new installation, this list is initially empty. For a selective installation, the list shows the drivers already running.

If you have two controllers that use the same driver, such as two Adaptec AIC-7890 host adapters, you must load the same driver twice once for each controller.

19. At the Save existing file Y/N prompt, type y or n as necessary and press . 20. Press to switch to the console prompt, type load aic78u2.ham, and press

A list of slot numbers separated by commas is displayed. 21. Write down all supported slot numbers listed and press to clear the command line. Press to

return to the installation screen. 22. Select the field for the slot number, type the slot number for the driver, and press . 23. Select Save parameters and continue, and then press . 24. When prompted to select an additional disk driver, select No and press , unless you have a RAID

controller card installed. NOTE: If you have a RAID controller installed, you may have a RAID driver diskette included with your shipment. If so, return to step 17 and use that diskette as the source of your RAID driver. If not, repeat steps 18 through 24 for the pedge4x.ham driver, as well.

25. You now need to install the appropriate network adapter driver. From the Additional Driver Actions menu, select Continue Installation and press . The Network (LAN) Driver box is highlighted.

26. Press again to display a list of installed local area network (LAN) drivers. 27. Press to install an unlisted driver.

28. Insert the backup copy of the IntranetWare 4.11 NIC driver diskette into the diskette drive and press to continue. A list of LAN drivers on the diskette appears.

29. Note and select the name of the driver you need to install and press . The driver is copied to the hard-disk drive.

30. At the Save existing file Y/N prompt, type y or n as necessary and press . A LAN driver configuration screen appears.

31. Press to switch to the console prompt, type load driver_filename, and press . A list of slot numbers separated by commas is displayed.

32. Write down all slot numbers that are listed and press to clear the command line. Press to return to the installation screen.

33. Type the appropriate values for the configuration parameters, including the slot number for the network adapter, pressing after each entry.

34. Select Save parameters and continue, and then press . 35. Repeat steps 25 through 34 for each network adapter in your system. 36. Select Continue Installation and press to create disk partitions, system volumes, and NetWare Directory

Services according to the instructions provided in the IntranetWare User's Guide. 37. If prompted to edit the startup.ncf file, find the entry load sgscsi.cdm and replace it with load scsihd.cdm. Verify

that the load command line and slot number for your host adapter are listed correctly in the startup.ncf file.

For further information about editing the startup.ncf file, see Using startup.ncf and autoexec.ncf.

Your SCSI drivers have been installed. Continue to the next section.

Installing the Dell-Supplied Novell Patches and Support Pack 5

If you purchased IntranetWare from Dell, the required Novell patches (including the latest revision of the IntranetWare Support Pack recommended by Dell) are provided on the Dell IntranetWare Support CD.

To install the patches supplied on the Dell IntranetWare Support CD, follow these steps:

1. Start IntranetWare. 2. Insert the Dell IntranetWare Support CD into the server's CD-ROM drive. 3. At the console prompt, type load cdrom and press . 4. Type cd mount nwscd and press . 5. Type nwscd:\dpatch and press .

A menu lists several patches (including the IntranetWare Support Pack 5), a backup option for the files being replaced by the IntranetWare Support Pack 5, and a reboot option. Dell recommends that you accept the defaults as displayed.

6. Read the list of options and press to accept them. The program copies files to your hard-disk drive.

7. At the message IntranetWare Support Package installation is complete! , press . 8. At the console prompt, type down and press to return to "downed server" mode. 9. At the console prompt, type exit to return to the MS-DOS prompt.

10. Remove the Dell IntranetWare Support CD. 11. Reboot the server.

IntranetWare 4.11 From Sources Other Than Dell

If you purchased IntranetWare 4.11 from a source other than Dell, you must apply the IntranetWare Support Pack version 4 or later before IntranetWare SMP can be installed.

The current IntranetWare Support Pack is version 5 and is an MS-DOS-executable patch file (iwsp5b.exe) available for

download from Novell's World Wide Web site at www.novell.com. For complete instructions on applying IntranetWare Support Pack 5, refer to the Novell documentation.

To install the IntranetWare Support Pack 5, perform the following steps:

1. Start IntranetWare. 2. Load the Support Pack file onto a workstation that is attached to the PowerEdge server. 3. Copy the Support Pack file to a volume on the server. 4. Expand the file by typing iwsp5b.exe, and press . 5. Follow the directions in the iwsp5b.txt file included with the Support Pack.

When Support Pack 5 has been applied, you can install SMP on your system.

Installing SMP Support

NOTE: Before SMP can be installed on your system, you must apply the IntranetWare Support Pack 4 or later to the IntranetWare operating system. See Installing the Dell-Supplied Novell Patches and Support Pack 5.

To add SMP support to your IntranetWare installation, perform the following steps:

1. Start IntranetWare. 2. At the IntranetWare console prompt, type Load install and press . 3. At the installation screen that appears, select Multi CPU Options and press . 4. At the SMP Installation Options screen, select Select a Platform Support-Module and press . 5. At the Select a Driver screen, select MPS14.PSM and press .

A confirmation screen asks if you want to load the selected module. 6. Select Yes and press .

A message screen appears. 7. Press to continue and then to exit to the console prompt. 8. Type down to shut down the server and then type exit to exit to MS-DOS. 9. Reboot the system to enable SMP support.

Using startup.ncf and autoexec.ncf

The startup.ncf and autoexec.ncf files contain a set of commands that are executed during the boot routine. The startup.ncf file contains commands to load the disk drivers. Once startup.ncf loads disk drivers, control is passed to the autoexec.ncf file to complete the boot routine. For additional information on the startup.ncf and autoexec.ncf files, refer to your IntranetWare documentation.

To automatically load the aic78u2.ham driver during the boot routine, the startup.ncf file must contain a load command line that specifies the location of the driver on the hard-disk drive and any available options. To find the slot number, type load c:\nwserver\aic78u2.ham at the console prompt and press . A list of slot numbers separated by commas is displayed. (If that command line does not yield a list of slot numbers, type the command line load a:\scsi\aic78u2.ham.) Press to clear the command line.

NOTE: To load the driver from your hard-disk drive, the aic78u2.ham driver and nwaspi.cdm module must be copied from your IntranetWare driver diskette to a directory on your hard-disk drive (usually the server's start-up directory [for example, c:\nwserver]).

The syntax to load the aic78u2.ham driver is as follows:

load [pathname]\aic78u2.ham [options] slot=x

For example, type the following command line to load the driver from the c:\nwserver directory with the verbose=

option on and a slot number of 10002:

load c:\nwserver\aic78u2.ham verbose=y slot=10002

NOTE: For each Adaptec 78xx host adapter installed, a separate load command line must be included in the startup.ncf file. The slot number (slot=) identifies the specific adapter.

To modify the startup.ncf file, follow these steps:

1. At the IntranetWare prompt, type install and press . 2. Choose the menu selection that allows you to edit the startup.ncf file. 3. Make the necessary changes. When you are finished, press .

Using Removable Media

The aha2940.ham driver module fully supports removable-media disk drives, including magneto-optical drives. Removable media is treated as a standard SCSI hard-disk drive, with the following exceptions:

The driver only recognizes and registers media with 512 bytes per sector. IntranetWare allows you to mount or dismount the media and lock or unlock the media.

These removable-media options are supported by IntranetWare's monitor.nlm program.

To set up the removable media, follow these steps:

1. Load monitor.nlm to display the various options. 2. Select Disk Information.

A list of system hard-disk drives appears. 3. Select the removable-media device.

Drive status items appear as shown in Table 2, Drive Status Items.

Table 2. Drive Status Items Menu Option Default

Volume Segments on Drive1 Select for a list

Read After Write Verify1 Hardware Level

Drive Light Status1 Not supported

Drive Operating Status1 Active

Removable Drive Mount Status2 Mounted

Removable Drive Lock Status2 Not Locked 1 Valid for both removable and nonremovable SCSI drives 2 Valid for removable media only

Verify Status

Read After Write Verify (the second menu option in the table) is set to Hardware Level by default. This option cannot be specified in the startup.ncf or autoexec.ncf file. The available settings are defined in Table 3, Read After Write Verify Settings.

Table 3. Read After Write Verify Settings

Option Setting Function Disabled All writes to SCSI disk drives are executed with the SCSI Write command (0Ah or 2Ah).

Hardware Level

All writes to SCSI disk drives are executed with the SCSI Write and Verify command (2Eh) or (if this command is not supported by the drive) with the SCSI Write command (0Ah or 2Ah), followed by the SCSI Verify command (2Fh).

Software Level Not supported.

Mount Status

Mounting causes a drive to come online as an IntranetWare storage device. Dismounted drives are inactive and cannot be accessed.

Before you eject your current media, you should first dismount it by selecting Removable Drive Mount Status. When the mount status is Dismounted, you can eject the media. However, IntranetWare does not allow you to dismount media that are locked.

To insert your new media, wait for the drive to spin up, and then select the Removable Drive Mount Status option.

Lock Status

If your removable-media device supports the lock/unlock feature, you can lock the media by selecting Removable Drive Mount Status. The media must be in the Not Locked state before you can eject it. If the media is locked, it cannot be ejected when you press the eject button.

Using Drives Tested and Approved for IntranetWare

To be fully certified as IntranetWare "Yes, Tested and Approved," a drive and host adapter must both pass a qualification process that takes place before you see the product. The goals of IntranetWare testing are to simplify installation and provide the highest quality disk subsystem.

Adaptec 78xx series host adapters and their drivers are fully tested and approved for IntranetWare. This means that you can purchase an IntranetWare drive (certified as "Yes, Tested and Approved") from a vendor, connect it to your system or host adapter, partition it, and create a volume without any compatibility concerns.

NOTE: Dell recommends using only Dell-tested drives.

Adaptec's aic78u2.ham driver module is flexible enough to allow you to connect SCSI drives that are tested and approved for IntranetWare, as well as standard SCSI drives, to a single host adapter. The driver registers each hard-disk drive accordingly.

Drive registration is a user-transparent process; no user interaction is required. You can tell that the drive has been detected as IntranetWare-tested and IntranetWare-approved if the message NetWare Yes Tested and Approved is included in the drive description string that appears when you run monitor.nlm (disk options).

Using the IntranetWare Tape Backup Utility

Included with IntranetWare is sbackup.nlm, a server-based tape backup utility that supports Adaptec host adapters and

that allows backup of server disk drives to a server tape drive. Server tape drives are attached either to the AIC-7890 host adapter or to a bundled 2940U2W expansion card. Use the following procedure to load the backup utility:

1. Load the SCSI adapter driver using the following syntax: load [pathname]\aic78u2.ham [options] slot=x

2. Refer to the IntranetWare documentation for additional instructions on loading the server backup software.

Optimizing Performance

The Adaptec 78xx SCSI bus-mastering firmware increases the SCSI performance of the Adaptec 78xx series host adapters under multitasking environments. The firmware uses a paging mechanism to handle up to 255 SCSI commands simultaneously. The sequencer can simultaneously manage up to 32 tagged, or 2 nontagged, SCSI commands for each SCSI device, up to a limit of 255 SCSI commands. The firmware can queue as many commands as the operating system is able to send to the host adapter. To set this feature, enter the following command:

max_tags=n

In general, a low number for the max_tags option gives better sequential performance. This value varies with the level of random disk accesses and drive characteristics.

NOTE: A large value for max_tags can cause "starvation" problems with some drives.

Troubleshooting for IntranetWare

Any error that occurs while the driver is initializing prevents the driver from loading. If an error does occur, the driver causes the system to beep and display a numbered error message such as the following:

xxx message

The xxx indicates the error code, and message is a line describing the error. The error codes are divided into three categories:

000-099 Not host-adapter specific 100-299 Host-adapter specific 300-999 Reserved

Specific error codes, such as those in the following subsections, appear only if you have installed the host adapters and drivers that generate them.

Error Codes That Are Not Host-Adapter Specific

The following error codes alert you to error conditions caused by factors not related to the host adapter:

000 Failed ParseDriverParameters call

A call to IntranetWare's ParseDriverParameters routine has failed for some unknown reason. The command line contains errors, or you pressed at the port or slot prompt.

001 Unable to reserve hardware, possible conflict

The driver failed in its attempt to reserve the host adapter's hardware settings (that is, direct memory access [DMA] and interrupt request [IRQ] settings). Another card in your system may be causing a conflict with the host adapter.

002 NetWare rejected card Failed AddDiskSystem call

The driver failed in its attempt to register the host adapter with IntranetWare. The file server may not have enough memory.

003 Invalid command line option entered > option

An invalid option was entered on the command line. The invalid option that was entered is displayed.

004 Invalid command line, please enter correctly

The driver was unable to understand the command line options you entered. Be sure you have entered these options correctly.

Host-Adapter-Specific Error Codes

The following error codes alert you to error conditions caused by factors related to the host adapter:

200 No host adapter found for this driver to register

No Adaptec 78xx host adapter was found in your system for the driver to register. Be sure the host adapter is properly configured and properly seated in the slot.

203 Invalid 'device' setting

You have entered an invalid slot setting on the command line. You can only enter slot numbers for valid host adapters. If you load without the slot option, you will be prompted to enter a valid value.

204 Invalid 'verbose' setting, use 'y'

You can only enter y for this option (verbose=y).

205 Invalid 'removable' setting, use 'off'

You can only enter off for this option (removable=off).

206 Invalid 'fixed_disk' setting, use 'off'

You can only enter off for this option (fixed_disk=off).

208 SCSI present but not enabled/configured for PCI

A host adapter is present, but its bus or device entry has not been enabled.

Installation for Novell NetWare 5.0

This section provides information on installing the SCSI drivers for the Novell NetWare 5.0 operating system. Instructions assume that NetWare 5.0 is installed and operational.

Creating the NetWare 5.0 SCSI Driver Diskette

If you have not already done so, use the Dell OpenManage Server Assistant CD to create a NetWare 5.0 SCSI Driver diskette. See Using the Dell OpenManage Server Assistant CD for instructions on creating the diskette.

Uninstalling a SCSI Driver

If you are replacing an existing driver (for example, because it has become corrupted or an upgrade has become available), you must first remove the installed driver. To remove a driver, follow these steps:

1. At the initial NetWare screen, press to display the NetWare console screen. 2. At the server prompt, type nwconfig and press .

The NetWare Configuration screen appears, displaying the Configuration Options menu. 3. At the Configuration Options menu, highlight Driver Options and press . 4. At the Driver Options menu, highlight Configure disk and storage device drivers and press . 5. At the Additional Driver Actions menu, highlight Unload an additional driver and press . 6. At the Selected Disk Drivers menu, highlight the driver you want to uninstall and press . 7. At the message Driver xxx successfully unloaded, press .

The Additional Driver Actions menu appears.

From the Additional Driver Actions menu, you can repeat steps 5 through 7 to uninstall an additional driver, install a driver (starting with step 5 of the next procedure), or press to exit.

Installing the SCSI Drivers for NetWare 5.0

Perform the following steps to install NetWare 5.0 SCSI drivers from the NetWare 5.0 SCSI driver diskette you created:

1. At the initial NetWare screen, press to display the NetWare console screen. 2. At the server prompt, type nwconfig and press .

The NetWare Configuration screen appears, displaying the Configuration Options menu. 3. At the Configuration Options menu, highlight Driver Options and press . 4. At the Driver Options menu, highlight Configure disk and storage device drivers and press . 5. At the Additional Driver Actions menu, highlight Load an additional driver and press .

The software scans the system to determine what drivers are already installed. 6. When the Select a driver menu appears, insert the NetWare 5.0 SCSI driver diskette into the diskette drive and

press to install an unlisted driver. 7. Read the instructions on the screen and press to continue. 8. At the Select a driver to install menu, highlight a desired driver and press . 9. When prompted to confirm, highlight Yes and press .

10. To accept the default server boot path displayed, press . The software copies the driver to the selected location.

11. At the Driver xxx Parameter Actions screen, highlight Select/Modify driver parameters and press . 12. At the driver parameters screen, type 1 for the integrated SCSI adapter or enter the slot number of the SCSI

adapter card. NOTE: The integrated SCSI adapter is always assigned to slot 1. If an adapter card is installed in slot 1, you must specify it as being in slot 2. An adapter card installed in slot 2 or a higher numbered slot is assigned its true physical slot number.

13. Press to save the parameters and escape. 14. At the Driver xxx Parameter Actions screen, highlight Save parameter and load driver and press . 15. At the NetWare Configuration screen, confirm that the new driver has been added to the list displayed. 16. Repeat steps 3 through 15 for any additional drivers you want to install. 17. Press three times. At the Exit nwconfig? dialog box, highlight Yes and press .

Back to Contents Page

Back to Contents Page

Using the System Setup Program: Dell PowerEdge 1300 Systems User's Guide

Overview | Entering the System Setup Program | System Setup Screens | Using the System Setup Program | System Setup Options | Using the System Password Feature | Using the Setup Password Feature | Disabling a Forgotten Password | Responding to Error Messages

Overview

Each time you turn on or reboot your computer system, the system compares the hardware installed in the system to the hardware listed in the system configuration information stored in nonvolatile random-access memory (NVRAM) on the system board. If the system detects a discrepancy, it generates error messages that identify the incorrect configuration settings. The system then prompts you to enter the System Setup program to correct the setting.

You can use the System Setup program to perform the following functions:

To change the system configuration information after you add, change, or remove any hardware in your system To set or change user-selectable optionsfor example, the time or date on your system To enable or disable all integrated devices in your system

CAUTION: Whenever you make changes to the System Setup program or add, reposition, or remove Industry-Standard Architecture (ISA) expansion cards, add or remove memory, or change settings for built-in devices, you must run the Resource Configuration Utility (RCU), make any necessary changes, and save the system configuration information. Failure to do so may cause resource conflicts between Peripheral Component Interconnect (PCI) devices (such as PCI expansion cards, the built-in video controller, or the built-in small computer system interface [SCSI] host adapter). See Configuring ISA and PCI Expansion Cards for more information about how PCI devices are configured based on settings in the RCU.

You can view the current settings any time you run the System Setup program. When you change a setting, the system reboots automatically so that the change can take effect.

After you set up your system, run the System Setup program to familiarize yourself with your system configuration information and optional settings. Dell recommends that you print the System Setup screens (by pressing the key) or write down the information for future reference.

Before you use the System Setup program, you need to know the kind of diskette drive(s) and hard-disk drive(s) installed in your computer. If you are unsure of any of this information, see the Manufacturing Test Report that was shipped with your system. You can access the Manufacturing Test Report via the Dell Accessories folder.

Entering the System Setup Program

Enter the System Setup program by performing the following steps:

1. Turn on your system. If your system is already on, shut it down and then turn it on again.

2. Press immediately after you see the following message: Press for System Setup

If you wait too long and your operating system begins to load into memory, let the system complete the load operation; then shut down the system and try again.

NOTE: To ensure an orderly system shutdown, consult the documentation that accompanied your operating system.

You can also enter the System Setup program by responding to certain error messages. See Responding to Error Messages.

System Setup Screens

The two System Setup screens, Page 1 and Page 2, display the current setup and configuration information and optional settings for your system. Typical examples are illustrated in Figure 1, System Setup Screens. Information on the two System Setup screens is organized in five boxed areas:

Title bar

The box at the top of both screens lists the system name, page number, and the revision number of the basic input/output system (BIOS).

Configuration options

The box on the left half of both screens lists System Setup program options, which define the installed hardware in your computer.

Fields beside the options contain settings or values; those that appear bright on the screen can be changed. Values that you cannot change because they are determined by the system appear less bright.

Some options have multiple fields, which may show values as bright or less bright depending upon what values you entered in other fields.

Help

The box on the upper-right half of both screens displays help information for the option with a currently highlighted field.

System data

The box in the lower-right corner of both screens displays information about your system.

Key functions

The line of boxes across the bottom of both screens lists keys and their functions within the System Setup program.

Using the System Setup Program

Table 1, System-Setup Navigation Keys, lists the keys you use to view or change information on the System Setup screens and to exit the program.

Table 1. System-Setup Navigation Keys

Keys Action

Moves to the next field.

Moves to the previous field.

Cycles through selections in a field. In many fields, you can also type the appropriate value.

Scrolls through help information.

Switches between Pages 1 and 2.

Exits the System Setup program and reboots the system if any changes were made.

For most of the options, any changes you make are recorded but do not take effect until the next time you boot the system. For a few options (as noted in the help area), the changes take effect immediately.

Exits the System Setup program and reboots the system, implementing any changes you have made.

Figure 1. System Setup Screens

System Setup Options

The following subsections explain in detail each of the options on the System Setup screens.

Time

Time resets the time on the computer's internal clock.

Time is kept in a 24-hour format (hours:minutes:seconds). To change the time, press the right-arrow key to increase the number in the highlighted field or press the left-arrow key to decrease the number. If you prefer, you can type numbers in each of the appropriate fields.

Date

Date resets the date on the computer's internal calendar. Your system automatically displays the day of the week corresponding to the settings in the three fields that follow (month, day-of-month, and year) .

To change the date, press the right-arrow key to increase the number in the highlighted field or press the left-arrow key to decrease the number. If you prefer, you can type numbers in the month and day-of-month fields.

Diskette Drive A

Diskette Drive A identifies the type of diskette drive installed in your computer. With the standard cabling configuration, Diskette Drive A (the boot diskette drive) is the 3.5-inch diskette drive installed in the top externally accessible drive bay.

The settings are:

3.5 inch, 720 KB 3.5 inch, 1.44 MB (the default) 5.25 inch, 360 KB 5.25 inch, 1.2 MB Not Installed

IDE Drives: Primary (Drive 0,1); Secondary (Drive 0,1)

Primary identifies drives attached to the primary enhanced integrated drive electronics (EIDE) interface connector (labeled "IDE1") on the system board; Secondary identifies drives connected to the secondary EIDE interface connector (labeled "IDE2").

For both the Primary and the Secondary drive sections, the Drive 0 and Drive 1 options identify the type of EIDE hard- disk drives installed in the computer. For each drive, seven parameters can be chosen as a group by drive-type number, entered individually from the keyboard or set automatically. A drive-type number specifies the parameters of a hard- disk drive based on a table recorded in the system's BIOS.

To choose a setting, type characters from the keyboard or use the left- or right-arrow key to cycle through the choices.

The settings are:

Auto None Usr1 or Usr2 A specific drive-type number

NOTES: The Primary and Secondary drive sections identify only EIDE drives. If a drive other than an EIDE drive (that is, a SCSI drive) is installed, the corresponding setting in the Primary and Secondary drive sections should be None.

Operating systems that bypass the system BIOS may not obtain optimum hard-disk drive performance.

Reserved Memory

Reserved Memory allows you to designate a region of system board memory that can be supplied by an expansion card (known as setting a memory hole). You should not enable the reserved memory feature unless you are using an expansion card that requires special addressing.

For example, you may have a memory expansion card that needs to be addressed starting at 15 MB. Selecting the 15M - 16M setting for Reserved Memory specifies that the base memory from 15 to 16 MB comes from the memory expansion card (the base memory below the 15-MB address comes from the dual in-line memory modules [DIMMs] on the system board). Setting this option to None enables all memory on the system board.

Reserved Memory has the following settings:

None (the default) 512K - 640K 15M - 16M

CPU Speed

CPU Speed indicates the processor speed at which your system boots.

Press the left- or right-arrow key to toggle CPU Speed between the resident microprocessor's rated speed (the default) and a lower speed. This feature should not be used under normal operations.

Num Lock

Num Lock determines whether your system boots with the Num Lock mode activated on 101- or 102-key keyboards (it

does not apply to 84-key keyboards).

When Num Lock mode is activated, the rightmost bank of keys on your keyboard provides the mathematical and numeric functions shown at the tops of the keys. When Num Lock mode is turned off, these keys provide cursor-control functions according to the label on the bottom of each key.

Reset Button

Reset Button enables and disables the reset button. Settings are Enabled (the default) and Disabled.

Video DAC Snoop

Video DAC Snoop controls how VGA and graphics devices on the PCI or AGP bus respond to palette register accesses.

Setting Video DAC Snoop to Off (the default) forces VGA and graphics devices to respond positively to palette register accesses; setting this field to On forces such devices to snoop VGA palette register accesses and forward them to the ISA bus.

Processor 1 and Processor 2

Processor 1 and Processor 2 display the version or stepping number of each processor slot in the system. These options have no user-selectable settings.

Keyboard Errors

Keyboard Errors enables or disables reporting of keyboard errors during the power-on self-test (POST), which is a series of tests that the system performs on the hardware each time you turn on the system or press the reset button.

This option is useful when applied to self-starting servers or host systems that have no permanently attached keyboard. In these situations, selecting Do Not Report suppresses all error messages relating to the keyboard or to the keyboard controller during POST. This option does not affect the operation of the keyboard itself if a keyboard is attached to the computer.

System Password

System Password displays the current statusof your system's password security feature and allows you to assign and verify a new password. No one can assign a new password unless the current status is Not Enabled, which is displayed in bright characters.

The settings for System Password are:

Not Enabled (the default) Enabled Disabled by Jumper (jumper removed)

NOTES: Read Using the System Password Feature for instructions on assigning a system password and using or changing an existing system password. See Disabling a Forgotten Password.

The system password is overridden by the setup password.

Password Status

When Setup Password is set to Enabled, Password Status allows you to prevent the system password from being changed or disabled at system start-up.

To lock the system password, you must first assign a password in Setup Password and then change Password Status to Locked. In this state, the system password cannot be changed through System Password and cannot be disabled at system start-up by pressing .

To unlock the system password, you must enter the setup password in Setup Password and then change Password Status to Unlocked. In this state, the system password can be disabled at system start-up by pressing and then changed through System Password.

Boot Sequence

Boot Sequence can be set to Diskette First (the default), Hard Disk Only, CD-ROM First, or Device List.

The term boot refers to the system's start-up procedure. When turned on, the system "bootstraps" itself into an operational state by loading into memory a small program, which in turn loads the necessary operating system. Boot Sequence tells the system where to look for the files that it needs to load.

Diskette First

Selecting Diskette First causes the system to try booting from drive A first. If the system finds a diskette that is not bootable in the drive or finds a problem with the drive itself, it displays an error message. If it does not find a diskette in the drive, the system tries to boot from the hard-disk drive (drive 0), then from the CD-ROM, and finally from the Plug and Play network adapters in the order found.

Hard Disk Only

Selecting Hard Disk Only causes the system to attempt to boot first from the hard-disk drive and then from the Plug and Play network adapters in the order found. The system will not attempt to boot from drive A or the CD-ROM drive.

CD-ROM First

Selecting CD-ROM First causes the system to try booting from the CD-ROM drive first. If the system finds a CD that is not bootable in the drive or finds a problem with the drive itself, it displays an error message. If it does not find a CD in the drive, the system tries to boot from drive A, then from drive C, and finally from the Plug and Play network adapters in the order found.

Device List

Device List provides access to the Device List screen (see Figure 3, Sample Device List Screen), where you can choose from a list of available boot devices and specify the order in which your computer attempts to boot from these devices. To view the Device List screen, press and the right-arrow key.

CAUTION: Only a technically knowledgeable person should change the settings in the Device List screen.

The Device List screen provides three options for listing and prioritizing the available boot devices on your system:

Boot Device Priority Exclude From Boot Device Priority Device Controller Priority

Boot Device Priority lists all bootable devices (hard-disk drives, CD-ROM drives, and so on) that are controlled by the system BIOS and any Plug and Play network adapters installed in the system.

Exclude From Boot Device Priority allows you to remove from Boot Device Priority any boot devices that you want the system to ignore during system start-up.

Device Controller Priority lists the system BIOS controller; integrated SCSI controllers; any non-Plug and Play devices, such as network adapter cards; and any secondary controller cards, such as a small computer system interface (SCSI) adapter, installed in the system.

NOTE: Non-Plug and Play devices appear in the list as Adapters without ID support.

When determining the order of devices to boot from, the system first considers the order of the devices listed under Device Controller Priority and then considers the order of devices under Boot Device Priority.

Figure 3. Sample Device List Screen

To specify your priority preferences, order the devices under these options so that the highest-priority controller is at the top of Device Controller Priority and the highest-priority device is at the top of Boot Device Priority. Order the remainder of the devices in Boot Device Priority according to your preferences. Move any devices that you want the system to ignore during start-up into Exclude From Boot Device Priority.

NOTE: The system defines drive C in Boot Device Priority as the first hard-disk drive attached to the highest- priority device controller. Therefore, if you have a SCSI adapter installed in your system and you want the SCSI drive 0 to be drive C, you must move the SCSI adapter item to the top of Device Controller Priority.

To change the order of the devices, press and the up- or down-arrow key. If you want to revert to the original Boot Device Priority settings, press .

NOTE: If you exit the Device List screen by pressing or without making any changes, Boot Sequence is set to Device List.

Setup Password

Setup Password lets you restrict access to your computer's System Setup program in the same way that you restrict access to your system with the system password feature. The settings are:

Not Enabled (the default) Enabled Disabled by Jumper (jumper removed)

NOTES: Read Using the Setup Password Feature for instructions on assigning a setup password and using or changing an existing setup password. See Disabling a Forgotten Password for instructions on disabling a forgotten setup password.

The setup password overrides the system password.

Auto Power On

Auto Power On allows you to turn on your computer system automatically. You can set Auto Power On to turn on the system either every day or every Monday through Friday at a preset time.

NOTE: This feature will not work if you turn off your system using a power strip or surge protector.

Select Everyday or Mon-Fri, and then use the down-arrow key to highlight first the hours field and then the minutes field. Time is kept in a 24-hour format (hours:minutes). To change the start-up time, press the right-arrow key to increase the number in the highlighted field or press the left-arrow key to decrease the number. If you prefer, you can type numbers in both fields.

The default for Auto Power On is Disabled.

Power Management

For certain types of monitors, you can reduce system power consumption by enabling the power management feature. With Power Management enabled, these monitors and drives automatically switch into low-power mode during periods of system inactivity.

Power Management can be implemented at three levels - Maximum, Regular, and Minimum. (The different levels apply to the monitor only; hard-disk drive operation is the same for all three.) The feature can also be set to Disabled.

Saving Monitor Power

If you have a Video Electronics Standards Association (VESA Display Power Management Signaling (DPMS)- compliant monitor, enabling Power Management reduces monitor power consumption during periods of keyboard and mouse inactivity.

CAUTION: Check your monitor documentation to make sure you have a DPMS-compliant monitor before you enable this feature. Otherwise, you risk damaging the monitor.

NOTES: Some 3D graphics cards do not support DPMS. Refer to the documentation for your particular 3D graphics card for information.

The power management feature monitors activity of a mouse connected to the Personal System/2 (PS/2)- compatible mouse port.

By setting Power Management to Maximum, Regular, or Minimum, you can set predefined time-out periods (see

Table 2, Power Time-Out Periods) for the two successive monitor shutdown stages, standby and off.

NOTE: Each monitor manufacturer defines the details of the shutdown stages for its own monitors. But in all cases, power consumption decreases with each stage from "on" (full power) to "standby" (reduced power; the display image usually disappears) to "off" (where power consumption is minimal). To define these stages for your monitor, see the documentation that came with the monitor.

For most DPMS-compliant monitors, any subsequent activity - including moving the mouse - returns full power to the monitor.

Check your monitor documentation for information on how your monitor is designed to operate.

Table 2. Power Time-Out Periods

Power Management Setting Monitor Standby Time-Outs Monitor Off Time-Outs

Disabled Never Never

Maximum 10 minutes 1 hour

Regular 20 minutes 1 hour

Minimum 1 hour Never

Chassis Intrusion

Chassis Intrusion displays the status of the chassis intrusion monitor at system startup. Settings are:

Not detected (the default) Detected Reset

If Detected is displayed and you want to clear the field to allow future intrusions to be detected, use the left- or right- arrow key to selected Reset. Not Detected indicates that the chassis has not been opened since the last time Chassis Intrusion was reset.

Mouse

Mouse enables or disables the system's built-in PS/2-compatible mouse port. Disabling the mouse allows an expansion card to use IRQ 12.

Serial Port 1 and Serial Port 2

Serial Port 1 and Serial Port 2 configure the system's built-in serial ports. These options can be set to Auto (the default) to automatically configure a port, to a particular designation (COM1 or COM3 for Serial Port 1; COM2 or COM4 for Serial Port 2), or to Off to disable the port.

If you set a serial port to Auto and add an expansion card containing a port configured to the same designation, the system automatically remaps the built-in port to the next available port designation that shares the same IRQ setting, as follows:

COM1 (input/output [I/O] address 3F8h), which shares IRQ4 with COM3, is remapped to COM3 (I/O address 3E8h).

Likewise, COM2 (I/O address 2F8h), which shares IRQ3 with COM4, is remapped to COM4 (I/O address 2E8h).

NOTE: When two COM ports share an IRQ setting, you can use either port as necessary, but you may not be able to use them both at the same time. If the second port (COM3 or COM4) is also in use, the built-in port is turned off.

Parallel Port

Parallel Port configures the system's built-in parallel port. Parallel Port can be set to 378h (the default), to alternate addresses 278h or 3BCh, or to Off to disable the port.

NOTE: Do not set Parallel Port to 278h if you have an Extended Capabilities Port (ECP) device connected to the port.

Parallel Mode

Parallel Mode controls whether the system's built-in parallel port acts as an AT-compatible (unidirectional) or PS/2- compatible (bidirectional) port.

Set Parallel Mode according to the type of peripheral device connected to the parallel port. To determine the correct mode to use, see the documentation that came with the device.

IDE Controller

This option controls integrated IDE drive controller operation. Settings are Auto (the default) and Off.

If IDE Controller is set to Auto and the system detects a drive controller card installed, the system disables the integrated IDE controller. If a drive controller card is not detected, the system enables the integrated IDE controller. When IDE Controller is set to Off, the integrated IDE controller is always disabled.

Diskette

Diskette controls the operation of the system's built-in diskette drive controller.

With Auto (the default) selected, the system turns off the built-in diskette drive controller when necessary to accommodate a controller card installed in an expansion slot.

With Write Protect selected, nothing can be written to diskette drives using the system's built-in diskette drive controller. (The system can still read from the drives.) When this setting is selected, the Auto setting (whereby the system turns off the built-in diskette drive controller as necessary) is also in effect.

Selecting Off turns off the built-in diskette controller; this setting is used primarily for troubleshooting purposes.

Speaker

Speaker controls the built-in speaker. The default is On. Rebooting the system is required for a change to take effect.

SCSI

SCSI turns the integrated SCSI controller On (the default) or Off.

System Data

The box in the bottom-right corner of the System Setup screens displays the following information about the system:

The processor line displays the microprocessor type and speed. Level 2 Cache displays the size of the integrated cache (512 kilobytes [KB]). System Memoryindicates the entire amount of installed memory detected in your system, except for memory on Expanded Memory Specification (EMS) expansion cards. After adding memory, check System Memory to confirm that the new memory is installed correctly and is recognized by the system. Video Memory displays the amount of video memory detected in your system. Service Tag displays the system's five-character service tag number, which was programmed into NVRAM by Dell during the manufacturing process. Refer to this number during technical assistance or service calls. The service tag number is also accessed by certain Dell support software, including the diagnostics software. Asset Tag displays the customer-programmable asset tag number for the system if an asset tag number has been assigned. You can use the Asset Tag utility, which is included with your software support utilities, to enter an asset tag number up to ten characters long into NVRAM. See Asset Tag Utility for information on loading the Asset Tag utility.

Using the System Password Feature

CAUTION: The password features provide a basic level of security for the data on your system. However, they are not foolproof. If your data requires more security, it is your responsibility to obtain and use additional forms of protection, such as data encryption programs.

Your Dell system is shipped to you without the system password feature enabled. If system security is a concern, you should operate your system only with system password protection.

You can assign a system password, as described in Assigning a System Password, whenever you use the System Setup program. After a system password is assigned, only those who know the password have full use of the system.

When System Password is set to Enabled, the computer system prompts you for the system password just after the system boots.

To change an existing system password, you must know the password (see Deleting or Changing an Existing System Password. If you assign and later forget a system password, you need to be able to remove the computer cover to change a jumper setting that disables the system password feature (see Disabling a Forgotten Password. Note that when you erase the system password, you erase the setup password at the same time.

CAUTION: If you leave your system running and unattended without having a system password assigned, or if you leave your computer unlocked so that someone can disable the password by changing a jumper setting, anyone can access the data stored on your hard-disk drive. NOTE: The system password is overridden by the setup password.

Assigning a System Password

Before you can assign a system password, you must enter the System Setup program and check System Password.

When a system password is assigned, System Password is Enabled. When the system password feature is disabled by a jumper setting on the system board, the status shown is Disabled by Jumper. You cannot change or enter a new system password if either of these options is displayed.

When no system password is assigned and the password jumper on the system board is in the enabled position (its default), the status shown for System Password is Not Enabled. Only when System Password is set to Not Enabled can you assign a system password, using the following procedure:

1. Verify that Password Status is set to Unlocked. For instructions on changing the setting for Password Status, see Password Status.

2. Highlight System Password, and then press the left- or right-arrow key. The heading changes to Enter Password, followed by an empty seven-character field in square brackets.

3. Type your new system password, using up to seven characters. As you press each character key (or the spacebar for a blank space), a placeholder appears in the field. The password assignment operation recognizes keys by their location on the keyboard, without distinguishing between lowercase and uppercase characters. For example, if you have an M in your password, the system recognizes either M or m as correct. Certain key combinations are not valid. If you enter one of these combinations, the speaker emits a beep. To erase a character when entering your password, press the key or the left-arrow key.

NOTE: To escape from the field without assigning a system password, press the key or the key combination to move to another field, or press the key at any time prior to completing step 5.

4. Press . If the new system password is less than seven characters, the whole field fills with placeholders. Then the heading changes to Verify Password, followed by another empty seven-character field in square brackets.

5. To confirm your password, type it a second time and press . The password setting changes to Enabled. Your system password is now set; you can exit the System Setup program and begin using your system. Note, however, that password protection does not take effect until you reboot the system by turning the system off and then on again.

Using Your System Password to Secure Your System

Whenever you turn on your system or reboot the system by pressing the key combination, the following prompt appears on the screen when Password Status is set to Unlocked:

Type in the password and ... press to leave password security enabled. press to disable password security. Enter password:

If Password Status is set to Locked, the following prompt appears:

Type the password and press .

After you type the correct system password and press , your system boots and you can use the keyboard and/or mouse to operate your system as usual.

NOTE: If you have assigned a setup password as described in Using the Setup Password Feature, the system accepts your setup password as an alternate system password.

If a wrong or incomplete system password is entered, the following message appears on the screen:

** Incorrect password. **

Enter password:

If an incorrect or incomplete system password is entered again, the same message appears on the screen.

The third and subsequent times an incorrect or incomplete system password is entered, the system displays the following message:

** Incorrect password. ** Number of unsuccessful password attempts: 3 System halted! Must power down.

The number of unsuccessful attempts made to enter the correct system password can alert you to an unauthorized person attempting to use your system.

Even after your system is turned off and on, the previous message is displayed each time an incorrect or incomplete system password is entered.

NOTE: You can use Password Status in conjunction with System Password and Setup Password to further protect your system from unauthorized changes. For more information, see Password Status.

Deleting or Changing an Existing System Password

To delete or change an existing system password, perform the following steps:

1. Enter the System Setup program and verify that Password Status is set to Unlocked. Enter the System Setup program by pressing the key combination. Press the

key combination to move to Page 2 of the System Setup screens. For instructions on changing the setting for Password Status, see Password Status.

2. Reboot your system to force it to prompt you for a system password. 3. When prompted, type the system password. 4. Press the key combination to disable the existing system password, instead of pressing

to continue with the normal operation of your system. 5. Confirm that Not Enabled is displayed for System Password.

If Not Enabled appears as the System Password setting, the system password has been deleted. If you want to assign a new password, continue to step 6. If Not Enabled is not displayed for System Password, press the key combination to reboot the system, and then repeat steps 3 through 5.

6. To assign a new password, follow the procedure in Assigning a System Password.

Using the Setup Password Feature

Your Dell system is shipped to you without the setup password feature enabled. If system security is a concern, you should operate your system with setup password protection.

You can assign a setup password, as described in the next subsection, Assigning a Setup Password, whenever you use the System Setup program. After a setup password is assigned, only those who know the password have full use of the System Setup program.

To change an existing setup password, you must know the setup password (see Deleting or Changing an Existing Setup Password). If you assign and later forget a setup password, you need to remove the computer cover to change a jumper setting that disables the setup password feature (see Disabling a Forgotten Password). Note that you erase the system password at the same time.

NOTE: The setup password overrides the system password.

Assigning a Setup Password

A setup password can be assigned (or changed) only when Setup Password is set to Not Enabled. To assign a setup password, highlight Setup Password and press the left- or right-arrow key. The system prompts you to enter and verify the password. If a character is illegal for password use, the system emits a beep.

NOTE: The setup password can be the same as the system password. If the two passwords are different, the setup password can be used as an alternate system password. However, the system password cannot be used in place of the setup password.

After you verify the password, Setup Password changes to Enabled. The next time you enter the System Setup program, the system prompts you for the setup password.

A change to Setup Password becomes effective immediately (rebooting the system is not required).

Operating With a Setup Password Enabled

If Setup Password is set to Enabled, you must enter the correct setup password before you can modify the majority of the System Setup options.

When you start the System Setup program, Page 2 of the System Setup screens appears with Setup Password highlighted, prompting you to type the password.

If you do not enter the correct password in three attempts, the system lets you view, but not modify, the System Setup screenswith the following exceptions:

You can still modify Date, Time, CPU Speed, NumLock, and Speaker. If System Password is not enabled and is not locked via Password Status, you can assign a system password (however, you cannot disable or change an existing system password).

NOTE: You can use Password Status in conjunction with Setup Password to protect the system password from unauthorized changes. For more information, see Password Status.

Deleting or Changing an Existing Setup Password

To delete or change an existing setup password, perform the following steps:

1. Enter the System Setup program. 2. Highlight Setup Password, and press the left- or right-arrow key to delete the existing setup password.

The setting changes to Not Enabled. 3. If you want to assign a new setup password, follow the procedure in Assigning a Setup Password.

Disabling a Forgotten Password

If you forget your system or setup password, you cannot operate your system or change settings in the System Setup program, respectively, until a trained service technician opens the computer chassis, changes the password jumper setting to disable the passwords, and erases the existing passwords. This procedure is described in "Disabling a Forgotten Password" in your Installation and Troubleshooting Guide.

Responding to Error Messages

If an error message appears on your monitor screen while the system is booting, make a note of the message. Then, before entering the System Setup program, refer to "System Beep Codes" and "System Messages" in your Installation and Troubleshooting Guide for an explanation of the message and suggestions for correcting any errors. (An exception to this routine: It is normal to receive an error message the first time you boot your system after installing a memory upgrade. In that situation, do not refer to "System Beep Codes" and "System Messages." Instead, follow the instructions in "Performing a Memory Upgrade" in your Installation and Troubleshooting Guide.)

If you are given an option of pressing either to continue or to run the System Setup program, press the key.

Back to Contents Page

Back to Contents Page

Using the Resource Configuration Utility: Dell PowerEdge 1300 Systems User's Guide

Overview | Configuring ISA and PCI Expansion Cards | How to Run the RCU | When to Run the RCU | Starting the RCU | Main Menu | Steps in Configuring Your Computer Menu | Advanced Menu | Resolving Resource Conflicts

Overview

The Resource Configuration Utility (RCU) is used to tell the system what expansion cards are installed and which expansion slots they occupy. With this information, the system automatically configures Plug and Play expansion cards and Peripheral Component Interconnect (PCI) expansion cards and can tell you how to configure non-Plug and Play Industry-Standard Architecture (ISA) expansion cards manually by setting jumpers or switches. Before your system was shipped from Dell, a technician used the RCU to enter the correct information for the expansion cards initially installed in your computer.

The RCU also monitors the resources required by any installed PCI expansion card. After installing or moving a PCI expansion card, you should run the RCU to update the system's database of available system resources stored in nonvolatile random-access memory (NVRAM).

CAUTION: Whenever you make changes to the System Setup program or add, reposition, or remove ISA expansion cards, add or remove memory, or change settings for built-in devices, you must run the RCU, make any necessary changes, and save the system configuration information. Failure to do so may cause resource conflicts between PCI devices (such as PCI expansion cards, the built-in video controller, or the built-in small computer system interface [SCSI] host adapter). See Configuring ISA and PCI Expansion Cards for more information about how PCI devices are configured based on settings in the RCU.

Configuring ISA and PCI Expansion Cards

Whenever you add, remove, or reposition an ISA expansion card, use the RCU to reconfigure your system. The utility reads the card's corresponding configuration (.cfg) file, which describes the card's characteristics and required system resources, and then uses this information to create a conflict-free configuration.

The RCU is PCI-aware and can be used to configure PCI expansion cards. Configuration information for PCI expansion cards is contained within the card, so no additional .cfg file is required. You should run the RCU after installing or moving a PCI expansion card to keep the system's database of available resources accurate.

If the RCU is not aware of an installed ISA expansion card, resource conflicts can arise. For this reason, it is extremely important to enter information about ISA expansion cards into the RCU. In addition, certain ISA graphics adapter cards and multiport serial cards require some memory or caching reconfiguration provided by the RCU.

How to Run the RCU

The RCU is included on the Dell OpenManage Server Assistant CD shipped with your system. This CD includes an RCU directory that contains the main program plus a directory of .cfg files for manybut not allISA expansion cards. You can run the RCU from the utility partition on your hard-disk drive (if a utility partition is present), from the Dell OpenManage Server Assistant CD, or from a diskette that you create using the CD's main menu. See Using the

Dell OpenManage Server Assistant CD for information on creating an RCU diskette.

Dell recommends running the RCU from your utility partition if possible. Running the RCU from the utility partition is faster than running it from diskette and allows you to save system files.

CAUTION: You must use the RCU when you add an ISA expansion card to your computer. For an ISA card, use the specific configuration file for your expansion card, if one is available, rather than the generic ISA card configuration file. The generic ISA card configuration file cannot be used to identify potential resource conflicts or proper jumper and switch settings.

When you buy an ISA expansion card, copy the appropriate configuration file (contained in the .cfg directory on the diskette) to your RCU diskette. If the .cfg directory does not contain a configuration file for your ISA expansion card, use the generic ISA card configuration file, which is included in the .cfg directory on the CD. Instructions for using the generic .cfg file are included in Adding an Expansion Card.

PCI expansion cards do not require a configuration file. The PCI configuration utility in read-only memory (ROM) automatically uses the information maintained by the RCU to assign resources for PCI expansion cards.

When to Run the RCU

Whenever you add or remove non-Plug and Play ISA expansion cards, you must run the RCU to ensure that no two cards attempt to use the same resources (such as interrupt request [IRQ] lines).

After the RCU has configured all your non-Plug and Play ISA cards and all your Plug and Play and PCI expansion cards, you can use the utility to lock the configuration of your Plug and Play and PCI expansion cards so that they are always assigned the same resources. See Lock/Unlock Boards for details.

NOTE: If your system detects a card configuration problem during operation, you receive a warning message directing you to run the RCU to correct the problem.

Making Selections in the RCU

The RCU uses menus to guide you through the configuration process. The menus and their options are accessed through keyboard commands.

To make a menu selection, use the up- or down-arrow key to highlight the desired option, and then press . In the Help menu or Advanced menu, you can also select an option by pressing the key that corresponds to the highlighted letter in the selection list.

To scroll up or down a screen, press the or key, respectively.

Using Online Instructions

The RCU has online instructions for each of its procedures. If you need help at any time, press to see a help screen that offers more details about the task you are doing.

Starting the RCU

NOTES: Your system's default hardware configuration allows updating of the configuration information. However, if a plug is installed on the ISA_CLR jumper on the system board, the configuration information

cannot be updated until the jumper plug is removed.

If you have reason to think the jumper setting has been changed, check the jumper before attempting to make a configuration change. For information on the ISA_CLR jumper location and settings, see the jumper information in your Installation and Troubleshooting Guide.

If you are running the RCU from your hard-disk drive, remove any terminate-and-stay-resident (TSR) programs from memory before starting the utility. These programs take up space in system memory even when they are not running, thus reducing the amount of memory available to the RCU. See the documentation that accompanied these programs for instructions on removing them from memory.

If you start the utility and there is not enough memory to run it, a message is displayed. If you receive such a message, run the utility from a diskette.

Follow these steps the first time you use the RCU. Later, if a card is added, removed, or repositioned, you must follow the procedure described in Step 2: Add or Remove Boards.

1. To run the program from a diskette, insert the RCU diskette that you created from the Dell OpenManage Server Assistant CD. Then either turn on your computer or reboot it by pressing . To run the program from your hard-disk drive, switch to the c:\rcu subdirectory, type sd at the operating system prompt, and press . To run the program from the Dell OpenManage Server Assistant CD, restart the system from the CD. Select Configure System and then select Run RCU from the CD's main menu.

2. When the Welcome screen appears, read the information on the screen and press . The Main Menu appears as follows:

Main Menu

Learn about configuring your computer Configure computer Set date Set time Maintain resource configuration diskette Exit from this utility

The first option in the menu is already highlighted. 3. Press to read the online overview of the RCU.

After reading the online overview, you are ready to use the program to configure your computer for any PCI expansion cards currently installed in your computer's expansion slots.

Main Menu

The following sections describe each of the Main Menu options.

Learn About Configuring Your Computer

Learn about configuring your computer presents an overview of the configuration process. As you finish reading a screen, press to view the next screen. Press to return to the Main Menu.

Configure Computer

Configure computer takes you through the configuration process step by step. Use this option the first time you

configure your system and every time you change your hardware configuration through the RCU. See Steps in Configuring Your Computer Menu for more information.

Set Date

Set date allows you to set or change the computer date. Type the new date and press to store it or to cancel the change. The format is mm-dd-yyyy.

Set Time

Set time allows you to set or change the computer time. Type the new time and press to store it or to cancel the change. The format is hh:mmm:ss.

Maintain Resource Configuration Diskette

Using Maintain resource configuration diskette, you can create a backup copy of the system configuration information (.sci) file or use a previously saved .sci file to reconfigure your system or to identically configure many other systems. You can also copy, update, or delete .sci or .cfg files.

Exit From This Utility

Exit from this utility allows you to exit the RCU and reboot your computer system.

Steps in Configuring Your Computer Menu

The Steps in configuring your computer menu lets you lock or unlock cards in a configuration, view detailed information about the system, and maintain .sci files.

To see the Steps in configuring your computer menu, select Configure computer from the RCU Main Menu. The following menu appears:

Steps in configuring your computer Step 1: Important Resource Configuration Information Step 2: Add or remove boards Step 3: View or edit details Step 4: Examine switches or print report Step 5: Save and exit

Step 1: Important Resource Configuration Information

Step 1: Important Resource Configuration Information uses seven information screens to explain the configuration process. After reading the first screen, press to see the next one. When you have finished reading all seven screens, press to return to the Steps in configuring your computer menu.

To review the information screens at any time while you are in the RCU, press and select Resource Configuration from the Help menu.

Step 2: Add or Remove Boards

When you select Step 2: Add or remove boards, the RCU lists all the expansion slots in your computer. (You may have to press to view the entire list.)

If you copied a card's configuration file to your RCU diskette or to the RCU configuration subdirectory (rcu) on your

hard-disk drive, the card name appears in the expansion slot in which the card is installed.

The first time you run the RCU, select Step 2: Add or remove boards to verify that the system has detected and acknowledged any expansion cards Dell installed when you purchased your system. Use this option whenever you add or remove an expansion card and every time you reposition a card from one expansion slot to another in your computer.

To add, reposition, or remove an expansion card, highlight the corresponding expansion slot and press to add, to reposition, or to remove the card. The utility guides you through the steps required to add, remove, or reposition a card's configuration file within the RCU. If there are no resource conflicts, the system configuration information is saved to a system configuration (.sci) file when you exit the utility.

Adding an Expansion Card

Before you add an ISA expansion card, you must add the card's .cfg file to the utility. Configuration information for PCI expansion cards is contained within the card, so no .cfg file is required.

NOTE: Use the following procedure before an ISA expansion card is installed. See When to Run the RCU for more detailed information.

1. Start the RCU as described in Starting the RCU. 2. At the Main Menu, select Configure computer. 3. At the Steps in configuring your computer menu, select Step 2: Add or remove boards.

A list of expansion slots and the cards installed in them appears on the screen. 4. Highlight the expansion slot in which the card will be installed, press , and follow the online instructions.

If the utility asks for the option configuration diskette, insert the diskette that accompanied your expansion card. If the utility asks for the system configuration diskette, insert your RCU diskette. If the utility asks for the .cfg file library diskette, insert the diskette of .cfg files.

5. From the list of configuration files listed by the utility, choose the one that corresponds to the card you want to add. The utility asks you to confirm your choice and then prompts you to select the expansion slot in which the card will be installed. If you are adding an ISA expansion card, insert your .cfg diskette to find the .cfg file for that card. If the .cfg file for the expansion card you are installing is not on the diskette, select Generic ISA board from the list of configuration files.

NOTE: Alternatively, if you know the resources used by the expansion card, you can press and bring up a menu that lets you create the .cfg file.

For all ISA expansion cards, use the Step 4: Examine switches or print report option (under the Steps in configuring your computer menu) to check the switch and jumper settings on the new card. Configure the new card as indicated before it is installed in your computer.

6. Press , select Step 5: Save and exit, and follow the online instructions to save the current system configuration information.

7. Save a printout or written copy of your new configuration. The utility may prompt you to check the jumper and switch settings on the new card. Follow the online instructions to see an illustration of the card's settings.

Repositioning an Expansion Card

Use the following procedure before an ISA expansion card is repositioned but after a PCI expansion card is repositioned. See When to Run the RCU for more detailed information.

1. Start the RCU as described in Starting the RCU.

2. At the Main Menu, select Configure computer. 3. At the Steps in configuring your computer menu, select Step 2: Add or remove boards.

A list of expansion slots and the cards in them appears on the screen. 4. Highlight the name of the card you want to reposition, press , and follow the online instructions. 5. Press , select Step 5: Save and exit, and follow the online instructions to save the current system

configuration information. Save a printout or written copy of the new information.

Removing an Expansion Card

Use the following procedure before an ISA expansion card is removed but after a PCI expansion card is removed. See When to Run the RCU for more detailed information.

1. Start the RCU as described in Starting the RCU. 2. At the Main Menu, select Configure computer. 3. At the Steps in configuring your computer menu, select Step 2: Add or remove boards.

A list of expansion slots and the cards installed in them appears on the screen. 4. Highlight the name of the card you want to remove, press , and follow the online instructions. 5. Press , select Step 5: Save and exit, and follow the online instructions to save the current system

configuration information. Save a printout or written copy of the new information.

If there are no resource conflicts, the configuration information is saved to a system configuration (.sci) file when you exit the utility. If there is a resource conflict, you must resolve it before completing the configuration. For more information, see Resolving Resource Conflicts.

Step 3: View or Edit Details

Step 3: View or edit details displays a list of system board options. Figure 1, View or Edit Details Screen, shows settings typical for your system.

Figure 1. View or Edit Details Screen (Example)

The RCU lets you set a variety of system options through the .sci file. Through this file, you can notify the system of changes to your hardware and memory configuration, manage input/output (I/O) ports, and set other system operating parameters.

Some options reflect installed hardware detected by the system. These items are displayed for your information only; you cannot change them through the utility.

NOTE: Whenever you add an expansion card to the computer, its presence is reflected by changes to the screen shown in Figure 1, View or Edit Details Screen.

To select an option on the list of system board options, press the up- or down-arrow key to highlight the option and press . A pop-up menu listing the settings for that option appears. To select a setting, press the up- or down- arrow key to highlight the setting and press .

NOTES: Several system board options allow you to edit such resources as memory address, I/O ports, IRQs, and direct memory access (DMA) channels. It may be necessary to edit these resources to resolve a configuration conflict. To view the resource screen for any device, highlight the option and press .

The edit resources feature is intended for users who are technically knowledgeable. Do not change resource settings from their defaults if you do not understand how such a change will affect system performance.

While in the Step 3: View or edit details menu, you can press to enter the Advanced menu. See Advanced Menu for more information.

When you have finished making changes, save the new system configuration information and exit the utility as described under Step 5: Save and Exit.

NOTE: You can clear the system configuration parameters from NVRAM by placing a jumper on the ISA_CLR jumper pins and then booting the system with the jumper in place. See the jumper information in your Installation and Troubleshooting Guide for more details.

Step 4: Examine Switches or Print Report

Step 4: Examine switches or print report lists the required switch and jumper settings for each expansion card in your computer. To view the settings, highlight the card and press . For ISA expansion cards, it is important to compare the jumper and switch settings listed on the screen to the actual settings on the card. Press to make a copy of or print the settings. If your computer is attached to a printer, you can print the information; if not, you can copy it to a file.

Step 5: Save and Exit

Step 5: Save and exit allows you to save or cancel the configuration changes you have made. When you select this option, follow the directions on the menu that appears.

If you save your changes, the utility saves the new configuration in your system's NVRAM and in a file on your RCU diskette. Then, the utility automatically reboots your system.

If you cancel your changes, you can remain in the utility to make other changes or exit the utility without saving any changes.

Advanced Menu

The Advanced menu lets you lock or unlock cards in a configuration, view detailed information about the system, and maintain .sci files.

To see the Advanced menu, press while in the Step 3: View or edit details menu. The following menu appears:

Advanced menu

Lock/unlock boards View additional system information menu Set verification mode menu Maintain SCI files menu

Highlight the menu category you want, and press . Then follow the online instructions.

The following subsections describe each category.

Lock/Unlock Boards

When you lock an expansion card, the RCU cannot change the resources allocated to that card. Unlocking the card allows the system to change the resources automatically as new cards are added. The default for Lock/unlock boards is Unlocked. Dell recommends that you keep your cards unlocked so that the RCU can do its job properly.

NOTE: If changes are made to the hardware or System Setup configuration, locks may not be maintained. The RCU ignores the Lock/Unlock boards setting for the PCI host bridge and the PCI-to-PCI bridge devices.

View Additional System Information Menu

The RCU contains detailed information about the system board and the used and available resources. The options under View additional system information menu are:

Board Specifications System Specifications Used Resources Available Resources

Used Resources and Available Resources contain detailed information about resources such as IRQs, DMA channels, I/O ports, and memory addresses, which may be useful if you need to resolve a resource conflict.

Set Verification Mode Menu

The settings for Set verification mode menu are Automatic (the default) and Manual. When the Automatic setting is selected, the RCU automatically checks for resource conflicts and tries to resolve them. Unless you are technically knowledgeable, leave the setting at Automatic.

Maintain SCI Files Menu

Each time you use the RCU to configure your system, the system configuration information is saved in a .sci file and in system memory. You should save the system configuration information to a backup file that can be used to restore the information if the .sci file is damaged or lost. The settings for Maintain SCI files menu are Open (the default) and Save As.

Open creates a backup file that overwrites the existing configuration. Save As allows you to select the filename under which you want the .sci file saved.

Resolving Resource Conflicts

The RCU automatically resolves resource conflicts between two PCI expansion cards. It is extremely unusual for the

RCU to fail in resolving a resource conflict between two PCI expansion cards; however, if the RCU fails to resolve the conflict, see "Getting Help" in your Installation and Troubleshooting Guide for information on obtaining technical assistance.

However, resource conflicts between ISA expansion cards are routine. If Set verification mode menu is set to Automatic, the RCU tries to resolve the conflict. If the utility cannot resolve the conflict, some devices installed in the system are deactivated and the following message is displayed:

Caution

The last board added caused an un-resolvable conflict in your computer's configuration. This board has a `De-activated' status. You must remove this board or the one(s) it is in conflict with in order to save a correct configuration.

If the caution message appears, press to display a list of all cards installed in your computer. The deactivated card is enclosed in angle brackets (< >). You can remove the card(s) with which it is in conflict, or change the resources on one or more cards.

If you want to remove the card, press and follow the online instructions. Remove the card from your computer when the utility prompts you to do so. (For instructions on removing the expansion card, see "Removing an Expansion Card" in your Installation and Troubleshooting Guide.)

If you remove the card(s) with which the new card is in conflict, or if you want to change the resources of one or more cards, see the next section.

NOTE: Locked cards may cause resource conflicts.

To unlock a card, use the following procedure:

1. Press in the Step 3: View or edit details menu (from the Steps in configuring your computer menu). 2. Select Lock/unlock boards and press . 3. Select the card(s) you want to unlock and press . 4. Press to exit the Advanced menu.

Removing a Card That Conflicts With the Card You Just Installed

If there is a resource conflict between two ISA expansion cards and you want to remove the card that conflicts with the one you just installed, perform the following procedure:

1. From the Steps in configuring your computer menu, select Step 2: Add or remove boards and press . From the list of expansion slots and cards, select the card in conflict with the one installed, and press . When the utility asks you to confirm your command, press . Then press to return to the Steps in configuring your computer menu.

2. Select Step 5: Save and exit and press . 3. Select Save the configuration and restart the computer, and press .

The system reboots with the new system configuration information. 4. If you deleted an expansion-card configuration file from the previously saved system configuration information,

remove the card from your computer.

For instructions on removing the expansion card, see "Removing an Expansion Card" in your Installation and Troubleshooting Guide.

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Technical Specifications: Dell PowerEdge 1300 Systems

Overview | Technical Specifications

Overview

Table 1, Technical Specifications, provides the technical specifications for the Dell PowerEdge 1300 systems.

Technical Specifications

Table 1. Technical Specifications

Microprocessor

Microprocessor type Intel Pentium II microprocessor that runs at 350, 400, or 450 MHz internally and 100 MHz externally.

Internal cache 32-KB (16-KB data cache; 16-KB instruction cache)

L2 cache 512-KB pipelined burst, four-way set-associative, write- back ECC SRAM on each SEC cartridge

Math coprocessor internal to the microprocessor

System Information

System chip set Intel 440BX PCIset

Data bus width 64 bits

Address bus width 32 bits

DMA channels seven

Interrupt levels 15

System BIOS chip 4 Mb

Primary SCSI controller Adaptec 7890 Ultra2/Wide LVD (Adaptec 2940 U2W- equivalent)

I/O controller National PC 87309

Expansion Bus

Bus types PCI and ISA

Bus speed PCI: 33.3 MHz ISA: 8.33 MHz

PCI expansion-card connectors six (one of the PCI connectors shares a card-slot opening with the ISA connector)

ISA expansion-card connectors one (the ISA connector shares a card-slot opening with one of the PCI connectors)

PCI expansion-card connector size 120 pins

PCI expansion-card connector data width (maximum)

32 bits

ISA expansion-card connector size 98 pins

ISA expansion-card connector data width (maximum)

16 bits

System Clocks

System clock 100 MHz

SDRAM memory clock 100 MHz

I/O APIC clock 14 MHz

Diskette/communications ports 48 MHz

USB clock 48 MHz

Memory

Architecture 72-bit ECC SDRAM

DIMM sockets four

DIMM capacities 64- and 128-MB unbuffered, 72-bit SDRAM; 256-MB registered, 72-bit SDRAM

Standard RAM 64 MB

Maximum RAM 1 GB

BIOS address F000:0000h-F000:FFFFh

Drives

Externally accessible bays three 5.25-inch bays accommodate one 3.5-inch diskette drive (standard), one IDE CD-ROM drive (optional) and one other optional 5.25-inch peripheral

Internally accessible bays removable drive cage accommodates up to two 1.6 and two 1-inch SCSI hard-disk drives, or up to four 1-inch SCSI hard-disk drives.

Ports and Connectors

Externally accessible:

Serial (DTE) two 9-pin connectors; 16550-compatible

Parallel one 25-pin connector (bidirectional)

Video one 15-pin connector

PS/2-style keyboard 6-pin mini-DIN connector

PS/2-compatible mouse 6-pin mini-DIN connector

USB two USB-compliant 4-pin connectors

Internally accessible:

EIDE channel two 40-pin connectors on PCI local bus

SCSI channel one 68-pin Ultra2/Wide SCSI connector

Diskette drive one 34-pin connector

Fan 3-pin connector

Control panel connectors:

Thermal sensor 3-pin connector

Chassis intrusion 2-pin connector

Video

Video type ATI RAGE IIC AGP integrated video controller

Key Combinations

restarts (reboots) the system

starts System Setup program (during POST only)

Controls and Indicators

Reset control push button

Power control push button

Power indicator/sleep mode indicator green LED (indicates power) amber LED (indicates sleep mode)

Hard-disk drive access indicator green LED

Power indicator (on system board) green LED

Standby power indicator (on system board) green LED

Power

DC power supply:

Wattage 330 W

Heat dissipation 900 BTU/hr (nominal)

Voltage Autoranging 90 to 265 V at 47 to 63 Hz

Backup battery 3-V CR2032 coin cell

Physical

Height 45.9 cm (18.1 inches)

Width 21.6 cm (8.5 inches)

Depth 43.6 cm (17.6 inches)

Weight 16.0 kg (37.0 lb) or more, depending on options installed

Environmental

Temperature:

Operating 10 to 35C* (50 to 95F)

Storage -40 to 65C (-40 to 149F)

Relative humidity 8% to 80% (noncondensing)

Maximum vibration:

Operating 0.25 G at 3 to 200 Hz for 30 min

Storage 0.5 G at 3 to 200 Hz for 30 min

Maximum shock:

Operating half-sine wave form: 50 G for 2 ms

Storage half-sine wave form: 92 G for 2 ms square wave form: 27 G for 15 ms

Altitude:

Operating -16 to 3048 m* (-50 to 10,000 ft)

Storage -16 to 10,600 m (-50 to 35,000 ft)

* At 35C (95F), the maximum operating altitude is 914 m (3000 ft).

NOTE: For the full name of an abbreviation or acronym used in this table, see the Glossary.

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I/O Ports and Connectors: Dell PowerEdge 1300 Systems User's Guide

Overview | I/O Ports and Connectors | Serial and Parallel Ports | Adding an Expansion Card Containing Serial or Parallel Ports | Serial Port Connectors | Parallel Port Connector | Keyboard and Mouse Connectors | Keyboard Connector | Mouse Connector | Video Connector | USB Connectors

Overview

This file provides specific information about the input/output (I/O) ports and connectors on the back panel of the computer system.

I/O Ports and Connectors

The I/O ports and connectors on the back panel of the system are the gateways through which the computer system communicates with external devices such as a keyboard, mouse, printer, and monitor. Figure 1, I/O Ports and Connectors, identifies the I/O ports and connectors for your system.

Serial and Parallel Ports

The two built-in serial ports use 9-pin D-subminiature connectors on the back panel. These ports support devices such as external modems, printers, plotters, and mice that require serial data transmission (the transmission of data one bit at a time over one line).

Most software uses the term COM (for communications) plus a number to designate a serial port (for example, COM1 or COM2). The defaults for your system's built-in serial ports are COM1 and COM2.

The built-in parallel port uses a 25-pin D-subminiature connector on the system's back panel. This I/O port sends data in parallel format (where eight data bits, or one byte, are sent simultaneously over eight separate lines in a single cable). The parallel port is used primarily for printers.

Most software uses the term LPT (for line printer) plus a number to designate a parallel port (for example, LPT1). The default for the system's built-in parallel port is LPT1.

Figure 1. I/O Ports and Connectors

Port designations are used, for example, in software installation procedures that include a step in which you identify the port to which a printer is attached, thus telling the software where to send its output. An incorrect designation prevents the printer from printing or causes scrambled print.

Adding an Expansion Card Containing Serial or Parallel Ports

The system has an autoconfiguration capability for the serial ports. This feature lets you add an expansion card containing a serial port that has the same designation as one of the built-in ports, without having to reconfigure the card. When the system detects the duplicate serial port on the expansion card, it remaps (reassigns) the built-in port to the next available port designation.

Both the new and the remapped COM ports share the same interrupt request (IRQ) setting, as follows:

COM1, COM3: IRQ4 (shared setting) COM2, COM4: IRQ3 (shared setting)

These COM ports have the following I/O address settings:

COM1: 3F8h COM2: 2F8h COM3: 3E8h COM4: 2E8h

For example, if you add an internal modem card with a port configured as COM1, the system then sees logical COM1 as

the address on the modem card. It automatically remaps the built-in serial port that was designated as COM1 to COM3, which shares the COM1 IRQ setting. (Note that when you have two COM ports sharing an IRQ setting, you can use either port as necessary but you may not be able to use them both at the same time.) If you install one or more expansion cards with serial ports designated as COM1 and COM3, the corresponding built-in serial port is disabled.

Before adding a card that remaps the COM ports, check the documentation that accompanied your software to make sure that the software can be mapped to the new COM port designation.

To avoid autoconfiguration, you may be able to reset jumpers on the expansion card so that the card's port designation changes to the next available COM number, leaving the designation for the built-in port as is. Alternatively, you can disable the built-in ports through the System Setup program. The documentation for your expansion card should provide the card's default I/O address and allowable IRQ settings. It should also provide instructions for readdressing the port and changing the IRQ setting, if necessary.

The built-in parallel port has autoconfiguration capability through the System Setup program; that is, if you set the parallel port to its automatic configuration and add an expansion card containing a port configured as LPT1 (IRQ7, I/O address 378h), the system automatically remaps the built-in parallel port to its secondary address (IRQ5, I/O address 278h). If the secondary port address is already being used, the built-in parallel port is turned off.

For general information on how your operating system handles serial and parallel ports, and for more detailed command procedures, see your operating system documentation.

Serial Port Connectors

If you reconfigure your hardware, you may need pin number and signal information for the serial port connectors. Figure 2, Pin Numbers for the Serial Port Connectors, illustrates the pin numbers for the serial port connectors, and Table 1, Pin Assignments for the Serial Port Connectors, lists and defines the pin assignments and interface signals for the serial port connectors.

Figure 2. Pin Numbers for the Serial Port Connectors

Table 1. Pin Assignments for the Serial Port Connectors Pin Signal I/O Definition 1 DCD I Data carrier detect 2 SIN I Serial input 3 SOUT O Serial output 4 DTR O Data terminal ready 5 GND Signal ground 6 DSR I Data set ready 7 RTS O Request to send 8 CTS I Clear to send 9 RI I Ring indicator Shell Chassis ground

Parallel Port Connector

If you reconfigure your hardware, you may need pin number and signal information for the parallel port connector. Figure 3, Pin Numbers for the Parallel Port Connector, illustrates the pin numbers for the parallel port connector, and Table 2, Pin Assignments for the Parallel Port Connector, lists and defines the pin assignments and interface signals for the parallel port connector.

Figure 3. Pin Numbers for the Parallel Port Connector

Table 2. Pin Assignments for the Parallel Port Connector Pin Signal I/O Definition 1 STB# I/O Strobe 2 PD0 I/O Printer data bit 0 3 PD1 I/O Printer data bit 1 4 PD2 I/O Printer data bit 2 5 PD3 I/O Printer data bit 3 6 PD4 I/O Printer data bit 4 7 PD5 I/O Printer data bit 5 8 PD6 I/O Printer data bit 6 9 PD7 I/O Printer data bit 7 10 ACK# I Acknowledge 11 BUSY I Busy 12 PE I Paper end 13 SLCT I Select 14 AFD# O Automatic feed 15 ERR# I Error 16 INIT# O Initialize printer 17 SLIN# O Select in 18-25 GND Signal ground

Keyboard and Mouse Connectors

The system uses a Personal System/2 (PS/2)-style keyboard and supports a PS/2-compatible mouse. Cables from both devices attach to 6-pin, miniature Deutsche Industrie Norm (DIN) connectors on the back panel of your system.

A PS/2-compatible mouse works identically to an industry-standard serial mouse or bus mouse except that it has its own dedicated connector, which frees up both serial ports and does not require an expansion card. Circuitry inside the mouse detects the movement of a small ball and relays the direction to the system.

Mouse driver software can give the mouse priority with the microprocessor by issuing IRQ12 whenever new mouse movement is detected. The driver software also passes along the mouse data to the application program that is in control.

Keyboard Connector

If you reconfigure your hardware, you may need pin number and signal information for the keyboard connector. Figure 4, Pin Numbers for the Keyboard Connector, illustrates the pin numbers for the keyboard connector, and Table 3, Pin Assignments for the Keyboard Connector, lists and defines the pin assignments and interface signals for the keyboard connector.

Figure 4. Pin Numbers for the Keyboard Connector

Table 3. Pin Assignments for the Keyboard Connector Pin Signal I/O Definition 1 KBDATA I/O Keyboard data 2 NC No connection 3 GND Signal ground 4 FVcc Fused supply voltage 5 KBCLK I/O Keyboard clock 6 NC No connection Shell Chassis ground

Mouse Connector

If you reconfigure your hardware, you may need pin number and signal information for the mouse connector. Figure 5, Pin Numbers for the Mouse Connector, illustrates the pin numbers for the mouse connector, and Table 4, Pin Assignments for the Mouse Connector, lists and defines the pin assignments and interface signals for the mouse connector.

Figure 5. Pin Numbers for the Mouse Connector

Table 4. Pin Assignments for the Mouse Connector Pin Signal I/O Definition 1 MFDATA I/O Mouse data 2 NC No connection 3 GND Signal ground 4 FVcc Fused supply voltage 5 MFCLK I/O Mouse clock 6 NC No connection Shell Chassis ground

Video Connector

The system uses a 15-pin high-density D-subminiature connector on the back panel for attaching a video graphics array (VGA)-compatible monitor to your system. The video circuitry on the system board synchronizes the signals that drive the red, green, and blue electron guns in the monitor.

NOTE: Installing a video card automatically disables the system's built-in video subsystem.

If you reconfigure your hardware, you may need pin number and signal information for the video connector. Figure 6, Pin Numbers for the Video Connector, illustrates the pin numbers for the video connector, and Table 5, Pin Assignments for the Video Connector, lists and defines the pin assignments and interface signals for the video connector.

Figure 6. Pin Numbers for the Video Connector

Table 5. Pin Assignments for the Video Connector Pin Signal I/O Definition 1 RED O Red video 2 GREEN O Green video 3 BLUE O Blue video 4 NC No connection

5-8, 10 GND Signal ground 9 VCC Vcc 11 NC No connection 12 DDC data out O Monitor detect data 13 HSYNC O Horizontal synchronization 14 VSYNC O Vertical synchronization 15 DDC clock out O Monitor detect clock Shell Chassis ground

USB Connectors

Your system contains two Universal Serial Bus (USB) connectors for attaching USB-compliant devices. USB devices are typically peripherals such as keyboards, mice, printers, and computer speakers.

CAUTION: Do not attach a USB device or a combination of USB devices that draw a maximum current over 500 milliamperes (mA) per channel or +5 volts (V). Attaching devices that exceed this threshold may cause the USB ports to shut down. See the documentation that accompanied the USB devices for their maximum current ratings.

If you reconfigure your hardware, you may need pin number and signal information for the USB connectors. Figure 7, Pin Numbers for the USB Connectors, illustrates the pin numbers for the USB connectors, and Table 6, Pin Assignments for the USB Connectors, lists and defines the pin assignments and interface signals for the USB connectors.

Figure 7. Pin Numbers for the USB Connectors

Table 6. Pin Assignments for the USB Connectors

Pin Signal I/O Definition

1 Vcc N/A Supply voltage

2 DATA I Data in

3 +DATA O Data out

4 GND N/A Signal ground

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Maintaining the System: Dell PowerEdge 1300 Systems User's Guide

Overview | Data Preservation | Cleaning System Components | Environmental Factors | Power Protection Devices

Overview

Proper use of preventive maintenance procedures can keep the system in top operating condition and minimize the need for costly, time-consuming service procedures. This file contains maintenance procedures that you should perform regularly.

Data Preservation

Everyone inadvertently deletes files at one time or another. Also, hard-disk drives can fail after extended use, so it is not a question of whether you will eventually lose data, but when. To avoid such loss of data, you should regularly make backup copies of all hard-disk drive files. Frequent, regular backups are a must for anyone using a hard-disk drive.

Scheduling Backups

The frequency with which backups should be made depends on the amount of storage space on a hard-disk drive and the volatility of the data contained on the drive. Heavily used systems require more frequent backups than systems in which files are seldom changed.

Dell recommends that you back up the hard-disk drive at least once a week, with a daily backup of those files known to have been changed. Following these guidelines ensures the loss of no more than a day's work in the event of a hard-disk drive failure or if you inadvertently delete one or more important files.

As further insurance against data losses, you should keep duplicate copies of the weekly and monthly backups at an off- site location. Doing this ensures that you lose no more than a week's work, even if one of the on-site backups becomes corrupted.

Backup Devices

Tape drives are fast, convenient, and reliable devices that can back up data at rates of up to 1.5 megabytes per second (MB/sec) (sustained, without data compression) and can often run unattended. Dell offers tape drives with storage capacities in the range of 20 to 70 gigabytes (GB) per tape cartridge and recommends these drives and their associated backup software for use as system backup devices.

As a last resort, you can back up a hard-disk drive's contents on diskettes, a method that is both time-consuming and prone to human error. Also, backing up a full 4-GB hard-disk drive requires approximately 277 diskettes (when using 1.44-MB diskettes), 334 diskettes (when using 1.2-MB diskettes), or 139 diskettes (when using 2.88-MB diskettes). Therefore, if it is absolutely necessary to use diskettes as backup devices, any unwanted hard-disk drive files should be deleted before a backup procedure is started.

Recovering Data

Some hard-disk drive failures are recoverable. In these cases you may be able to recover all lost data if the proper utility software is available. Even losses such as accidentally deleted files or accidental reformatting of a hard-disk drive can

be reversed with these utilities.

If the system is running the MS-DOS operating system, many apparent data loss problems are due to corruption or erasure of the hard-disk drive's master boot record (MBR), MS-DOS boot sector, or file allocation table (FAT); that is, accidental deletion of files or accidental reformatting of the hard-disk drive alters the MS-DOS boot sector, the FAT, and the root directory.

However, such accidents do not actually erase the contents of the hard-disk drive files until new data is written to the sectors containing these files. With software such as the Norton Utilities, Mace Utilities, or PC-Tools Deluxe, the data stored in these areas can often be restored, meaning that you can recover most, if not all, of the data.

Unlike using the format command on a hard-disk drive, using format on a diskette completely erases all the data on the diskette unless you use the diskette format program included in the Mace Utilities.

For a complete description of data recovery procedures and the software needed to perform them, see The Paul Mace Guide to Data Recovery, published by Brady.

Cleaning System Components

An exhaust fan in the power supply cools the power supply and system by drawing air in through various openings in the system and blowing it out the back. However, the fan also draws dust and other particles into the system, causing contaminant buildup, which results in an increase in the system's internal temperature and interferes with the operation of various system components.

To avoid these conditions, Dell recommends keeping your work environment clean to reduce the amount of dust and dirt around the system, thereby reducing the amount of contaminants drawn into the system by the power supply fan. In particular, you should keep the exterior of your system and monitor clean, and you should use a commercially available diskette-drive head-cleaning kit to remove contaminants inside your diskette drives.

Recommended Tools and Accessories

Dell recommends that you use the following tools and accessories when you clean the system:

A wrist-grounding strap The proper use of a wrist-grounding strap reduces the effect of electrostatic discharge (ESD), which can damage certain system components. To use a wrist-grounding strap, place the strap around your wrist and attach the other end of the strap to an unpainted metal surface in the chassis, such as the power supply bracket, that is connected to chassis ground. A liquid dishwashing detergent Use a mixture of one part liquid dishwashing detergent and three parts water to clean the exterior of the system, monitor, and keyboard. You can also add fabric softener to produce an antistatic solution that prevents dust from being attracted to the monitor screen. A soft, lint-free cleaning cloth Moisten the cleaning cloth with the dishwashing detergent solution to clean the exterior of the system. A nonabrasive diskette-drive head-cleaning kit Dell recommends that you use a kit that contains pretreated diskettes in individually sealed packages. These kits ensure that the cleaning solution is applied evenly over the entire diskette-drive head surface, and they prevent contamination of the heads by exposure to foreign substances. A small vacuum cleaner with a brush attachment Use the vacuum cleaner to remove dust and dirt from the exterior of the system and keyboard.

Cleaning the System, Monitor, and Keyboard Exteriors

A conventional monitor or keyboard cover minimizes the accumulation of dust and other debris inside the monitor and

keyboard when they are not in use. Also, commercially available keyboard membrane covers make it possible to use the keyboard while providing protection against foreign particles.

However, regardless of any protective covers, the monitor and keyboard must be cleaned occasionally. To clean the exterior of the system, monitor, and keyboard, perform the following steps:

Turn off the system, monitor, and any other attached peripherals, and disconnect them from their electrical outlets.

1. Use a vacuum cleaner to remove any dust from the slots and holes on the system and between the keys on the keyboard.

2. Moisten a soft cleaning cloth with a solution of three parts water and one part liquid dishwashing detergent. Do not soak the cloth in the solution; you must not let the solution drip inside the system or keyboard.

3. Use the moistened cloth to wipe the system cover, the keyboard, and the exterior of the monitor, including the screen.

Cleaning Drives

CAUTION: Do not attempt to clean drive heads with a swab. You may accidentally misalign the heads, rendering the drive inoperable.

You can clean the heads of your diskette drives by using a commercially available diskette-drive head-cleaning kit. These kits include diskettes pretreated with a chemical solution to nonabrasively remove contaminants that accumulate on the drive heads during normal operation.

If the kit does not contain instructions, insert one of the pretreated diskettes into a diskette drive and turn on the system. After 20 or 30 seconds, remove the diskette from the drive. Repeat this procedure for each diskette drive in the system.

Environmental Factors

This section discusses various environmental factors that can adversely affect system performance and longevity.

Temperature

Temperature extremes can cause a variety of problems, including premature aging and failure of chips or mechanical failure of devices. Extreme temperature fluctuations can cause chips to become loose in their sockets and can cause expansion and contraction of disk drive platters, resulting in read or write data errors. When you perform a low-level format operation on a hard-disk drive, it is important to ensure that the drive's surrounding temperature is at or near the temperature at which the drive will be operated. Failure to do so can result in relocation of the tracks on the disk platters.

To minimize the negative effects of temperature on system performance, follow these guidelines:

Ensure that the system is operated in an environment no colder than 10 Celsius (C) (50 Fahrenheit [F]) or hotter than 35 C (95 F). Ensure that the system has adequate ventilation. Do not place it within a closed-in wall unit or on top of cloth material, which can act as insulation. Do not place it where it will receive direct sunlight, particularly in the afternoon. Do not place it next to a heat source of any kind, including heating vents during winter.

Adequate ventilation is particularly important at high altitudes. System performance may not be optimum when the system is operating at high temperatures as well as high altitudes.

Make sure that all slots and openings on the system remain unobstructed, especially the fan vent on the back of

the system. Clean the system at regular intervals to avoid any buildup of dust and debris, which can cause a system to overheat. If the system has been exposed to abnormally cold temperatures, allow a two-hour warm-up period to bring it up to normal operating temperature before turning it on. Failure to do so may cause damage to internal components, particularly the hard-disk drive. If intermittent system failures are noticed, try reseating any socketed chips, which might have become loose due to temperature fluctuations.

Humidity

High-humidity conditions can cause moisture migration and penetration into the system. This moisture can cause corrosion of internal components and degradation of properties such as electrical resistance, thermal conductivity, physical strength, and size. Extreme moisture buildup inside the system can result in electrical shorts, which can cause serious damage to the system.

Each Dell system is rated to operate at 8 to 80 percent relative humidity, with a humidity gradation of 10 percent per hour. In storage, a Dell system can withstand from 5 to 95 percent relative humidity.

Buildings in which climate is controlled by air-conditioning in the warmer months and by heat during the colder months usually maintain an acceptable level of humidity for system equipment. However, if a system is located in an unusually humid location, a dehumidifier can be used to maintain the humidity within an acceptable range.

Altitude

Operating a system at high altitude (low pressure) reduces the efficiency of forced and convection cooling and can result in electrical problems related to arcing and corona effects. This condition can also cause sealed components with internal pressure, such as electrolytic capacitors, to fail or perform at reduced efficiency.

Each Dell system is rated to operate at altitudes from -16 to 3048 meters (m) (-50 to 10,000 feet [ft]) and can be stored at altitudes of -16 to 10,600 m (-50 to 35,000 ft).

Dust and Particles

A clean operating environment can greatly reduce the negative effects of dust and other particles, which act as insulators and interfere with the operation of a system's mechanical components. Also, in addition to regular cleaning, you should follow these guidelines to deter contamination of the system equipment:

Do not permit smoking anywhere near the system. Do not permit food or drink near the system. Use dust covers when the system is not in use. Keep all diskettes in a closed diskette box when not in use. Close windows and outside doors to keep out airborne particles.

Corrosion

The oil from a person's fingers or prolonged exposure to high temperature or humidity can corrode the gold-plated edge connectors and pin connectors on various devices in the system. This corrosion on system connectors is a gradual process that can eventually lead to intermittent failures of electrical circuits.

To prevent corrosion, you should avoid touching contacts on boards and cards. Protecting the system from corrosive elements is especially important in moist and salty environments, which tend to promote corrosion. Also, as a further deterrent to corrosion, the system should not be used in extreme temperatures, as explained in Temperature.

ESD

ESD results from the buildup of static electricity on the human body and certain other objects. This static electricity is often produced by simple movements such as walking across a carpet. ESD is a discharge of a static electrical charge that occurs when a person whose body contains such a charge touches a component in the system. This static discharge can cause components, especially chips, to fail. ESD is a problem particularly in dry environments where the relative humidity is below 50 percent. To reduce the effects of ESD, you should observe the following guidelines:

When working inside the system, wear a wrist-grounding strap. If a wrist- grounding strap is unavailable, touch an unpainted metal surface on the chassis periodically to neutralize any static charge. If at all possible, stand on a concrete floor while working inside the system. Use an antistatic floor mat when working inside the system. If it is necessary to work in a carpeted area, spray the carpet with an antistatic spray and allow it to dry before beginning to work inside the system. Keep components in their antistatic packaging until they are installed. Avoid wearing clothing made of wool or synthetic materials.

Electromagnetic and Radio Frequency Interference

Electromagnetic interference (EMI) and radio frequency interference (RFI) from a system can adversely affect devices such as radio and television (TV) receivers operating near the system. Radio frequencies emanating from a system can also interfere with cordless and low-power telephones. Conversely, RFI from high-power telephones can cause spurious characters to appear on the system's monitor screen.

RFI is defined as any EMI with a frequency above 10 kilohertz (kHz). This type of interference can travel from the system to other devices through the power cable and power source or through the air like transmitted radio waves. The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) publishes specific regulations to limit the amount of EMI and RFI emitted by computing equipment. Each Dell system meets these FCC regulations.

To reduce the possibility of EMI and RFI, follow these guidelines:

Operate the system only with the system cover installed. Ensure that all expansion slots are covered either by a card-mounting bracket or by a metal filler bracket and that all drive bays have a drive and/or a metal insert installed. These brackets and metal inserts are available from Dell. Ensure that the screws on all peripheral cable connectors are securely fastened to their corresponding connectors on the back of the system. Always use shielded cables with metal connector shells for attaching peripherals to the system.

To prevent the possibility of RFI from a system affecting TV reception, follow these guidelines:

Keep any TV set at least 6 ft away from the system. Use cable TV when possible. Use a directional outdoor TV antenna. Attach line filters to the TV set. Use 75-ohm coaxial cable for the TV set rather than twin-lead antenna wire. If interference occurs, rotate the system or the TV set 90 degrees.

Magnetism

Because they store data magnetically, diskettes and hard-disk drives are extremely susceptible to the effects of magnetism. Diskettes should never be stored near magnetic sources such as the following:

Monitors TV sets Printers Telephones with real bells Fluorescent lights

Shock and Vibration

Excessive shock can damage the function, external appearance, and physical structure of a system. Each Dell system has been designed to operate properly even after withstanding a minimum of six consecutively executed shock pulses in the positive and negative x, y, and z axes (one pulse on each side of the system). Each shock pulse can measure up to 50 gravities (G) for up to 2 milliseconds (ms). In storage, the system can withstand shock pulses of 92 G for 2 ms.

Excessive vibration can cause the same problems as mentioned earlier for shock, as well as causing components to become loose in their sockets or connectors. Systems can be subject to significant vibration when being transported by vehicle or when operated in an environment with machinery that causes vibration.

Each Dell system, when operating, is designed to withstand 0.25 G (half-sine wave) at a sweep of 3 to 200 hertz (Hz) for 30 minutes. In storage, the system can withstand 0.5 G at 3 to 200 Hz for 30 minutes.

Power Source Interruptions

Systems are especially sensitive to variations in voltage supplied by the AC power source. Over-voltage, undervoltage, and transients (or spikes) can erase data from memory or even cause components to fail. To protect against these types of problems, power cables should always be properly grounded and one or both of the following methods should be used:

Use one of the power protection devices described in the following section, "Power Protection Devices." Place the system on a dedicated power circuit (rather than sharing a circuit with other heavy electrical equipment). In general, do not allow the system to share a circuit with any of the following: Copier machines Air conditioners Vacuum cleaners Space heaters Power tools Teletype machines Adding machines Laser printers Facsimile machines Any other motorized equipment

Besides these appliances, the greatest threats to a system's supply of power are surges or blackouts caused by electrical storms. Whenever possible, turn off the system and any peripherals and unplug them from their power sources during thunderstorms.

If a blackout occurseven a temporary onewhile the system is turned on, turn off the system immediately and disconnect it from the electrical outlet. Leaving the system on may cause problems when the power is restored; all other appliances left on in the area can create large voltage spikes that can damage the system.

Power Protection Devices

A number of devices are available that protect against power problems such as power surges, transients, and power failures. The following subsections describe some of these devices.

Surge Protectors

Surge protectors are available in a variety of types and usually provide a level of protection commensurate with the cost of the device. Surge protectors prevent voltage spikes, such as those caused during an electrical storm, from entering a system through the electrical outlet. Surge protectors, however, do not offer protection against brownouts, which occur when the voltage drops more than 20 percent below the normal AC line voltage level.

Line Conditioners

Line conditioners go beyond the overvoltage protection of surge protectors. Line conditioners keep a system's AC power source voltage at a fairly constant level and, therefore, can handle brownouts. Because of this added protection, line conditioners cost more than surge protectorsup to several hundred dollars. However, these devices cannot protect against a complete loss of power.

Uninterruptible Power Supplies

Uninterruptible power supply (UPS) systems offer the most complete protection against variations in power because they use battery power to keep the system running when AC power is lost. The battery is charged by the AC power while it is available, so once AC power is lost, the battery can provide power to the system for a limited amount of time from 15 minutes to an hour or sodepending on the UPS system.

UPS systems range in price from a few hundred dollars to several thousand dollars, with the more expensive units allowing you to run larger systems for a longer period of time when AC power is lost. UPS systems that provide only 5 minutes of battery power let you conduct an orderly shutdown of the system, but are not intended to provide continued operation. Surge protectors should be used with all UPS systems, and the UPS system should be Underwriters Laboratories (UL) safety-approved.

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Regulatory Notices: Dell PowerEdge 1300 Systems User's Guide

Overview | FCC Notices (U.S. Only) | IC Notice (Canada Only | CE Notice (European Union) | EN 55022 Compliance (Czech Republic Only) | VCCI Notice (Japan Only) | MOC Notice (South Korea Only) | Polish Center for Testing and Certification Notice | Wymagania Polskiego Centrum Badan i Certyfikacji | Pozostae instrukcje bezpieczenstwa | NOM Information (Mexico Only) | Informacin para NOM (nicamente para Mxico) | BCIQ Notice (Taiwan Only)

Overview

Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) is any signal or emission, radiated in free space or conducted along power or signal leads, that endangers the functioning of a radio navigation or other safety service or seriously degrades, obstructs, or repeatedly interrupts a licensed radio communications service. Radio communications services include but are not limited to AM/FM commercial broadcast, television, cellular services, radar, air-traffic control, pager, and Personal Communication Services (PCS). These licensed services, along with unintentional radiators such as digital devices, including computer systems, contribute to the electromagnetic environment.

Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) is the ability of items of electronic equipment to function properly together in the electronic environment. While this computer system has been designed and determined to be compliant with regulatory agency limits for EMI, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause interference with radio communications services, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, you are encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures:

Reorient the receiving antenna. Relocate the computer with respect to the receiver. Move the computer away from the receiver. Plug the computer into a different outlet so that the computer and the receiver are on different branch circuits.

If necessary, consult a Technical Support representative of Dell Computer Corporation or an experienced radio/television technician for additional suggestions. You may find the FCC Interference Handbook, 1986, to be helpful. It is available from the U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402, Stock No. 004-000-00450-7 or on the World Wide Web at www.fcc.gov/Bureaus/Compliance/WWW/tvibook.html.

Dell computer systems are designed, tested, and classified for their intended electromagnetic environment. These electromagnetic environment classifications generally refer to the following harmonized definitions:

Class A is for business or industrial environments. Class B is for residential environments.

Information Technology Equipment (ITE), including peripherals, expansion cards, printers, input/output (I/O) devices, monitors, and so on, that are integrated into or connected to the system should match the electromagnetic environment classification of the computer system.

A Notice About Shielded Signal Cables: Use only shielded cables for connecting peripherals to any Dell device to reduce the possibility of interference with radio communications services. Using shielded cables ensures that you maintain the appropriate EMC classification for the intended environment. For parallel printers, a cable is available from Dell Computer Corporation. If you prefer, you can order a cable from Dell Computer Corporation on the World Wide Web at http://www.dell.com/products/dellware/index.htm.

Most Dell computer systems are classified for Class B environments. To determine the electromagnetic classification for your system or device, refer to the following sections specific for each regulatory agency. Each section provides

country-specific EMC/EMI or product safety information.

FCC Notices (U.S. Only)

Most Dell computer systems are classified by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) as Class B digital devices. However, the inclusion of certain options can change the rating of some configurations to Class A. To determine which classification applies to your computer system, examine all FCC registration labels located on the bottom or back panel of your computer, on card-mounting brackets, and on the cards themselves. If any one of the labels carries a Class A rating, your entire system is considered to be a Class A digital device. If all labels carry an FCC Class B rating as distinguished by either an FCC ID number or the FCC logo ( ), your system is considered to be a Class B digital device.

Once you have determined your system's FCC classification, read the appropriate FCC notice. Note that FCC regulations provide that changes or modifications not expressly approved by Dell Computer Corporation could void your authority to operate this equipment.

This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions:

This device may not cause harmful interference. This device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.

Class A

This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A digital device pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference when the equipment is operated in a commercial environment. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the manufacturer's instruction manual, may cause harmful interference with radio communications. Operation of this equipment in a residential area is likely to cause harmful interference, in which case you will be required to correct the interference at your own expense.

Class B

This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the manufacturer's instruction manual, may cause interference with radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, you are encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures:

Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna. Increase the separation between the equipment and the receiver. Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is connected. Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/television technician for help.

The following information is provided on the device or devices covered in this document in compliance with FCC regulations:

Product name: Dell PowerEdge 1300 Model number: MMP Company name: Dell Computer Corporation EMC Engineering Department

One Dell Way Round Rock, Texas 78682 USA 512-338-4400

IC Notice (Canada Only)

Most Dell computer systems (and other Dell digital apparatus) are classified by the Industry Canada (IC) Interference- Causing Equipment Standard #3 (ICES-003) as Class B digital devices. To determine which classification (Class A or B) applies to your computer system (or other Dell digital apparatus), examine all registration labels located on the bottom or the back panel of your computer (or other digital apparatus). A statement in the form of "IC Class A ICES-3" or "IC Class B ICES-3" will be located on one of these labels. Note that Industry Canada regulations provide that changes or modifications not expressly approved by Dell Computer Corporation could void your authority to operate this equipment.

This Class B (or Class A, if so indicated on the registration label) digital apparatus meets the requirements of the Canadian Interference-Causing Equipment Regulations.

Cet appareil numrique de la Classe B (ou Classe A, si ainsi indiqu sur l'tiquette d'enregistration) respecte toutes les exigences du Reglement sur le Materiel Brouilleur du Canada.

CE Notice (European Union)

Marking by the symbol indicates compliance of this Dell system to the EMC Directive and the Low Voltage Directive of the European Union. Such marking is indicative that this Dell system meets the following technical standards:

EN 55022 "Limits and Methods of Measurement of Radio Interference Characteristics of Information Technology Equipment."

EN 50082-1: 1992 "Electromagnetic compatibilityGeneric immunity standard Part 1: Residential, commercial, and light industry." EN 60950 "Safety of Information Technology Equipment."

NOTE: EN 55022 emissions requirements provide for two classifications:

Class A is for typical commercial areas. Class B is for typical domestic areas.

To determine which classification applies to your computer system, examine the FCC registration label located on the back panel of the computer. If the label indicates a Class A rating, the following warning applies to your system:

WARNING: This is a Class A product. In a domestic environment this product may cause radio interference in which case the user may be required to take adequate measures.

If the label indicates a Class B rating, the system is classified for use in a typical Class B domestic environment.

A "Declaration of Conformity" in accordance with the preceding directives and standards has been made and is on file at Dell Products Europe BV, Limerick, Ireland.

EN 55022 Compliance (Czech Republic Only)

This device belongs to Class B devices as described in EN 55022, unless it is specifically stated that it is a Class A device on the specification label. The following applies to devices in Class A of EN 55022 (radius of protection up to 30 meters). The user of the device is obliged to take all steps necessary to remove sources of interference to telecommunication or other devices.

Pokud nen na typovm titku potae uvedeno, e spad do tdy A podle EN 55022, spad automaticky do tdy B podle EN 55022. Pro zazen zaazen do tdy A (ochrann psmo 30m) podle EN 55022 plat nsledujc. Dojde-li k ruen telekomunikanch nebo jinych zazen, je uivatel povinen provst takov opaten, aby ruen odstranil.

VCCI Notice (Japan Only)

Most Dell computer systems are classified by the Voluntary Control Council for Interference (VCCI) as Class B information technology equipment (ITE). However, the inclusion of certain options can change the rating of some configurations to Class A. ITE, including peripherals, expansion cards, printers, input/output (I/O) devices, monitors, and so on, integrated into or connected to the system, should match the electromagnetic environment classification (Class A or B) of the computer system.

To determine which classification applies to your computer system, examine the regulatory labels/markings (see Figure 1, VCCI Class A ITE Regulatory Mark, and Figure 2, VCCI Class B ITE Regulatory Mark) located on the bottom or back panel of your computer. Once you have determined your system's VCCI classification, read the appropriate VCCI notice.

Class A ITE

This is a Class A product based on the standard of the Voluntary Control Council for Interference (VCCI) for information technology equipment. If this equipment is used in a domestic environment, radio disturbance may arise. When such trouble occurs, the user may be required to take corrective actions.

Figure 1. VCCI Class A ITE Regulatory Mark

Class B ITE

This is a Class B product based on the standard of the Voluntary Control Council for Interference (VCCI) for information technology equipment. If this equipment is used near a radio or television receiver in a domestic environment, it may cause radio interference. Install and use the equipment according to the instruction manual.

Figure 2. VCCI Class B ITE Regulatory Mark

MOC Notice (South Korea Only)

To determine which classification (Class A or B) applies to your computer system (or other Dell digital device), examine the South Korean Ministry of Communications (MOC) registration labels located on your computer (or other Dell digital device). The MOC label may be located separately from the other regulatory marking applied to your product. The English text, "EMI (A)," for Class A products, or "EMI (B)" for Class B products, appears in the center of the MOC label (see Figure 3, MOC Class A Regulatory Mark, and Figure 4, MOC Class B Regulatory Mark).

NOTE: MOC emissions requirements provide for two classifications:

Class A devices are for business purposes. Class B devices are for nonbusiness purposes.

Class A Device

Please note that this device has been approved for business purposes with regard to electromagnetic interference. If you find that this device is not suitable for your use, you may exchange it for a nonbusiness device.

Figure 3. MOC Class A Regulatory Mark

Class B Device

Please note that this device has been approved for nonbusiness purposes and may be used in any environment, including residential areas.

Figure 4. MOC Class B Regulatory Mark

Polish Center for Testing and Certification Notice

The equipment should draw power from a socket with an attached protection circuit (a three-prong socket). All equipment that works together (computer, monitor, printer, and so on) should have the same power supply source.

The phasing conductor of the room's electrical installation should have a reserve short-circuit protection device in the form of a fuse with a nominal value no larger than 16 amperes (A).

To completely switch off the equipment, the power supply cable must be removed from the power supply socket, which should be located near the equipment and easily accessible.

A protection mark "B" confirms that the equipment is in compliance with the protection usage requirements of standards PN-93/T-42107 and PN-89/E-06251.

NOM Information (Mexico Only)

The following information is provided on the device(s) described in this document in compliance with the requirements of the official Mexican standards (NOM):

Exporter: Dell Computer Corporation One Dell Way Round Rock, TX 78682

Importer: Dell Computer de Mxico, S.A. de C.V. Rio Lerma No. 302 - 4 Piso Col. Cuauhtemoc 16500 Mxico, D.F.

Ship to: Dell Computer de Mxico, S.A. de C.V. al Cuidado de Kuehne & Nagel de Mxico S. de R.I. Avenida Soles No. 55 Col. Peon de los Baos 15520 Mxico, D.F.

Supply voltage: 115/230 VAC

Frequency: 60/50 Hz Current consumption: 6.0/3.0 A

Informacin para NOM (nicamente para Mxico)

La informacin siguiente se proporciona en el dispositivo o en los dispositivos descritos en este documento, en cumplimiento con los requisitos de la Norma Oficial Mexicana (NOM):

Exportador: Dell Computer Corporation One Dell Way Round Rock, TX 78682

Importador: Dell Computer de Mxico, S.A. de C.V. Rio Lerma No. 302 - 4 Piso Col. Cuauhtemoc 16500 Mxico, D.F.

Embarcar a: Dell Computer de Mxico, S.A. de C.V. al Cuidado de Kuehne & Nagel de Mxico S. de R.I. Avenida Soles No. 55 Col. Peon de los Baos 15520 Mxico, D.F.

Tensin alimentacin: 115/230 VAC Frecuencia: 60/50 Hz Consumo de corriente: 6.0/3.0 A

BCIQ Notice (Taiwan Only)

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Warranty, Return Policy, and Year 2000 Statement of Compliance: Dell

PowerEdge 1300 Systems User's Guide

Limited Three-Year Warranty (U.S. and Canada Only) | "Total Satisfaction" Return Policy (U.S. and Canada Only) | Year 2000 Statement of Compliance for Dell-Branded Hardware Products

Limited Three-Year Warranty (U.S. and Canada Only)

Dell Computer Corporation ("Dell") manufactures its hardware products from parts and components that are new or equivalent to new in accordance with industry-standard practices. Dell warrants that the hardware products it manufactures will be free from defects in materials and workmanship. The warranty term is three years beginning on the date of invoice, as described in the following text.

Damage due to shipping the products to you is covered under this warranty. Otherwise, this warranty does not cover damage due to external causes, including accident, abuse, misuse, problems with electrical power, servicing not authorized by Dell, usage not in accordance with product instructions, failure to perform required preventive maintenance, and problems caused by use of parts and components not supplied by Dell.

This warranty does not cover any items that are in one or more of the following categories: software; external devices (except as specifically noted); accessories or parts added to a Dell system after the system is shipped from Dell; accessories or parts added to a Dell system through Dell's system integration department; accessories or parts that are not installed in the Dell factory; or DellWare products. Monitors, keyboards, and mice that are Dell-branded or that are included on Dell's standard price list are covered under this warranty; all other monitors, keyboards, and mice (including those sold through the DellWare program) are not covered. Batteries for portable computers are covered only during the initial one-year period of this warranty.

Coverage During Year One

During the one-year period beginning on the invoice date, Dell will repair or replace products covered under this limited warranty that are returned to Dell's facility. To request warranty service, you must call Dell's Customer Technical Support within the warranty period. Refer to "Getting Help" in your Installation and Troubleshooting Guide to find the appropriate telephone number for obtaining customer assistance. If warranty service is required, Dell will issue a Return Material Authorization Number. You must ship the products back to Dell in their original or equivalent packaging, prepay shipping charges, and insure the shipment or accept the risk of loss or damage during shipment. Dell will ship the repaired or replacement products to you freight prepaid if you use an address in the continental U.S. or Canada, where applicable. Shipments to other locations will be made freight collect.

NOTE: Before you ship the product(s) to Dell, back up the data on the hard-disk drive(s) and any other storage device(s) in the product(s). Remove any removable media, such as diskettes, CDs, or PC Cards. Dell does not accept liability for lost data or software.

Dell owns all parts removed from repaired products. Dell uses new and reconditioned parts made by various manufacturers in performing warranty repairs and building replacement products. If Dell repairs or replaces a product, its warranty term is not extended.

Coverage During Years Two and Three

During the second and third years of this limited warranty, Dell will provide, on an exchange basis and subject to Dell's Exchange Policy in effect on the date of the exchange, replacement parts for the Dell hardware product(s) covered under this limited warranty when a part requires replacement. You must report each instance of hardware failure to Dell's Customer Technical Support in advance to obtain Dell's concurrence that a part should be replaced and to have Dell ship the replacement part. Dell will ship parts (freight prepaid) if you use an address in the continental U.S. or Canada, where applicable. Shipments to other locations will be made freight collect. Dell will include a prepaid shipping container with each replacement part for your use in returning the replaced part to Dell. Replacement parts are new or reconditioned. Dell may provide replacement parts made by various manufacturers when supplying parts to you. The warranty term for a replacement part is the remainder of the limited warranty term.

You will pay Dell for replacement parts if the replaced part is not returned to Dell. The process for returning replaced parts, and your obligation to pay for replacement parts if you do not return the replaced parts to Dell, will be in accordance with Dell's Exchange Policy in effect on the date of the exchange.

You accept full responsibility for your software and data. Dell is not required to advise or remind you of appropriate backup and other procedures.

General Provisions

DELL MAKES NO EXPRESS WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS BEYOND THOSE STATED IN THIS WARRANTY STATEMENT. DELL DISCLAIMS ALL OTHER WARRANTIES AND CONDITIONS, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION IMPLIED WARRANTIES AND CONDITIONS OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. SOME STATES (OR JURISDICTIONS) DO NOT ALLOW LIMITATIONS ON IMPLIED WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS, SO THIS LIMITATION MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU.

DELL'S RESPONSIBILITY FOR MALFUNCTIONS AND DEFECTS IN HARDWARE IS LIMITED TO REPAIR AND REPLACEMENT AS SET FORTH IN THIS WARRANTY STATEMENT. THESE WARRANTIES GIVE YOU SPECIFIC LEGAL RIGHTS, AND YOU MAY ALSO HAVE OTHER RIGHTS, WHICH VARY FROM STATE TO STATE (OR JURISDICTION TO JURISDICTION).

DELL DOES NOT ACCEPT LIABILITY BEYOND THE REMEDIES SET FORTH IN THIS WARRANTY STATEMENT OR LIABILITY FOR INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION ANY LIABILITY FOR PRODUCTS NOT BEING AVAILABLE FOR USE OR FOR LOST DATA OR SOFTWARE.

SOME STATES (OR JURISDICTIONS) DO NOT ALLOW THE EXCLUSION OR LIMITATION OF INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, SO THE PRECEDING EXCLUSION OR LIMITATION MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU.

These provisions apply to Dell's limited three-year warranty only. For provisions of any service contract covering your system, refer to your invoice or the separate service contract that you will receive.

If Dell elects to exchange a system or component, the exchange will be made in accordance with Dell's Exchange Policy in effect on the date of the exchange. In any instance in which Dell issues a Return Materials Authorization Number, Dell must receive the product(s) for repair prior to the expiration of the warranty period in order for the repair(s) to be covered by the warranty.

NOTE: If you chose one of the available warranty and service options in place of the standard limited three-year warranty described in the preceding text, the option you chose will be listed on your invoice.

"Total Satisfaction" Return Policy (U.S. and Canada Only)

If you are an end-user customer who bought new products directly from a Dell company, you may return them to Dell within 30 days of the date of invoice for a refund or credit of the product purchase price. If you are an end-user customer who bought reconditioned or refurbished products from a Dell company, you may return them to Dell within 14 days of the date of invoice for a refund or credit of the product purchase price. In either case, the refund or credit will not include any shipping and handling charges shown on your invoice. If you are an organization that bought the products under a written agreement with Dell, the agreement may contain different terms for the return of products than specified by this policy.

To return products, you must call Dell Customer Service to receive a Credit Return Authorization Number. Refer to "Getting Help" in your Installation and Troubleshooting Guide to find the appropriate telephone number for obtaining customer assistance. To expedite the processing of your refund or credit, Dell expects you to return the products to Dell in their original packaging within five days of the date that Dell issues the Credit Return Authorization Number. You must also prepay shipping charges and insure the shipment or accept the risk of loss or damage during shipment. You may return software for refund or credit only if the sealed package containing the diskette(s) or CD(s) is unopened. Returned products must be in as-new condition, and all of the manuals, diskette(s), CD(s), power cables, and other items included with a product must be returned with it. For customers who want to return, for refund or credit only, either applications software or an operating system that has been installed by Dell, the whole system must be returned, along with any media and documentation that may have been included in the original shipment.

This "Total Satisfaction" Return Policy does not apply to DellWare products, which may be returned under DellWare's then-current return policy. In addition, reconditioned parts purchased through Dell Spare Parts Sales in Canada are nonreturnable.

Year 2000 Statement of Compliance for Dell-Branded Hardware Products

Dell-branded hardware products shipped on or after January 1, 1997, are eligible to carry the "NSTL Hardware Tested Year 2000 Compliant" logo by virtue of formal testing with, and successful completion of, the National Software Testing Laboratories (NSTL) YMARK2000 test.* Dell will treat a failure to pass the YMARK2000 test as a covered event under Dell's warranty for the product, subject to the normal warranty limitations.** For a complete copy of Dell's warranty, see the product's documentation. Dell-branded hardware products will also recognize the year 2000 as a leap year.

*The YMARK2000 standard tests the ability of system hardware and firmware to support the transition to the year 2000 (and to recognize leap years, when appropriate, for years 2000 through 2009 inclusive) and not that of options, operating systems, or applications software. Dell-branded hardware products that pass the YMARK2000 test conform to BSI-DISC PD 2000-1.

** Except for this clarification of Dell's warranty for NSTL logo hardware, all other warranties, conditions and remedies, express or implied, relating to year 2000 readiness or compliance are disclaimed. To make a claim under this warranty for NSTL logo hardware, customers must contact Dell prior to January 1, 2001. Despite a system's ability to pass the YMARK2000 test, actual rollover results in specific operating environments may vary depending on other factors including, but not limited to, other hardware, operating systems, and applications software.

Previous Products

For Dell-branded hardware products shipped prior to January 1, 1997, that have an upgradable basic input/output system (BIOS), Dell makes available a BIOS upgrade. Although these products may not have been tested under the YMARK2000 test, Dell believes that the hardware would pass the YMARK2000 test, provided the appropriate BIOS upgrade is properly loaded.

For Dell-branded hardware products that do not have an upgradable BIOS, Dell has made available, as a convenience to customers, the Dell Program Patch, a software utility designed to assist customers in managing the year 2000 rollover.

Software

Dell specifically excludes all non-Dell-developed software from this compliance statement. All software run on Dell- branded hardware products should be independently verified by customers to be year 2000-compliant.

Additional Information

For additional information on year 2000 compliance of Dell-branded hardware products, refer to Dell's Year 2000 Web site at www.dell.com/year2000 or contact a Dell customer service representative in your area.

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Glossary: Dell PowerEdge 1300 Systems User's Guide

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z

The following list defines or identifies technical terms, abbreviations, and acronyms used in Dell user documents.

A

Abbreviation for ampere(s).

AC

Abbreviation for alternating current.

adapter card

An expansion card that plugs into an expansion-card connector on the computer's system board. An adapter card adds some specialized function to the computer by providing an interface between the expansion bus and a peripheral device. Examples of adapter cards include network cards, sound boards, and SCSI adapters.

ADC

Abbreviation for analog-to-digital converter.

ADI

Abbreviation for Autodesk Device Interface.

AI

Abbreviation for artificial intelligence.

ANSI

Acronym for American National Standards Institute.

application program

Software designed to help you perform a specific task, such as a spreadsheet or word processor. Application programs are distinct from operating system and utility software.

ASCII

Acronym for American Standard Code for Information Interchange. A text file containing only characters from the ASCII character set (usually created with a text editor, such as MS-DOS Editor or Notepad in Windows is called an ASCII file.

ASIC

Acronym for application-specific integrated circuit.

ASPI

Acronym for Advanced SCSI programming interface.

autoexec.bat file

When you boot your computer, MS-DOS runs any commands contained in the text file, autoexec.bat (after running any commands in the config.sys file). An autoexec.bat file is not required to boot MS-DOS, but provides a convenient place to run commands that are essential for setting up a consistent computing environmentsuch as loading mouse or network software.

backup

A copy of a program or data file. As a precaution, you should back up your computer's hard-disk drive on a regular basis. Before making a change to the configuration of your computer, you should back up important start-up files, such as autoexec.bat and config.sys for MS-DOS or win.ini and system.ini for the Microsoft Windows operating system.

base memory

Synonym for conventional memory. See also conventional memory.

BASIC

Acronym for Beginner's All-Purpose Symbolic Instruction Code, a programming language. MS-DOS includes a version of BASIC.

batch file

An ASCII text file containing a list of commands that run in sequence. Batch files must have a filename extension of bat.

baud rate

Data transmission speed. For example, modems are designed to transmit data at one or more specified baud rate(s) through the COM (serial) port of a computer.

BBS

Abbreviation for bulletin board service. A computer system that serves as a central location for accessing data or relaying messages by modem. For example, Dell's TechConnect BBS contains the latest version of software such as video drivers and the Dell Directory. If your system has a modem, you can access the BBS and download the most recent version of this software.

beep code

A diagnostic system message in the form of a series of beeps from your computer's speaker. Refer to your Diagnostics and Troubleshooting Guide for a complete discussion of system beep codes.

BIOS

Acronym for basic input/output system. Your computer's BIOS contains programs stored on a ROM chip. The BIOS controls the following:

Communications between the microprocessor and peripheral devices such as the keyboard and the video adapter Miscellaneous functions, such as system messages

bit

The smallest unit of information interpreted by your computer.

block

A typical unit of disk storage consisting of a small number of sectors. This term usually refers to the fundamental unit of storage provided by an operating system. See also block size and striping.

block size

The size of a block. See also block and striping.

boot routine

When you start your computer, it clears all memory, initializes devices, and loads the operating system. Unless the operating system fails to respond, you can reboot (also called warm boot) your computer by pressing ; otherwise, you must perform a cold boot by pressing the reset button (if your computer has one) or by turning the computer off and then back on.

bootable diskette

You can start your computer from a diskette in drive A. To make a bootable diskette, insert a diskette in drive A, type sys a: at the command line prompt and then press . Use this bootable diskette if your computer will not boot from the hard-disk drive.

bpi

Abbreviation for bits per inch.

bps

Abbreviation for bits per second.

BTU

Abbreviation for British thermal unit.

bus

A bus forms an information pathway between the components of a computer. Your computer contains an expansion bus that allows the microprocessor to communicate with controllers for all the various peripheral devices connected to the computer. Your computer also contains an address bus and a data bus for communications between the microprocessor and RAM.

byte

Eight contiguous bits of information; the basic data unit used by your computer.

BZT

Abbreviation for Bundesamt fur Zulassungen in der Telekommunikation.

C

Abbreviation for Celsius.

cache

To facilitate quicker data retrieval, a storage area for keeping a copy of data or instructions. For example, your computer's BIOS may cache ROM code in faster RAM. Or, a disk-cache utility may reserve RAM in which to store frequently accessed information from your computer's disk drives; when a program makes a request to a disk drive for data that is in the cache, the disk-cache utility can retrieve the data from RAM faster than from the disk drive.

card-edge connector

On the bottom of an expansion card, the metal-contact section that plugs into an expansion-card connector.

CCFT

Abbreviation for cold cathode fluorescent tube.

CD-ROM

Abbreviation for compact disc read-only memory. CD-ROM drives use optical technology to read data from compact discs. Compact discs are read-only storage devices; you cannot write new data to a compact disc with standard CD- ROM drives.

CGA

Abbreviation for color graphics adapter.

CIO

Abbreviation for comprehensive input/output.

cm

Abbreviation for centimeter(s).

CMOS

Acronym for complementary metal-oxide semiconductor. In computers, CMOS memory chips are often used for NVRAM storage.

COM n

The MS-DOS device names for the first through fourth serial ports on your computer are COM1, COM2, COM3, and COM4. MS-DOS supports up to four serial ports. However, the default interrupt for COM1 and COM3 is IRQ4, and the default interrupt for COM2 and COM4 is IRQ3. Therefore, you must be careful when configuring software that runs a serial device so that you don't create an interrupt conflict.

CON

The MS-DOS device name for the console, which includes your computer's keyboard and text displayed on the screen.

config.sys file

When you boot your computer, MS-DOS runs any commands contained in the text file config.sys (before running any commands in the autoexec.bat file). A config.sys file is not required to boot MS-DOS, but provides a convenient place to run commands that are essential for setting up a consistent computing environmentsuch as loading device drivers

with a device= statement.

controller

A chip or expansion card that controls the transfer of data between the microprocessor and a peripheral such as a disk drive or the keyboard.

conventional memory

The first 640 KB of RAM. Unless they are specially designed, MS-DOS programs are limited to running in conventional memory. See also EMM, expanded memory, extended memory, HMA, memory manager, upper memory area, and XMM.

coprocessor

A coprocessor relieves the computer's microprocessor of specific processing tasks. A math coprocessor, for example, handles numeric processing. A graphics coprocessor handles video rendering. The Intel Pentium microprocessor includes a built-in math coprocessor.

cpi

Abbreviation for characters per inch.

CPU

Abbreviation for central processing unit. See also microprocessor.

cursor

In character-based MS-DOS programs, the cursor is usually a block or an underscore (possibly blinking) that represents the position at which the next character typed will appear. Windows programs can design their own cursorscommon cursor symbols include the pointer arrow and the text-insertion I-beam.

DAC

Acronym for digital-to-analog converter.

DAT

Acronym for digital audio tape.

dB

Abbreviation for decibel(s).

dBA

Abbreviation for adjusted decibel(s).

DC

Abbreviation for direct current.

DDC

Acronym for display data channel. A VESA standard mechanism that allows the system to communicate with the monitor and retrieve information about its capabilities.

device driver

A device driver allows the operating system or a program to interface correctly with a peripheral such as a printer or network card. Some device driverssuch as network driversmust be loaded from the config.sys file (with a device= statement) or as memory-resident programs (usually, from the autoexec.bat file). Otherssuch as video driversmust load when you start the program for which they were designed.

DHCP

Acronym for Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol.

diagnostics

See diskette-based diagnostics.

DIMM

Acronym for dual in-line memory module.

DIN

Acronym for Deutsche Industrie Norm.

DIP

Acronym for dual in-line package. A circuit board, such as a system board or expansion card, may contain DIP switches for configuring the circuit board. DIP switches are always toggle switches, with an ON position and an OFF position.

directory

Directories help keep related files organized on a disk in a hierarchical, "inverted tree" structure. Each disk has a "root" directory; for example, a C:\>; prompt normally indicates that you are at the root directory of hard-disk drive C. Additional directories that branch off of the root directory are called subdirectories. Subdirectories may contain additional directories branching off of them.

diskette-based diagnostics

A comprehensive set of diagnostic tests for your Dell computer. To use the diskette-based diagnostics, you must boot your computer from the Dell Diagnostics diskette. Refer to your Installation and Troubleshooting Guide for a complete discussion about how to use the diskette-based diagnostics.

display adapter

See video adapter.

DMA

Abbreviation for direct memory access. A DMA channel allows certain types of data transfer between RAM and a device to bypass the microprocessor.

DOC

Abbreviation for Department of Communications (in Canada).

dpi

Abbreviation for dots per inch.

DPMS

Abbreviation for Display Power Management Signaling. A standard developed by the Video Electronics Standards Association that defines the hardware signals sent by a video controller to activate power management states in a video display or monitor. A monitor is said to be DPMS-compliant when it is designed to enter a power management state after receiving the appropriate signal from a computer's video controller.

DRAC

Acronym for Dell Remote Assistant Card.

DRAM

Abbreviation for dynamic random-access memory. A computer's RAM is usually made up entirely of DRAM chips. Because DRAM chips cannot store an electrical charge indefinitely, your computer continually refreshes each DRAM chip in the computer.

drive-type number

Your computer can recognize a number of specific hard-disk drives. Each is assigned a drive-type number that is stored in NVRAM. The hard-disk drive(s) specified in your computer's System Setup program must match the actual drive(s) installed in the computer. The System Setup program also allows you to specify physical parameters (cylinders, heads, write precomp, landing zone, and capacity) for drives not included in the table of drive types stored in NVRAM.

DS/DD

Abbreviation for double-sided/double-density.

DS/HD

Abbreviation for double-sided/high-density.

DTE

Abbreviation for data terminal equipment. Any device (such as a computer system) that can send data in digital form by means of a cable or communications line. The DTE is connected to the cable or communications line through a data communications equipment (DCE) device such as a modem.

ECC

Abbreviation for error checking and correction.

ECP

Abbreviation for Extended Capabilities Port.

EDO

Abbreviation for extended-data out. A type of RAM chip that holds data on the chip's output data lines for a longer period of time than fast-page mode RAM chips. The EDO RAM chips are also faster than fast-page mode RAM chips.

EEPROM

Acronym for electrically erasable programmable read-only memory.

EGA

Abbreviation for enhanced graphics adapter.

EISA

Acronym for Extended Industry-Standard Architecture, a 32-bit expansion-bus design. The expansion-card connectors in an EISA computer are also compatible with 8- or 16-bit ISA expansion cards.

To avoid a configuration conflict when installing an EISA expansion card, you must use the EISA Configuration Utility. This utility allows you to specify which expansion slot contains the card and obtains information about the card's required system resources from a corresponding EISA configuration file.

EMC

Abbreviation for Electromagnetic Compatibility.

EMI

Abbreviation for electromagnetic interference.

EMM

Abbreviation for expanded memory manager. A software utility that uses extended memory to emulate expanded memory on computers with an Intel386 or higher microprocessor. See also conventional memory, expanded memory, extended memory, memory manager, and XMM.

EMS

Abbreviation for Expanded Memory Specification. See also expanded memory, memory manager, and XMS.

EPROM

Acronym for erasable programmable read-only memory.

ESD

Abbreviation for electrostatic discharge. Refer to "Safety Instructions" at the front of your User's Guide for a complete discussion of ESD.

ESDI

Acronym for enhanced small-device interface.

expanded memory

A technique for accessing RAM above 1 MB. To enable expanded memory on your computer, you must use an EMM. You should configure your system to support expanded memory only if you run application programs that can use (or require) expanded memory. See also conventional memory, EMM, extended memory, and memory manager.

expansion bus

Your computer contains an expansion bus that allows the microprocessor to communicate with controllers for peripheral devices, such as a network card or an internal modem.

expansion-card connector

A connector on the computer's system board for plugging in an expansion card.

extended memory

RAM above 1 MB. Most software that can use it, such as Windows, requires that extended memory be under the control of an XMM. See also conventional memory, expanded memory, memory manager, and XMM.

external cache memory

A RAM cache using SRAM chips. Because SRAM chips operate at several times the speed of DRAM chips, the microprocessor can retrieve data and instructions faster from external cache memory than from RAM.

F

Abbreviation for Fahrenheit.

FAT

Acronym for file allocation table. The file system structure used by MS-DOS to organize and keep track of file storage. The Microsoft Windows NT operating system can optionally use a FAT file system structure.

FCC

Abbreviation for Federal Communications Commission.

flash memory

A type of EEPROM chip that can be reprogrammed from a utility on diskette while still installed in a computer; most EEPROM chips can only be rewritten with special programming equipment.

format

To prepare a hard-disk drive or diskette for storing files. An unconditional format deletes all data stored on the disk. The format command in MS-DOS 5.0 or higher includes an option that allows you to unformat a disk if you have not yet used the disk for file storage.

ft

Abbreviation for foot/feet.

FTP

Abbreviation for file transfer protocol.

g

Abbreviation for gram(s).

G

Abbreviation for gravities.

GB

Abbreviation for gigabyte(s). A gigabyte equals 1024 megabytes or 1,073,741,824 bytes.

graphics coprocessor

See coprocessor.

graphics mode

See video mode.

guarding

A type of data redundancy that uses a set of physical drives to store data and a single, additional drive to store parity data. Data is protected from the loss of a single drive. Guarding is sometimes preferred over mirroring because it is more cost-effective in systems with a very high storage capacity. However, guarded configurations are significantly slower for applications that frequently write to the array, because each attempt to write to the array requires multiple read and write commands to maintain the parity information. If this is a problem, mirroring or duplexing is a better choice. See also mirroring, RAID 4, and RAID 5.

GUI

Acronym for graphical user interface.

h

Abbreviation for hexadecimal. A base-16 numbering system, often used in programming to identify addresses in the computer's RAM and I/O memory addresses for devices. The sequence of decimal numbers from 0 through 16, for example, is expressed in hexadecimal notation as: 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, A, B, C, D, E, F, 10. In text, hexadecimal numbers are often followed by h or preceded by 0x. MS-DOS conventional memorythe first 640 KB of memory addressesis from 00000h to 9FFFFh; the MS-DOS upper memory areamemory addresses between 640 KB and 1 MBis from A0000h to FFFFFh.

heat sink

A metal plate with metal pegs or ribs that help dissipate heat. Some microprocessors include a heat sink.

HMA

Abbreviation for high memory area. The first 64 KB of extended memory above 1 MB. A memory manager that conforms to the XMS can make the HMA a direct extension of conventional memory. See also conventional memory, memory manager, upper memory area, and XMM.

host adapter

A host adapter implements communication between the computer's bus and the controller for a peripheral. (Hard-disk drive controller subsystems include integrated host adapter circuitry.) To add a SCSI expansion bus to your system, you must install the appropriate host adapter.

HPFS

Abbreviation for the High Performance File System option in the Windows NT operating system.

Hz

Abbreviation for hertz.

IC

Abbreviation for integrated circuit.

I/O

Abbreviation for input/output. The keyboard and a printer, for example, are I/O devices. In general, I/O activity can be differentiated from computational activity. For example, when a program sends a document to the printer, it is engaging in I/O activity; when the program sorts a list of terms, it is engaging in computational activity.

ID

Abbreviation for identification.

interlacing

A technique for increasing video resolution by only updating alternate horizontal lines on the screen. Because interlacing can result in noticeable screen flicker, most users prefer noninterlaced video adapter resolutions.

internal microprocessor cache

An instruction and data cache built into the microprocessor. The Pentium microprocessor, for example, includes a 16- KB internal cache, which is set up as an 8-KB read-only instruction cache and an 8-KB read/write data cache.

IP

Acronym for Internet Protocol.

IPX

Abbreviation for Internetwork Packet Exchange.

IRQ

Abbreviation for interrupt request. A signal that data is about to be sent to or received by a peripheral travels by an IRQ line to the microprocessor. Each peripheral connection must be assigned an IRQ number. For example, the first serial port in your computer (COM1) is assigned to IRQ4 by default. Two devices can share the same IRQ assignment, but

you cannot operate both devices simultaneously.

ISA

Acronym for Industry-Standard Architecture. A 16-bit expansion bus design. The expansion-card connectors in an ISA computer are also compatible with 8-bit ISA expansion cards.

ITE

Abbreviation for information technology equipment.

JEIDA

Acronym for Japanese Electronic Industry Development Association.

K

Abbreviation for kilo-, indicating 1000.

KB

Abbreviation for kilobyte(s), 1024 bytes.

KB/sec

Abbreviation for kilobyte(s) per second.

Kbit(s)

Abbreviation for kilobit(s), 1024 bits.

Kbps

Abbreviation for kilobit(s) per second.

key combination

A command requiring that you press multiple keys at the same time. For example, you can reboot your computer by pressing the key combination.

kg

Abbreviation for kilogram(s), 1000 grams.

kHz

Abbreviation for kilohertz, 1000 hertz.

LAN

Acronym for local area network. A LAN system is usually confined to the same building or a few nearby buildings, with all equipment linked by wiring dedicated specifically to the LAN.

lb

Abbreviation for pound(s).

LCD

Abbreviation for liquid crystal display. A low-power display often used for notebook computers. An LCD consists of a liquid crystal solution between two sheets of polarizing material. An electric current causes each crystal to act like a shutter that can open to allow light past or close to block the light.

LED

Abbreviation for light-emitting diode. An electronic device that lights up when a current is passed through it.

LIF

Acronym for low insertion force. Some computers use LIF sockets and connectors to allow devices such as the microprocessor chip to be installed or removed with minimal stress to the device.

LN

Abbreviation for load number.

local bus

On a computer with local-bus expansion capability, certain peripheral devices (such as the video adapter circuitry) can be designed to run much faster than they would with a traditional expansion bus. Some local-bus designs allow peripherals to run at the same speed and with the same-width data path as the computer's microprocessor.

LPTn

The MS-DOS device names for the first through third parallel printer ports on your computer are LPT1, LPT2, and LPT3.

LUN

Acronym for logical unit number.

m

Abbreviation for meter(s).

mA

Abbreviation for milliampere(s).

mAh

Abbreviation for milliampere-hour(s).

math coprocessor

See coprocessor.

MB

Abbreviation for megabyte(s). The term megabyte means 1,048,576 bytes; however, when referring to hard-disk drive storage, the term is often rounded to mean 1,000,000 bytes.

MBR

Abbreviation for master boot record.

MDA

Abbreviation for monochrome display adapter.

memory

A computer can contain several different forms of memory, such as RAM, ROM, and video memory. Frequently, the word memory is used as a synonym for RAM; for example, an unqualified statement such as "... a computer with 8 MB of memory" refers to a computer with 8 MB of RAM.

memory address

A specific location, usually expressed as a hexadecimal number, in the computer's RAM.

memory manager

A utility that controls the implementation of memory in addition to conventional memory, such as extended or expanded memory. See also conventional memory, EMM, expanded memory, extended memory, HMA, upper memory area, and XMM.

MGA

Abbreviation for monochrome graphics adapter.

MHz

Abbreviation for megahertz.

microprocessor

Because it is the primary computational chip inside the computer, it is customary to refer to the microprocessor as "the computer's brain." The microprocessor contains an arithmetic processing unit and a control unit. Software written for one microprocessor must usually be revised to run on another microprocessor. CPU is a synonym for microprocessor.

min

Abbreviation for minute(s).

mirroring

A type of data redundancy that uses a set of physical drives to store data and one or more sets of additional drives to store duplicate copies of the data. Mirroring is the preferred data redundancy technique in lower-capacity systems and in systems where performance is extremely important. See also guarding, RAID 1, and RAID 10.

mm

Abbreviation for millimeter(s).

mouse

A pointing device that controls the movement of the cursor on a screen. Mouse-aware software allows you to activate commands by clicking a mouse button while pointing at objects displayed on the screen.

ms

Abbreviation for millisecond(s).

MS-DOS

Abbreviation for Microsoft Disk Operating System.

MTBF

Abbreviation for mean time between failures.

multifrequency monitor

A monitor that supports several video standards. A multifrequency monitor can adjust to the frequency range of the signal from a variety of video adapters.

mV

Abbreviation for millivolt(s).

NIC

Acronym for network interface card.

NiCad

Acronym for nickel cadmium.

NiMH

Abbreviation for nickel-metal hydride.

NLM

Acronym for NetWare Loadable Module.

NMI

Abbreviation for nonmaskable interrupt. A device sends an NMI to signal the microprocessor about hardware errors such as parity errors.

noninterlaced

A technique for decreasing screen flicker by sequentially refreshing each horizontal line on the screen.

ns

Abbreviation for nanosecond(s), one billionth of a second.

NTFS

Abbreviation for the NT File System option in the Windows NT operating system.

NVRAM

Abbreviation for nonvolatile random-access memory. Memory that does not lose its contents when you turn off your computer. NVRAM is used for maintaining the date, time, and system setup options.

OS/2

Abbreviation for Operating System/2.

OTP

Abbreviation for one-time programmable.

parallel port

An I/O port used most often to connect a parallel printer to your computer. You can usually identify a parallel port on your computer by its 25-hole connector.

parameter

A value or option that you specify to a program. A parameter is sometimes called a switch or an argument.

partition

You can divide a hard-disk drive into multiple physical sections called partitions with the fdisk command. Each partition can contain multiple logical drives. For example, you could partition a 200-MB hard-disk drive into two physically separate partitions with three logical drive assignments, as shown in the following table.

Partitioning the Hard-Disk Drive Physical Partitions and Sizes Partition 1 120 MB Partition 2 80 MB Logical Drive Assignments and Sizes Drive C 120 MB Drive D 50 MB Drive E 30 MB

After partitioning the hard-disk drive, you must format each logical drive with the format command.

PC Card

Slightly larger than a credit card, a PC Card is a removable I/O cardsuch as a modem, LAN, SRAM, or flash memory cardthat adheres to the PCMCIA standards. See also PCMCIA.

PCI

Abbreviation for Peripheral Component Interconnect. A standard for local-bus implementation developed by Intel Corporation.

PCMCIA

Abbreviation for Personal Computer Memory Card International Association. See also PC Card.

PDC

Acronym for primary domain controller.

peripheral device

An internal or external devicesuch as a printer, a disk drive, or a keyboardconnected to a computer.

PGA

Abbreviation for pin grid array, a type of microprocessor socket that allows you to remove the microprocessor chip.

pixel

Arranged in rows and columns, a pixel is a single point on a video display. Video resolution640 x 480, for example is expressed as the number of pixels across by the number of pixels up and down.

POST

Acronym for power-on self-test. Before the operating system loads when you turn on your computer, the POST tests various system components such as RAM, the disk drives, and the keyboard.

ppm

Abbreviation for pages per minute.

PQFP

Abbreviation for plastic quad flat pack, a type of microprocessor socket in which the microprocessor chip is permanently mounted.

program diskette set

The set of diskettes from which you can perform a complete installation of an application program. When you reconfigure a program, you often need its program diskette set.

protected mode

An operating mode supported by 80286 or higher microprocessors, protected mode allows operating systems to implement:

A memory address space of 16 MB (80286 microprocessor) to 4 GB (Intel386 or higher microprocessor) Multitasking Virtual memory, a method for increasing addressable memory by using the hard-disk drive

The Windows NT 32-bit operating system runs in protected mode. MS-DOS cannot run in protected mode; however, some programs that you can start from MS-DOSsuch as Windowsare able to put the computer into protected mode.

PS/2

Abbreviation for Personal System/2.

PSPB

Abbreviation for power-supply paralleling board.

PVC

Abbreviation for polyvinyl chloride.

QIC

Abbreviation for quarter-inch cartridge.

RAID

Acronym for redundant arrays of independent disks. This phrase was introduced by David Patterson, Garth Gibson, and Randy Katz at the University of California at Berkeley in 1987. The goal of RAID is to use multiple small, inexpensive disk drives to provide high storage capacity and performance while maintaining or improving the reliability of the disk subsystem.

Patterson, Gibson, and Katz described five different methods, which are known as RAID levels 1 through 5. Each level uses one or more extra drives to provide a means of recovering data lost when a disk fails, so that the effective failure rate of the whole disk subsystem becomes very low.

RAID 0

RAID 0 is commonly called striping. This was not originally defined as a RAID level but has since come into popular use. In this array configuration, data is written sequentially across the available disks and no redundancy is provided. RAID 0 configurations provide very high performance but relatively low reliability. RAID 0 is the best choice when controller cards are duplexed. See also striping.

RAID 1

RAID 1 is commonly called mirroring. RAID 1 also uses striping, so RAID 1 may be regarded as the mirroring of RAID 0 configurations. RAID 1 is the best choice in high-availability applications that require high performance or relatively low data capacity. See also mirroring, RAID 10, striping.

RAID 4

RAID 4 is commonly called guarding. It uses data striping, like RAID 0, but adds a single, dedicated parity drive. The parity data stored on this drive can be used to recover data lost from a single failed drive. RAID 4 configurations write data slowly because parity data has to be generated and written to the parity drive, and the generation of the parity data frequently requires reading data from multiple physical drives. See also guarding and striping.

RAID 5

RAID 5, like RAID 4, is commonly called guarding. RAID 5 is identical to RAID 4, except that the parity data is distributed evenly across all physical drives instead of a parity drive. In configurations using a large number of physical drives in which a large number of simultaneous small write operations are being performed, RAID 5 offers potentially higher performance than RAID 4. RAID 4 and RAID 5 configurations are appropriate in high-availability applications where performance is less critical or where high data capacity is required. See also guarding.

RAID 10

RAID 10 is a mirroring technique in which data is duplicated across two identical RAID 0 arrays or hard-disk drives. All data on a physical drive in one array is duplicated, or mirrored , on a drive in the second array. Mirroring offers

complete redundancy of data for greater data security. See also mirroring, RAID 1, and striping.

RAM

Acronym for random-access memory. The computer's primary temporary storage area for program instructions and data. Each location in RAM is identified by a number called a memory address. Any information stored in RAM is lost when you turn off your computer.

RAMDAC

Acronym for random-access memory digital-to-analog converter.

RCU

Abbreviation for Resource Configuration Utility.

read-only file

A read-only file is one that you are prohibited from editing or deleting. A file can have read-only status if:

Its read-only attribute is enabled. It resides on a physically write-protected diskette. It is located on a network in a directory to which the system administrator has assigned read-only rights to you.

real mode

An operating mode supported by 80286 or higher microprocessors, real mode imitates the architecture of an 8086 microprocessor. Designed to run in real mode, MS-DOS (unassisted by additional software techniques) can address only 640 KB of conventional memory.

refresh rate

The frequency, measured in Hz, at which the screen's horizontal lines are recharged. A monitor's refresh rate is also referred to as its vertical frequency.

REN

Abbreviation for ringer equivalence number.

RFI

Abbreviation for radio frequency interference.

RGB

Abbreviation for red/green/blue.

ROM

Acronym for read-only memory. Your computer contains some programs essential to its operation in ROM code. Unlike RAM, a ROM chip retains its contents even after you turn off your computer. Examples of code in ROM include the program that initiates your computer's boot routine and the POST.

rpm

Abbreviation for revolutions per minute.

RTC

Abbreviation for real-time clock. Battery-powered clock circuitry inside the computer that keeps the date and time after you turn off the computer.

SCSI

Acronym for small computer system interface. An I/O bus interface with faster data transmission rates than standard ports. You can connect up to seven devices to one SCSI interface.

SDMS

Abbreviation for SCSI device management system.

SDRAM

Abbreviation for synchronous dynamic random-access memory.

SDS

Abbreviation for scalable disk system.

SEC

Abbreviation for single-edge contact.

sec

Abbreviation for second(s).

sector

The fundamental unit of data access for a hard-disk drive. For PC-compatible systems, a sector is usually 512 bytes. See also block and block size.

serial port

An I/O port used most often to connect a modem or a mouse to your computer. You can usually identify a serial port on your computer by its 9-pin connector.

shadowing

A computer's system and video BIOS code is usually stored on ROM chips. Shadowing refers to the performance- enhancement technique that copies BIOS code to faster RAM chips in the upper memory area (above 640 KB) during the boot routine.

SMART

Acronym for Self-Monitoring Analysis and Reporting Technology. A technology that allows hard-disk drives to report errors and failures to the system BIOS, which then displays an error message on the screen. To take advantage of this technology, you must have a SMART-compliant hard-disk drive and the proper support in the system BIOS.

SMB

Abbreviation for system management bus.

SMP

Abbreviation for symmetric multiprocessing.

SNMP

Abbreviation for Simple Network Management Protocol.

striping

In composite drivers with two or more physical drives, the drive array subsystem uses a method of data storage called striping. With this method, data is divided into a series of pieces called blocks and each data block is stored on a different physical drive. When each drive contains a block of data, the process starts over with the first physical drive. When the size of the data block is carefully selected, the chance that the information needed can be read from or written to multiple physical drives at once is increased, greatly increasing the performance of the composite drive. See also block, block size, and RAID.

SRAM

Abbreviation for static random-access memory. Because SRAM chips do not require continual refreshing, they are substantially faster than DRAM chips. SRAM is used mostly for external cache memory.

SVGA

Abbreviation for super video graphics array. See also VGA.

switch

See parameter.

sync negotiation

Sync negotiation is a SCSI feature that allows the host adapter and its attached SCSI devices to transfer data in synchronous mode. Synchronous data transfer is faster than asynchronous data transfer.

syntax

The rules that dictate how you must type a command or instruction so that the computer will understand it.

system board

As the main circuit board, the system board usually contains most of your computer's integral components, such as the following:

Microprocessor RAM Expansion-card connectors Controllers for standard peripheral devices such as the keyboard Various ROM chips

Frequently used synonyms for system board are motherboard and logic board.

system diskette

System diskette is a synonym for bootable diskette.

system memory

System memory is a synonym for RAM.

System Setup program

System Setup program options allow you to configure your computer's hardware. Some options in the System Setup program require that you reboot the computer to effect a hardware-configuration change. Because the System Setup program is stored in NVRAM, any options that you set remain in effect until you change them again.

system.ini file

When you start Windows, it consults the system.ini file to determine a variety of options for the Windows operating environment. Among other things, the system.ini file records which video, mouse, and keyboard drivers are installed for Windows.

Revising the Control Panel settings or running the Windows Setup program may change options in the system.ini file. On other occasions, you may need to change or add options to the system.ini file manually with a text editor, such as Notepad.

TCP/IP

Abbreviation for Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol.

terminator

Some devices, especially disk drives, contain a terminator to absorb and dissipate excess current. When more than one such device is connected in a series, you may need to remove the terminatoror change a jumper setting to disable it unless it is the last device in the series. However, some devices have terminators that should never be removed or disabled.

text editor

An application program for editing text files consisting exclusively of ASCII characters. MS-DOS Editor and Notepad (in Windows) are text editors, for example. Most word processors use proprietary file formats containing binary characters, although some can read and write text files.

text mode

See video mode.

TFT

Abbreviation for thin film transistor. A flat-panel display for notebook computers where each pixel is controlled by one to four transistors.

tpi

Abbreviation for tracks per inch.

TSR

Abbreviation for terminate-and-stay-resident. A TSR program runs "in the background." Most TSR programs implement a predefined key combination (sometimes referred to as a "hot key") that allows you to activate the TSR program's interface while running another MS-DOS program. When you finish using the TSR program, you can return

to the other application program and leave the TSR program resident in memory for later use.

Because MS-DOS is not designed to support multiple programs running simultaneously, TSR programs can sometimes cause memory conflicts. When troubleshooting, rule out the possibility of such a conflict by rebooting your computer without starting any TSR programs.

TV

Abbreviation for television.

UL

Abbreviation for Underwriters Laboratories.

UMB

Abbreviation for upper memory blocks. See also conventional memory, HMA, memory manager, and upper memory area.

upper memory area

The 384 KB of RAM located between 640 KB and 1 MB. If the computer has an Intel386 or higher microprocessor, a software utility called a memory manager can create UMBs in the upper memory area, in which you can load device drivers and memory-resident programs. See also conventional memory, HMA, and memory manager.

UPS

Abbreviation for uninterruptible power supply. A battery-powered unit that automatically supplies power to your computer in the event of an electrical failure.

USOC

Abbreviation for Universal Service Ordering Code.

utility

A program used to manage system resourcesmemory, disk drives, or printers, for example. The diskcopy command for duplicating diskettes and the himem.sys device driver for managing extended memory are utilities included in MS- DOS.

V

Abbreviation for volt(s).

VAC

Abbreviation for volt(s) alternating current.

VCCI

Abbreviation for Voluntary Control Council for Interference.

VDC

Abbreviation for volt(s) direct current.

VDE

Abbreviation for Verband Deutscher Elektrotechniker.

VESA

Acronym for Video Electronics Standards Association.

VGA

Abbreviation for video graphics array. VGA and SVGA are video standards for video adapters with greater resolution and color display capabilities than EGA and CGA, the previous standards.

To display a program at a specific resolution, you must install the appropriate video drivers and your monitor must support the resolution. Similarly, the number of colors that a program can display depends on the capabilities of the monitor, the video driver, and the amount of memory installed for the video adapter.

VGA feature connector

On some systems with a built-in VGA video adapter, a VGA feature connector allows you to add an enhancement adapter, such as a video accelerator, to your computer. A VGA feature connector can also be called a VGA pass- through connector.

video adapter

The logical circuitry that providesin combination with the monitor or displayyour computer's video capabilities. A video adapter may support more or fewer features than a specific monitor offers. Typically, a video adapter comes with video drivers for displaying popular application programs and operating environments in a variety of video modes.

On most current Dell computers, a video adapter is integrated into the system board. Also available are many video adapter cards that plug into an expansion-card connector.

Video adapters can include memory separate from RAM on the system board. The amount of video memory, along with the adapter's video drivers, may affect the number of colors that can be simultaneously displayed. Video adapters can also include their own coprocessor chip for faster graphics rendering.

video driver

Graphics-mode application programs and operating environments, such as Windows, often require video drivers to display at a chosen resolution with the desired number of colors. A program may include some "generic" video drivers. Any additional video drivers may need to match the video adapter; you can find these drivers on a separate diskette with your computer or video adapter.

video memory

Most VGA and SVGA video adapters include VRAM or DRAM memory chips in addition to your computer's RAM. The amount of video memory installed primarily influences the number of colors that a program can display (with the appropriate video drivers and monitor capability).

video mode

Video adapters normally support multiple text and graphics display modes. Character-based software (such as MS- DOS) displays in text modes that can be defined as x columns by y rows of characters. Graphics-based software (such as Windows) displays in graphics modes that can be defined as x horizontal by y vertical pixels by z colors.

video resolution

Video resolution640 x 480, for exampleis expressed as the number of pixels across by the number of pixels up and down. To display a program at a specific graphics resolution, you must install the appropriate video drivers and your monitor must support the resolution.

virtual 8086 mode

An operating mode supported by Intel386 or higher microprocessors, virtual 8086 mode allows operating environments such as Windowsto run multiple programs in separate 1-MB sections of memory. Each 1-MB section is called a virtual machine.

virtual memory

A method for increasing addressable RAM by using the hard-disk drive. (MS-DOS does not support true virtual memory, which must be implemented at the operating-system level.) For example, in a computer with 8 MB of RAM and 16 MB of virtual memory set up on the hard-disk drive, the operating system would manage the system as though it had 24 MB of physical RAM.

virus

A self-starting program designed to inconvenience you. Virus programs have been known to corrupt the files stored on a hard-disk drive or to replicate themselves until a system or network runs out of memory.

The most common way that virus programs move from one system to another is via "infected" diskettes, from which they copy themselves to the hard-disk drive. To guard against virus programs, you should do the following:

Periodically run a virus-checking utility on your computer's hard-disk drive. Always run a virus-checking utility on any diskettes (including commercially sold software) before using them.

VL-Bus

An abbreviation for VESA local bus. A standard for local bus implementation developed by the Video Electronics Standards Association.

VLSI

Abbreviation for very-large-scale integration.

Vpp

Abbreviation for peak-point voltage.

VRAM

Abbreviation for video random-access memory. Some video adapters use VRAM chips (or a combination of VRAM and DRAM) to improve video performance. VRAM is dual-ported, allowing the video adapter to update the screen and receive new image data at the same time.

W

Abbreviation for watt(s).

win.ini file

When you start Windows, it consults the win.ini file to determine a variety of options for the Windows operating environment. Among other things, the win.ini file records what printer(s) and fonts are installed for Windows. The win.ini file also usually includes sections that contain optional settings for Windows application programs that are installed on the hard-disk drive.

Revising the Control Panel settings or running the Windows Setup program may change options in the win.ini file. On other occasions, you may need to change or add options to the win.ini file manually with a text editor such as Notepad.

write-protected

Read-only files are said to be write-protected. You can write-protect a 3.5-inch diskette by sliding its write-protect tab to the open position; you can write-protect a 5.25-inch diskette by placing an adhesive label over its write-protect notch.

WWW

Abbreviation for World Wide Web.

XMM

Abbreviation for extended memory manager, a utility that allows application programs and operating environments to use extended memory in accordance with the XMS. See also conventional memory, EMM, expanded memory, extended memory, and memory manager.

XMS

Abbreviation for eXtended Memory Specification. See also EMS, extended memory, and memory manager.

ZIF

Acronym for zero insertion force. Some computers use ZIF sockets and connectors to allow devices such as the microprocessor chip to be installed or removed with no stress applied to the device.

Manualsnet FAQs

If you want to find out how the PowerEdge Dell works, you can view and download the Dell PowerEdge 1300 Server User's Guide on the Manualsnet website.

Yes, we have the User's Guide for Dell PowerEdge as well as other Dell manuals. All you need to do is to use our search bar and find the user manual that you are looking for.

The User's Guide should include all the details that are needed to use a Dell PowerEdge. Full manuals and user guide PDFs can be downloaded from Manualsnet.com.

The best way to navigate the Dell PowerEdge 1300 Server User's Guide is by checking the Table of Contents at the top of the page where available. This allows you to navigate a manual by jumping to the section you are looking for.

This Dell PowerEdge 1300 Server User's Guide consists of sections like Table of Contents, to name a few. For easier navigation, use the Table of Contents in the upper left corner.

You can download Dell PowerEdge 1300 Server User's Guide free of charge simply by clicking the “download” button in the upper right corner of any manuals page. This feature allows you to download any manual in a couple of seconds and is generally in PDF format. You can also save a manual for later by adding it to your saved documents in the user profile.

To be able to print Dell PowerEdge 1300 Server User's Guide, simply download the document to your computer. Once downloaded, open the PDF file and print the Dell PowerEdge 1300 Server User's Guide as you would any other document. This can usually be achieved by clicking on “File” and then “Print” from the menu bar.